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A year ago the government reduced the highway speed limit, and

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A year ago the government reduced the highway speed limit, and  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2019, 00:39
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Question Stats:

26% (01:03) correct 74% (01:18) wrong based on 104 sessions

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A year ago the government reduced the highway speed limit, and in the year since, there have been significantly fewer highway fatalities than there were in the previous year. Therefore, speed limit reduction can reduce traffic fatalities.

The argument is most vulnerable to the criticism that it takes for granted that

(A) highway traffic has not increased over the past year.
(B) the majority of drivers obeyed the new speed limit.
(C) there is a relation between driving speed and the number of automobile accidents.
(D) the new speed limit was more strictly enforced than the old.
(E) the number of traffic fatalities the year before the new speed limit was introduced was not abnormally high.

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Re: A year ago the government reduced the highway speed limit, and  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2019, 01:40
Straight B.

If a majority of drivers refuse to obey new limitations and despite this fact, fatalities decreased it is clear that something else caused fatalities to decrease and therefore make an argument "flawed"
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Re: A year ago the government reduced the highway speed limit, and  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2019, 18:12
Gladiator59 wrote:
A year ago the government reduced the highway speed limit, and in the year since, there have been significantly fewer highway fatalities than there were in the previous year. Therefore, speed limit reduction can reduce traffic fatalities.

The argument is most vulnerable to the criticism that it takes for granted that

(A) highway traffic has not increased over the past year.
(B) the majority of drivers obeyed the new speed limit.
(C) there is a relation between driving speed and the number of automobile accidents.
(D) the new speed limit was more strictly enforced than the old.
(E) the number of traffic fatalities the year before the new speed limit was introduced was not abnormally high.


IMO E
If for whatever reasons(say hug influx of tourists & hence traffic) the accident rate was high, the rate may have decreased without any intervention after the original situation(tourists gone back) may have resumed.
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Re: A year ago the government reduced the highway speed limit, and  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2019, 03:17
nightblade354 can you shed some light on this CR question?

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A year ago the government reduced the highway speed limit, and  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2019, 05:30
Quick lesson: When the LSAT asks you what the question took for granted, it is asking for the assumption. But, there are still ways to get around this question with negating each statement. We are still trying to weaken the argument.

A year ago the government reduced the highway speed limit, and in the year since, there have been significantly fewer highway fatalities than there were in the previous year. Therefore, speed limit reduction can reduce traffic fatalities.

The argument is most vulnerable to the criticism that it takes for granted that

(A) highway traffic has not increased over the past year. -- So what if it has? This has no connection to accidents. You would have to assume more people = more accidents. And that, itself, is an accident to avoid.
(B) the majority of drivers obeyed the new speed limit. -- OK, what if less than half obeyed the new law. Would this destroy the argument? Nope. We have no concrete numbers, so if we say that some adhere to the new speed limit, how does this destroy the argument? This could easily cause the number to go up, stay the same, or go down.
(C) there is a relation between driving speed and the number of automobile accidents. -- OK, what if that relationship means that speeds going down increases accidents?
(D) the new speed limit was more strictly enforced than the old. -- What does "more" mean? Does that mean 1 extra ticket a month? Or 1 extra ticket for every driver?
(E) the number of traffic fatalities the year before the new speed limit was introduced was not abnormally high. -- Bingo bango. If the number was abnormally high (say 100), and then the new speed limit made it 50, who is to say this caused the drop? This is our answer.
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A year ago the government reduced the highway speed limit, and &nbs [#permalink] 15 Jan 2019, 05:30
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