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A recent study has found that within the past few years,

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Re: SC- doctors [#permalink]

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New post 29 Nov 2008, 13:20
1.A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face

"had elected" is in past participle form while it should be in present participle form. So ruled out

(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing

"rather than" is much more suitable than that of "instead of" so its ruled out.

(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing

"rather than" is much more suitable than that of "instead of" so its ruled out.

(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing

"to retire early" is modifying facing indirectly. So the right one should be " to retire early rather than ( to ( scilent) ) face --SO ruled out.

(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

This is the right one.

The Full sentence should be this way :

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors have elected to retire early rather than [ to ( scilent) ] face the threats of lawsuits and [ to face ] the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

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Re: SC [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2009, 05:39
The answer is E and I don't have a good explanation. I'll think of one and come back.

asthanap wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

I could reach to final two: D & E. Not able to find out which one is correct and why.

Can someone please throw some light?

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Re: SC [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2009, 07:12
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asthanap wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

I could reach to final two: D & E. Not able to find out which one is correct and why.

Can someone please throw some light?


E for parallelism

have elected to retire early rather than <to> face

in D.
have elected to retire early rather than facing
--> not parallel.
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Re: SC [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2009, 07:27
Now that I read your post, I agree, it is parallelism. I couldn't put my finger on it, but I knew E was correct. Thanks! It doesn't surprise me you'd be know the answer AND why it is correct.

x2suresh wrote:
asthanap wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

I could reach to final two: D & E. Not able to find out which one is correct and why.

Can someone please throw some light?


E for parallelism

have elected to retire early rather than <to> face

in D.
have elected to retire early rather than facing
--> not parallel.

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Re: SC [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2009, 07:35
x2suresh wrote:
asthanap wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

I could reach to final two: D & E. Not able to find out which one is correct and why.

Can someone please throw some light?


E for parallelism

have elected to retire early rather than <to> face

in D.
have elected to retire early rather than facing
--> not parallel.


I got it. I think I missed it as missed to see hidden <to>. Could you please also provide some tips on how to find such hidden words?

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Re: SC [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2009, 07:42
I don't really great advice on how to find the hidden "to". It drives everyone crazy trying to figure this stuff out, even those of us that have spoken English our entire lives!

asthanap wrote:
x2suresh wrote:
asthanap wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

I could reach to final two: D & E. Not able to find out which one is correct and why.

Can someone please throw some light?


E for parallelism

have elected to retire early rather than <to> face

in D.
have elected to retire early rather than facing
--> not parallel.


I got it. I think I missed it as missed to see hidden <to>. Could you please also provide some tips on how to find such hidden words?

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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2009, 07:31
only C and E stand(parallel and correct TENSE)
will go with E because Manhattan says "GMAT seems to avoid INSTEAD OF, pg 200"
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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2009, 08:16
nitya34 wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face


(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face (Early an adverd correctly modifies verd retire, Correct tense)

"to" is implied after "rather than". "to" does not have to be repeated. It can be omitted to curb redundancy.

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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2009, 11:10
IMO--D. I guess this question is pretty famous discussed here many times, but still I do not know the OA.

Here's my take- have elected to...facing
in synch with the tense of study has found..elected to is the correct idiom
Facing provides parallelism with rising and also shows concurrency with retire. Retirement and facing the threats of lawsuits come together..

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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2009, 20:19
My choice is E

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face --> past perfect tense is incorrect, wrong comparison between a Noun early retirement and a Verb face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing --> same error as (A)
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing --> retiring is ungrammatically put behind have elected.
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing --> awkward conmparison between to retire and facing.
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face --> correct comparison, word choice

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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2009, 00:26
D is definately out because rather than does not go with noun. It goes with verb. Was confused between C and E but as nitya pointed out, Rather is preferred here since we want to actively talk about the actions..Thus shall go with E.

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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2009, 09:12
patedhav wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face



E for parallelism

had -- > incorrect
rather than is appropriate here.


to retiere.. <to> face
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2009, 00:18
24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

E would be the right answer because of correct use of verb tense.
Sentences which describe an event that has happened in near past will almost invariably tend to use present perfect. ( recently in this case)
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Re: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jun 2009, 01:32
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24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
[using past perfect is not correct as the first part of a sentence uses present perfect, which implies that the action should have connection with present; early retirement-noun and face-verb are not parallel]
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face [correct]

25. A recent study of ancient clay deposits has provided new evidence supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that contributed to the extinction of the dinosaurs and many other creatures some 65 million years ago.
(A) supporting the theory of global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact that
[pronoun reference is not correct-here that refers to a meteriote impact. In fact the cause of extinction of the dinosaurs... are forest fires ]
(B) supporting the theory that global forest fires ignited by a meteorite impact [correct]
(C) that supports the theory of global forest fires that were ignited by a meteorite impact and that
(D) in support of the theory that global forest fires were ignited by a meteorite impact and that [I think it's not clear to what 'that' refers here]
(E) of support for the theory of a meteorite impact that ignited global forest fires and
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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2009, 06:47
shrutisingh wrote:
24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

Please explain the ans


is the OA E?

no need to use past perfect here, is n't it? and it needs a verb in the end 'face'.

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Re: SC doubt [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jul 2009, 07:11
I also went for E.

Past perfect is not necessary and facing is not correct in D.

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Re: rather than.....instead of [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2009, 14:08
Hmm...I narrowed it down to either A or E. Form what I know "rather than" and "instead of" are pretty much interchangeable...if any difference is to be made between the two "rather than" is more formal.

For this problem I thought that "rather than" just sounded better. I was leaning more towards answer A, until I noticed the past reference of "within the past few years" which made me switch my answer to E with the simpler "have" rather than "had".

Final answer E. What is the correct OA and OE?

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Re: rather than.....instead of [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2009, 14:54
First thing is the verb “have elected.” The un-underlined portion which says “rising costs” suggests that costs are currently rising, so “have elected” is better than “had elected.” A & B are out.

D is out b/c the structure is not parallel. “to retire … facing.” It should be “to retire … face”

That leaves C and E. After reading both possibilities, I will go with E, as I think the idiom is “elect to…”

Answer E.

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Re: rather than.....instead of [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jul 2009, 15:10
Also note that in my analysis, the "rather than" vs. "instead of" issue didn't even come up. I don't even know if it sounds better to use one or the other. They both seem like they could be used here.

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Re: rather than.....instead of [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jul 2009, 06:38
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WhyabloodyMBA wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face


how do v decide upon usage of 'rather than' and 'instead of'..?


you use 'rather than' to compare clauses and 'instead of' to compare 'nouns/noun phrases'.

But also remember you can use 'rather than' to emphasize priority over something.

in this question to maintain parallelism with 'retire' you have to have 'face' verb. so obviously you go for 'rather than'.

Hope that helps.

Last edited by ugimba on 09 Jul 2009, 06:00, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: rather than.....instead of   [#permalink] 08 Jul 2009, 06:38

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