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# A recent study has found that within the past few years,

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07 Sep 2009, 09:39
HI everyone,
I have got viewpoints and agree on 100%.

esp. thanx to GMAT TIGER for the new for me rather than/instead of rool. I see it first time.
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07 Sep 2009, 09:54
a point :rather than is used to show preference of one over another...
eg...
i enjoy playing tennis rather than football...
i was playing games instead of studying,,(Here its not preference but activities)
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07 Sep 2009, 10:14
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face-- use of past perfect is wrong

(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing -- 'instead of' can only be used as a preposition --- say can be used to show relationship between two nouns

(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing-- use of rather than correct but not parallel

(E) have elected to retire early rather than face-- correct...'to face' elypsis
IMO E

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17 Oct 2009, 23:38
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

I believe the answer is E.

in A and B
"had elected early retirement sounds" I think is incorrect as it sounds like they elected something called early retirement, whereas in D and E they elected to retire early sounds correct.
Similar issue with C.
Between D and E I would choose E because elected and face are parellel.

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18 Oct 2009, 19:54
Yes, i agree with that. But my question was whether there is a subject-verb agreement problem in A and B.

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18 Oct 2009, 20:00
There is no plural form of had. Has can be used as a past tense of has and have both.

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11 Feb 2010, 09:37
recent vs recently is an important split here..( I chose recently , but recent is correct)

og-verbal-12th-edition-q-89968.html
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Re: OG - SC - Lawsuit Against Doctor [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2010, 13:25
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face

Why is option (A) wrong??

as per my understanding

recent study found is an action in past tense
doctor had elected early retirement is an action that took place before the study found and hence past perfect tense

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Re: OG - SC - Lawsuit Against Doctor [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2010, 15:37
seekmba wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face

Why is option (A) wrong??

as per my understanding

recent study found is an action in past tense
doctor had elected early retirement is an action that took place before the study found and hence past perfect tense

My guess is that the "the past few years" phrase indicates that it's ongoing --- thus necessitating the need for present perfect.
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05 May 2010, 08:16
E it is.

is the word "to" understood in option (E)?

have elected to retire early rather than (to) face

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

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15 May 2010, 07:02
TomB wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face
[Reveal] Spoiler:
e

I already noticed the above sc in this forum. my doubt is
are the "face the threats of lawsuits" and "the rising costs of malpractice insurance" in parallel form. please explain.

"to retire" // "face"
"the threats of lawsuits" // "the rising costs"

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Re: SC question from section7 q11 [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2010, 20:16
sunland wrote:
11. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

IMO:

"elect to" is the proper idiom.
to retire, and to face is parallel.

So definitely E

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Re: SC question from section7 q11 [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2010, 01:52
Why not C... Its also parallel..!!

Difference is of Rather than and Instead of...???

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Re: SC question from section7 q11 [#permalink]

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08 Jun 2010, 07:58
sag wrote:
Why not C... Its also parallel..!!

Difference is of Rather than and Instead of...???

IMO:

"elect to" is the proper idiom.

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Re: SC question from section7 q11 [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2010, 11:43
"rather than" is preferred over "instead of".

E is best.

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21 Sep 2010, 19:55
as3957 wrote:
trivikram wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
Why do we use the perfect past tense?

The reporter said

the sales happenbed before he said.

Reporting is the culprit in this sentence

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) have elected to retire early rather than face
(C) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(D) elected to retire early rather than face
(E) had elected to retire early rather than face

(PS. this Q is a slightly different version of one of the OG Q. choices are different.)

OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

The correct answer is B . If you are trying to contrast the questions and decided why the forst question used " had" and the second question " have " .....then read the explanatio below .

In first question see the two actions .Both happenned in the past ...hence use of had is requird to explain the sequence of events .

Also the question checks te use of recent VS RECENTLY ... A fits the bill ...
Second quetion does not have two past events ....hence use of have...

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21 Sep 2010, 20:39
bmwhype2 wrote:
605. Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.
(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently
(C) its many problems is the recently
(D) their many problems is the recent
(E) their many problems had been the recent

we can reject their as we have ""the seven-store retailer said it would"

The confusion between HAS BEEN and HAD BEEN can be solved by this.
What should we choose RECENT or RECENTLY
So we cannot have RECENTLY which is an adverb.
SO the correct ans is A

as3957 wrote:
trivikram wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
Why do we use the perfect past tense?

The reporter said

the sales happenbed before he said.

Reporting is the culprit in this sentence

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) have elected to retire early rather than face
(C) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(D) elected to retire early rather than face
(E) had elected to retire early rather than face

For this one the sentence is in present perfect tense. So its clearly B

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22 Sep 2010, 07:05
Quote:
What should we choose RECENT or RECENTLY
So we cannot have RECENTLY which is an adverb.

Adverbs can very well modify adjectives but that is not the intention here. 'Recently' is modifying only extended (adjective) whereas the intention is to say "extended sales slump' in recent duration. Hence recent extended sales slump.

Hence A.

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22 Sep 2010, 18:23
r0m3416 wrote:
Yes..Its "Said: which is past. Hence we shud use Past-perfect for an event before that..

Also the key word is "extended" which indicates there was a slump and then there was its continuation..So "HAD been" INDICATES it happened for a particular duration in the PAST.

hope it helps

Based on everyones reply I believe OA is A

But my question is - the slump in sales is happening since past 3 months...so why assume the slump is over....shouldn't slump in sales be treated as current event?
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Last edited by saxenashobhit on 22 Sep 2010, 19:46, edited 1 time in total.

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22 Sep 2010, 19:36
as3957 wrote:
trivikram wrote:
bmwhype2 wrote:
Why do we use the perfect past tense?

The reporter said

the sales happenbed before he said.

Reporting is the culprit in this sentence

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) have elected to retire early rather than face
(C) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(D) elected to retire early rather than face
(E) had elected to retire early rather than face

(PS. this Q is a slightly different version of one of the OG Q. choices are different.)

OA is
[Reveal] Spoiler:
B

Present perfect tense is used for actions that started in the past but continue in to the present, or remain true in the present. Why present perfect . Why cant the answer be (D). The doctors elected to retire ..and they could have retired. So just past tense should do here ..right ?

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Re: Re:   [#permalink] 22 Sep 2010, 19:36

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