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# A system-wide county school anti-smoki

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A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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27 May 2015, 09:48
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75% (hard)

Question Stats:

48% (01:30) correct 52% (01:27) wrong based on 695 sessions

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A system-wide county school anti-smoking education program was instituted last year. The program was clearly a success. Last year, the incidence of students smoking on school premises decreased by over 70 percent.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the argument in the passage?

(A) The author of this statement is a school system official hoping to generate good publicity for the anti-smoking program.
(B) Most students who smoke stopped smoking on school premises last year continued to smoke when away from school.
(C) Last year, another policy change made it much easier for students to leave and return to school grounds during the school day.
(D) The school system spent more on anti-smoking education programs last year than it did in all previous years.
(E) The amount of time students spent in anti-smoking education programs last year resulted in a reduction of in-class hours devoted to academic subjects.

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A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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27 May 2015, 10:59
6
A system-wide county school anti-smoking education program was instituted last year. The program was clearly a success. Last year, the incidence of students smoking on school premises decreased by over 70 percent.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the argument in the passage?

(A) The author of this statement is a school system official hoping to generate good publicity for the anti-smoking program.
Incorrect - this does not necessarily mean that the official falsified data.

(B) Most students who smoke stopped smoking on school premises last year continued to smoke when away from school.
Incorrect - this statement is a bit neutral. It neither strengthens the argument nor necessarily weakens it. Furthermore, if the ultimate goal of the program was to decrease on school incidences, then it was still a success.

(C) Last year, another policy change made it much easier for students to leave and return to school grounds during the school day.
Correct - We needed something that indicated another motivation outside of the program. This fulfills that necessity and weakens the argument. If we can positively associate the decrease in on-school incidences to another policy, then this weakens the argument made.

(D) The school system spent more on anti-smoking education programs last year than it did in all previous years.
Incorrect - This ultimately holds zero weight in the success of the program. If anything this helps the argument.

(E) The amount of time students spent in anti-smoking education programs last year resulted in a reduction of in-class hours devoted to academic subjects.
Incorrect - Can it still be stated that the program was worth it despite the decrease in class time? Yes. This is an example of an answer choice that gets you to unintentionally bring in real world experience/desire.

Kudos if my analysis was helpful!
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A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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27 May 2015, 09:53
You won't like the OA ))).... I've picked b here, but was wrong.. have a nice try
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Re: A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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27 May 2015, 19:29
1
I think C weakens the most as compared to other choices. Choice C states that another policy made it easier for students to come back to ground, etc-> and hence this probably made students(who smoke often) adhere more to the anti smoking campaign.....
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Re: A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2015, 01:46
BrainLab wrote:
A system-wide county school anti-smoking education program was instituted last year. The program was clearly a success. Last year, the incidence of students smoking on school premises decreased by over 70 percent.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the argument in the passage?

(A) The author of this statement is a school system official hoping to generate good publicity for the anti-smoking program.
(B) Most students who smoke stopped smoking on school premises last year continued to smoke when away from school.
(C) Last year, another policy change made it much easier for students to leave and return to school grounds during the school day.
(D) The school system spent more on anti-smoking education programs last year than it did in all previous years.
(E) The amount of time students spent in anti-smoking education programs last year resulted in a reduction of in-class hours devoted to academic subjects.

Straight C!
I think this ques belongs to the early 600 difficulty category and not the early 700s !
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Re: A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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01 Jun 2015, 02:24
C
Conclusion - Last year, the incidence of students smoking on school premises decreased by over 70 percent.

B - states that students continued to smoke outside school but stopped smoking on school premises - this may well mean reduced amount of smoking as there smoking duration is cut
C - If they are allowed to go outside and smoke and come back again that means smoking is not reduced
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A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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14 Jun 2015, 04:51
apoorv601:
For option choice C also,like b, students don't smoke in school premises, they still go outside for smoking.
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Re: A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2015, 02:13
apoorv601 wrote:
C
Conclusion - Last year, the incidence of students smoking on school premises decreased by over 70 percent.

B - states that students continued to smoke outside school but stopped smoking on school premises - this may well mean reduced amount of smoking as there smoking duration is cut
C - If they are allowed to go outside and smoke and come back again that means smoking is not reduced

Good point apoorv601!
I didn't think about this. Smoking outside school could mean smoking fewer sigaretes=)). Cool idea! B is sure trap. I picked C since i suspected that outside school is still a school premises=))
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Re: A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2015, 19:17
3
BrainLab wrote:
A system-wide county school anti-smoking education program was instituted last year. The program was clearly a success. Last year, the incidence of students smoking on school premises decreased by over 70 percent.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the argument in the passage?

(A) The author of this statement is a school system official hoping to generate good publicity for the anti-smoking program.
(B) Most students who smoke stopped smoking on school premises last year continued to smoke when away from school.
(C) Last year, another policy change made it much easier for students to leave and return to school grounds during the school day.
(D) The school system spent more on anti-smoking education programs last year than it did in all previous years.
(E) The amount of time students spent in anti-smoking education programs last year resulted in a reduction of in-class hours devoted to academic subjects.

Here is how I did it.

Cause: anti-smoking education program
Effect: decrease in incidence of students smoking on school premise

Assumption: 1. Only the Anti-smoking education program decreased the incidence of smoking in the school premise ( There is no other cause for the decrease )
Goal: Attack the assumption

A. Out of Scope
B. This shows a another effect of the Anti-smoking education program ( They smoked somewhere else )
C. Yep! Perfectly attacking the assumption. Another policy (Not anti-smoking program) lead to the decrease in incidence.
D.Cost??? Way out of scope
E. Time??? Nope

Hope it helps
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Re: A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2015, 02:47
A system-wide county school anti-smoking education program was instituted last year. The program was clearly a success. Last year, the incidence of students smoking on school premises decreased by over 70 percent.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the argument in the passage?

(A) The author of this statement is a school system official hoping to generate good publicity for the anti-smoking program.Even if this were true, it doesn't affect the argument.
(B) Most students who smoke stopped smoking on school premises last year continued to smoke when away from school. The smoking or not smoking outside of school is out of scope because we are concerned with smoking at school.
(C) Last year, another policy change made it much easier for students to leave and return to school grounds during the school day.This would suggest that students are still smoking at school, but where they cannot be detected.
(D) The school system spent more on anti-smoking education programs last year than it did in all previous years.How much was spent is not relevant to the argument.
(E) The amount of time students spent in anti-smoking education programs last year resulted in a reduction of in-class hours devoted to academic subjects.How much time students spent in the programs and the result of that is out of scope.
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Re: A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2016, 00:21
This is a typical weakening structure:
Given: X and Y are observed to happen together.
Conclusion: X causes Y.
Weakening statement: Something else, Z causes Y.

Here X= anti-smoking program
Y= reduction in smoking
Z = easier return to school grounds

The conclusion is: X causes Y ( anti-smoking program caused reduction in smoking).
The weakening statement is: something else, Z causes Y ( easier return to school ground caused reduction in smoking).
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Re: A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2016, 11:39
Isn't B and C trying to say the same thing. B says that student reduces on premise smoking but continued to smoke away from it. C says that a policy made it easier for students to leave school, go smoke and come back. But since B is more clear I selected it. Where is my understanding wrong ?
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Re: A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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29 Dec 2016, 11:55
Isn't B and C trying to say the same thing. B says that student reduces on premise smoking but continued to smoke away from it. C says that a policy made it easier for students to leave school, go smoke and come back. But since B is more clear I selected it. Where is my understanding wrong ?
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Re: A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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30 Dec 2016, 02:01
ankujgupta, the idea is that we want to weaken the implied causal argument by showing some other possible cause for the reduction in smoking. C shows that students may simply be smoking less on campus because it's easier to get away. Perhaps the new program had no effect at all! B tells us that students who seemed to change their habits may not have cut down on their overall smoking, so we can read it as underlying the author's premise. However, it does nothing to help us understand why students have cut down on on-campus smoking, if the new program was not the cause.

So, I can see why C is the OA, but it's pretty hard to say that B doesn't weaken at all. I'm not sure we'd see a split like that on the GMAT--the wrong answers should be definitively wrong! However, if someone has an official example like this, I'd love to see it.
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A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2018, 18:27
(B) Most students who smoke stopped smoking on school premises last year continued to smoke when away from school.
(C) Last year, another policy change made it much easier for students to leave and return to school grounds during the school day.

Took time to decide between B & C. Avoided B because it says students reduced overall smoking and this supports the conclusion that the program is clearly a success - before the program they used to smoke both at school and when away, after the program they do only when away.

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Re: A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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25 Jun 2018, 09:25
A system-wide county school anti-smoking education program was instituted last year. The program was clearly a success. Last year, the incidence of students smoking on school premises decreased by over 70 percent.

Given: 1) Last Year system-wide county school anti-smoking education program 2) incidence of students smoking on school premises decreased by over 70 percent.

Conclusion: The program was clearly a success i.e. 1) Led to 2) [ (1) ---> (2) ]

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the argument in the passage?

(A) The author of this statement is a school system official hoping to generate good publicity for the anti-smoking program. Irrelevant

(B) Most students who smoke stopped smoking on school premises last year continued to smoke when away from school. I think this is strengthener as Program was supposed to reduce smoking in School premises. Program does not involve what students do outside school.

(C) Last year, another policy change made it much easier for students to leave and return to school grounds during the school day. Suggests that students are still smoking at school, but where they cannot be detected.

(D) The school system spent more on anti-smoking education programs last year than it did in all previous years. OFS

(E) The amount of time students spent in anti-smoking education programs last year resulted in a reduction of in-class hours devoted to academic subjects. OFS
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Re: A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2018, 08:53
Hi,

I believe the answer should be E. Conclusion says that "on School premise" smoking was reduced. C supports that students smoke outside the school premise and then came back.
I chose E because "Let's say 100 students smoke on average in 6 hrs, 50 would smoke in 3 hrs. so reduction in time could be the reason of decrease of percentage."

Can someone help me on this?
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Re: A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2018, 14:00
1
marvel3001 E isn't saying that the students spent less time in school. It's just saying that the smoking education took time away from other education. This would only weaken the argument if we were saying that the program was great for kids' overall education.
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Re: A system-wide county school anti-smoki  [#permalink]

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03 Jul 2018, 08:02
BrainLab wrote:
A system-wide county school anti-smoking education program was instituted last year. The program was clearly a success. Last year, the incidence of students smoking on school premises decreased by over 70 percent.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the argument in the passage?

(B) Most students who smoke stopped smoking on school premises last year continued to smoke when away from school.
(C) Last year, another policy change made it much easier for students to leave and return to school grounds during the school day.

hi everyone
i have a question regarding Option C
it uses word school day which is singular,if it had been school days than option C is correct answer because school day will happen once in a year or once in a month or even at most once in every week in that scenario it is not possible to have a reduction of 70%.
Re: A system-wide county school anti-smoki &nbs [#permalink] 03 Jul 2018, 08:02
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