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Intern  Joined: 08 Nov 2008
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A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1  [#permalink]

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98 00:00

Difficulty:   45% (medium)

Question Stats: 75% (02:48) correct 25% (02:55) wrong based on 866 sessions

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A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1 inch wide on each side. The total area of the photograph and the border is M square inches. If the border had been 2 inches wide on each side, the total area would have been (M + 52) square inches. What is the perimeter of the photograph, in inches?

A. 34
B. 36
C. 38
D. 40
E. 42

Originally posted by petercao on 09 Nov 2008, 19:19.
Last edited by Bunuel on 29 Oct 2013, 02:33, edited 1 time in total.
Math Expert V
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Re: A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1  [#permalink]

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petercao wrote:
A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1 inch wide on each side. The total area of the photograph and the border is M square inches. If the border had been 2 inches wide on each side, the total area would have been (M + 52) square inches. What is the perimeter of the photograph, in inches?

A. 34
B. 36
C. 38
D. 40
E. 42

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35
21
D.

First, we know that M is the area of the picture AND the border, and that the border is 1 in wide. If you have a border around a picture that is 1" wide, it doesn't add just 1" to the width and height, but actually 2" to the width and 2" to the height because you have an extra inch on each side for the border.

So, if we want to let x = width of the photograph (no border) and y = height of the photograph (no border), then we know that M = (border width + photograph width) * (border + photograph height).

A border adds twice its width to the width of the photograph. A 4" picture will have a 1" border on the right and left, so it adds 2", for a new width of 6". (Hypothetical example). For a 2" wide border, the added dimensions will be twice the width of the border, or 4" (2" for each left and right side).

(x+4)(y+4) = M + 52

But we know that M is the area of the photograph plus a 1" border. This is represented alegbraically like:

(x+2)(y+2) = M

So substitute in:

(x+4)(y+4) = (x+2)(y+2) + 52, Now lets reduce as far as we can. First do FOIL.

xy + 4x + 4y + 16 = xy + 2x +2y +4 +52

The xy on each side cancels each other out.

4x + 4y + 16 = 2x + 2y + 56
subtract the following values from each side: 2x, 2y and 16

2x + 2y = 40.

We can reduce further if you want to, but it isn't necessary.

If you have a rectangle with height (x) and width (y) and you want to find the perimeter, then you can do x + x + y + y = perimter. Also known as 2x + 2y = Perimeter.

This shows us that the perimter should be 40.

petercao wrote:
A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1 inch wide on each side. The total area of the photograph and the border is M square inches. If the border had been 2 inches wide on each side, the total area would have been (M + 52) square inches. What is the perimeter of the photograph, in inches?

A. 34
B. 36
C. 38
D. 40
E. 42
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Re: A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1  [#permalink]

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petercao wrote:
A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1 inch wide on each side. The total area of the photograph and the border is M square inches. If the border had been 2 inches wide on each side, the total area would have been (M + 52) square inches. What is the perimeter of the photograph, in inches?

A. 34
B. 36
C. 38
D. 40
E. 42

width = x, height = y,
2x+2y=?

(x+4)(y+4)-(x+2)(y+2)=M+52-M
2x+2y=40

D
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Re: A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1  [#permalink]

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petercao wrote:
A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1 inch wide on each side. The total area of the photograph and the border is M square inches. If the border had been 2 inches wide on each side, the total area would have been (M + 52) square inches. What is the perimeter of the photograph, in inches?

A. 34
B. 36
C. 38
D. 40
E. 42

We are given that a rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1 inch wide on each side and that the total area of the photograph and border is M square inches. If we let L = the length of the photograph and W = the width of the photograph, since the border surrounds the length and width on two sides, the length of the photograph and border is L + 2 and the width of the photograph and border is W + 2.

Let’s represent this in a diagram: We can now represent the area of the border and photograph:

area = length x width

M = (L + 2)(W + 2)

M = WL + 2W + 2L + 4

We are also given that if the border had been 2 inches wide on each side, the total area would have been (M + 52) square inches. Thus, the new length of the border and photograph would be L + 4 and the new width of the border and photograph would be W + 4.

We can again represent this in a diagram: The new area of the border and photograph is:

M + 52 = (L + 4)(W + 4)

M + 52 = WL + 4W + 4L + 16

M = WL + 4W + 4L – 36

We have two equations for M. Let’s equate them and simplify:

WL + 2W + 2L + 4 = WL + 4W + 4L – 36

2W + 2L + 4 = 4W + 4L – 36

2W + 2L = 4W + 4L – 40

2W + 2L = 40

Since perimeter = 2L + 2W, the perimeter of the photograph is 40 inches.

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A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1  [#permalink]

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Here we go----

Let Length and Breadth of photograph be L and B respectively.
Perimeter is given by 2*(L+b) -----(1)

According to the question:

(L+2)(B+2) = m ----(2)

and

(L+4)(B+4) = m + 52 ---------> (L+4)(B+4) - 52 = m ------(3)

Equating (2) and (3)

(L+2)(B+2) = (L+4)(B+4) - 52

LB + 2L + 2B + 4 = LB + 4L + 4B + 16 -52

Simplify
2L + 2B = 40 ------> 2(L+B) = 40 (Check eq (1))

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Sion wrote:
petercao wrote:
A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1 inch wide on each side. The total area of the photograph and the border is M square inches. If the border had been 2 inches wide on each side, the total area would have been (M + 52) square inches. What is the perimeter of the photograph, in inches?

A. 34
B. 36
C. 38
D. 40
E. 42

width = x, height = y,
2x+2y=?

(x+4)(y+4)-(x+2)(y+2)=M+52-M
2x+2y=40

D

Agreed.

Outer rectangle area when width is two inches on either side - Outer rectangle area when the width is 1 inch
= M + 52 - M.

2 (l+b) = 40 units.
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Re: A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1  [#permalink]

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I did not understand how 1 inch border is counted as 2. Can somebody please explain?
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Re: A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1  [#permalink]

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Salvetor wrote:
I did not understand how 1 inch border is counted as 2. Can somebody please explain?

1 inch from right and left sides of the photograph give 2 inches. Similarly 1 inch from top and bottom of the photograph give 2 inches.
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Re: A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1  [#permalink]

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x*y=M

(x+2)*(y+2)=M+52, because every 1 inch in side gives additional 2 inches in lenght

2x+2y+4=52

2(x+y)=48, it is perimeter with border

48-8=40, where 8 is total lenght of border sides

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Attachments

File comment: Here is a visual that might help. Notice how I'm plugging in lengths and widths to make the prompt true: usually we plug in constants, but it's a good example of how you can even plug in variables. Screen Shot 2015-07-26 at 10.09.22 AM.png [ 167.72 KiB | Viewed 77773 times ]

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A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1  [#permalink]

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LB=M
(L+2)(B+2) = M+52
2(L+B) = 48
Perimeter of pic = 2x (L-2+B-2) = 2(L+B)-8 = 48-8 =40

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Re: A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1  [#permalink]

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petercao wrote:
A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1 inch wide on each side. The total area of the photograph and the border is M square inches. If the border had been 2 inches wide on each side, the total area would have been (M + 52) square inches. What is the perimeter of the photograph, in inches?

A. 34
B. 36
C. 38
D. 40
E. 42

You can get a quick solution geometrically...
The area of just outer boundary is M+52-M=52..
Draw a line (red) to divide this boundary into 4 parts..
1) 2 parts are rectangle with sides (X+4) and 1
So area = $$(X+4)*1=X+4$$... Area of both parts = $$2(X+4)=2x+8$$
2) 2 parts are rectangle with sides (y+2) and 1
So area = $$(y+2)*1=y+2$$......area of both parts =$$2(y+2)=2y+4$$

Total area =$$52=2x+8+2y+4=2x+2y=12.$$..
So $$2x+2y=52-12=40........2(X+y)=40$$
2(X+y) is nothing but the perimeter of photograph.
Hence Ans 40
Attachments PicsArt_07-17-09.04.48.jpg [ 49.14 KiB | Viewed 37300 times ]

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Re: A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1  [#permalink]

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petercao wrote:
A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1 inch wide on each side. The total area of the photograph and the border is M square inches. If the border had been 2 inches wide on each side, the total area would have been (M + 52) square inches. What is the perimeter of the photograph, in inches?

A. 34
B. 36
C. 38
D. 40
E. 42

Please find attached the explanation for the question.
Attachments WhatsApp Image 2020-07-13 at 1.50.13 PM.jpeg [ 147.25 KiB | Viewed 1472 times ]

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Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish! Re: A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1   [#permalink] 13 Jul 2020, 00:22

# A rectangular photograph is surrounded by a border that is 1   