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A recent survey found that more computers than copies of

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 17 May 2009, 11:53
OA is C.

My explanation:
priyankur_saha@ml.com wrote:
A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.
Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced above EXCEPT:

Main interpretation is "practice of illegally duplicating commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans"
Objection of interpretation : practice of illegally duplicating commercial computer programs is NOT widespread among Germans
counter the Objection of interpretation : practice of illegally duplicating commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.
counter the Objection of interpretation EXCEPT: practice of illegally duplicating commercial computer programs is NOT widespread among Germans.



(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
-- So others do forge-- Not an Objection
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
-- So all other non-free programs are pirated -- Not an Objection
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such purchases were counted in the survey.
-- Some m/cs are purchased from outside so cumulative comparison is erroneous -- Objection
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on his or her computer.
-- How it will be possible if there is less purchase of commercial programs? --- Not an Objection
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.
-- After legalizing those duplicates, still the total count is less? so they must copy illegally -- Not an Objection

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2009, 07:38
Can someone please explain me this in detail why C is correct?
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 18 May 2009, 07:57
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This was a tough question.. what is the source of these questions..

Here goes the explanation.,

The Question stem asks us to find which of following statements donot counter the objection to the conclusion i.e donot strengthen..

1 ) As few computers use their own programs, most of the other use commercial programs. --> strengthens..

if the sentence was many computers -> then it weakens.

2) As few non commercial programs are avialable, most of the other are commercial programs - > strengthens..
if the option used many .. then it will weaken

3) correct answer.. It says some of the computers were bought outside the country but counted in the survery.
So actually less number of computers were bought --> weakens.. ie donot strengthen.. correct answer

4) If one German computer has several commercial programs, then the sale of the programs shud be more -> strengthens

5) though the legal copies are counted towards purchase,
i.e the sale of the commercial programs is even less ---> strengthens..

Hope my explanation is clear.. let me know if something isnt clear..
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 20 May 2009, 08:03
Thanks for the detailed explanation!!
Neochronic wrote:
This was a tough question.. what is the source of these questions..

Here goes the explanation.,

The Question stem asks us to find which of following statements donot counter the objection to the conclusion i.e donot strengthen..

1 ) As few computers use their own programs, most of the other use commercial programs. --> strengthens..

if the sentence was many computers -> then it weakens.

2) As few non commercial programs are avialable, most of the other are commercial programs - > strengthens..
if the option used many .. then it will weaken

3) correct answer.. It says some of the computers were bought outside the country but counted in the survery.
So actually less number of computers were bought --> weakens.. ie donot strengthen.. correct answer

4) If one German computer has several commercial programs, then the sale of the programs shud be more -> strengthens

5) though the legal copies are counted towards purchase,
i.e the sale of the commercial programs is even less ---> strengthens..

Hope my explanation is clear.. let me know if something isnt clear..
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jun 2009, 10:58
I'm with C as it indicates that the numbers are skewed because of including the computers bought outside germany.
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2009, 07:42
I'll vote for D...Even though the germans have not bought the computer programs, they are present in the german computers.This shows that they must have been illelegally copied..
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2009, 11:44
What is the source of this question..?

I thought very hard on this question. To me, E seems the answer. We must pay attention that this quqeston is asking - "Which of these all weaken the argument EXCEPT"?

Any takers?
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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This question has been posted on this forum before but I am sure discussion on that post is wrong (unable to post link here sorry) and I dont feel the OA is right. Hence, I'm posting it again. Plz help.

A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by
Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating
commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:
(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2012, 11:34
IMO the answer is D because this option doesn't make the statement weak.

Please explain if I am wrong.
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2012, 08:50
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eYsYs wrote:
A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by
Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating
commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:
(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.


Answer is (C)

Argument: Illegal duplication is widespread
Assumption: More computers than programs purchased

So what's going on here? There is a gap between # of computers purchased and # of computer programs purchased. Visualize this.

What explains the gap?

The author is suggesting a possible reason for the gap - illegal duplication is widespread in germany. Since more computers and not enough programs, he's guessing that the computer programs are copied illegally in order to match the # of computers purchased.

A concrete example - if 100 computers are purchased and only 20 computer programs are purchased...i'm guessing the author is assuming the ratio should be more 1:1, so in order to get that, the remaining 80 computer programs must have been duplicated illegally.

OK..now that we understand that...

What does the question say? "Would counter a reasonable objection advanced above EXCEPT"

Ok, so there is an objection (negation), then we are countering that negation. So 2 negatives equal a positive. Four of the answer choices will support our existing argument...ONE will NOT.

Four will help explain or support why there is illegal duplication.

(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.

Well, this helps explain the gap. If few german computers write their own computer programs...this thinking can lead to the conclusion that since they don't write their own programs, they COPY them. So this is in support of our "illegal duplication" argument.

(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
If there are not that many free programs, then everything cost money. As a result, ppl can still COPY.

C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.

Well, if computers are purchased outside of Germany, then maybe that's why there is an inflated number for the number of computers purchased. It's possible that there is NO illegal copying if our number for the # of computers purchased is inflated. The actual # of computers purchased IN germany might actually be lower and closer to the # of computer programs purchased...this would lead to the conclusion that there is NO copying going on. This is AGAINST our argument...this is the answer (C).

(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
If each computer has more than 1 computer program...but the # of computer programs purchased suggests that figure is much lower than 1...then the remainder might have come from pirating! This supports our argument that COPYING exists.

(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.

If there are legal duplicates and they are counted as "purchased copies"...well we are still significantly lower! If the ones that are purchased are already duplicates (!), then what about the rest of the gap? This one also might suggest that duplicating of the illegal kind might still be the culprit here.

Hope that lengthy explanation is helpful!
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 27 Feb 2013, 19:37
I would like to discuss the question stem here
Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:

Each weakens EXCEPT:

(C) indeed weakens the argument as the above post rightly said, then how it could be the answer even.

Plz advice !
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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Hello,

Let us understand the question stem bit by bit.

"objection to the interpretation" implies against the interpretation or weakens the interpretation.

"counter some objection" implies that the statement provides some explanation against any weakness in the interpretation i.e the statement supports the argument/interpretation.

So, the question mentions that all statements support the interpretation in some way except one statement. This statement weakens the argument. Since, C weakens the argument, it is the right answer.

Hope this helps!

targetgmatchotu wrote:
I would like to discuss the question stem here
Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:

Each weakens EXCEPT:

(C) indeed weakens the argument as the above post rightly said, then how it could be the answer even.

Plz advice !
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 04 Sep 2013, 23:18
how the objection in option ( D )is justifiable ?

My explanation is as under


There is world "widespread" used in the argument.

Explanation as given in (D) suggests that there are only few computer which are using far more pirated program on there computers. It , further , means that the piracy is not wide spread but is limited only to few computer on which a large number of programs are installed.

thus, option( D ) proves to be valid objection as it negates the claim that "duplicating
commercial computer programs is
widespread"
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2013, 19:01
eYsYs wrote:
This question has been posted on this forum before but I am sure discussion on that post is wrong (unable to post link here sorry) and I dont feel the OA is right. Hence, I'm posting it again. Plz help.

A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by
Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating
commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:
(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.

Down to (C) and (E)
Though I selected (C)..But still din't have a very good reason to Choose (C) over (E)..Can someone please explain it in detail..Thanks in Advance...:)
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jun 2014, 10:10
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akankshasoneja wrote:
eYsYs wrote:
This question has been posted on this forum before but I am sure discussion on that post is wrong (unable to post link here sorry) and I dont feel the OA is right. Hence, I'm posting it again. Plz help.

A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by
Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating
commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:
(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.

Down to (C) and (E)
Though I selected (C)..But still din't have a very good reason to Choose (C) over (E)..Can someone please explain it in detail..Thanks in Advance...:)


I chose C because it talks of computers purchased out of GERMANY. Did you notice? 'GERMANY'. This country is nowhere mentioned in the argument. Sure the stimulus talks about Germans but that doesn't mean anything done by Germans outside of Germany shouldn't be accounted for. I cross checked with the stimulus twice to see if there's any mention of Germany or not. Couldn't find any! so went with C.

Remember the question stem says strengthens the argument EXCEPT. So anything that weakens or leaves the argument unaffected is the answer.

According to me option C leaves the argument unaffected. Hence, I chose C.
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 05:30
GMATPill wrote:
eYsYs wrote:
A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by
Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating
commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:
(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.


Answer is (C)

Argument: Illegal duplication is widespread
Assumption: More computers than programs purchased

So what's going on here? There is a gap between # of computers purchased and # of computer programs purchased. Visualize this.

What explains the gap?

The author is suggesting a possible reason for the gap - illegal duplication is widespread in germany. Since more computers and not enough programs, he's guessing that the computer programs are copied illegally in order to match the # of computers purchased.

A concrete example - if 100 computers are purchased and only 20 computer programs are purchased...i'm guessing the author is assuming the ratio should be more 1:1, so in order to get that, the remaining 80 computer programs must have been duplicated illegally.

OK..now that we understand that...

What does the question say? "Would counter a reasonable objection advanced above EXCEPT"

Ok, so there is an objection (negation), then we are countering that negation. So 2 negatives equal a positive. Four of the answer choices will support our existing argument...ONE will NOT.

Four will help explain or support why there is illegal duplication.

(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.

Well, this helps explain the gap. If few german computers write their own computer programs...this thinking can lead to the conclusion that since they don't write their own programs, they COPY them. So this is in support of our "illegal duplication" argument.

(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
If there are not that many free programs, then everything cost money. As a result, ppl can still COPY.

C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.

Well, if computers are purchased outside of Germany, then maybe that's why there is an inflated number for the number of computers purchased. It's possible that there is NO illegal copying if our number for the # of computers purchased is inflated. The actual # of computers purchased IN germany might actually be lower and closer to the # of computer programs purchased...this would lead to the conclusion that there is NO copying going on. This is AGAINST our argument...this is the answer (C).

(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
If each computer has more than 1 computer program...but the # of computer programs purchased suggests that figure is much lower than 1...then the remainder might have come from pirating! This supports our argument that COPYING exists.

(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.

If there are legal duplicates and they are counted as "purchased copies"...well we are still significantly lower! If the ones that are purchased are already duplicates (!), then what about the rest of the gap? This one also might suggest that duplicating of the illegal kind might still be the culprit here.

Hope that lengthy explanation is helpful!

So here we are assuming that computers not bought in Germany either come with software, or don't get software installed on them?
There is something missing here because at the end of the day, there are more computers than computer programs in germany...
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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New post 16 Sep 2014, 06:19
E strenthens !

EX: there were 100 copies in germany ...but half of them were actually legally copied commercial computer programs.... so the actual number of copies should be 50




aks456 wrote:
eYsYs wrote:
This question has been posted on this forum before but I am sure discussion on that post is wrong (unable to post link here sorry) and I dont feel the OA is right. Hence, I'm posting it again. Plz help.

A recent survey found that more computers than copies of computer programs were purchased by
Germans last year. The best interpretation of this finding is that the practice of illegally duplicating
commercial computer programs is widespread among Germans.

Each of the following, if true, would counter some reasonable objection to the interpretation advanced
above EXCEPT:
(A) Few German computer users write their own computer programs.
(B) There are few free noncommercial computer programs available in Germany.
(C) Some Germans purchase computers outside of Germany for use in Germany, and such
purchases were counted in the survey.
(D) The typical German computer user has several commercially written computer programs on
his or her computer.
(E) Many Germans legally make duplicates of commercial computer programs, but such
duplicates were counted as purchased copies in the survey.

Down to (C) and (E)
Though I selected (C)..But still din't have a very good reason to Choose (C) over (E)..Can someone please explain it in detail..Thanks in Advance...:)
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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of [#permalink]

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Re: A recent survey found that more computers than copies of   [#permalink] 07 Nov 2015, 00:28

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