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A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989

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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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27 Nov 2015, 20:13
OA is B. Before we look into the options, we need to know that:
(1) It is the increase of temperatures that cause some terrible results, not the temperatures themselves.
(2) The study revealed an issue, not a subject.

Let's look at these lovely options:
A. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
Wrong.
(1) The study revealed an issue (a clause), correct.
(2) This resulted from the temperatures themselves, wrong.

B. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
Correct.
(1) The study revealed an issue (a clause), correct.
(2) This resulted from the increase of temperatures, correct.

C. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
Wrong.
(1) The study revealed an issue (a clause), correct.
(2) This resulted from the temperatures themselves, wrong.

D. creatures {of the seabed that were suffering from [food supplies (that were dwindling)]}, possibly resulting from an increase in
Wrong.
(1) The study revealed a noun, wrong.
(2) This resulted from the increase of temperatures, correct.

E. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing
Wrong.
(1) The study revealed a noun, wrong.
(2) This resulted from the temperatures themselves, wrong.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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08 May 2017, 19:12
joemama142000 wrote:
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

(A) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing

(B) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

(C) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing

(D) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in

(E) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

(A) "possibly resulting from increasing" is ambiguous. When you end a sentence with a participial phrase (resulting from .....), the participle can actually modify anything in the sentence, even things that are merely implied. So it can lead to ambiguity if it could logically modify more than one thing, such as creatures OR food supplies. But (B) has none of that ambiguity.

(C) has clumsy meaning: "suffering because of food supplies". The creatures weren't suffering from food supplies, but from DWINDLING food supplies.

@GMATNINJA, Could you help to explain the answer choice? I am stuck between (A), (B) and (C).
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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10 May 2017, 07:25
1
2
ziyuen wrote:
joemama142000 wrote:
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

(A) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing

(B) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

(C) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing

(D) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in

(E) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

(A) "possibly resulting from increasing" is ambiguous. When you end a sentence with a participial phrase (resulting from .....), the participle can actually modify anything in the sentence, even things that are merely implied. So it can lead to ambiguity if it could logically modify more than one thing, such as creatures OR food supplies. But (B) has none of that ambiguity.

(C) has clumsy meaning: "suffering because of food supplies". The creatures weren't suffering from food supplies, but from DWINDLING food supplies.

GMATNinja, Could you help to explain the answer choice? I am stuck between (A), (B) and (C).

A: Wrong. Comma + present participle is technically a verb modifier referring to the main verb of the previous clause. In option A the present participle modifier "possibly resulting from increasing.." should refer to "dwindling". However this modifier wrongly refers to "were suffering". This option wrongly implies that the suffering resulted from increasing temrature, but the intended meaning is that the suffering was due to dwindling food supply, not increasing temparatiure.

C: Wrong. This option wrongly implies that the suffering was due to food supplies. Keeping the word "dwindling" within a subsequent non-essential modifier does not make it clear that the suffering was caused by the "dwindling" itself, not by the "food suppplies".

B: The prepositional phrase modifier ("possibly as a result....") correctly refers to the verb of the previous clause "were dwindling". (Note: Comma + prepositional Phrase modifier can also act as a verb modifier referrong to the verb of the previous clause)
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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Updated on: 24 May 2017, 22:17
Quote:

A: Wrong. Comma + present participle is technically a verb modifier referring to the main verb of the previous clause. In option A the present participle modifier "possibly resulting from increasing.." should refer to "dwindling". However this modifier wrongly refers to "were suffering". This option wrongly implies that the suffering resulted from increasing temrature, but the intended meaning is that the suffering was due to dwindling food supply, not increasing temparatiure.

sayantanc2k Thanks for the explanation. Very helpful.

I realized that in Exam Pack 1, I have a different version of this question as below:

A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly a result from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

Question on A (the above): The modifier in A is COMMA + 'possibly a result from increasing.. " Per my understanding, this is a NOUN (a result) + Noun Modifier (increasing.. ). Noun + Noun Modifier can modify any part of the sentence. In this case it is modifying dwindling food supplies. So why is it incorrect?

Thanks.
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Originally posted by sdlife on 24 May 2017, 19:46.
Last edited by sdlife on 24 May 2017, 22:17, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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24 May 2017, 20:36
why the correct answer can't be C?
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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24 May 2017, 21:22
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

(A) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing

(B) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

(C) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
--> wordy.

(D) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
--> lack of "that"

(E) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing
--> lack of "that"
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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24 May 2017, 22:07
sriamlan wrote:
why the correct answer can't be C?

sriamlan,

sayantanc2k has explained it very well, why C can't be the right answer.

https://gmatclub.com/forum/a-study-of-f ... l#p1849882

Do you still have any specific doubts on C?
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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24 May 2017, 23:41
laxieqv wrote:
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

(A) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing

(B) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

(C) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing

(D) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in

(E) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2017, 08:43
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My first comment is about 'from increasing sea surface temps". This meaning is muddled in this expression. Increasing denotes a phenomenon that keeps on going up and ends at the highest at the end of the notified period. Such an infinite activity cannot exist in practice. If we want to say the temps actually increased overall, then the correct expression would be ' increased temps or 'an increase in temps'. Therefore, I will unhesitantly remove A, C and E. D distorts the meaning as though the study revealed the images of pictures of the creatures. B, on the other hand, uses the idiomatic 'that' after the main clause to report the findings of a study and hence is the best answer.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2017, 09:16
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

(A) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
"resulting from increasing" is unidiomatic

(B) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
Correctly rewords the last part the sentence and hence Correct Option

(C) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
"food supplies were dwindling" is what is being conveyed by because of the use of "which ..."

(D) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
Change in meaning : now the sentence does not clearly specifies what did the study revealed ?

(E) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing
Again same meaning issue as in D
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2017, 11:18
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

A. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
B. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
C. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
D. creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
E. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2017, 18:17
ImAnkitKaushik wrote:
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

A. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
B. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
C. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
D. creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
E. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

Dear ImAnkitKaushik,

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2017, 22:44
mikemcgarry wrote:
ImAnkitKaushik wrote:
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

A. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
B. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
C. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
D. creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
E. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

Dear ImAnkitKaushik,

Does all this make sense?
Mike

Hey mikemcgarry,

I usually search in the forum, but for this question I did not find any post.
So, I created a new one.

Thanks,
Ankit Kaushik
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2017, 03:39
mikemcgarry wrote:
Dhairya275 wrote:
A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1986 and 1996 revealed that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing sea surface temperatures during the same period.

A. that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing
B. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in
C. that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing
D. creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in
E. creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

I'm happy to help with this.

Split #1: the verb "revealed" requires a "that" clause. See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2013/gmat-idiom ... t-clauses/
In colloquial speech, we might drop the word "that", but we cannot do that in the formal language of GMAT SC. Choice (D) & (E) are out.

Split #2: the word "because" is a subordinate clause that must be followed by a full [NOUN] + [VERB] clause. In (C), the word "because" is followed by a noun, "food supplies", but no verb. This commits the missing verb mistake, and is wrong.

Now we are down to (A) & (B). Choice (A) makes a modifier mistake ---- the participle "resulting" should modify the noun it touches, but the "food supplies" were not "resulting from an increasing sea surface temperature". Also, that phrase "an increasing sea surface temperature" is very awkward. It's much clearer to say "an increase in sea surface temperature", which is precisely what (B) has.

Choice (B) is the only answer that is absolutely free of grammatical error. It may not be rhetorically ideal, but it is clearly the best of the five answer choices here.

Does all this make sense?
Mike

Dear mikemcgarry

I hope oyu are well and enjoyed the Thanksgiving

I would like to draw your attention that choice C has 'because of' in original question not 'because'. It seems the question was copied incorrectly. So choice C is discarded due to other reasons such meaning not missing verb of subordinate.

Thanks
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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17 Dec 2017, 10:26
Hi?

Please correct my reasoning abt A.

Is it wrong because a verbing should be able to make sense with the subject of the clause i.e Creature of seabed.
And according to it the creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, and this possibly resulting from increasing sea temp.
so it would be wrong as it doesn't make sense.
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2017, 19:50
1
Prashant10692 wrote:
Hi?

Please correct my reasoning abt A.

Is it wrong because a verbing should be able to make sense with the subject of the clause i.e Creature of seabed.
And according to it the creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, and this possibly resulting from increasing sea temp.
so it would be wrong as it doesn't make sense.

Hi Prashant10692!

I'm happy to jump in for Mike Yes, that's definitely a way that we could think about this! That is correct If we are referring to the entire clause (rather than only the subject of the clause), then we want to use something like "a fact which resulted from", or "as a result of", which choice B correctly uses.

-Carolyn
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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989 [#permalink]

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24 Feb 2018, 00:09
study is the subject so use of that is correct, therefore eliminating d & e. also the use of increasing is wrong here since we are talking about a study that dates back in 19s therefore increase is correct. hence option (b)

(A) that creatures of the seabed were suffering from dwindling food supplies, possibly resulting from increasing

(B) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, possibly as a result of an increase in

(C) that creatures of the seabed were suffering because of food supplies, which were dwindling possibly as a result of increasing

(D) creatures of the seabed that were suffering from food supplies that were dwindling, possibly resulting from an increase in

(E) creatures of the seabed that were suffering because food supplies were dwindling, which possibly resulted from increasing

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Re: A study of food resources in the North Pacific between 1989   [#permalink] 24 Feb 2018, 00:09

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