GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 17 Aug 2018, 00:23

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Retired Moderator
User avatar
S
Joined: 18 Sep 2014
Posts: 1162
Location: India
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jan 2016, 10:58
7
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (01:38) correct 34% (01:49) wrong based on 203 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent from work more often are more likely to be in a low paying job. Workers who were absent from work at least ten percent of the time were five times as likely to be earning an annual income in the bottom twenty percent of the surveyed workers. Workers who were absent from work one percent of the time or less were twice as likely to have an income in the top ten percent. Therefore, the average worker could increase his or her wages by simply improving attendance at work.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

A. Many high-paid executives are allowed more leave than are lower paid workers.
B. According to a recent study, most absences from work are due to illness of family members.
C. Lower-paid workers have less incentive to come to work than higher-paid workers and are more likely to take time off to look for a better paying job.
D. The attendance patterns of many workers vary seasonally, with more absences occurring in the summer months.
E. The individuals with poor attendance at work also had poor attendance at school.

_________________

The only time you can lose is when you give up. Try hard and you will suceed.
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

http://gmatclub.com/forum/rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html
When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions
Avoid posting from unreliable sources.


My posts
http://gmatclub.com/forum/beauty-of-coordinate-geometry-213760.html#p1649924
http://gmatclub.com/forum/calling-all-march-april-gmat-takers-who-want-to-cross-213154.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/possessive-pronouns-200496.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/double-negatives-206717.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-greatest-integer-function-223595.html#p1721773
https://gmatclub.com/forum/improve-reading-habit-233410.html#p1802265

Intern
Intern
User avatar
Joined: 07 Oct 2014
Posts: 9
Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jan 2016, 11:28
People who have higher attendance at work tend to earn more. The author concludes that better attendance should result in higher salary. The author assumes that there is a direct correlation between attendance and salary. The possible answer could contain an information that poor attendance is not the primary cause of low salary.
E) Poor attendance at school could affect the workers' capability. Thus, improving the attendance may not result in higher performance at work and higher salary.

E is the answer
Retired Moderator
User avatar
S
Joined: 18 Sep 2014
Posts: 1162
Location: India
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Jan 2016, 11:55
ATTENDANCE is proportional to income.
Workers who were absent from work at > 10% of the time were five times as likely to be earning an annual income in the bottom twenty percent of the surveyed workers.....................same point as above
Workers who were absent from work one percent of the time or less were twice as likely to have an income in the top ten percent.

employees with more attendance found to have more salary income.
Thus, only increase in attendance causes increase in income.

Therefore, the average worker could increase his or her wages by simply improving attendance at work.

Coincidence vs correlation.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

A. Many high-paid executives are allowed more leave than are lower paid workers................keep it a side.
B. According to a recent study, most absences from work are due to illness of family members............cause is not required. OFS
C. Lower-paid workers have less incentive to come to work than higher-paid workers and are more likely to take time off to look for a better paying job...............since the income is less they become more absent i.e., just attendance cannot increase their salary.
D. The attendance patterns of many workers vary seasonally, with more absences occurring in the summer months...........OFS
E. The individuals with poor attendance at work also had poor attendance at school.............school attendance is not required. OFS

Can someone explain why A and C is wrong/right?

_________________

The only time you can lose is when you give up. Try hard and you will suceed.
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

http://gmatclub.com/forum/rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html
When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions
Avoid posting from unreliable sources.


My posts
http://gmatclub.com/forum/beauty-of-coordinate-geometry-213760.html#p1649924
http://gmatclub.com/forum/calling-all-march-april-gmat-takers-who-want-to-cross-213154.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/possessive-pronouns-200496.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/double-negatives-206717.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-greatest-integer-function-223595.html#p1721773
https://gmatclub.com/forum/improve-reading-habit-233410.html#p1802265

Moderator
avatar
V
Joined: 22 Jun 2014
Posts: 1059
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Technology
GMAT 1: 540 Q45 V20
GPA: 2.49
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Mar 2016, 14:37
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent from work more often are more likely to be in a low paying job. Workers who were absent from work at least ten percent of the time were five times as likely to be earning an annual income in the bottom twenty percent of the surveyed workers. Workers who were absent from work one percent of the time or less were twice as likely to have an income in the top ten percent. Therefore, the average worker could increase his or her wages by simply improving attendance at work.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?


A. Many high-paid executives are allowed more leave than are lower paid workers.
Executives allowed more leaves but its not certain if they take more leaves or not. Alos "MANY" captures less percentage so nothing could be said here for certain.

B. According to a recent study, most absences from work are due to illness of family members.
this is a reason why absences are there. but a weakner would tell HOW improved attendence STILL not give higher wages.

C. Lower-paid workers have less incentive to come to work than higher-paid workers and are more likely to take time off to look for a better paying job.
This choice says even if workers come for attendence their wages are not significant high. so its wrong to conclude that high attendence convert to increase in wages. why this is impactful is supported by this "more likely to take time off to look for a better paying job".

D. The attendance patterns of many workers vary seasonally, with more absences occurring in the summer months.
Attendence pattern is not the concern. a weakner would tell HOW improved attendence STILL not give higher wages.

E. The individuals with poor attendance at work also had poor attendance at school.
if this is the nature of any individual. does it anyway says "improved attendence STILL not give higher wages".NO!
_________________

---------------------------------------------------------------
Target - 720-740
http://gmatclub.com/forum/information-on-new-gmat-esr-report-beta-221111.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/list-of-one-year-full-time-mba-programs-222103.html

Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 01 Mar 2014
Posts: 128
Schools: Tepper '18
Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Apr 2016, 23:30
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent from work more often are more likely to be in a low paying job. Workers who were absent from work at least ten percent of the time were five times as likely to be earning an annual income in the bottom twenty percent of the surveyed workers. Workers who were absent from work one percent of the time or less were twice as likely to have an income in the top ten percent. Therefore, the average worker could increase his or her wages by simply improving attendance at work.

Which of the following, if true, most seriously weakens the argument above?

A. Many high-paid executives are allowed more leave than are lower paid workers.
B. According to a recent study, most absences from work are due to illness of family members.
C. Lower-paid workers have less incentive to come to work than higher-paid workers and are more likely to take time off to look for a better paying job.
D. The attendance patterns of many workers vary seasonally, with more absences occurring in the summer months.
E. The individuals with poor attendance at work also had poor attendance at school.


This is a cause effect relationship - The author assumes that low salary is because of low attendance. An answer choice that weakens this weakens the argument.
C - Lower-paid workers have less incentive to come to work than higher-paid workers and are more likely to take time off to look for a better paying job. -> lower paid workers have low attendance because of the low pay (low incentive to come to work) and not vice versa. Thus this weakens the argument the most.

I got this wrong (selected A) but after looking at the options this makes sense.

Hope this helps.
Board of Directors
User avatar
P
Status: QA & VA Forum Moderator
Joined: 11 Jun 2011
Posts: 3765
Location: India
GPA: 3.5
WE: Business Development (Commercial Banking)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Apr 2016, 13:41
10% of absentees = 5 times likely to be in the bottom 20% of workforce (In terms of salary)
1% of absentees = 2 times likely to be in the higher 10% of workforce (In terms of salary)

Prem : Salary -------> Absenteism

Conc :Absenteism---------> Wages / Salary


The conclusion states that the workers can increase their salary by improving attendance

None but option (C) states that the workers can increase their salary , even by decreasing their attendance at work ( by finding a better remunerative job)
_________________

Thanks and Regards

Abhishek....

PLEASE FOLLOW THE RULES FOR POSTING IN QA AND VA FORUM AND USE SEARCH FUNCTION BEFORE POSTING NEW QUESTIONS

How to use Search Function in GMAT Club | Rules for Posting in QA forum | Writing Mathematical Formulas |Rules for Posting in VA forum | Request Expert's Reply ( VA Forum Only )

Director
Director
User avatar
S
Joined: 08 Jun 2015
Posts: 530
Location: India
GMAT 1: 640 Q48 V29
GMAT 2: 700 Q48 V38
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jul 2018, 23:41
+1 for option C. Conclusion is based on the reasoning that Low attendance --> likely hood of Low wages. The author concludes that wages will increase if attendance increases. Now what if wages also increase by some other means ? That is they look for some other jobs as they have little motivation to continue in their current jobs. Option C fits the bill !
_________________

" The few , the fearless "

Re: A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro &nbs [#permalink] 28 Jul 2018, 23:41
Display posts from previous: Sort by

A survey of American workers indicates that workers who are absent fro

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  

Events & Promotions

PREV
NEXT


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.