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A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random

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A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2013, 10:56
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A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors

A. ....
B. No longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, are the powerful effects of random reinforcement as indicated by a recent study
C. As evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, a recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement are no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors
D. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar card game industry, are no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors
E. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors

Discussion please

OA to be revealed later
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by sdas on 26 Mar 2013, 11:55, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A recent study indicates [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2013, 11:16
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Answer should be D...as "are no longer" is correct not "is no longer"...so can cancel Option A,E....Dangling modifier in option B...In Option C ...."Casino" should be "casino patrons".....So only option D left
sdas wrote:
A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors

A. ....
B. No longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, are the powerful effects of random reinforcement as indicated by a recent study
C. As evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, a recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement are no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors
D. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar card game industry, are no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors
E. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors

Discussion please

OA to be revealed later

Last edited by mohit878 on 25 Mar 2013, 21:49, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A recent study indicates [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2013, 13:45
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A. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors
Subject-verb Problem
B. No longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, are the powerful effects of random reinforcement as indicated by a recent study
"as evidenced" AND "as indicated by a recent study" repeat the concept, making the sentence unclear.
C. As evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, a recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement are no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors
The structure is not clear. It seems that " the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry" made the study ...
D. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar card game industry, are no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors
IMO D
E. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors
Same as A
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Re: A recent study indicates [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2013, 20:08
it has to be D :A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar card game industry, are no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors
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Re: A recent study indicates [#permalink]

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New post 25 Mar 2013, 23:05
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mohit878 wrote:
Answer should be D...as "are no longer" is correct not "is no longer"...so can cancel Option A,E....Dangling modifier in option B...In Option C ...."Casino" should be "casino patrons".....So only option D left
sdas wrote:
A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors

A. ....
B. No longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, are the powerful effects of random reinforcement as indicated by a recent study
C. As evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, a recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement are no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors
D. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar card game industry, are no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors
E. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors

Discussion please

OA to be revealed later



It should be D D. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar card game industry, are no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors
makes more meaning sense
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Re: A recent study indicates [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2013, 11:54
Zarrolou wrote:
A. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors
Subject-verb Problem
B. No longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, are the powerful effects of random reinforcement as indicated by a recent study
"as evidenced" AND "as indicated by a recent study" repeat the concept, making the sentence unclear.
C. As evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, a recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement are no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors
The structure is not clear. It seems that " the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry" made the study ...
D. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar card game industry, are no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors
IMO D
E. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors
Same as A


Good one mate. +1 to you. I really like your approach of just not assessing one particular answer. As it is more important to know why other answer choices are incorrect than just knowing why 1 answer choice is correct. I pretty much work on same approach. I think it is the best way to ace SC - cos analyzing every answer choices gives us chance to know probable errors, hone our SC error identifying skills, and lastly we get doubly sure of our chosen answer...

Well done! :cool
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Bring ON SOME KUDOS MATES+++



-----------------------------
Quant Notes consolidated: http://gmatclub.com/forum/consolodited-quant-guides-of-forum-most-helpful-in-preps-151067.html#p1217652

My GMAT journey begins: http://gmatclub.com/forum/my-gmat-journey-begins-122251.html

All about Richard Ivey: http://gmatclub.com/forum/all-about-richard-ivey-148594.html#p1190518

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Re: A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2016, 12:30
A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors

A. ....
B. No longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, are the powerful effects of random reinforcement as indicated by a recent study
C. As evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, a recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement are no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors
D. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar card game industry, are no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors
E. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors
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Re: A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random [#permalink]

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New post 19 Nov 2016, 18:40
Zarrolou wrote:
A. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors
Subject-verb Problem
B. No longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, are the powerful effects of random reinforcement as indicated by a recent study
"as evidenced" AND "as indicated by a recent study" repeat the concept, making the sentence unclear.
C. As evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, a recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement are no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors
The structure is not clear. It seems that " the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry" made the study ...
D. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar card game industry, are no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors
IMO D
E. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors
Same as A



still don't know why B is wrong. there is a backward construction in B - No longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects, and stock market investors are the powerful effects of random reinforcement as indicated by a recent study- and I find it perfectly right. plz comment
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Re: A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2017, 03:28
bjh wrote:
Zarrolou wrote:
A. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors
Subject-verb Problem
B. No longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, are the powerful effects of random reinforcement as indicated by a recent study
"as evidenced" AND "as indicated by a recent study" repeat the concept, making the sentence unclear.
C. As evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, a recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement are no longer limited to casinos, test subjects and stock market investors
The structure is not clear. It seems that " the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry" made the study ...
D. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar card game industry, are no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors
IMO D
E. A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random reinforcement, as evidenced by the multi-million dollar collectible card game industry, is no longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects and stock market investors
Same as A



still don't know why B is wrong. there is a backward construction in B - No longer limited to casino patrons, test subjects, and stock market investors are the powerful effects of random reinforcement as indicated by a recent study- and I find it perfectly right. plz comment




The modifier "as indicated by a recent study" is awfully far away from the thing it should modify. Namely that it is no longer that the powerful effects of random reinforcement are not longer available to a subgroup. It also seems to modify random reinforcement which is directly next to it. Though (I think) not grammatically wrong, it is not as clear as D is.
Re: A recent study indicates that the powerful effects of random   [#permalink] 26 Feb 2017, 03:28
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