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# A recent study has found that within the past few years,

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Director
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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2009, 07:24
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face
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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2009, 07:31
only C and E stand(parallel and correct TENSE)
will go with E because Manhattan says "GMAT seems to avoid INSTEAD OF, pg 200"
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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2009, 08:16
nitya34 wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face (Early an adverd correctly modifies verd retire, Correct tense)

"to" is implied after "rather than". "to" does not have to be repeated. It can be omitted to curb redundancy.
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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2009, 11:10
IMO--D. I guess this question is pretty famous discussed here many times, but still I do not know the OA.

Here's my take- have elected to...facing
in synch with the tense of study has found..elected to is the correct idiom
Facing provides parallelism with rising and also shows concurrency with retire. Retirement and facing the threats of lawsuits come together..
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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2009, 20:19
My choice is E

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face --> past perfect tense is incorrect, wrong comparison between a Noun early retirement and a Verb face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing --> same error as (A)
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing --> retiring is ungrammatically put behind have elected.
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing --> awkward conmparison between to retire and facing.
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face --> correct comparison, word choice
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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2009, 00:26
D is definately out because rather than does not go with noun. It goes with verb. Was confused between C and E but as nitya pointed out, Rather is preferred here since we want to actively talk about the actions..Thus shall go with E.

OA?
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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2009, 09:12
patedhav wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

E for parallelism

rather than is appropriate here.

to retiere.. <to> face
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06 Jul 2009, 00:06
24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

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06 Jul 2009, 00:34
My aplogies for posting an already posted question.

Would take care in the future to search the forum first.
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06 Jul 2009, 06:47
shrutisingh wrote:
24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

is the OA E?

no need to use past perfect here, is n't it? and it needs a verb in the end 'face'.
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06 Jul 2009, 07:11
I also went for E.

Past perfect is not necessary and facing is not correct in D.
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07 Jul 2009, 10:09
OA is E
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07 Jul 2009, 13:31
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

how do v decide upon usage of 'rather than' and 'instead of'..?
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07 Jul 2009, 14:08
Hmm...I narrowed it down to either A or E. Form what I know "rather than" and "instead of" are pretty much interchangeable...if any difference is to be made between the two "rather than" is more formal.

For this problem I thought that "rather than" just sounded better. I was leaning more towards answer A, until I noticed the past reference of "within the past few years" which made me switch my answer to E with the simpler "have" rather than "had".

Final answer E. What is the correct OA and OE?
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07 Jul 2009, 14:54
First thing is the verb “have elected.” The un-underlined portion which says “rising costs” suggests that costs are currently rising, so “have elected” is better than “had elected.” A & B are out.

D is out b/c the structure is not parallel. “to retire … facing.” It should be “to retire … face”

That leaves C and E. After reading both possibilities, I will go with E, as I think the idiom is “elect to…”

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07 Jul 2009, 15:10
Also note that in my analysis, the "rather than" vs. "instead of" issue didn't even come up. I don't even know if it sounds better to use one or the other. They both seem like they could be used here.
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08 Jul 2009, 08:27
ugimba wrote:
WhyabloodyMBA wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

how do v decide upon usage of 'rather than' and 'instead of'..?

you use 'rather than' to compare classes and 'instead of' to compare 'nouns/noun phrases'.

But also remember you can use 'rather than' to emphasize priority over something.

in this question to maintain parallelism with 'retire' you have to have 'face' verb. so obviously you go for 'rather than'.

Hope that helps.

if u keep parallelism, then option C also holds, nothin wrong in that then... nd then its betwn..C & E, 'instead of' & 'rather than'...??
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08 Jul 2009, 09:25
WhyabloodyMBA wrote:
ugimba wrote:
WhyabloodyMBA wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

how do v decide upon usage of 'rather than' and 'instead of'..?

you use 'rather than' to compare classes and 'instead of' to compare 'nouns/noun phrases'.

But also remember you can use 'rather than' to emphasize priority over something.

in this question to maintain parallelism with 'retire' you have to have 'face' verb. so obviously you go for 'rather than'.

Hope that helps.

if u keep parallelism, then option C also holds, nothin wrong in that then... nd then its betwn..C & E, 'instead of' & 'rather than'...??

yes you are right, but 'have elected retiring' is not idiomatic. 'have elected to retire' is better
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09 Jul 2009, 01:45
WhyabloodyMBA wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

how do v decide upon usage of 'rather than' and 'instead of'..?

In simple words
instead of --> used in cases of substituion
rather than--->used when you want to show preference
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10 Jul 2009, 00:15
topher wrote:
First thing is the verb “have elected.” The un-underlined portion which says “rising costs” suggests that costs are currently rising, so “have elected” is better than “had elected.” A & B are out.

D is out b/c the structure is not parallel. “to retire … facing.” It should be “to retire … face”

That leaves C and E. After reading both possibilities, I will go with E, as I think the idiom is “elect to…”

About parallelism, can u tell me why 'rising' can't be to rise

thanks

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