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# A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented

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A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2013, 05:00
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A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented a business strategy to encourage sales by creating a product that could be legally sold over the counter, without the need for a prescription from a veterinarian. The product was a collar for cats intended as a repellent against fleas that, through biting the host animal's epidermis, would die after ingesting some of its blood. Despite the advantage of not having to consult a veterinarian in order to buy one, the collar was not successful commercially.

Which of the following, if true, does the most to explain why the manufacturer's strategy failed to achieve its objective?

A) Although the collar was only to be worn externally, its chemical components, through constant contact with the animal's skin, would be absorbed into the bloodstream, not only killing newly-attached fleas, but also ceasing the reproductive cycle of already present fleas and eggs.

B) It has been proven that pet products with recommendations made by veterinarians printed on their packaging sell far more successfully than those that do not have such recommendations printed on their packaging.

C) The sales of flea collars and other repellents used to maintain pet health are greatly affected by the changes of season, usually very low during the winter and autumn months of the year, rising with the beginning of spring.

D) To be able to sell non-prescription products with active ingredients such as propuxer, the chemical used in anti-pest products, legislation requires that manufacturers limit the presence of the active ingredient.

E) Consultation with a professional veterinarian is always advisable when confronting an issue regarding an animal's health since even someone with a fair amount of medical knowledge may not be aware of illnesses or ailments associated with a specific animal.

Source: gmat.babson.edu
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2013, 06:33
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Wonderful question, thank you!

I initially fell for Option E (also had given consideration to B) but option D is the right one IMHO.

The lack/limiting of the active ingredient (because it a non-prescription product) would affect its performance as a flea-killer & logically perform worse than prescribed products, leading to lower sales.
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Re: A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2013, 11:02
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shailendrasharma wrote:
A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented a business strategy to encourage sales by creating a product that could be legally sold over the counter, without the need for a prescription from a veterinarian. The product was a collar for cats intended as a repellent against fleas that, through biting the host animal's epidermis, would die after ingesting some of its blood. Despite the advantage of not having to consult a veterinarian in order to buy one, the collar was not successful commercially.

Which of the following, if true, does the most to explain why the manufacturer's strategy failed to achieve its objective?

A) Although the collar was only to be worn externally, its chemical components, through constant contact with the animal's skin, would be absorbed into the bloodstream, not only killing newly-attached fleas, but also ceasing the reproductive cycle of already present fleas and eggs.

B) It has been proven that pet products with recommendations made by veterinarians printed on their packaging sell far more successfully than those that do not have such recommendations printed on their packaging.

C) The sales of flea collars and other repellents used to maintain pet health are greatly affected by the changes of season, usually very low during the winter and autumn months of the year, rising with the beginning of spring.

D) To be able to sell non-prescription products with active ingredients such as propuxer, the chemical used in anti-pest products, legislation requires that manufacturers limit the presence of the active ingredient.

E) Consultation with a professional veterinarian is always advisable when confronting an issue regarding an animal's health since even someone with a fair amount of medical knowledge may not be aware of illnesses or ailments associated with a specific animal.

Source: gmat.babson.edu

Responding to a PM

Option B is incorrect because printing recommendations on packaging is different from requirement of prescriptions. Option B is actually out of scope. Just because a vet product does not require prescription before use, it does not mean that it cannot be recommended by vets. For example: there are many medicines available over the counter, which are recommended by the doctors. So, whether pet products recommended by vets are more successful or not does not affect the argument.

Option D is correct for the reason stated by Vishnu above. However, this option is also not GMAT like. The clarity that I find in correct GMAT options is not at all there in this option statement. Are fleas considered pests? Does limiting the active ingredient affect the performance of the product? These are important questions but unanswered.

Thanks,
Chiranjeev
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Re: A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2013, 22:11
shailendrasharma wrote:
A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented a business strategy to encourage sales by creating a product that could be legally sold over the counter, without the need for a prescription from a veterinarian. The product was a collar for cats intended as a repellent against fleas that, through biting the host animal's epidermis, would die after ingesting some of its blood. Despite the advantage of not having to consult a veterinarian in order to buy one, the collar was not successful commercially.

Which of the following, if true, does the most to explain why the manufacturer's strategy failed to achieve its objective?

A) Although the collar was only to be worn externally, its chemical components, through constant contact with the animal's skin, would be absorbed into the bloodstream, not only killing newly-attached fleas, but also ceasing the reproductive cycle of already present fleas and eggs.

B) It has been proven that pet products with recommendations made by veterinarians printed on their packaging sell far more successfully than those that do not have such recommendations printed on their packaging.

C) The sales of flea collars and other repellents used to maintain pet health are greatly affected by the changes of season, usually very low during the winter and autumn months of the year, rising with the beginning of spring.

D) To be able to sell non-prescription products with active ingredients such as propuxer, the chemical used in anti-pest products, legislation requires that manufacturers limit the presence of the active ingredient.

E) Consultation with a professional veterinarian is always advisable when confronting an issue regarding an animal's health since even someone with a fair amount of medical knowledge may not be aware of illnesses or ailments associated with a specific animal.

Source: gmat.babson.edu

I doubt D can be correct ans. As per D

D) To be able to sell non-prescription products with active ingredients such as propuxer, the chemical used in anti-pest products, legislation requires that manufacturers limit the presence of the active ingredient.

If to sell legislation requires to limit the ingredient , then he must have already done that , otherwise how could he sell any of the products.
So it is not explaining why the manufacturer's strategy failed to achieve its objective
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Re: A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2013, 04:09
Option C i.e. "Sales of flea collars and other repellents used to maintain pet health are greatly affected by the changes of season, usually very low during the winter and autumn months of the year, rising with the beginning of spring" does seem to suggest a reason for low sales. Could you please explain why not option C ?
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Re: A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2013, 04:16
sreekanthssn wrote:
Option C i.e. "Sales of flea collars and other repellents used to maintain pet health are greatly affected by the changes of season, usually very low during the winter and autumn months of the year, rising with the beginning of spring" does seem to suggest a reason for low sales. Could you please explain why not option C ?

C suggests that sales are affected by the seasons.

C) The sales of flea collars and other repellents used to maintain pet health are greatly affected by the changes of season, usually very low during the winter and autumn months of the year, rising with the beginning of spring

This does not explain why the sales OVER THE YEAR were low. Even if in winter they could have sold less collars than in spring, the sales number overall could still be very high (as long as winter<spring).

Hope I've explained myself well
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Re: A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2013, 07:53
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BukrsGmat wrote:
I doubt D can be correct ans. As per D

D) To be able to sell non-prescription products with active ingredients such as propuxer, the chemical used in anti-pest products, legislation requires that manufacturers limit the presence of the active ingredient.

If to sell legislation requires to limit the ingredient , then he must have already done that , otherwise how could he sell any of the products.
So it is not explaining why the manufacturer's strategy failed to achieve its objective

Let me try. I would say choice D is the best that would explain why the strategy failed to meet its objective.

Think this way, the practitioner followed the legislation (as you mentioned),but still the plan failed. He failed to anticipate that the active chemical ingredient he is using wouldn't last forever and would lose its intended effect against other products in the market. There was a flaw in his approach because if the legislation itself limits the active ingredient, then he should have given a thought that limited quantity won't last longer.But, he still went on with this plan and the whole project failed.

Hope it helps.
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Re: A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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03 Aug 2013, 06:31
Gian wrote:
BukrsGmat wrote:
I doubt D can be correct ans. As per D

D) To be able to sell non-prescription products with active ingredients such as propuxer, the chemical used in anti-pest products, legislation requires that manufacturers limit the presence of the active ingredient.

If to sell legislation requires to limit the ingredient , then he must have already done that , otherwise how could he sell any of the products.
So it is not explaining why the manufacturer's strategy failed to achieve its objective

Let me try. I would say choice D is the best that would explain why the strategy failed to meet its objective.

Think this way, the practitioner followed the legislation (as you mentioned),but still the plan failed. He failed to anticipate that the active chemical ingredient he is using wouldn't last forever and would lose its intended effect against other products in the market. There was a flaw in his approach because if the legislation itself limits the active ingredient, then he should have given a thought that limited quantity won't last longer.But, he still went on with this plan and the whole project failed.

Hope it helps.

D because the quantity itself is limited as compared to the other products, hence the collar tends to be less effective than other such products.
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Re: A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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16 Oct 2013, 05:11
Took 4 minutes, but finally got it right. Wonder if I can afford such luxury on the day of the xam
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Re: A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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07 Jan 2014, 22:40
Well, there is a problem with option D

the options D is "To be able to sell non-prescription products with active ingredients such as propuxer, the chemical used in anti-pest products, legislation requires that manufacturers limit the presence of the active ingredient.

The problem with option D is that the mentioned limited ingredient can't not be concluded as below required level as it might be limited to what is require but not in access.
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Re: A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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08 Jan 2014, 00:06
shailendrasharma wrote:
A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented a business strategy to encourage sales by creating a product that could be legally sold over the counter, without the need for a prescription from a veterinarian. The product was a collar for cats intended as a repellent against fleas that, through biting the host animal's epidermis, would die after ingesting some of its blood. Despite the advantage of not having to consult a veterinarian in order to buy one, the collar was not successful commercially.

Which of the following, if true, does the most to explain why the manufacturer's strategy failed to achieve its objective?

A) Although the collar was only to be worn externally, its chemical components, through constant contact with the animal's skin, would be absorbed into the bloodstream, not only killing newly-attached fleas, but also ceasing the reproductive cycle of already present fleas and eggs.

B) It has been proven that pet products with recommendations made by veterinarians printed on their packaging sell far more successfully than those that do not have such recommendations printed on their packaging.

C) The sales of flea collars and other repellents used to maintain pet health are greatly affected by the changes of season, usually very low during the winter and autumn months of the year, rising with the beginning of spring.

D) To be able to sell non-prescription products with active ingredients such as propuxer, the chemical used in anti-pest products, legislation requires that manufacturers limit the presence of the active ingredient.

E) Consultation with a professional veterinarian is always advisable when confronting an issue regarding an animal's health since even someone with a fair amount of medical knowledge may not be aware of illnesses or ailments associated with a specific animal.

Source: gmat.babson.edu

We can treat this as a strengthen question for why the product failed.

Choice D does the best to explain why the product failed because even though we may not be sure that the performance decreased, we can say that decrease in performance is a definite possibility.
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Re: A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2014, 15:21
Finally chose E...

Does not see clearly why D is wrong.. There is a lot of flaws in those questions...

Consultation with a professional veterinarian is always advisable when confronting an issue regarding an animal's health since even someone with a fair amount of medical knowledge may not be aware of illnesses or ailments associated with a specific animal. ==> Meaning for me that the advantage to buy something without seeing a veterinarian is flawed, because you will still need to see him at one point...

Strange question
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Re: A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2014, 19:40
PREMISES 1. THERE IS A business strategy to encourage sales by creating a product sold over the counter, without the need for a prescription.

2. The product was a collar for cats intended as a repellent against fleas that, through biting the host animal's epidermis, would die after ingesting some of its blood.

COUNTER PREMISE- Advantage of not having to consult a veterinarian in order to buy one

CONCLUSION- The collar was not successful commercially.

A) Although the collar was only to be worn externally, its chemical components, through constant contact with the animal's skin, would be absorbed into the bloodstream, not only killing newly-attached fleas, but also ceasing the reproductive cycle of already present fleas and eggs......SO THIS ONLY ACCRUES BENEFIT,... WHY FAILED?

B) It has been proven that pet products with recommendations made by veterinarians printed on their packaging sell far more successfully than those that do not have such recommendations printed on their packaging........RECOMMENDATION ON PACKAGING IS NOT A PRESCRIPTION...MOREOVER WE DON'T KNOW IF THE ONE SOLD HAS THIS RECOMMENDATION OR NOT

C) The sales of flea collars and other repellents used to maintain pet health are greatly affected by the changes of season, usually very low during the winter and autumn months of the year, rising with the beginning of spring.....SEASONAL VARIATION HAS NOT BEEN DESCRIBED

D) To be able to sell non-prescription products with active ingredients such as propuxer, the chemical used in anti-pest products, legislation requires that manufacturers limit the presence of the active ingredient......MEANS IT MAY NOT BE AS EFFECTIVE AS A PRESCRIPTION MEDICINE ....HENCE MAY NOT BE SOLD AS MUCH..............CORRECT

E) Consultation with a professional veterinarian is always advisable when confronting an issue regarding an animal's health since even someone with a fair amount of medical knowledge may not be aware of illnesses or ailments associated with a specific animal....WHAT ONE MUST DO IS IRRELEVANT...WE ARE WORRIED ABOUT THE DISCREPANCY IN THE RESULTS OF A NEW BUSINESS STRATEGY...

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A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2014, 13:37
egmat wrote:
shailendrasharma wrote:
A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented a business strategy to encourage sales by creating a product that could be legally sold over the counter, without the need for a prescription from a veterinarian. The product was a collar for cats intended as a repellent against fleas that, through biting the host animal's epidermis, would die after ingesting some of its blood. Despite the advantage of not having to consult a veterinarian in order to buy one, the collar was not successful commercially.

Which of the following, if true, does the most to explain why the manufacturer's strategy failed to achieve its objective?

A) Although the collar was only to be worn externally, its chemical components, through constant contact with the animal's skin, would be absorbed into the bloodstream, not only killing newly-attached fleas, but also ceasing the reproductive cycle of already present fleas and eggs.

B) It has been proven that pet products with recommendations made by veterinarians printed on their packaging sell far more successfully than those that do not have such recommendations printed on their packaging.

C) The sales of flea collars and other repellents used to maintain pet health are greatly affected by the changes of season, usually very low during the winter and autumn months of the year, rising with the beginning of spring.

D) To be able to sell non-prescription products with active ingredients such as propuxer, the chemical used in anti-pest products, legislation requires that manufacturers limit the presence of the active ingredient.

E) Consultation with a professional veterinarian is always advisable when confronting an issue regarding an animal's health since even someone with a fair amount of medical knowledge may not be aware of illnesses or ailments associated with a specific animal.

Source: gmat.babson.edu

Responding to a PM

Option B is incorrect because printing recommendations on packaging is different from requirement of prescriptions. Option B is actually out of scope. Just because a vet product does not require prescription before use, it does not mean that it cannot be recommended by vets. For example: there are many medicines available over the counter, which are recommended by the doctors. So, whether pet products recommended by vets are more successful or not does not affect the argument.

Option D is correct for the reason stated by Vishnu above. However, this option is also not GMAT like. The clarity that I find in correct GMAT options is not at all there in this option statement. Are fleas considered pests? Does limiting the active ingredient affect the performance of the product? These are important questions but unanswered.

Thanks,
Chiranjeev

I had the same doubt as cited by Chiranjeev. " are fleas considered pests? Does limiting the active ingredient affect the performance of the product?"
ambiguity in the options just killed my morale after a sprint of 5 wrong answers

I'm just stuck with CR! After a while it appears like all the options can be true and false
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Re: A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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02 Sep 2015, 13:00

This answer choice presents a logical explanation as to why the product failed. If the law states that non-prescription products can only use small amounts of an active ingredient, then it follows that the product only used a small amount of propuxer. However, since this chemical is what actually makes such products work, then the new flea collar was probably relatively inefficient. This inefficiency led to the product's failure.

However, how do we know that propuxer was used in the product?

Very tricky, I fell for E, but it's indeed not logical:

This statement is a logical tip for pet owners. Unfortunately, it has nothing to do with why the product in question did not succeed. For this answer choice to explain the paradox, we would have to assume that most pet owners shared this view, and lived by it, accepting only prescription medication for their pets. However, that is not given as data in the argument.

And also for B, which is too, not helping evaluating the argument:

It has been proven that pet products with recommendations made by veterinarians printed on their packaging sell far more successfully than those that do not have such recommendations printed on their packaging.
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Re: A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented [#permalink]

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22 Oct 2015, 06:58
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Hello Reto,

As pointed earlier by e-gmat, this question is actually not as clear as GMATprep problems.

There are issues with correct option (D) also:

It is not mentioned in argument at all the "limited active ingredient would make it less popular in market".......

For pick this answer you need to make following assumptions:

1. limiting active ingredient in anti-pest formulation would result in decrease effectiveness

2. Decease effectiveness would lead to decreased consumer interest in the product and hence decrease sales

I would not recommend this sort of question to naive critical reasoning forum members. There are lot of logical gaps in this question.

Regards
Re: A veterinary pharmaceutical manufacturer implemented   [#permalink] 22 Oct 2015, 06:58
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