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# A vending machine is designed to dispense 8 ounces of coffee

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Intern
Joined: 06 Oct 2017
Posts: 1
A vending machine is designed to dispense 8 ounces of coffee  [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2017, 09:40
Here's another way to solve this problem by NOT multiplying values:

I did it by dividing 1,5/2= 0,75 in each direction (8,1 +/- 0,75), then substract 0,3 from 0,75 (+/- 0,75), so you get 0,45. Then, of the 12 amounts listed, 11 are within the range of 8,1 - 0,45 or 8,1 + 0,45.
Intern
Joined: 26 Dec 2016
Posts: 29
Re: A vending machine is designed to dispense 8 ounces of coffee  [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2018, 15:14
Bunuel wrote:
7.51 8.22 7.86 8.36
8.09 7.83 8.30 8.01
7.73 8.25 7.96 8.53

A vending machine is designed to dispense 8 ounces of coffee into a cup. After a test that recorded the number of ounces of coffee in each of 1000 cups dispensed by the vending machine, the 12 listed amounts, in ounces, were selected from the data above. If the 1000 recorded amounts have a mean of 8.1 ounces and a standard deviation of 0.3 ounces, how many of the 12 listed amounts are within 1.5 standard deviation of the mean?

A. four
b. Six
c. Nine
d. Ten
e. Eleven

I tried to explain this here: https://gmatclub.com/forum/a-vending-ma ... ml#p812247

We are given that SD=0.3 and mean=8.1. Question: how many of the 12 listed amounts are within 1.5 standard deviation of the mean?

1.5 standard deviation equals to 1.5*SD=1.5*0.3=0.45, so "within 1.5 standard deviation of them mean" - means in the range {8.1-0.45; 8.1+0.45} = {7.65; 8.55}.

Hope it's clear.
[/quote][/quote]

I'm sorry, but this still doesn't make sense to me why you multiplied the standard deviations. With SD=0.3 then 1 deviation away would be 8.4 and with SD=1.5 it'd be 9.6. Where does the reasoning for multiplying both SD come from?
CEO
Joined: 12 Sep 2015
Posts: 3851
Re: A vending machine is designed to dispense 8 ounces of coffee  [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2018, 15:49
Top Contributor
zz0vlb wrote:
7.51 8.22 7.86 8.36
8.09 7.83 8.30 8.01
7.73 8.25 7.96 8.53

A vending machine is designed to dispense 8 ounces of coffee into a cup. After a test that recorded the number of ounces of coffee in each of 1000 cups dispensed by the vending machine, the 12 listed amounts, in ounces, were selected from the data above. If the 1000 recorded amounts have a mean of 8.1 ounces and a standard deviation of 0.3 ounces, how many of the 12 listed amounts are within 1.5 standard deviation of the mean?

A. Four
B. Six
C. Nine
D. Ten
E. Eleven

If the Standard Deviation is 0.3 ounces, then 0.3 ounces represents 1 unit of standard deviation.
Similarly, 0.6 ounces represents 2 units of standard deviation,
0.15 ounces represents 0.5 units of standard deviation, and so on.

If the mean is 8.1 ounces, then we say that 8.4 ounces is 1 unit of standard deviation above the mean (since 8.1 + 0.3 = 8.4), and we say that 7.8 ounces is 1 unit of standard deviation below the mean (since 8.1 - 0.3 = 7.8)

We want to know how many measurements in the list are within 1.5 standard deviations of the mean

Well, using the above logic, 0.45 represents 1.5 units of standard deviation.

So, 1.5 units of standard deviation below the mean equals 7.65 (8.1 - 0.45 = 7.65)
Similarly, 1.5 units of standard deviation abovethe mean equals 8.55 (8.1 + 0.45 = 8.55)

So, any measurement that is between 7.65 ounces and 8.55 will be within 1.5 standard deviations of the mean.

In the given list of measurements, the following meet this requirement:

7.51 8.22 7.86 8.36
8.09 7.83 8.30 8.01
7.73 8.25 7.96 8.53

So the answer is 11 (E)

Cheers,
Brent
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Re: A vending machine is designed to dispense 8 ounces of coffee  [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2018, 17:49
zz0vlb wrote:
7.51 8.22 7.86 8.36
8.09 7.83 8.30 8.01
7.73 8.25 7.96 8.53

A vending machine is designed to dispense 8 ounces of coffee into a cup. After a test that recorded the number of ounces of coffee in each of 1000 cups dispensed by the vending machine, the 12 listed amounts, in ounces, were selected from the data above. If the 1000 recorded amounts have a mean of 8.1 ounces and a standard deviation of 0.3 ounces, how many of the 12 listed amounts are within 1.5 standard deviation of the mean?

A. Four
B. Six
C. Nine
D. Ten
E. Eleven

We are given 12 listed amounts of coffee that we can put in order from least to greatest.

7.51, 7.73, 7.83, 7.86, 7.96, 8.01, 8.09, 8.22, 8.25, 8.30, 8.36, 8.53

We need to determine how many of the listed amounts are within 1.5 standard deviations of the mean. Since the standard deviation is 0.3, 1.5 standard deviations is: 1.5 x 0.3 = 0.45.

1.5 standard deviations above the mean is 8.1 + 0.45 = 8.55

1.5 standard deviations below the mean is 8.1 – 0.45 = 7.65

We see that all the values are between 7.65 and 8.55 except 7.51. Thus, 11 values are within 1.5 standard deviation of the mean.

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Re: A vending machine is designed to dispense 8 ounces of coffee   [#permalink] 30 Aug 2018, 17:49

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