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# A recent study has found that within the past few years,

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18 Mar 2009, 04:39
The answer is E and I don't have a good explanation. I'll think of one and come back.

asthanap wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

I could reach to final two: D & E. Not able to find out which one is correct and why.

Can someone please throw some light?

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J Allen Morris
**I'm pretty sure I'm right, but then again, I'm just a guy with his head up his a$$. GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings SVP Joined: 07 Nov 2007 Posts: 1820 Location: New York Followers: 35 Kudos [?]: 877 [1] , given: 5 Re: SC [#permalink] ### Show Tags 18 Mar 2009, 06:12 1 This post received KUDOS asthanap wrote: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance. (A) had elected early retirement rather than face (B) had elected early retirement instead of facing (C) have elected retiring early instead of facing (D) have elected to retire early rather than facing (E) have elected to retire early rather than face I could reach to final two: D & E. Not able to find out which one is correct and why. Can someone please throw some light? E for parallelism have elected to retire early rather than <to> face in D. have elected to retire early rather than facing --> not parallel. _________________ Your attitude determines your altitude Smiling wins more friends than frowning SVP Joined: 30 Apr 2008 Posts: 1887 Location: Oklahoma City Schools: Hard Knocks Followers: 40 Kudos [?]: 578 [0], given: 32 Re: SC [#permalink] ### Show Tags 18 Mar 2009, 06:27 Now that I read your post, I agree, it is parallelism. I couldn't put my finger on it, but I knew E was correct. Thanks! It doesn't surprise me you'd be know the answer AND why it is correct. x2suresh wrote: asthanap wrote: A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance. (A) had elected early retirement rather than face (B) had elected early retirement instead of facing (C) have elected retiring early instead of facing (D) have elected to retire early rather than facing (E) have elected to retire early rather than face I could reach to final two: D & E. Not able to find out which one is correct and why. Can someone please throw some light? E for parallelism have elected to retire early rather than <to> face in D. have elected to retire early rather than facing --> not parallel. _________________ ------------------------------------ J Allen Morris **I'm pretty sure I'm right, but then again, I'm just a guy with his head up his a$$.

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18 Mar 2009, 06:35
x2suresh wrote:
asthanap wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

I could reach to final two: D & E. Not able to find out which one is correct and why.

Can someone please throw some light?

E for parallelism

have elected to retire early rather than <to> face

in D.
have elected to retire early rather than facing
--> not parallel.

I got it. I think I missed it as missed to see hidden <to>. Could you please also provide some tips on how to find such hidden words?
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18 Mar 2009, 06:42
I don't really great advice on how to find the hidden "to". It drives everyone crazy trying to figure this stuff out, even those of us that have spoken English our entire lives!

asthanap wrote:
x2suresh wrote:
asthanap wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

I could reach to final two: D & E. Not able to find out which one is correct and why.

Can someone please throw some light?

E for parallelism

have elected to retire early rather than <to> face

in D.
have elected to retire early rather than facing
--> not parallel.

I got it. I think I missed it as missed to see hidden <to>. Could you please also provide some tips on how to find such hidden words?

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17 Apr 2009, 05:33
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face
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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2009, 06:24
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face
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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2009, 06:31
only C and E stand(parallel and correct TENSE)
will go with E because Manhattan says "GMAT seems to avoid INSTEAD OF, pg 200"
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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2009, 07:16
nitya34 wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face (Early an adverd correctly modifies verd retire, Correct tense)

"to" is implied after "rather than". "to" does not have to be repeated. It can be omitted to curb redundancy.
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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2009, 10:10
IMO--D. I guess this question is pretty famous discussed here many times, but still I do not know the OA.

Here's my take- have elected to...facing
in synch with the tense of study has found..elected to is the correct idiom
Facing provides parallelism with rising and also shows concurrency with retire. Retirement and facing the threats of lawsuits come together..
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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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17 Apr 2009, 19:19
My choice is E

A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face --> past perfect tense is incorrect, wrong comparison between a Noun early retirement and a Verb face
(B) had elected early retirement instead of facing --> same error as (A)
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing --> retiring is ungrammatically put behind have elected.
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing --> awkward conmparison between to retire and facing.
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face --> correct comparison, word choice
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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2009, 23:26
D is definately out because rather than does not go with noun. It goes with verb. Was confused between C and E but as nitya pointed out, Rather is preferred here since we want to actively talk about the actions..Thus shall go with E.

OA?
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Re: recent study lawsuit: SC [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2009, 08:12
patedhav wrote:
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

E for parallelism

rather than is appropriate here.

to retiere.. <to> face
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05 Jul 2009, 23:06
24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

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05 Jul 2009, 23:34
My aplogies for posting an already posted question.

Would take care in the future to search the forum first.
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06 Jul 2009, 05:47
shrutisingh wrote:
24. A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

is the OA E?

no need to use past perfect here, is n't it? and it needs a verb in the end 'face'.
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06 Jul 2009, 06:11
I also went for E.

Past perfect is not necessary and facing is not correct in D.
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07 Jul 2009, 09:09
OA is E
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07 Jul 2009, 12:31
A recent study has found that within the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractice insurance.
(A) had elected early retirement rather than face
(C) have elected retiring early instead of facing
(D) have elected to retire early rather than facing
(E) have elected to retire early rather than face

how do v decide upon usage of 'rather than' and 'instead of'..?
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07 Jul 2009, 13:08
Hmm...I narrowed it down to either A or E. Form what I know "rather than" and "instead of" are pretty much interchangeable...if any difference is to be made between the two "rather than" is more formal.

For this problem I thought that "rather than" just sounded better. I was leaning more towards answer A, until I noticed the past reference of "within the past few years" which made me switch my answer to E with the simpler "have" rather than "had".

Final answer E. What is the correct OA and OE?

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