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A rise in the price of raw materials has recently caused hardship for

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Math Expert
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A rise in the price of raw materials has recently caused hardship for  [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2018, 20:49
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55% (hard)

Question Stats:

65% (02:04) correct 35% (02:12) wrong based on 445 sessions

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A rise in the price of raw materials has recently caused hardship for glass manufacturers. A method of firing experienced workers and keeping those with the lowest salaries has been adopted by a number of companies, supposedly in order to contend with the economical difficulties. There is strong evidence that the raw materials will soon return to their former price, but before then, companies will have lowered the quality of their products, and therefore reduced their sales value, by employing inexperienced workers. It is unwise for glass manufacturers to filter the employment of workers by the lowest required salary.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is evidence that has been used to support the argument's position; the second is that position.

B. The first is the result of an action opposed by the argument's position; the second is evidence which further supports that position.

C. The first is the prediction of the outcome of an action that the argument's conclusion opposes; the second is that conclusion.

D. The first describes a situation in order to challenge the position that the argument seeks to establish; the second is that position.

E. The first is a prediction that has been used as support for the argument's position; the second is an objection to that position.

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15 Jun 2018, 04:47
A. The first is evidence that has been used to support the argument's position; the second is that position.

B. The first is the result of an action opposed by the argument's position; the second is evidence which further supports that position. Correct answer choice

C. The first is the prediction of the outcome of an action that the argument's conclusion opposes; the second is that conclusion.

D. The first describes a situation in order to challenge the position that the argument seeks to establish; the second is that position.

E. The first is a prediction that has been used as support for the argument's position; the second is
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15 Jun 2018, 06:20
Conclusion: It is not wise to replace experience manpower with lowest salaried manpower.
Argument Action: Reduce the experienced manpower with low wage manpower. This will reduce the high cost of raw material and sale will increase.
But action consequences will be opposite.

C is clear answer.
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15 Jun 2018, 10:41
The argument says that it is unwise to filter the employment of workers by lowest required salary. And this is the second boldface, which is the position that the argument takes.

The first boldface says that companies will have reduced their quality and therefore their sales value. This would have happened because of inexperienced workers.

Option A states that first is the evidence i.e companies will have reduced their sales value (because of inexperienced workers) is used to support the argument's position i.e it is unwise to base employment on lowest salary. The second is that position.
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15 Jun 2018, 12:40
IMO C
Conclusion is "It is unwise for glass manufacturers to filter the employment of workers by the lowest required salary"
Conclusion opposes "filtering the employment of workers by the lowest salary required"
First boldface is the prediction of the outcome of "filtering the employment of workers by the lowest salary required"
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15 Jun 2018, 13:31
C should be the option. I was stuck between C and E. After a closer look, C send to be the one

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A rise in the price of raw materials has recently caused hardship for  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2018, 03:12
1st BF talks about the prediction of the consequence after the company applied the strategy, a premise that supports the conclusion(why the certain strategy should be rejected).
2nd BF states the argument's conclusion.

Only C clearly matches the analysis
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Re: A rise in the price of raw materials has recently caused hardship for  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2018, 04:57
Why is A wrong.Seen in isolation i cant find anything wrong with A.Guys please help

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A rise in the price of raw materials has recently caused hardship for  [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2018, 22:08
redskull1 wrote:
Why is A wrong.Seen in isolation i cant find anything wrong with A.Guys please help

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Hi,
I think the first part is wrong. It is the prediction that is derived by the author.
BF1 is the additional information that author added from evidence. That's why this choice is wrong.
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16 Aug 2018, 06:26
I still think this is a somewhat bad question.C is overwhelming but A is good too..first BF does support the second BF...

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A rise in the price of raw materials has recently caused hardship for  [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2019, 08:29
1
Bunuel wrote:
A rise in the price of raw materials has recently caused hardship for glass manufacturers. A method of firing experienced workers and keeping those with the lowest salaries has been adopted by a number of companies, supposedly in order to contend with the economical difficulties. There is strong evidence that the raw materials will soon return to their former price, but before then, companies will have lowered the quality of their products, and therefore reduced their sales value, by employing inexperienced workers. It is unwise for glass manufacturers to filter the employment of workers by the lowest required salary.

In the argument given, the two portions in boldface play which of the following roles?

A. The first is evidence that has been used to support the argument's position; the second is that position.

B. The first is the result of an action opposed by the argument's position; the second is evidence which further supports that position.

C. The first is the prediction of the outcome of an action that the argument's conclusion opposes; the second is that conclusion.

D. The first describes a situation in order to challenge the position that the argument seeks to establish; the second is that position.

E. The first is a prediction that has been used as support for the argument's position; the second is an objection to that position.

The goal of this question is to define the roles played by the two portions in boldface in the argument.

In addition, I would like to address a specific point regarding the phrasing of the question: Just because you couldn't get the correct answer doesn't mean the question is necessarily "poor or badly phrased". One can identify a poorly phrased question from a mile away. There is no shame in making mistakes while practicing. However, it is shameful to blame others instead of one's self for one's own shortcomings.

With that said...

Firstly, let's establish the argument's conclusion: It is unwise for glass manufacturers to filter the employment of workers by the lowest required salary.

Answer A: The first is evidence that has been used to support the argument's position; the second is that position.

It is tempting to say that answer A is correct, however we need to pay attention to the subtle use of the wording here: The first boldface part refers to the consequence of dismissing skilled labor because of its high cost in a time of expensive raw material cost and not in general , as illustrated by the second boldface part (notice how there's no mention of raw material cost or any other cause that may lead to a dismissal of skilled labor). The nuance is extremely subtle and it's quite the common pitfall in GMAT CR questions. - IRRELEVANT

B. The first is the result of an action opposed by the argument's position; the second is evidence which further supports that position.

The first boldface part is has not happened yet therefore cannot be considered as a result. Furthermore, the second boldface part is not an evidence but a conclusion/position taken. - IRRELEVANT

C. The first is the prediction of the outcome of an action that the argument's conclusion opposes; the second is that conclusion.

Indeed, the first statement is a prediction (use of "will have") of an action (dismissal of skill labor because of high salaries) that the conclusion embodied in the second statement ("Unwise to dismiss skilled workers") opposes. This captures exactly the function of both statements. - CORRECT ANSWER

D. The first describes a situation in order to challenge the position that the argument seeks to establish; the second is that position.

The first statement is not a situation but a prediction of the consequences related to the argument's conclusion. - IRRELEVANT

E. The first is a prediction that has been used as support for the argument's position; the second is an objection to that position.

This answer is disqualified because of the second part: The second statement is not an objection but an assertion of the position the argument seeks to establish. - IRRELEVANT

Hope that helped.
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20 Aug 2019, 11:49
1

Official Explanation

This is a Boldface Type question, in which you are required to define the role of the two boldface sections in the argument. Read the argument and break it down using indicative words:

(A) Incorrect.

Sentences 1 and 2 are premises because they provide hard data about past occurrences.

The first part of sentence 3 is a premise because it uses the phrase There is strong evidence. However, the situation described by this premise is a prediction.

The first boldface portion is a prediction about the outcome of the glass manufacturers' action.

The second boldface portion is the argument's conclusion, based on that prediction.

The first boldface portion deals with the prediction of a future event and cannot, therefore, be referred to as evidence. You can immediately eliminate answer choices that incorrectly define the first boldface part; do not waste time reading the rest.

(B) Incorrect

While this answer choice defines the first boldface part correctly, it defines the second incorrectly. The second boldface portion does not present us with any factual information and cannot, therefore, be referred to as evidence.

(C) Correct

The action - firing experienced workers.
The predicted outcome - lower quality products and reduced sales value.
The conclusion - the action should not be taken.

(D) Incorrect

The first boldface portion describes a situation in order to support the argument's position rather than challenge it. You can immediately eliminate answer choices that incorrectly define the first boldface part; do not waste time reading the rest.

(E) Incorrect

While this answer choice defines the first boldface part correctly, it defines the second incorrectly. The second boldface portion is the argument's conclusion and cannot, therefore, object to its position.

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A rise in the price of raw materials has recently caused hardship for   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2019, 11:49
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