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# A well-known former quarterback is probably very adept at

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Senior Manager
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10 Jul 2007, 07:39
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A well-known former quarterback is probably very adept at analyzing the relative strengths of football teams. However, efforts by television advertisers to suggest that the quarterback is an expert on pantyhose or popcorn poppers should arouse skepticism among viewers. The same response should result when a popular television actor, who is frequently cast in the role of a doctor, appears in a commercial to endorse a brand of decaffeinated coffee. His views on television acting would deserve attention since he has had considerable experience in that field, but viewers have every right to doubt his authority in coffee advertisements.

Which one of the following is a presupposition essential to the reasoning in the passage above?

(A) The strength of authoritative evidence as legitimate proof is closely related to the authority’s degree of expertness in the area in question.
(B) Practical experience counts for more than academic training in assessing the competence of authorities.
(C) The only kind of evidence being used in many television commercials is appeal to authority.
(D) The viewing audience is not sufficiently capable of evaluating authoritative appeals in advertisements.
(E) Television viewers will somehow mentally transfer the credibility of celebrities in one area of expertise to another represented by the product being advertised.

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Senior Manager
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10 Jul 2007, 08:06
To me, I think the answer is A.
B is kind of out of scope. C is kind of extreme. D and E, I don't know. I like A better.

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Director
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10 Jul 2007, 09:10
Its E . Since it explains the viewers reason to view those ad skeptically as the somehow mentally transfer the credibility of celebrities ....

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Director
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10 Jul 2007, 11:32
E may be?

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Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jul 2004
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Location: united states

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10 Jul 2007, 12:49
Andr359 wrote:
A well-known former quarterback is probably very adept at analyzing the relative strengths of football teams. However, efforts by television advertisers to suggest that the quarterback is an expert on pantyhose or popcorn poppers should arouse skepticism among viewers. The same response should result when a popular television actor, who is frequently cast in the role of a doctor, appears in a commercial to endorse a brand of decaffeinated coffee. His views on television acting would deserve attention since he has had considerable experience in that field, but viewers have every right to doubt his authority in coffee advertisements.

Which one of the following is a presupposition essential to the reasoning in the passage above?

(A) The strength of authoritative evidence as legitimate proof is closely related to the authority’s degree of expertness in the area in question.
(B) Practical experience counts for more than academic training in assessing the competence of authorities.
(C) The only kind of evidence being used in many television commercials is appeal to authority.
(D) The viewing audience is not sufficiently capable of evaluating authoritative appeals in advertisements.
(E) Television viewers will somehow mentally transfer the credibility of celebrities in one area of expertise to another represented by the product being advertised.

I think A.

B - out of scope, no reference of academic training.

C - the passage doesn't mention the number. So, we don't know if it's some,many, most, none or all.

D - the author himself says that the public has every right to question.

E - wrong by the same above reasoning.
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Senior Manager
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10 Jul 2007, 13:08
A is good. E is a trap

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10 Jul 2007, 13:08
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