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# A recent study has found that withtin the past few years,

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Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2006
Posts: 54
A recent study has found that withtin the past few years, [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2006, 12:47
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A recent study has found that withtin the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractise insurance.

a. had elected early retirement rather than face
c. have elected retiring early instead of facing
d. have elected to retire early rather than facing
e. have elected to retire early rather than face
Senior Manager
Joined: 05 Jun 2005
Posts: 449

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23 Sep 2006, 13:41
chanmat wrote:
A recent study has found that withtin the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractise insurance.

a. had elected early retirement rather than face
c. have elected retiring early instead of facing
d. have elected to retire early rather than facing
e. have elected to retire early rather than face

D with this one. Had is wrong here. Main thing facing is parallel with rising
Director
Joined: 06 May 2006
Posts: 791

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23 Sep 2006, 14:20
E here as well.

Participle form is a no-no in combination with 'Had' or 'Have'.
Finally, 'have retired...face' - parallel verb forms.

'rising' is an adjective here, not a verb!!
_________________

Uh uh. I know what you're thinking. "Is the answer A, B, C, D or E?" Well to tell you the truth in all this excitement I kinda lost track myself. But you've gotta ask yourself one question: "Do I feel lucky?" Well, do ya, punk?

Director
Joined: 09 Aug 2006
Posts: 520

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23 Sep 2006, 16:46
I would go E.

retire and face should be in parellel since they both are verb.
Also the the sentence in about recent study means it is in the present and nowhere it is indicated the doctors retiring has ended.. hence Have is corrrect ..

Thanks.

Amit
Director
Joined: 10 Oct 2005
Posts: 526
Location: US

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23 Sep 2006, 20:43
will go with E...

have makes sense as this is a current situation

retire ... face are parallel
VP
Joined: 21 Mar 2006
Posts: 1127
Location: Bangalore

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25 Sep 2006, 04:28
One more for E.

tennis_ball wrote:
C for me.

Retiring seems to indicate that the doctors are still in the process of retiring. They should have elected to retire before the study shows the information right? So present perfect is right here.
SVP
Joined: 24 Aug 2006
Posts: 2130

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25 Sep 2006, 06:54
chanmat wrote:
A recent study has found that withtin the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractise insurance.

a. had elected early retirement rather than face
c. have elected retiring early instead of facing
d. have elected to retire early rather than facing
e. have elected to retire early rather than face

I like E

ll to retire . . [to] face. and present perfect is correct.
Director
Joined: 17 Jul 2006
Posts: 706

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25 Sep 2006, 10:51
Straight E. 100 percent.

infinitive and parallel testing

to retire early rather than (to) face
Manager
Joined: 15 Aug 2006
Posts: 95

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25 Sep 2006, 12:41
C. for ||ism.

a. had elected early retirement rather than face
needs "have"
needs "have"
c. have elected retiring early instead of facing
Correct.
d. have elected to retire early rather than facing
elected to retire early - requires - rather than to face - for ||
e. have elected to retire early rather than face
elected to retire early - requires - rather than to face - for ||
_________________

http://gmatstuff.blogspot.com

SVP
Joined: 24 Aug 2006
Posts: 2130

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25 Sep 2006, 13:09
gmat_stuff wrote:
C. for ||ism.

a. had elected early retirement rather than face
needs "have"
needs "have"
c. have elected retiring early instead of facing
Correct.
d. have elected to retire early rather than facing
elected to retire early - requires - rather than to face - for ||
e. have elected to retire early rather than face
elected to retire early - requires - rather than to face - for ||

the "to" is understood and not explicitly written.

C is incorrect b/c

"rather" is used to compare verbs and also for preference

"instead" is used for nouns and primarily to denote replacement.
Senior Manager
Joined: 11 Jul 2006
Posts: 380
Location: TX

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25 Sep 2006, 14:53
E it should be .

have elected to retire early rather than (to) face

to implicit here
VP
Joined: 25 Jun 2006
Posts: 1166

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25 Sep 2006, 18:03
Sorry. Go for E.

elect to do sth is an idiom. and the missing to is ellipsis.
Senior Manager
Joined: 05 Jun 2005
Posts: 449

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27 Sep 2006, 03:30
I'm getting worried now so please post the OA!
Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 5218

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27 Sep 2006, 08:27
chanmat wrote:
A recent study has found that withtin the past few years, many doctors had elected early retirement rather than face the threats of lawsuits and the rising costs of malpractise insurance.

a. had elected early retirement rather than face
c. have elected retiring early instead of facing
d. have elected to retire early rather than facing
e. have elected to retire early rather than face

(E) for multiple reasons:

1. doctors... have... correct SV
2. to retire ... (to) face ... parallel and correct use of ellipsis
3. rather than is almost always favored over instead of when comparing actions
4. actively phrased
Re: SC - Recent study about Doctors   [#permalink] 27 Sep 2006, 08:27
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