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A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989

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A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

(A) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing

(B) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

(C) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing

(D) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in

(E) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2008, 11:21
limzzon wrote:
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

1. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies possibly resulting from increasing

2. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

3. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing

4. creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
that missing
5. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing
that missing


between A and B.

A sugests that
"dwindling food supplies" possibly "resulting from increasing surface temperatures"

it looks like some one increasing the surface tempartures to "dwindle food supplies"

B.. is perfect.
dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in surface temperature.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2008, 19:27
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.
a) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
b) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
c) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
d) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
e) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2008, 19:43
a) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
b) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in---Perfect
c) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
d) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in-We require that here
e) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing- same as D
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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New post 01 May 2010, 05:49
It is incorrect to have “resulting from” after a comma. So, A is Incorrect.

C says that:
that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies,

Its meaning is that the creatures were suffering from food supplies. This is rather incorrect as the modifying part is missing in this introductory clause. So, incorrect.

OA is B.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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This is one of those questions that the GMAC folks have focused on - namely you come down to 2 answer choices but the correct answer choice is the one that makes sense within the sentence - though gramatically both can be correct.

In this case, C does not make sense because creatures of the seabed were NOT suffering BECAUSE of food supplies. They were suffering because the food supplies were DWINDLING.

How the sentence is structured comes to this reasoning, though in speech you may have heard people talking this way. But on the GMAT exam, it's not a sentence that makes sense.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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Hi Metallicafan :).

Let me see if I interpret your question correctly. You are asking, I believe, how the participial modifiers work with commas.

1. The sea creatures floated merrily along the water, waving their blubbery flippers.

2. The sea creatures floated merrily along the water waving their blubbery flippers.

In the first case, 'waving their...' refers to the subject of the sentence because of the comma between the participial phrase and the noun water. When I remove the comma, as I did in #2, an illogical comparison arises. Now the water is waving blubbery flippers (which, despite the arresting visual, is clearly nonsensical).

In the original question, in answer choice (A) the participial phrase 'possibly resulting' illogically modifies 'creatures'. You allude to this error. It sounds that the MGMAT folks may have been saying that getting rid of the comma would correct this faulty modification: '...were suffering from dwindling supplies possibly resulting from increasing...'. Nevertheless, this phrase sounds a bit awkward and is not as direct as (B).

Hopefully, that somewhat helps :).
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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New post 26 Jul 2012, 08:27
daagh wrote:
I would rather take a less tortuous route to get this solved. An increasing temperature means an on going and continuing affair without a cap and hence is illogical. On the contrary, an increase denotes a certain amount of increase in temperature that has ceased to increase after the spurt. This is acceptable

So we have a cause to dump A, C and E. Coming to B and D, In D, the usage ‘creatures of the seabed that were suffering’ flouts touch rule of the relative pronoun. So there is enough reason to choose B, not withstanding the debate about the modification


Thank you Chriss and daagh!
daagh, I have an additional question: In the case of C, could "as a result of increasing" mean also that the food supplies are increasing the temperature?
Let' see: "...because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing temperatures..."
Now, let's see this example: She love me as a result of sending love letters and chocolates to her.

In this case, "sending" is not a modifier of "love letters and chocolates".

What do you think? Probably, choice C (and A and E) could also have that ambiguous meaning. Maybe we could undestand that the food supplies are increasing the temperatures. In other words, "increasing" is not a modifier in those choices.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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I fully agree that in your example, the word sending is certainly a gerund; However In the case of increasing temps, the expression increasing of temps, would have made it straighter.

If this sentence is flipped it will read as follows: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that increasing temperatures (an increase in temperatures) during the same period possibly caused the dwindling of food supplies, which in turn caused the creatures of the seabed to suffer. Perhaps, this would make it clear what caused what. As per this, it looks as if the temperatures were the initiators of the whole phenomenon.

But IMO, the prime purpose of this topic, would be to test whether 1. We can make a distinction between increasing temperatures and an increase in temperature and whether 2. We can elicit the necessity of using the connector ‘that’ in a reported text such as this.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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At first glance,I would eliminate A,D,E. Then as far as B and C are concerned...C is unclear about the " Which " ,whether it is referring to the food supplies or the creatures of the sea!! So IMO B as my answer :D
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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Hi

Daagh explained it concisely and precisely,but will take a shot at it breaking down the individual components of that adverbial modifier


b) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

that creatures of the seabed were suffering --- Dpndt Clause

food supplies were dwindling ---- Dpndt Clause

possibly ---- adverb modifying as a result of

possibly as a result of an increase in ----- adverbial modifier modifying or giving a reason why the food supplies were dwindling

Thanks
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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New post 10 Feb 2013, 01:56
resulting from – gives additional information , noun modifier
as a result ofcausal relationship

So, a,d,e can be eliminated

C can be eliminated based on meaning as explained by gmatpill
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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New post 17 Apr 2013, 11:18
sondenso wrote:
13 A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.
a) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
b) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
c) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
d) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
e) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing


IMO, B is correct.

Idiom: reveal that..... ==> down to A, B, C.
a) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
Wrong. Because "resulting from increasing" should modify "dwindling food supplies", not "creatures". If there's NO COMMA, the sentence may be correct.

b) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
Correct. Even though the sentence is longer than A but its grammar is correct, meaning is clear. So we do not have evidences to eliminate. Hence, B is correct.

c) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
Wrong. awkward.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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Dhairya275 wrote:
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1986 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

A. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
B. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
C. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
D. creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
E. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing


IMO B
SOME THEORIES:
-verb-ing =>when followed by a (clause+comma) either modify -whole clause or -show result .
-which =>this can never refer to whole clause it either refers to noun or noun phrase.

A. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
WRONG.
-Dwindling food supplies =>it seems that food supplies were dwindling by itself.=>illigical.
-wrong usage of verb-ing after (clause+comma)=>neither showing result of previous clause nor describing previous clause.

B. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
RIGHT.

C. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
WRONG.
-The part starting from WHICH WERE..{...}is acting as a modifier..now if you remove this modifier you can easily see that sentence is incomplete hence a fragment.

D. creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
WRONG.
-Lack of THAT after revealed..(revealed that ...)
-again same as C its a fragment.

E. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing
WRONG.
-use of which is wrong....as we know which cant refer to a CLAUSE hence it is either refering to FOOD SUPPLIES or DWINDLING(not a noun)..in both cases sentence doesnt makes sense.

hence B
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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Dhairya275 wrote:
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1986 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

A. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
B. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
C. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
D. creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
E. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

I'm happy to help with this. :-)

Split #1: the verb "revealed" requires a "that" clause. See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-idiom ... t-clauses/
In colloquial speech, we might drop the word "that", but we cannot do that in the formal language of GMAT SC. Choice (D) & (E) are out.

Split #2: the word "because" is a subordinate clause that must be followed by a full [NOUN] + [VERB] clause. In (C), the word "because" is followed by a noun, "food supplies", but no verb. This commits the missing verb mistake, and is wrong.

Now we are down to (A) & (B). Choice (A) makes a modifier mistake ---- the participle "resulting" should modify the noun it touches, but the "food supplies" were not "resulting from an increasing sea surface temperature". Also, that phrase "an increasing sea surface temperature" is very awkward. It's much clearer to say "an increase in sea surface temperature", which is precisely what (B) has.

Choice (B) is the only answer that is absolutely free of grammatical error. It may not be rhetorically ideal, but it is clearly the best of the five answer choices here.

Does all this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2013, 07:43
: B…
MEANING… A study…. Revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering….. because of something…. , but suffering from disease, so remove A,D,E… then left BC… among them…. Possibly should modify dwindling… that connect the clauses…
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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Hi,
I am sharing my analysis on mentioned question.Request you to review and confirm, if I am on the right track. I appreciate your support.

1.A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed something.
2.They revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies.
3.The dwindling of food supplies was possibly resulted from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

1. 3:2 split by "that creatures" & "creatures".Does it help in making the right choice.
No.

2. What's the issue with the Q? Modifier issue.
What needs to be modified "the dwindling of food prices".

1."resulting from increasing" in A&D are comma + ing modifier so must modify the clause and make sense with the sub of clause. Here the modifier shall modify "dwindling food supplies".
In option A Sub is "creatures" and in D Sub is "food supplies" so both the options are out.

2.Option C:
creatures .. were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing.
"which" correctly modifies "supplies" but makes it a non essential part whereas it should be essential to complete the meaning of sentence.
I doesn't make sense to say "creatures were suffering because of food supplies" so the other is an essential info.

3.Option E:
dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing. We need to modify "dwindling food prices" not dwindling. Again "which" issue simillar to C. So out.

Correct answer:
B) creatures of the seabed were suffering
because food supplies were dwindling,[Dependent clause]
possibly as a result of an increase in [prepositional modifier modifying the DC]
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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New post 04 Aug 2014, 12:01
JarvisR wrote:
Hi,
I am sharing my analysis on mentioned question.Request you to review and confirm, if I am on the right track. I appreciate your support.

1.A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed something.
2.They revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies.
3.The dwindling of food supplies was possibly resulted from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

1. 3:2 split by "that creatures" & "creatures".Does it help in making the right choice.
No.

2. What's the issue with the Q? Modifier issue.
What needs to be modified "the dwindling of food prices".

1."resulting from increasing" in A&D are comma + ing modifier so must modify the clause and make sense with the sub of clause. Here the modifier shall modify "dwindling food supplies".
In option A Sub is "creatures" and in D Sub is "food supplies" so both the options are out.

2.Option C:
creatures .. were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing.
"which" correctly modifies "supplies" but makes it a non essential part whereas it should be essential to complete the meaning of sentence.
I doesn't make sense to say "creatures were suffering because of food supplies" so the other is an essential info.

3.Option E:
dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing. We need to modify "dwindling food prices" not dwindling. Again "which" issue simillar to C. So out.

Correct answer:
B) creatures of the seabed were suffering
because food supplies were dwindling,[Dependent clause]
possibly as a result of an increase in [prepositional modifier modifying the DC]


Hi JarvisR,

That's a very good analysis I must say. Keep up the good work. :-)

However, I would like to add a few points to your analysis.

Well, Choice D and E CAN be rejected because of the absence of "that" before "creatures". Absence of "that" distorts the meaning because per these choice, the study revealed the creatures and not the fact that the creatures were suffering. So we can clearly eliminate Choice D and E for this major distortion in the intended meaning.

You have done an excellent job in describing every answer choice. It's a very thorough analysis. I would just like to add that in Choice E, "which" has been incorrectly used to modify the entire preceding clause "food supplies were dwindling". Note that "were dwindling" is a Verb.

Nonetheless, great job at this one. :-)
SJ
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2014, 13:40
Question was Mistyped:

A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly a result from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

A) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly a result from increasing

B) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

C) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing

D) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in

E) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

Correction in Option A, resulting will be a result.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2014, 13:41
OA is B.

Explanation:

A: use of Appositive(possible a result...) is wrong. It Creates Confusion as what is being described dwindling food supplies or suffering creatures. Also Preposition from is Un Idiomatic.

B. Correct- It clarifies the causal relationship among suffering creatures, dwindling food supplies and the increase in temperature.

C. This has meaning or modifier Error. Seabed were suffering because of food supplied. This is Incorrect

D. This sentence is redundant. there are series of relative clause and that only creates Confusion. Also it is unclear what participial phrase is modifying.

E. I believe that the use of Relative Pronoun is ambiguous and not justified.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jan 2015, 10:54
We need a that so immediately we can eliminate D , E .

In A modifier possibly resulting from is incorrect on the gmat .
In B and C .
C could mean either the creatures were suffering because of food supplies or creatures were suffering because of food supplies which were dwindling ?

Hence B wins .. hope this helps
Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989   [#permalink] 04 Jan 2015, 10:54

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3 Experts publish their posts in the topic QOTD: A study of food resources in the North Pacific souvik101990 3 15 Jun 2017, 14:58
13 Experts publish their posts in the topic A newly released study on the tectonic plates forming the Pacific maheshaero20 20 12 Jun 2017, 08:54
1 Experts publish their posts in the topic A nuclear test explosion was detonated recently in the Pacific Ocean, sillyboy 1 15 Feb 2017, 23:59
9 Experts publish their posts in the topic According to a recent study, Earth's magnetic north pole is moving UmangMathur 21 11 May 2017, 23:54
5 A study of food resources in the North Pacific - GMATPrep - Option Dif kinjiGC 4 14 Jun 2017, 02:54
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