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# A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average

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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2004, 03:41
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A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times in 1980.

A. that CEO's now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEO's now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEO's who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEO's now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2004, 05:14
Initially I went with C but on second thought would choose A
"their" in C is too ambiguous

Don't know why I don't like B, can't explain really

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2004, 10:55
I do like C. I think the referrent of their is clear.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2004, 14:03
OlegC wrote:
Initially I went with C but on second thought would choose A
"their" in C is too ambiguous

Don't know why I don't like B, can't explain really

I will go with C also. In A it says "more pay than blue-collar workers". Pay is compared to workers.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2004, 14:11
I would go with C because of A's unidiomatic "419 times more pay"
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2004, 19:24
Choice C
but I took a long time hesitating with B, and I still don't feel Cwould be a perfect answer but here it's seem the best of the given answers...

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2004, 19:58
B doesn't sound right because of the way it connects to <in 1980> at the end.

Choice B
"...a ratio that compares to 42 times in 1980."

A recent review of pay scales indicates <<that CEOâ€™s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times>> in 1980.

A. that CEOâ€™s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times

C. that, on average, CEOâ€™s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio

I'm new to this, but I'm going with A.

In C, when it says THEIR, you cannot be sure whether they are talking about blue collar workers or CEO's.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2004, 23:13
A. that CEOâ€™s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEOâ€™s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEOâ€™s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEOâ€™s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio

passive 'CEO' is inappropriate here -- so A,B,C,D are out. C and D also have ambiguous pronoun 'their'

E. CEOâ€™s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times
E is correct.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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27 Jul 2012, 12:49
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ywilfred wrote:
A. that CEOâ€™s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEOâ€™s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEOâ€™s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEOâ€™s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio

passive 'CEO' is inappropriate here -- so A,B,C,D are out. C and D also have ambiguous pronoun 'their'

E. CEOâ€™s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times
E is correct.

(E) does not make sense because the sentence leaves you hanging.

"A recent review of pay scales indicates CEOs now earning [X amount], compared to the ratio in 1980..." - this is not correct.

You could say "A recent review of pay scales indicates CEOs now earn [X amount].." - that's OK. But (E) uses "earning" instead of simply "earn" - so (E) is no good.

You can see the explanation for this question here: http://www.gmatpill.com/gmat-practice-t ... question/7

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2013, 07:45
GMATPill wrote:
ywilfred wrote:
A. that CEOâ€™s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEOâ€™s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEOâ€™s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEOâ€™s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio

passive 'CEO' is inappropriate here -- so A,B,C,D are out. C and D also have ambiguous pronoun 'their'

E. CEOâ€™s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times
E is correct.

(E) does not make sense because the sentence leaves you hanging.

"A recent review of pay scales indicates CEOs now earning [X amount], compared to the ratio in 1980..." - this is not correct.

You could say "A recent review of pay scales indicates CEOs now earn [X amount].." - that's OK. But (E) uses "earning" instead of simply "earn" - so (E) is no good.

You can see the explanation for this question here: http://www.gmatpill.com/gmat-practice-t ... question/7

Can you please throw some light as to why C is correct and A is not? People keep saying parallelism but I don't seem to get it.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2015, 05:46
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2016, 05:37
The answer is B. There seems to confusion between B and C. C is awkwardly lengthy, B clearly states that " a ratio that compares to 42 times in 1980." and is more precise than what is given in C

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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22 May 2016, 09:43
OA = C

||ism in C ..419 times ... compared to 42 times
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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24 May 2016, 04:20
Could an expert explain this question please?
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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24 May 2016, 05:45
A recent review of pay scales indicates <<that CEOâ€™s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times>> in 1980.

A. that CEOâ€™s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEOâ€™s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEOâ€™s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEOâ€™s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEOâ€™s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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25 May 2016, 04:55
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Expert's post
marine wrote:
A recent review of pay scales indicates <<that CEOâ€™s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times>> in 1980.

A. that CEOâ€™s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEOâ€™s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEOâ€™s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEOâ€™s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEOâ€™s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Ankit73 wrote:
Could an expert explain this question please?

A. Wrong - 2 errors.
error 1. The past participle modifier "compared to a ratio ....." wrongly refers to "workers".
error 2. When using multiples such as "x times", "double" etc. using comparative such as "more","less" etc is wrong. The comparatives are used for mathematical operators sum and difference.
Correct: I am 5 meters taller than he is. (difference is 5 meters, comparative "taller" is OK)
Correct: My height is double / 3 times his height. (multiplier is 2 / 3, no comparative)
Wrong: My height is 3 times more than his height. (for multiplier, cannot use comparative "more")

B. Wrong.
The active voice usage "the ratio that compares to.." is wrong. The ratio does not compare - the ratio IS compared (passive).

C. Correct.
Correct usage of comparison"as compared to".
The modifier "that ratio" correctly refers to "42 times".

D. Wrong.
error 2 of option A above.

E. Wrong.
error 1 of option A above.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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25 May 2016, 05:59
sayantanc2k wrote:
marine wrote:
A recent review of pay scales indicates <<that CEOâ€™s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times>> in 1980.

A. that CEOâ€™s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEOâ€™s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEOâ€™s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEOâ€™s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEOâ€™s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Ankit73 wrote:
Could an expert explain this question please?

A. Wrong - 2 errors.
error 1. The past participle modifier "compared to a ratio ....." wrongly refers to "workers".
error 2. When using multiples such as "x times", "double" etc. using comparative such as "more","less" etc is wrong. The comparatives are used for mathematical operators sum and difference.
Correct: I am 5 meters taller than he is. (difference is 5 meters, comparative "taller" is OK)
Correct: My height is double / 3 times his height. (multiplier is 2 / 3, no comparative)
Wrong: My height is 3 times more than his height. (for multiplier, cannot use comparative "more")

B. Wrong.
The active voice usage "the ratio that compares to.." is wrong. The ratio does not compare - the ratio IS compared (passive).

C. Correct.
Correct usage of comparison"as compared to".
The modifier "that ratio" correctly refers to "42 times".

D. Wrong.
error 2 of option A above.

E. Wrong.
error 1 of option A above.

Thanks for the explanation. However, isn't 'compared to a ratio' a verb-ed modifier? Do verb-ed modifiers also need to be as close as possible to whatever they are modifying?
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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average [#permalink]

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25 May 2016, 06:08
Ankit73 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
marine wrote:
A recent review of pay scales indicates <<that CEOâ€™s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times>> in 1980.

A. that CEOâ€™s now earn an average of 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, compared to a ratio of 42 times
B. that, on average, CEOâ€™s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, a ratio that compares to 42 times
C. that, on average, CEOâ€™s now earn 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
D. CEOâ€™s who now earn on average 419 times more pay than blue-collar workers, as compared to 42 times their pay, the ratio
E. CEOâ€™s now earning an average of 419 times the pay of blue-collar workers, compared to the ratio of 42 times

Ankit73 wrote:
Could an expert explain this question please?

A. Wrong - 2 errors.
error 1. The past participle modifier "compared to a ratio ....." wrongly refers to "workers".
error 2. When using multiples such as "x times", "double" etc. using comparative such as "more","less" etc is wrong. The comparatives are used for mathematical operators sum and difference.
Correct: I am 5 meters taller than he is. (difference is 5 meters, comparative "taller" is OK)
Correct: My height is double / 3 times his height. (multiplier is 2 / 3, no comparative)
Wrong: My height is 3 times more than his height. (for multiplier, cannot use comparative "more")

B. Wrong.
The active voice usage "the ratio that compares to.." is wrong. The ratio does not compare - the ratio IS compared (passive).

C. Correct.
Correct usage of comparison"as compared to".
The modifier "that ratio" correctly refers to "42 times".

D. Wrong.
error 2 of option A above.

E. Wrong.
error 1 of option A above.

Thanks for the explanation. However, isn't 'compared to a ratio' a verb-ed modifier? Do verb-ed modifiers also need to be as close as possible to whatever they are modifying?

Yes, verb-ed modifiers, like other modifiers (except verb-ing modifiers), should generally touch the noun it modifies. This is precisely mentioned as error 1 for option a.

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Re: A recent review of pay scales indicates that CEO's now earn an average   [#permalink] 25 May 2016, 06:08
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