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A recent study has found that within the past few years,

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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2017, 03:25
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YangYichen wrote:
could you please elaborate on 'Once outside or Twice Inside" rule?


Sure.

As per this rule, we can have either "to both X and Y" or "both to X and to Y".

Notice, in the first one I kept to outside once and this would be used for both X and Y while in the second one, I used to with both X and Y. Hence, in the letter part we have Twice Inside.

Here are the great questions that work on the same principle.

https://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-para ... ce-inside/
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 10:18
him1985 wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face- singular verb
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing - singular verb
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing - parallelism
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing - To Retire and to face must be parallel
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face


let's concentrate only on D and E as there explanation in this thread is enough for eliminating A, B and C.

first ask yourself what are the two options doctors have ?

these two options are (1) early retirement and (2) face threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

here we are are considering face threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance. as the second option. we should not consider face threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance as two separate options. these two are part of the second option for the doctors.

now let's see which answer choice is correct. keep in mind two main options for doctors should be parallel.

D. to retire rather than facing ( not at all parallel) -- incorrect
E. to retire rather than (to) face (parallel) -- correct

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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 10:51
Please suggest why C is incorrect

I am confused between C & E. I think both have parallel structures.
C : have elected <verb> instead of <verb>
E : have elected to <verb> than <verb>

Thanks,

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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 18:21
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
->Use of past perfect is incorrect.
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
->same as A
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
X instead of Y ; X & Y must be parallel , have elected & facing are not parallel . Incorrect
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
same as C
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face
Correct


Experts pls. comment

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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 20:55
redferrocene wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

[Reveal] Spoiler: OE
OG Verbal Review 2, SC#39

Verb form; Parallelism

For action that started in the past and continues into the present, it is correct to use the present perfect tense: have elected. When a choice is presented using the rather than construction-the doctors ha'ue chosen x rather than y-the x and the y must be parallel. In this case, the doctors have chosen to retire rather than (to understood) face. To does not need to be repeated in order to maintain parallelism because it is understood.

(A) Had elected shows an action completed in the past; early retirement is not parallel to face.
(B) Had elected shows an action completed in the past; retirement and facing are not parallel.
(C) Have elected must be followed by an infinitive (to retire).
(D) Facing and to retire early are not parallel.
(E) Correct. In this sentence, have elected shows action continuing into the present; to retire and (to understood) face are parallel.

The correct answer is E.


The answer is E
We have to use have because the sentence is in present perfect tense as the effects are still going or we are taking about the event still.
Also the rather than is better in this context than instead of
elect to retire early is correct .
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2017, 23:19
Elected Retiring is wrong.
Correct idiom is X elected to do Y.

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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years,   [#permalink] 27 Aug 2017, 23:19

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