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# A study by the Ocean Wildlife Campaign urged states to

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A study by the Ocean Wildlife Campaign urged states to [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2005, 13:11
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A study by the Ocean Wildlife Campaign urged states to undertake a number of remedies to reverse a decline in the shark population, which includes the establishment of size limits for shark catches, closing state waters for shark fishing during pupping season, and requiring commercial fishers to have federal shark permits.

A. which includes the establishment of size limits for shark catches, closing
B. which includes establishing limits to the size of sharks that can be caught, closing
C. which include the establishment of size limits for shark catches, the closing of
D. including establishing size limits for shark catches, closing
E. including the establishing of limits to the size of sharks that are caught, the closing of

19
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by mau5 on 28 Jul 2013, 11:59, edited 2 times in total.

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19 Jul 2005, 13:34
First chose (C), but it lacks parall-m. So I would pick (D)

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19 Jul 2005, 14:06
Dilshod wrote:
First chose (C), but it lacks parall-m. So I would pick (D)

why does "C" lack parallelism? I thought it only applies to the 2nd term and beyond? Also, don't we need which becacuse the clause in non-restrictive?

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19 Jul 2005, 14:28
"which include establishment of ....., the closing of ...., and requiring ....to...,".
I think, this phrase completely lacks parall.
Correct me if I'm wrong, please.

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19 Jul 2005, 15:02
My choice is B.

Hope I'm right. I've bolded the words that are required for parallelism.
Includes is meant for NUMBER as underlined.

A study by the Ocean Wildlife Campaign urged states to undertake a number of remedies to reverse a decline in the shark population, which includes establishing limits to the size of sharks that can be caught, closing state waters for shark fishing during pupping season, and requiring commercial fishers to have federal shark permits.

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19 Jul 2005, 16:16
jerryking wrote:
My choice is B.

Hope I'm right. I've bolded the words that are required for parallelism.
Includes is meant for NUMBER as underlined.

A study by the Ocean Wildlife Campaign urged states to undertake a number of remedies to reverse a decline in the shark population, which includes establishing limits to the size of sharks that can be caught, closing state waters for shark fishing during pupping season, and requiring commercial fishers to have federal shark permits.

A number is always plural...So you need "include" as the verb...But here D has the best parallelism structure

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19 Jul 2005, 16:33
gmat2me2 wrote:
jerryking wrote:
My choice is B.

Hope I'm right. I've bolded the words that are required for parallelism.
Includes is meant for NUMBER as underlined.

A study by the Ocean Wildlife Campaign urged states to undertake a number of remedies to reverse a decline in the shark population, which includes establishing limits to the size of sharks that can be caught, closing state waters for shark fishing during pupping season, and requiring commercial fishers to have federal shark permits.

A number is always plural...So you need "include" as the verb...But here D has the best parallelism structure

Why don't we need the word "which" to introduce the clause?

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19 Jul 2005, 16:59
In this question if we try to introduce "which" we would be affecting the parallelism...

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19 Jul 2005, 22:00
700slave wrote:
Why don't we need the word "which" to introduce the clause?

here which refers to the population, so it violets the llism. D is best..

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20 Jul 2005, 00:52
A and B are grammatically incorrect. " a number of remedies" is plural. So include should be used instead of includes. Hence A and B are wrong
C lacks parallel structure
D has parallel structure. establishing...., closing....,and requiring
E is wrong. Author is talking abour size limits of shark catch rather tha size of shark

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20 Jul 2005, 07:26
The whole thing looks a bit confusing but I'm firm on D.
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It's not over until it's OVER!

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20 Jul 2005, 07:56
I'm sure the answer is B.
The parallel construction there sounds best.
I'm a little bit unsure about "a number of ... verbe+s", but I'l go for it

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20 Jul 2005, 10:57
Pauline wrote:
I'm sure the answer is B.
The parallel construction there sounds best.
I'm a little bit unsure about "a number of ... verbe+s", but I'l go for it

B cannot be correct because WHICH refers to "a number of remedies", a plural, so the verb INCLUDE should be used instead of INCLUDES.

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20 Jul 2005, 15:33
D has to be

A, B, and C are out because of Non restrictive clause usage...

E is not parallel, missing a last THE in the list.

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22 Jul 2005, 00:04
Alas, one more for D! I do not like "which" following "shark population." Hopefully I have seen enough of these to know that the gerund is always best after the comma if there is no direct link to the noun before the comma.

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Q12: A study by the Ocean Wildlife Campaign urged states to [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2005, 12:50
Q12:
A study by the Ocean Wildlife Campaign urged states to undertake a number of remedies to reverse a decline in the shark population, which includes the establishment of size limits for shark catches, closing state waters for shark fishing during pupping season, and requiring commercial fishers to have federal shark permits.
A. which includes the establishment of size limits for shark catches, closing
B. which includes establishing limits to the size of sharks that can be caught, closing
C. which include the establishment of size limits for shark catches, the closing of
D. including establishing size limits for shark catches, closing
E. including the establishing of limits to the size of sharks that are caught, the closing of
_________________

hey ya......

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10 Oct 2005, 15:20
I choose C for '-ing' parallelism. D is also tempting but I don't think it maintains parallelism - 'establishment of...' 'closing of...' 'requiring...'

A & B - Incorrect Subj. - Verb agreement

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10 Oct 2005, 19:44
D, with GMATT73 and laxieqv.
A, B and C - "which" may refer to "decline in the shark population".

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10 Oct 2005, 20:57
D is the best choice. Concise, parallel and does not have ambuguity in the use of 'which'

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10 Oct 2005, 21:34
The best answer is D. its parallel , A and B have S-V agreement errors, C is not parallel since it uses noun forms and the sentence calls for -ing forms.

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10 Oct 2005, 21:34

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