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# A recent study has found that within the past few years,

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SVP
Joined: 24 Sep 2005
Posts: 1883

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29 Sep 2005, 09:12
As I read from some post here, GMAT unexplicably prefers " rather than" to "instead of ". So, you'd better jump to those choices with " rather than" during GMAT exam.
SVP
Joined: 28 May 2005
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29 Sep 2005, 11:54
I think elected to retire is more idiomatic than elected retiring.

So C is out. E maintains the parallelism by using bare infinitive.
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29 Sep 2005, 12:29
well this question test couple of things, one of course as many of you have pointed out || ism...so no doubt that in E it is correct.

however, what we need to understand is that this study is recent, so there is no conclusive evidence that the doctors have stopped retiring..etc..for all we know they still are , so we cannot use past perfect here...A-B are all out fo this reason..C uses the wrong idiom, the idiom is "elected to"
Current Student
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29 Sep 2005, 21:30
Once again, GMAT demonstarates a disdain for instead of sentence formations. This is a reoccuring pattern we have seen time and time again. Is this just the testmakers preference or is there a hard and fast rule that I am missing???
Manager
Joined: 03 Aug 2005
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30 Sep 2005, 01:09
I think the key here is that elect takes a "to"

When we want to use elect with the same meaning as choose or decide, the correct form is "elect to"
CEO
Joined: 20 Nov 2005
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20 Jan 2006, 15:24
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Simply E.

"Recent study".... can not use "had". A and B are out. "Elected to retire" is the correct idiom. So C is out.

Between D and E. E is ||. "have elected to retire early rather than face"

You may ask how "to retire" and "face" are ||.

I think I learnt from this forum that we can omit "to" from the entities other than first. e.g "to X, to Y and to Z" can be better written as "to X, Y and Z"
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Director
Joined: 04 Oct 2005
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20 Jan 2006, 21:27
ps_dahiya wrote:
Simply E.

"Recent study".... can not use "had". A and B are out. "Elected to retire" is the correct idiom. So C is out.

Between D and E. E is ||. "have elected to retire early rather than face"

You may ask how "to retire" and "face" are ||.

I think I learnt from this forum that we can omit "to" from the entities other than first. e.g "to X, to Y and to Z" can be better written as "to X, Y and Z"

I think it cannot be E because its not parallel... rather than face lawsuits and rising costs

FOr this reason i would go with C
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20 Jan 2006, 21:31
andy_gr8 wrote:
ps_dahiya wrote:
Simply E.

"Recent study".... can not use "had". A and B are out. "Elected to retire" is the correct idiom. So C is out.

Between D and E. E is ||. "have elected to retire early rather than face"

You may ask how "to retire" and "face" are ||.

I think I learnt from this forum that we can omit "to" from the entities other than first. e.g "to X, to Y and to Z" can be better written as "to X, Y and Z"

I think it cannot be E because its not parallel... rather than face lawsuits and rising costs

FOr this reason i would go with C

I think "has/have verb'ed to" is correct form. So, A, B & C are out.

eg: "I have decided to study" is correct & "I have decided studying" is wrong.
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21 Jan 2006, 04:39
Only (E) uses the correct S-V agreement + active voice
VP
Joined: 21 Sep 2003
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21 Jan 2006, 09:43
Only one thing to add, but E should be it.

the sentence should read "have elected to retire early rather than to face...." for parallelism.
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Senior Manager
Joined: 16 Jul 2005
Posts: 396
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21 Jan 2006, 14:31
The OA is E

I was hesitant between D and E. Since D uses "facing", again, with the "ing", do you only use ing when there is cause and effect?
Intern
Joined: 27 Jan 2006
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07 Feb 2006, 13:22
Hey Raz - In situations involving 2 outcomes (one outcome or the other), GMAT always prefers 'whether' to 'if'. Just check if you can replace 'whether' with 'whether or not' and if it still makes sense. In this case, the right answer should be 'C'. I think I saw this in OG.
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07 Feb 2006, 19:39
thnks Karthik and Giddi , it is C , I faced a lot of whether / if questions , just wanted to know the explanations.

Answer for the next ( 24) one anyone?
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Intern
Joined: 14 Jan 2006
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07 Feb 2006, 19:54
'C'

use 'if' for sentences that follow the structure if... then... (conditional)
use 'whether' for sentences that follow the structure whether... or not
CEO
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07 Feb 2006, 23:34
For the second one I will go with E.

have elected to retire early rather than face

1. We require "have" because its a recent study.
2. "elected to" is correct idiom.
3. "to retire" is || with "to face", although "to" has been omitted and omitting "to" from the second part of a || sentence is very much loved by PVUE guys.
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Senior Manager
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Re: SC-SC1000 - diff btw whether and if - anyone ? [#permalink]

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10 Feb 2006, 13:45
C.

The red part in C is correct,

the blue parts in other choices are problematic

razrulz wrote:
21. A proposal has been made to trim the horns from rhinoceroses to discourage poachers; the question is whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are trimmed.
(A) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses after their horns are
(B) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one once their horns are
(C) whether tourists will continue to visit game parks to see rhinoceroses once the animalsâ€™ horns have been
(D) if tourists will continue to visit game parks and see rhinoceroses once the animalsâ€™ horns are
(E) if tourists will continue to visit game parks to see one after the animalsâ€™ horns have been
VP
Joined: 21 Aug 2006
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03 Nov 2006, 21:07
Doctors..have..

Had is wrong in this extent, as we are not comparing any two actions

retire..face are parallel.

E.
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Director
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03 Nov 2006, 21:46
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing - MAY BE
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing - parallelism issues

(E) have elected to retire early rather than face - to-retire...face - parallelism issues

I can only rationalize (C).
Intern
Joined: 02 Mar 2006
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03 Nov 2006, 21:49
Why not C. I feel that "retiring early" is parallel to "facing the threats".

Also in case of E, shouldn't the answer be "have elected to retire early rather than to face"
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Re: SC - early retirement [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2006, 22:12
Fight Hard wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

Let me say this - the questions below actually pinpoint the strength of this question in terms of highlighting the PROBLEM AREAS this question tests - even though on the face of it, it appears to be so simple.

Quote:
Why not C. I feel that "retiring early" is parallel to "facing the threats".

Also in case of E, shouldn't the answer be "have elected to retire early rather than to face"

Yes, RETIRING EARLY, structurally is parallel to FACING THE THREATS; however, semantically the two are NOT parallel.

To face wouldnt work because you need a subjunctive form of verb ... since this is a hypothetical situation.. elected to retire early rather than face
Therefore to retire - infinitive acting as adverb modifying elected is appropriate and also FACE is appropriate because they didnt come to face it.. they just wanted to avoid it (a hypothetical situation)
Re: SC - early retirement   [#permalink] 03 Nov 2006, 22:12

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