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# A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro

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A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2016, 10:58
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A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent from work more often are more likely to be in a low paying job. Workers who were absent from work at least ten percent of the time were five times as likely to be earning an annual income in the bottom twenty percent of the surveyed workers. Workers who were absent from work one percent of the time or less were twice as likely to have an income in the top ten percent. Therefore, the average worker could increase his or her wages by simply improving attendance at work.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

A. Many high-paid executives are allowed more leave than are lower paid workers.
B. According to a recent study, most absences from work are due to illness of family members.
C. Lower-paid workers have less incentive to come to work than higher-paid workers and are more likely to take time off to look for a better paying job.
D. The attendance patterns of many workers vary seasonally, with more absences occurring in the summer months.
E. The individuals with poor attendance at work also had poor attendance at school.
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Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2016, 11:28
People who have higher attendance at work tend to earn more. The author concludes that better attendance should result in higher salary. The author assumes that there is a direct correlation between attendance and salary. The possible answer could contain an information that poor attendance is not the primary cause of low salary.
E) Poor attendance at school could affect the workers' capability. Thus, improving the attendance may not result in higher performance at work and higher salary.

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Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2016, 11:55
ATTENDANCE is proportional to income.
Workers who were absent from work at > 10% of the time were five times as likely to be earning an annual income in the bottom twenty percent of the surveyed workers.....................same point as above
Workers who were absent from work one percent of the time or less were twice as likely to have an income in the top ten percent.

employees with more attendance found to have more salary income.
Thus, only increase in attendance causes increase in income.

Therefore, the average worker could increase his or her wages by simply improving attendance at work.

Coincidence vs correlation.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

A. Many high-paid executives are allowed more leave than are lower paid workers................keep it a side.
B. According to a recent study, most absences from work are due to illness of family members............cause is not required. OFS
C. Lower-paid workers have less incentive to come to work than higher-paid workers and are more likely to take time off to look for a better paying job...............since the income is less they become more absent i.e., just attendance cannot increase their salary.
D. The attendance patterns of many workers vary seasonally, with more absences occurring in the summer months...........OFS
E. The individuals with poor attendance at work also had poor attendance at school.............school attendance is not required. OFS

Can someone explain why A and C is wrong/right?
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Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

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30 Mar 2016, 14:37
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Nevernevergiveup wrote:
A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent from work more often are more likely to be in a low paying job. Workers who were absent from work at least ten percent of the time were five times as likely to be earning an annual income in the bottom twenty percent of the surveyed workers. Workers who were absent from work one percent of the time or less were twice as likely to have an income in the top ten percent. Therefore, the average worker could increase his or her wages by simply improving attendance at work.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

A. Many high-paid executives are allowed more leave than are lower paid workers.
Executives allowed more leaves but its not certain if they take more leaves or not. Alos "MANY" captures less percentage so nothing could be said here for certain.

B. According to a recent study, most absences from work are due to illness of family members.
this is a reason why absences are there. but a weakner would tell HOW improved attendence STILL not give higher wages.

C. Lower-paid workers have less incentive to come to work than higher-paid workers and are more likely to take time off to look for a better paying job.
This choice says even if workers come for attendence their wages are not significant high. so its wrong to conclude that high attendence convert to increase in wages. why this is impactful is supported by this "more likely to take time off to look for a better paying job".

D. The attendance patterns of many workers vary seasonally, with more absences occurring in the summer months.
Attendence pattern is not the concern. a weakner would tell HOW improved attendence STILL not give higher wages.

E. The individuals with poor attendance at work also had poor attendance at school.
if this is the nature of any individual. does it anyway says "improved attendence STILL not give higher wages".NO!
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Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2016, 23:30
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent from work more often are more likely to be in a low paying job. Workers who were absent from work at least ten percent of the time were five times as likely to be earning an annual income in the bottom twenty percent of the surveyed workers. Workers who were absent from work one percent of the time or less were twice as likely to have an income in the top ten percent. Therefore, the average worker could increase his or her wages by simply improving attendance at work.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

A. Many high-paid executives are allowed more leave than are lower paid workers.
B. According to a recent study, most absences from work are due to illness of family members.
C. Lower-paid workers have less incentive to come to work than higher-paid workers and are more likely to take time off to look for a better paying job.
D. The attendance patterns of many workers vary seasonally, with more absences occurring in the summer months.
E. The individuals with poor attendance at work also had poor attendance at school.

This is a cause effect relationship - The author assumes that low salary is because of low attendance. An answer choice that weakens this weakens the argument.
C - Lower-paid workers have less incentive to come to work than higher-paid workers and are more likely to take time off to look for a better paying job. -> lower paid workers have low attendance because of the low pay (low incentive to come to work) and not vice versa. Thus this weakens the argument the most.

I got this wrong (selected A) but after looking at the options this makes sense.

Hope this helps.
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Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2016, 13:41
10% of absentees = 5 times likely to be in the bottom 20% of workforce (In terms of salary)
1% of absentees = 2 times likely to be in the higher 10% of workforce (In terms of salary)

Prem : Salary -------> Absenteism

Conc :Absenteism---------> Wages / Salary

The conclusion states that the workers can increase their salary by improving attendance

None but option (C) states that the workers can increase their salary , even by decreasing their attendance at work ( by finding a better remunerative job)
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Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

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28 Jul 2018, 23:41
+1 for option C. Conclusion is based on the reasoning that Low attendance --> likely hood of Low wages. The author concludes that wages will increase if attendance increases. Now what if wages also increase by some other means ? That is they look for some other jobs as they have little motivation to continue in their current jobs. Option C fits the bill !
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Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2018, 22:17
soloveva wrote:
People who have higher attendance at work tend to earn more. The author concludes that better attendance should result in higher salary. The author assumes that there is a direct correlation between attendance and salary. The possible answer could contain an information that poor attendance is not the primary cause of low salary.
E) Poor attendance at school could affect the workers' capability. Thus, improving the attendance may not result in higher performance at work and higher salary.

option E is outside of scope.

option C is weakening the argument by saying worker could increase his or her wages without improving attendance at work.
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Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2018, 23:51
Option C says that they take leave to look for better jobs. But it does not say they will get it for sure.
Then it does not imply there is another way to increase wages. Seems like a doubt here.

It is similar to Choice A where many high paid executives are allowed to take more day offs but it does not imply they will take it thus weakening conclusion
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Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2018, 19:52
I think A can be eliminated because of "executives". We care only average workers.
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Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2019, 06:17
The conclusion is that if attendance improves, salary will increase.

In C, if salary increases, the attendance will improve. Just the opposite of the conclusion. So, it weakens the conclusion.
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Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

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05 Feb 2019, 08:09
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent from work more often are more likely to be in a low paying job. Workers who were absent from work at least ten percent of the time were five times as likely to be earning an annual income in the bottom twenty percent of the surveyed workers. Workers who were absent from work one percent of the time or less were twice as likely to have an income in the top ten percent. Therefore, the average worker could increase his or her wages by simply improving attendance at work.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

A. Many high-paid executives are allowed more leave than are lower paid workers.
B. According to a recent study, most absences from work are due to illness of family members.
C. Lower-paid workers have less incentive to come to work than higher-paid workers and are more likely to take time off to look for a better paying job.
D. The attendance patterns of many workers vary seasonally, with more absences occurring in the summer months.
E. The individuals with poor attendance at work also had poor attendance at school.

Conclusion => the average worker could increase his or her wages by simply improving attendance at work.

We have to look for an answer option which will say that just by improving attendance at work, they cannot increase their wages

A. Many high-paid executives are allowed more leave than are lower paid workers.
Ok that's great, but how does this weaken the conclusion????

B. According to a recent study, most absences from work are due to illness of family members.
OOS

C. Lower-paid workers have less incentive to come to work than higher-paid workers and are more likely to take time off to look for a better paying job.
So this actually does weaken the conclusion, the point is that their incentive is less, they wont still come to the office.

D. The attendance patterns of many workers vary seasonally, with more absences occurring in the summer months.
Seasons is again OOS

E. The individuals with poor attendance at work also had poor attendance at school.
attendance at school is Irrelevant
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Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro   [#permalink] 05 Feb 2019, 08:09
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