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# A recent study has found that within the past few years,

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Director
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A recent study has found that within the past few years, [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2007, 07:36
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A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than to face
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face
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Director
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13 Jun 2007, 08:21
"Rather than" is prefered to "Instead of" in GMAT.

That leaves us with A,D, and E

For parallelim: either early retirement and facing
OR to retire early and face (to face is understood here)

Director
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13 Jun 2007, 11:02
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than to face...redundant
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face...right choice....

Senior Manager
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13 Jun 2007, 15:41
Mishari wrote:
"Rather than" is prefered to "Instead of" in GMAT.

That leaves us with A,D, and E

For parallelim: either early retirement and facing
OR to retire early and face (to face is understood here)

Why is the 'to' in 'to face' understood? How can we distinguish between 'understood to's' and 'not understood to's'?
VP
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13 Jun 2007, 18:11
use rather than when comparing verbs--------> So B and C gone

A is out 'cos of the past perfect "had"

E is condensed compared to D

So E it is
Director
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13 Jun 2007, 18:21
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than to face
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

This is how I thought

A, B - Eliminate - Verb Tense
C - Eliminate - Use of "retiring", "facing"
D - Eliminate - Use of "to retire", "to face"

E - Correct - ||ism, Correct idiom - X rather than Y

Hence E should be the answer.
CEO
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01 Jul 2007, 00:06
leeye84 wrote:
Mishari wrote:
"Rather than" is prefered to "Instead of" in GMAT.

That leaves us with A,D, and E

For parallelim: either early retirement and facing
OR to retire early and face (to face is understood here)

Why is the 'to' in 'to face' understood? How can we distinguish between 'understood to's' and 'not understood to's'?

You are misunderstanding the concept.
He is saying the second to in a parallel sentence is dropped.

Both are correct.
He likes to dance and to sing.
He likes to dance and sing.
01 Jul 2007, 00:06
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