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A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w

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A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2005, 00:10
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Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition

Practice Question
Question No.: 46
Page: 134
Difficulty:

A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and waking cycles differ from those of the other partner reveals that such couples share fewer activities with each other and have more violent arguments than do couples in a relationship in which both partners follow the same sleeping and waking patterns. Thus, mismatched sleeping and waking cycles can seriously jeopardize a marriage.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

(A) Married couples in which both spouses follow the same sleeping and waking patterns also occasionally have arguments that can jeopardize the couple's marriage.

(B) The sleeping and waking cycles of individuals tend to vary from season to season.

(C) The individuals who have sleeping and waking cycles that differ significantly from those of their spouses tend to argue little with colleagues at work.

(D) People in unhappy marriages have been found to express hostility by adopting a different sleeping and waking cycle from that of their spouses.

(E) According to a recent study, most people's sleeping and waking cycles can be controlled and modified easily.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by hazelnut on 08 Aug 2017, 22:53, edited 3 times in total.
Necessary Corrections for Official Guide Verbal Review 2nd Edition Project

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2005, 15:58
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I would choose option D.

Lets break it into two pieces:-
1)When people are unhappy about their marriages,
2)they tend to adopt a different sleeping and waking cycle from that of their spouses.

1 is responsoble for 2 which is contrary to the conclusion in the para. :-)

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 26 Mar 2005, 20:52
I actually picked up A.

rthothad and/or paddy,
Can you let us know your ideas on choice A? How do you think of A or why didn't you choose A?

Finally, when should I post the OA afer raising the question? Min. 2 days after?

Thank you.
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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2005, 00:36
D most seriously weakens the argument. It turns the logic entirely 360 degrees by saying that the sleeping pattern is a consequence of a unhappy marraige, and not the other way round as the passage suggests.

D it is.

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2005, 05:31
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Taku,

Option A also weakens the argument, but option D is just opposite to the conclusion of the argument and hence most weakens it.

Option A uses the word occassionally which casts a doubt on how much impact it could have in jeopardizing a marriage. :)

Cheers,
Paddy.

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2005, 05:46
The OA is D.

ywilfred and Paddy,

Thanks a lot for your responses. Now, I see why D is the right answer and A is less than D.

If A would clearly state that married couples in which both spouses follow the same sleeping and waking cycles have more or similir numbers of arguments compared to those who don't follow that can jeopardize the couple's marrige, then it would have weaken the arguments.

So, as Paddy pointed, I see "occasionally" was the key word. Thank you.




paddy wrote:
Taku,

Option A also weakens the argument, but option D is just opposite to the conclusion of the argument and hence most weakens it.

Option A uses the word occassionally which casts a doubt on how much impact it could have in jeopardizing a marriage. :)

Cheers,
Paddy.

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 27 Mar 2005, 13:03
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karun_aggarwal wrote:
this same question is given in the ETS GMAT BOOK.
THE ANSWER THEY SAY IS A

TAKO PLS POST THE CORRECT ANSWER, IS U R NOT SURE ABOUT THE RIGHT ONE, ITS BETTER TO LEAVE IT THEN TO POST A WRONG RESPONCE.


karun_aggarwal, We are interested only in weakening the conclusion that 'mismatched sleeping and waking cycles seriously jeopardize a marriage'
'A' - gives out another reason why a marraige can be jeopardized - we are not interested in knowing the different reasons why a marriage is jepoardized instead we are only interested in knowing whether 'mismatched sleeping and waking cycles' will jeopardize a marriage or not.
'D' - says that the marriage is already jeopardized and hence the couple follow a different sleep-wake pattern.

Can you post the OE from the ETS GMAT book that you are referring to.

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 18 Jan 2006, 23:30
I would go with D..
People who r unhappy wiht marriage go with suck kind of behaviour, so we cant really say tht is it predecided or is it an afteraffect

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2006, 00:03
I think D.

Sleeping/Walking cycles differ (Evidence) --> Unhappy marriage (Conclusion)
Sleeping/Walking cycles same --> Happy Marriage

X is observed with Y.
X causes Y.

D. provides evidence that Y might be the cause of X and hence refutes the evidence for the conclusion.
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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2006, 01:01
Allright guys , can any body explain me whats wrong with A? Even if it clearly says that "With same sleeping and waking patterns" the couple can still jeopardize the marriage. Which proves that "same sleeping and waking patterns" is not the sufficient condition.

BTW
OA is D

E) According to a recent study, most people's sleeping and waking cycles can becontrolled and modified easily.

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jan 2006, 10:36
cool_jonny009 wrote:
Allright guys , can any body explain me whats wrong with A? Even if it clearly says that "With same sleeping and waking patterns" the couple can still jeopardize the marriage. Which proves that "same sleeping and waking patterns" is not the sufficient condition.

BTW
OA is D

E) According to a recent study, most people's sleeping and waking cycles can becontrolled and modified easily.


cj,

Conclusion is: Thus, mismatched sleeping and waking cycles
can seriously jeopardize a marriage.


A says: Married couples in which both spouses follow the same sleeping and waking patternsalso occasionally have arguments than can jeopardize the couple's marriage.

'A' shows one more reason for marriage problems but still does not prove the conclusion wrong. It still leaves the conclusion unharmed.

'D' puts the conclusion into question!

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2006, 19:20
D because it contradicts the passage's assertion that sleep cycles cause an unhappy marriage, whereas D gives an alternative explanation for the sleep cycles

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2006, 19:42
D.

We have been asked to weaken X=>Y. The easiest way to do it is show that Y=>X

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2006, 21:44
Will go with D.

Gives another explanation for the different sleeping cycles.

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2006, 06:02
I`ll go against the grain and pick (E). If sleeping schedules can be easily changed, then spouses would be able to modify their circadian rythum and thereby improve relations. This would NOT jeapordize their relationship, therefore weakening the argument.

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2006, 10:51
u2lover wrote:
A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and waking cycles differ from those of the other partner reveals that such couples share fewer activities with each other and have more violent arguments than do couples in a relationship in which both partners
follow the same sleeping and waking patterns. Thus, mismatched sleeping and waking cycles can seriously jeopardize a marriage.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

A. Married couples in which both spouses follow the same sleeping and waking patterns also occasionally have arguments that can jeopardize the couple's marriage.

B. The sleeping and waking cycles of individuals tend to vary from season to season.

C. The individuals who have sleeping and waking cycles that differ significantly from those of their spouses tend to argue little with colleagues at work.

D. People in unhappy marriages have been found to express hostility by adopting adifferent sleeping and waking cycle from that of their spouses.

E. According to a recent study, most people's sleeping and waking cycles can be controlled and modified easily.

please explain


D for me as well.

E in fact offers another way of saying that the cycles are not brought upon by nature but are something that can be controlled/modified ..in other words folks (if they so desire) can use it to their advantage ..which goes against the ASSUMPTION that sleeping and waking cycles end up ruining marriages because they are inherent characteristics of human beings.

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2006, 11:57
I will go with E.

Statement E will solve sleeping cycle differences between married partners and smoothen their relationship. This way it's weaken the argument.

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2006, 12:13
Here only A and D are in scope.
However A somehow tries (although not complete) contradicts information given in the passage.


Moreover,
Conclusion can be weakened by a reasoning that is of equal strength in other direction. D serves the purpose.

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2006, 20:11
u2lover wrote:
OA is D

was blinded by A here :shock: when reread during review was wondering what happened to my brain when I said A :oops:


But doesn`t (D) strengthen the argument :? :? :?

U2Lovergirl, I just can`t understand this??? Do you have the OE?

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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w [#permalink]

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New post 14 Aug 2006, 21:25
GMATT73 wrote:
u2lover wrote:
OA is D

was blinded by A here :shock: when reread during review was wondering what happened to my brain when I said A :oops:


But doesn`t (D) strengthen the argument :? :? :?

U2Lovergirl, I just can`t understand this??? Do you have the OE?


I thought I am the only one having this doubt.
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Re: A study of marital relationships in which one partner's sleeping and w   [#permalink] 14 Aug 2006, 21:25

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