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A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in

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A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as artifacts, such as glass-oil lamp fragments, found at the site.

(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as

(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, once probably being a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and

(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the

(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the

(E) That a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the

Originally posted by schak2rhyme on 05 Aug 2015, 01:33.
Last edited by hazelnut on 18 Aug 2017, 09:00, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Aug 2015, 01:46
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The prepositional parallelism should be maintained in all the arms of a list.

(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as --- The correct parallelism is 'by its eastward orientation, by its overall plan as well as by artifacts' – wrong

(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, once probably being a probably a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and --- meaning totally changed; the structure was not indicated; that the structure was a church was indicated by several factors. Wrong

(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the--- If we intend to use ‘but also', then we must also have used ‘not only’ prior to it.

(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was, was probably a church, ‘as indicates’ its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the --- ‘as indicates’; we must either say ‘as indicated by ’ or simply say ‘as it indicates’ – Per se, this is a fragment

(E)That a ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the --- The best of the constructions
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Oct 2015, 04:02
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1
A: as indicated
Here, it is not crystal clear WHAT is indicated.
Eliminate A.

B: A ruined structure...was indicated by its orientation.
This meaning is nonsensical:
An ORIENTATION cannot indicate a STRUCTURE.
Eliminate B.

but must serve to connect CONTRASTING IDEAS.
C: its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the artifacts
Here, the usage of but is inappropriate, since the orientation, the plan and the artifacts are NOT contrasting ideas.
Rather, all three serve THE SAME FUNCTION: they indicate that the ruined structure was probably a church.
Eliminate C.

D: as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan
Here, indicates (singular) does not agree with its eastward orientation and overall plan (plural subject).
Eliminate D.

The correct answer is E.
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Sep 2015, 10:27
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A ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan,as well as artifacts,such as glass-oil lamp fragments,found at the site

A ruined.... phrase correctly modifies the structure Jordan.
The fact that it may be a church is indicated by 3 factors
    its eastward direction
    by its overall plan and
    as well as artifacts
These 3 are found at site.

Now in given sentence all these 3 do not follow parallel construction with only one by for 2nd item. Hence A is wrong.

now going for other options

(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,once probably being a church,was indicated by its eastward orientation,overall plan,and
once probably being a church............[color=#ff0000]gives a meaning error spoiled by once and being(for past tense).


(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan,but also the
Using Present continuous tense Indicating for past event is wrong. Also Jordan is a structure and it is not indicating sth. This is wrong meaning wise because of wrong modifier.
not only...........but also......... is also used wrongly


(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church,as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan,as well as the
present tense indicates changes the whole meaning of the sentence.

(E)That a ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan,as well as by the
even though, Use of That in modifier part seems somewhat awkward to me, parallel structure in this sentence is well written without error.

That a ruined.... phrase correctly modifies the structure Jordan.
The fact that it may be a church is indicated by 3 factors
    by its eastward direction and its overall plan
    by artifacts

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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2015, 15:49
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A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as artifacts, such as glass oil-lamp fragments, found at the site.

(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as
(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, once probably being a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and
(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the
(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the
(E) That a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the

In (A) indicated by --in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as are not parallel.
In (B)once probably being -- incorrect
IN (C) Indicating that a ruined and but also ( the introduction of but also doesnt make sense) -- incorrect
IN (D) indicates is present
In(E) best
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 06 Jan 2016, 10:35
I agree that (E) is the best option available. But can someone explain this option in more detail please?

I felt it would be better if (E) goes like "That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, as well as artifacts...", instead of "That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the artifacts..."

Thanks!
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2016, 02:58
kevinyuan136 wrote:
I agree that (E) is the best option available. But can someone explain this option in more detail please?

I felt it would be better if (E) goes like "That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, as well as artifacts...", instead of "That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the artifacts..."

Thanks!


The statement in the given form talks about two different list of things, hence the given construction.
It talks about the "something related to architecture", as well as the "artifacts"

Does this help?
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Jan 2016, 03:20
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kevinyuan136 wrote:
I agree that (E) is the best option available. But can someone explain this option in more detail please?

I felt it would be better if (E) goes like "That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, as well as artifacts...", instead of "That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the artifacts..."

Thanks!


Hi kevinyuan136 and gibbet,

It will not be ok to replace or add 'as well as' or 'and'...
the role of 'as well as' is to lay extra emphasis on the preceding term, whereas 'and' lays equal emphasis..

now if you look at the Q
it lays emphasis on 'eastward orientation and overall plan' and less emphasis on 'artifacts'....
so you have to keep the original meaning..


Quote:
The statement in the given form talks about two different list of things, hence the given construction.
It talks about the "something related to architecture", as well as the "artifacts"

Does this help?

TeamGMATIFY, the emphasis is the main reason and not to list out different things...
the different things would actually be mentioned as such..

That ... is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, and by the artifacts..."

Hope it helped
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2016, 08:44
rest wrote:
A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as artifacts, such as glass oil-lamp fragments, found at the site.

(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as

(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, once probably being a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and

(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the

(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the

(E) That a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the


why a is wrong
indicated modify subject of main clause
A is
structure was a church as structure is indicated. no logic
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Jan 2016, 09:18
thangvietnam wrote:
rest wrote:
A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as artifacts, such as glass oil-lamp fragments, found at the site.

(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as

(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, once probably being a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and

(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the

(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the

(E) That a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the


why a is wrong
indicated modify subject of main clause
A is
structure was a church as structure is indicated. no logic


Hi,

lets see why A is wrong and E is the correct choice..

A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as artifacts, such as glass oil-lamp fragments, found at the site....

1) indicated in" is not the correct usage indicated by.. is correct..
indicated in would be better used in a sentence like..
the route was indicated on the paper..
the war was imminent as per the news indicated in various newspaper..

2) 'by the ' is missing before the artifacts, so there is a parallelism issue...
if I remove other parallel issues, it would read..
]A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicatedin its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well asartifacts, such as glass oil-lamp fragments, found at the site...
as indicated artifacts, such as,... does not make sense..
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2016, 04:29
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Here, the that clause is only in the subject position and not the subject itself. The verb mood is passive, as indicated by the "is indicated" and therefore "that a ruined structure..." is a direct object.

There's no hard rule that "that clauses" must be in a certain position in the sentence, but there is a hard rule that the clause should be deployed wherever the meaning of the sentence is least ambiguous. Additionally, "that clauses" is a way to make the sentence more concise than a sentence with a series of modifiers. The alternative to the sentence above is somewhat messy: "A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, being probably a church is indicated by...." Quite difficult to understand

I hope this helps



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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Mar 2017, 01:16
I have a very silly question,but felt to get it clear. In the above sentence "A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church" I thought found was acting as verb and therefore felt that there were 2 verbs 'found' , 'was' for 1 subject ruined structure. Please help me in understanding why found is not verb here
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2017, 09:43
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KARISHMA315 wrote:
I have a very silly question,but felt to get it clear. In the above sentence "A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church" I thought found was acting as verb and therefore felt that there were 2 verbs 'found' , 'was' for 1 subject ruined structure. Please help me in understanding why found is not verb here


"Found" is not a verb, but a past participle modifier for "structure". Consider the following sentence:
A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan.
This sentence does not make sense since the ruined structure did not find (someone else found the ruined structure) - hence "found" is not a verb.
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2017, 22:56
Quote:
I have a very silly question,but felt to get it clear. In the above sentence "A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church" I thought found was acting as verb and therefore felt that there were 2 verbs 'found' , 'was' for 1 subject ruined structure. Please help me in understanding why found is not verb here


You can also think of it this way: the phrase "A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan" is actually a condensed version of "A ruined structure that was found at Aqaba, Jordan."

So "found at Aqaba, Jordan" is actually a relative clause that is placed between the subject and the verb.

The sentence can be mapped out as follows:

[subject] A ruined structure [relative clause] found at Aqaba, Jordan, [verb] was...

If the relative clause is removed, the structure of the sentence becomes clear: A ruined structure...was probably a church.
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2017, 02:22
Can a sentence start with "That" ?

I thought option A was better in the lot, even when it had awkward structure for "as indicated in
its eastward orientation "
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 30 May 2017, 04:59
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sandaki wrote:
Can a sentence start with "That" ?

I thought option A was better in the lot, even when it had awkward structure for "as indicated in
its eastward orientation "


Hi,
I think it can start with " That " . When it is acting as a linking word. Just as , Because, although etc.
Do correct me if i were wrong . :)
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 21 Jun 2017, 15:44
A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as artifacts, such as glass-oil lamp fragments, found at the site

(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church,as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as - "in its" and "by its" are not parallel
(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, once probably being a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and - "once probably being a church" need I say more
(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the - "were" cannot be used for singular "ruined structure"
(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicates its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the - "indicates" is in present, whereas "found" is in past.. we need "indicated" here
(E) That a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the - BEST of the lot (still awkward, certainly a post GMAT person - an MBA grad or a phd will not/must not speak in such an unclear, not-simple and awkward manner.. but cést la vie)
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 24 Jun 2017, 22:16
daagh wrote:
The prepositional parallelism should be maintained in all the arms of a list.

(A) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church, as indicated in its eastward orientation and by its overall plan, as well as --- The correct parallelism is 'by its eastward orientation, by its overall plan as well as by artifacts' – wrong

(B) A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, once probably being a probably a church, was indicated by its eastward orientation, overall plan, and --- meaning totally changed; the structure was not indicated; that the structure was a church was indicated by several factors. Wrong

(C) Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the--- If we intend to use ‘but also', then we must also have used ‘not only’ prior to it.

(D) A ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was, was probably a church, ‘as indicates’ its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as the --- ‘as indicates’; we must either say ‘as indicated by ’ or simply say ‘as it indicates’ – Per se, this is a fragment

(E)That a ruined structure found at Aqaba,Jordan,was probably a church is indicated by its eastward orientation and overall plan, as well as by the --- The best of the constructions


daagh Sir,

Here goes the link of an official gmatprep question,which has used the but also construction without using a "not only".So my question is.if the construction X, but also Y is right according to GMAC,then is option C right??

https://gmatclub.com/forum/not-only-did ... 81150.html

Originally posted by techiesam on 23 Jun 2017, 23:34.
Last edited by techiesam on 24 Jun 2017, 22:16, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2017, 10:50
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anilkumar1510 wrote:
IMO choice E does not have an independent clause. Not able to understand the construction.

That .... as well as .....

This is a dependent clause. Am i missing something here ?

Hi anilkumar1510, actually this is a case where a clause is acting as the subject of the sentence. The subject (clause) is:

That a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church

The one important thing to note vis-a-vis this structure is that in such cases, the subject is always considered singular (and hence, the main verb of this sentence is singular is).

The structure of this sentence is:

<Subject clause> is indicated by X as well as by Y.

Where:

X: its eastward orientation and overall plan

Y: the artifacts, such as glass-oil lamp fragments, found at the site

Another similar official example:

That some fraternal twins resemble each other greatly while others look quite dissimilar highlights an interesting and often overlooked feature of fraternal-twin pairs, namely that they vary considerably on a spectrum of genetic relatedness.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses Noun Clause, its application and examples. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Jun 2017, 23:29
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Quoted official example

C. The systematic clearing of forests in the United States, creating farmland (especially in the Northeast) and giving consumers relatively inexpensive houses and furniture, but
The choice C as above is a downright fragment and is wrong. Can you Pl give me a correct choice, where 'but also' is used without 'not only'
On the contrary, take the next choice D. It also doesn't use 'not only'; it is still the OA. However, the structure of 'but also' is changed to 'but it also'.
Coming to the text:
Indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church were its eastward orientation and overall plan, but also the
If you flip the sentence as per SVO format, the following emerges.
Its eastward orientation and overall plan were indicating that a ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan was probably a church, but also the artifacts, such as glass oil lamp fragments, found at the site
The second part here is a fragment without a verb of its own and is not a modifier either since it is connected by fanboys to the other clause.
Perhaps one can now appreciate the validity of the correlative conjunctions appearing in pairs.
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Re: A ruined structure found at Aqaba, Jordan, was probably a church as in &nbs [#permalink] 24 Jun 2017, 23:29

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