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# A senator, near the end of his first six-year term and running for ree

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Intern
Joined: 28 May 2013
Posts: 13
A senator, near the end of his first six-year term and running for ree  [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2013, 22:16
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25% (medium)

Question Stats:

74% (01:46) correct 26% (01:59) wrong based on 325 sessions

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A senator, near the end of his first six-year term and running for reelection, made the claim: "Citizens of our state are thriving. While national unemployment levels have remained high, our state unemployment rate has been at astonishingly low levels for eleven years running. Clearly, everyone in our state has benefitted from the economical packages I have introduced during my time in the Senate. Therefore, grateful citizens of our state ought to vote for my second term."

This argument is most vulnerable to what criticism?

a) It takes a condition to be the effect of something that has happened only after the condition already existed.
b) It introduces several different types of evidence, not all of which are compatible with one another.
c) It conflates political conditions with economic conditions.
d) The economical packages introduced by the senator may not have been as beneficial to citizens of other states.
e) Even if what the senator is saying is true, it may not be in his self-interest to argue in favor of it.
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Re: A senator, near the end of his first six-year term and running for ree  [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2013, 22:28
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AkshayChittoria wrote:
A senator, near the end of his first six-year term and running for reelection, made the claim: "Citizens of our state are thriving. While national unemployment levels have remained high, our state unemployment rate has been at astonishingly low levels for eleven years running. Clearly, everyone in our state has benefitted from the economical packages I have introduced during my time in the Senate. Therefore, grateful citizens of our state ought to vote for my second term."

This argument is most vulnerable to what criticism?

a) It takes a condition to be the effect of something that has happened only after the condition already existed.
b) It introduces several different types of evidence, not all of which are compatible with one another.
c) It conflates political conditions with economic conditions.
d) The economical packages introduced by the senator may not have been as beneficial to citizens of other states.
e) Even if what the senator is saying is true, it may not be in his self-interest to argue in favor of it.

HERE the catch is 6 year term.

now the argument says :
1)national UNemployment is high.
2)state UNemployment is low
and this condition is happening from last 11 years...means before the senator was elected.
now he is saying because of economical packages ,which he has provided..unemployment is low.

now A)It takes a condition to be the effect of something that has happened only after the condition already existed.

HERE condition : unemployment is low.
something: economical packages.
so he is saying unemployment is low ==>this is effect of economical packages ==>but this economical packages was provided after the low unemployment was already in place..

hence A

hope it helps.
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##### General Discussion
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Re: A senator, near the end of his first six-year term and running for ree  [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2018, 16:51

Official Explanation

The senator takes credit for the low unemployment levels, but these have been ongoing for 11 years, and he has been in office only six years. He seems to take credit for something that occurred before he was in office. The essential problem in this argument is the time sequence.

(A) is the credited response. The senator's argument says that the condition (low unemployment in the state) is the effect of his economic packages, but the condition existed before he ever had the chance to introduce those packages. That is the major flaw of this argument.

(B) is wrong. There aren't different kinds of evidence: everything is a claim of the senator.

(C) is wrong. What causes low unemployment is an economic argument; in taking credit for the economic benefit, he urges votes to vote for him --- a standard way of claiming political credit. Nevertheless, there is no confusion between what is economic and what is political.

(D) is irrelevant. The senator is talking to folks in his own state, the folks who have the power to re-elect him. How folks in other states feel does not matter to this argument.

(E) is wrong. If the senator truly were responsible for eleven years of low unemployment, it would most certainly be in his interest to make this argument.
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Re: A senator, near the end of his first six-year term and running for ree   [#permalink] 07 Aug 2018, 16:51
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