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# A recent study has found that within the past few years,

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Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Sep 2006
Posts: 279
Location: New York
Re: SC - early retirement [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2006, 22:47
Fight Hard wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

One more for E.

C first off does not sound right and is not correct diction. What do they mean my "elected retiring early" - that makes no sense? The correct idiom is "elected to". For these types of question you cannot just look at sentence and assume the right choice will have an "ing" & "ing" and hence it is parellel = correct. You need to also look at the meaning of the sentence.
_________________

"Never let the fear of striking out get in your wayâ€

Intern
Joined: 18 Oct 2006
Posts: 20
Re: SC - early retirement [#permalink]

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03 Nov 2006, 22:56
agreed...

I think that it is E as well

instead of parroting what everyone has said, I'll just say in addition that C just sounds wrong
Senior Manager
Joined: 30 Aug 2006
Posts: 373

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03 Nov 2006, 22:58
E, an easy way to discard C is the use of instead of.

use instead of when comparing nouns and rather than when comparing verbs / clauses
Manager
Joined: 14 Oct 2005
Posts: 63
Re: Early retirement: SC 1000 [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2007, 22:49
E for using correct tense and maintaining ||ism. Elected X rathar than Y.

gmatirp wrote:
24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

The answer is not what I think. Can contributors give the explanation too of their selection.
Thanks beforehand.
Senior Manager
Joined: 19 Jul 2006
Posts: 358

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01 Feb 2007, 07:15
"recent study" indicates doctors are still electing retirement
so, "have" is correct

Also " retire" and "face" should parallel.

E
Manager
Joined: 29 Nov 2006
Posts: 82

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01 Feb 2007, 08:20
in the past few years---->use Present Perfect (have/has)

C,D,E

go with E b/c //
Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Mar 2006
Posts: 489

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20 Jul 2007, 18:49
I believe this is a tense issue.
I like the original A.
doctor had selected early retirement seems to happen before the recent study, therefore the past perfect tense.

what is the OA?
Director
Joined: 08 Feb 2007
Posts: 609
Location: New Haven, CT

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20 Jul 2007, 19:48
The correct verb is have...doctors have. To retire is also correct.

Go with E.
Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
Posts: 901

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23 Jul 2007, 20:32
bmwhype2 wrote:
605. Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

(A) its many problems had been the recent
(B) its many problems has been the recently
(C) its many problems is the recently
(D) their many problems is the recent
(E) their many problems had been the recent

It's A...

Reporting that one of its many problems had been the recent extended sales slump in women's apparel, the seven-store retailer said it would start a three-month liquidation sale in all of its stores.

Regards,
Brajesh
Manager
Joined: 08 Jul 2007
Posts: 172

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31 Jul 2007, 16:18
stevegt wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than to face
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

OA:E
why is D wrong?

The "to" is unnecessary. It's basically an issue of concision. While D is grammatically correct, E is also fine, but more concise.
Senior Manager
Joined: 28 Jun 2007
Posts: 453

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31 Jul 2007, 17:12
The second "to" is of no harm but is absolutely unnecessary. Given the choices, I'll pick E over D any day.

Another thing... In future, please either dont post OA's in the question or ipost the OA after a few blank lines so that we dont get to see the OA before we finish the Qn.

Director
Joined: 26 Feb 2006
Posts: 899

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31 Jul 2007, 17:33
briks123 wrote:
stevegt wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than to face
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

OA:E
why is D wrong?

The "to" is unnecessary. It's basically an issue of concision. While D is grammatically correct, E is also fine, but more concise.

absolutly.

both are correct but when we have to choose one of these two, alwasy go for the concise and short one.

so E wins.
VP
Joined: 28 Mar 2006
Posts: 1367

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03 Aug 2007, 14:23
bmwhype2 wrote:
Why do we use the perfect past tense?

The reporter said

the sales happenbed before he said.

Reporting is the culprit in this sentence
Manager
Joined: 29 May 2007
Posts: 96

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03 Aug 2007, 16:56
Yes..Its "Said: which is past. Hence we shud use Past-perfect for an event before that..

Also the key word is "extended" which indicates there was a slump and then there was its continuation..So "HAD been" INDICATES it happened for a particular duration in the PAST.

hope it helps
CEO
Joined: 21 Jan 2007
Posts: 2734
Location: New York City

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04 Aug 2007, 12:22
thanks. i was concentrating too much on recent vs recently as i could not figure out whether extended sales slump or sales slump was a noun phrase.
Manager
Joined: 07 Jan 2008
Posts: 87

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27 Nov 2008, 21:04
the ans is (D).

Many doctors - plural so have needs to be used.
facing and rising are parallel
VP
Joined: 18 May 2008
Posts: 1258

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27 Nov 2008, 21:06
A and B are out bcos of the usage of had. Rather than is prefferred over instead of. Also in C, usage of retiring is wrong. so that leaves D and E. Im confused b/w these two. E seems to be better choice . So my ans is E
technocrat wrote:
1.A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

Any takers? I need explaination of the answer.

Thanks
Manager
Joined: 08 Aug 2008
Posts: 229

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27 Nov 2008, 23:16
E is correct.
'Retire' and 'face' are parallel and not 'facing'.
'retiring' in (C) is wrong since it cannot modify 'early', hence the infinitive 'to retire' is correct.
Manager
Joined: 18 Nov 2008
Posts: 115

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28 Nov 2008, 03:50
IMO C

'within past years' - 'had elected' - incorrect usage, A,B - out
Ony C and E have parallel construction, but C is preferable, because the sentence continues with '...and the rising costs of malpractise insurance'
VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1401

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28 Nov 2008, 09:06

Because there is no simple past any where in the sentence. A & B are out.

rather than face is better than facing. No need for continuous tense
Re: SC- doctors   [#permalink] 28 Nov 2008, 09:06

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