GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 07 Dec 2019, 14:08 ### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

#### Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.  # A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern  Joined: 12 Oct 2014
Posts: 45
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 550 Q44 V21 WE: Analyst (Investment Banking)
Re: A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
GauravSolanky wrote:
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
Though Bunuel and soumanag have already explained the solution well, I will add the method I like the most.

In replacement questions, focus on the thing that decreases. When solution is removed, water decreases but then water is added. While when solution is removed, lemonade decreases and does not get added later. So we will work with lemonade concentration.

The fraction of lemonade in the solution is 7/15
We need to get this fraction down to 2/5 (to make it 40%)
Let us say, we remove a fraction 'f' of the solution.
Then 7/15 - f * (7/15) = 2/5
f = 1/7
So (1/7)th of the solution has to be removed. But we want the answer in terms of parts (how many of the 15 parts have to be removed)
So we need to remove (1/7) * 15 = 2.14 parts

Hi Karishma,

Thanks for explaining it so well. I got it wrong as I thought we have to give answer in terms of lemonade.
So, here can we say that replacing 1 unit of lemonade and 1.14 units of water will serve the purpose ?

Regards,

Gaurav Yes, you are removing a total of 2.14 units, of which (7/15)*2.14 = 1 unit is lemonade and rest 1.14 units is water.

Note that saying "replace 1 unit of lemonade and 1.14 units of water" is not very logical since you cannot remove the two separately. They are mixed together so you need to remove the solution only. You cannot remove 1 unit of lemonade alone since water will come along with it. So it will be logical to say that we must remove 2.14 units of solution of which 1 unit will be lemonade and rest will be water since solutions are assumed homogeneous.

I stated that way as I just wanted to put more stress on quantities separately. But yes, you are correct that was illogical.

Thank Again. Intern  Joined: 19 Dec 2013
Posts: 11
GPA: 4
Re: A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Awesome Karishma. This makes a lot more sense. Thanks a ton
VP  P
Joined: 07 Dec 2014
Posts: 1218
A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

x=fraction of solution replaced
8/15-8x/15+x=9/15
x=1/7
1/7*15=2.14 parts of solution replaced
C

Originally posted by gracie on 21 Dec 2015, 15:26.
Last edited by gracie on 10 Jun 2017, 20:45, edited 1 time in total.
Intern  Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 35
Location: Germany
Concentration: Operations, Finance
WE: Project Management (Aerospace and Defense)
Re: A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
VSabc wrote:
Let there be total 15l of solution implying 8l water and 7l lemonade. Acc. to the problem, let's take off 'w'l from solution and add 'w'l of water implying:
(8+w)/(15-w)=0.6 solving which gives w=0.525
What's wrong here?

Here is the problem with your equation.

When you took out 'w' lt of solution, the water left is less than 8 lt. So how can total water after replacement be (8 + w) lts? It will 'something less than 8 + w' lts.
Also, the new solution after you replace with water is again 15 lts. So why would you have (15 - w) in the denominator?

$$\frac{8 - (8/15)*w + w}{15} = 0.6$$ (the fraction of water removed will be (8/15) of w)

$$8 + (7/15)*w = 9$$

$$w = 15/7$$

HI Karishma,

I am just wondering if we can apply scale method to this problem?! The reason is - we know desired %, we have relevant proportions of water & lemonade which can be converted into %
Or Is my approach not right?
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9850
Location: Pune, India
Re: A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

2
VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
VSabc wrote:
Let there be total 15l of solution implying 8l water and 7l lemonade. Acc. to the problem, let's take off 'w'l from solution and add 'w'l of water implying:
(8+w)/(15-w)=0.6 solving which gives w=0.525
What's wrong here?

Here is the problem with your equation.

When you took out 'w' lt of solution, the water left is less than 8 lt. So how can total water after replacement be (8 + w) lts? It will 'something less than 8 + w' lts.
Also, the new solution after you replace with water is again 15 lts. So why would you have (15 - w) in the denominator?

$$\frac{8 - (8/15)*w + w}{15} = 0.6$$ (the fraction of water removed will be (8/15) of w)

$$8 + (7/15)*w = 9$$

$$w = 15/7$$

HI Karishma,

I am just wondering if we can apply scale method to this problem?! The reason is - we know desired %, we have relevant proportions of water & lemonade which can be converted into %
Or Is my approach not right?

You can apply scale method but it will be a two step method and will need you to understand the logic properly.

Step1:
w1/w2 = (0 - 2/5)/(2/5 - 7/15) = (6/15)/(1/15) = 6/1
So say 1ml water is added to 6 ml previous solution. This means that initially, the solution was a total of 7 ml out of which 1 ml was replaced so (1/7)th of the solution was replaced.

Step 2:
But the initial solution was actually 15 parts.
(1/7) * 15 = 2.14 parts
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9850
Location: Pune, India
Re: A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

VeritasPrepKarishma wrote:
Though Bunuel and soumanag have already explained the solution well, I will add the method I like the most.

In replacement questions, focus on the thing that decreases. When solution is removed, water decreases but then water is added. While when solution is removed, lemonade decreases and does not get added later. So we will work with lemonade concentration.

The fraction of lemonade in the solution is 7/15
We need to get this fraction down to 2/5 (to make it 40%)
Let us say, we remove a fraction 'f' of the solution.
Then 7/15 - f * (7/15) = 2/5
f = 1/7
So (1/7)th of the solution has to be removed. But we want the answer in terms of parts (how many of the 15 parts have to be removed)
So we need to remove (1/7) * 15 = 2.14 parts

Responding to a pm:
Quote:
I did exactly what you did and arrived at the answer. But I have question regarding the wording. Is using "parts" here legit? I could easily arrive at f = 1/7. And then I thought to myself - "Okay, so 1 in every 7 total parts should be replaced", and then I was kind of blank for a while and then tried using 15 parts originally provided to solve it. Please explain..

Sure, the use of "parts" is fine. All measurements are in terms of the same "part". That part could 1 ml, 10 ml or 100 ml etc. There are total 15 of these parts in the solution.
When we get f = 1/7, f is the fraction of the solution removed. (1/7)th divides the whole solution into 7 equal parts and removes 1. These parts are not the same as the parts above. The total solution has 15 of the "parts" discussed above. Of these 15 parts, we remove 1/7th which is 2.14 "parts".
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Retired Moderator B
Joined: 05 Jul 2006
Posts: 1380
Re: A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

udaymathapati wrote:
A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of Lemonade syrup. How many parts of the solution should be removed and replaced with water so that the solution will now contain 40% lemonade syrup?

A. 1.5
B. 1.75
C. 2.14
D. 2.34
E. 2.64

use C final = C initial (Volume original / volume final ) , final concentration is 40/100 , initial concentration is 7/15 , volume original is volume of the solution after removing part of it and before adding water to dilute it , V final is the total volume after replacing of x parts of the solution by x parts of water and thus total volume remains the same ( 15)

40/100 = 7/15 ( 15-x / 15 ) thus x = 15/7 = 2.14
Current Student B
Status: DONE!
Joined: 05 Sep 2016
Posts: 354
Re: A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

y = amount removed from original = amount replaced with water
x = original amount

(8/15)x - (8/15)y + y = (3/5)x
(8/15)x + (7/15)y = (3/5)x
8x+7y = 9x
7y = x --> y = (1/7)x

There are 15 parts in the original --> so... 15/7 is our answer

C.
Director  S
Joined: 17 Dec 2012
Posts: 623
Location: India
A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

udaymathapati wrote:
A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of Lemonade syrup. How many parts of the solution should be removed and replaced with water so that the solution will now contain 40% lemonade syrup?

A. 1.5
B. 1.75
C. 2.14
D. 2.34
E. 2.64

1. (Initial quantity of solution- quantity of solution removed)* strength of solution + (Quantity of water added *strength of water)/ Initial quantity= 40/100
2. Let x be the initial quantity and y be the quantity removed
3.( (x-y)*7/15 + y*0) / x = 0.4, x/y=7/1
4. If initial quantity is 7 parts, 1 part is removed, if 15 parts 15/7=2.14
_________________
Srinivasan Vaidyaraman
Sravna Test Prep
http://www.sravnatestprep.com

Holistic and Systematic Approach
Intern  B
Joined: 21 Feb 2018
Posts: 18
Location: India
Schools: IIMB EPGP"20 (A)
GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36 Re: A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

soumanag wrote:
Let the total solution is 150 L with 80 L water & 70 L syrup.

To make 40% syrup solution, the result solution must have 90 L syrup and 60 L syrup.

Therefore we are taking 10 L of syrup from initial solution and replacing with water.

using urinary method:
70 L syrup in 150 L solution
10 L syrup in 21.4 L solution

We started by multiplying 10
Now to get to the result we need to divide by 10 => amount of solution to be replaced with water = (21.4/10) = 2.14.

Correct option : C

Great solution. But I think you meant unitary method. Intern  B
Joined: 03 Jun 2019
Posts: 22
Re: A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Though Bunuel and soumanag have already explained the solution well, I will add the method I like the most.

In replacement questions, focus on the thing that decreases. When solution is removed, water decreases but then water is added. While when solution is removed, lemonade decreases and does not get added later. So we will work with lemonade concentration.

The fraction of lemonade in the solution is 7/15
We need to get this fraction down to 2/5 (to make it 40%)
Let us say, we remove a fraction 'f' of the solution.
Then 7/15 - f * (7/15) = 2/5
f = 1/7
So (1/7)th of the solution has to be removed. But we want the answer in terms of parts (how many of the 15 parts have to be removed)
So we need to remove (1/7) * 15 = 2.14 parts

VeritasKarishma : Can we do this with scaling method? I've tried it, but got stuck somewhere in the middle.

7/15.....................4/10............................0

got the ratio as 1:6, but not sure how to get to the answer from here.
Since this method is a real time saver i would love to know how can we solve this using this scaling method.

Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor V
Joined: 16 Oct 2010
Posts: 9850
Location: Pune, India
Re: A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Sreeragc wrote:
Though Bunuel and soumanag have already explained the solution well, I will add the method I like the most.

In replacement questions, focus on the thing that decreases. When solution is removed, water decreases but then water is added. While when solution is removed, lemonade decreases and does not get added later. So we will work with lemonade concentration.

The fraction of lemonade in the solution is 7/15
We need to get this fraction down to 2/5 (to make it 40%)
Let us say, we remove a fraction 'f' of the solution.
Then 7/15 - f * (7/15) = 2/5
f = 1/7
So (1/7)th of the solution has to be removed. But we want the answer in terms of parts (how many of the 15 parts have to be removed)
So we need to remove (1/7) * 15 = 2.14 parts

VeritasKarishma : Can we do this with scaling method? I've tried it, but got stuck somewhere in the middle.

7/15.....................4/10............................0

got the ratio as 1:6, but not sure how to get to the answer from here.
Since this method is a real time saver i would love to know how can we solve this using this scaling method.

I have discussed the scale method for it here:
https://gmatclub.com/forum/a-solution-c ... l#p1624227
_________________
Karishma
Veritas Prep GMAT Instructor

Intern  B
Joined: 24 Jun 2019
Posts: 10
Re: A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Though Bunuel and soumanag have already explained the solution well, I will add the method I like the most.

In replacement questions, focus on the thing that decreases. When solution is removed, water decreases but then water is added. While when solution is removed, lemonade decreases and does not get added later. So we will work with lemonade concentration.

The fraction of lemonade in the solution is 7/15
We need to get this fraction down to 2/5 (to make it 40%)
Let us say, we remove a fraction 'f' of the solution.
Then 7/15 - f * (7/15) = 2/5
f = 1/7
So (1/7)th of the solution has to be removed. But we want the answer in terms of parts (how many of the 15 parts have to be removed)
So we need to remove (1/7) * 15 = 2.14 parts

Hi,

Suppose if the solution is 30L then water = 16L and lemonade syrup = 14L
Also, we have to make the lemonade 40% of the solution.

so, (14-x)/30 = 40%
x = 2

What am I doing wrong? can you anyone please explain?
EMPOWERgmat Instructor V
Status: GMAT Assassin/Co-Founder
Affiliations: EMPOWERgmat
Joined: 19 Dec 2014
Posts: 15661
Location: United States (CA)
GMAT 1: 800 Q51 V49 GRE 1: Q170 V170 Re: A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Hi Krish728,

The 'key' this question is that since we're dealing with a mixture, you cannot simply remove "1 part water" or "1 part syrup" - whatever you remove is a mix of the two ingredients. Your equation assumes that you can 'pour out' pure syrup from the mixture - which you can't.

My explanation (higher up in the thread) assumed that there were 15 liters total, but the same approach can be used if there were 30 liters total:

The prompt tells us to REPLACE some of the existing mixture with pure water (with the goal of turning the new mixture into a 40% syrup mix.
To start, we have 30 total liters -->a mixture that is 16 liters water and 14 liters syrup.

If we pour 1 liter of this mixture into a glass, we would have a liquid that is 14/30 = 7/15 syrup (so a little less than half syrup).

For the mixture to be 30 total liters and 40% syrup, we need the mixture to be 18 liters water and 12 liters syrup. In basic math terms, we need to pour out enough of the mixture that we remove 2 full liters of syrup; when we pour an equivalent amount of water back in, we'll have 30 total liters (and 12 of them will be syrup). Since each liter is 7/15 syrup......

We need to remove (2)(15/7) = 30/7 liters and replace them with 30/7 liters of pure water.

30/7 is a little more than 4 liters (about 4.28 liters). Remember that the prompt talks about the number of "PARTS" that need to be replaced though (not the number of liters) - since you 'doubled' all of the numbers to start off with 30 liters, we then have to reduce the result (by dividing by 2) to get the correct answer. 4.28/2 = 2.14

GMAT assassins aren't born, they're made,
Rich
_________________ Re: A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of   [#permalink] 31 Oct 2019, 20:42

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 34 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by

# A solution contains 8 parts of water for every 7 parts of  