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Accidents involving drivers who do not wear seatbelts...

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Accidents involving drivers who do not wear seatbelts...  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 14 Jun 2016, 00:32
1
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00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

45% (01:52) correct 55% (02:03) wrong based on 450 sessions

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Quote:
Accidents involving drivers who do not wear seatbelts have been shown to cause higher rates of serious injury than accidents involving drivers who do wear seatbelts. Because drivers who do not wear seatbelts can end up costing taxpayers money in medical bills, Thoracic County should make it illegal to drive without a seatbelt.


Which of the following, if true, provides the most support for the argument above?


A) In Thoracic County, the number of severe injuries and deaths caused by driving without a seatbelt is less than the number caused by drunk driving.
B) Within Thoracic County, the majority of citizens already wear their seatbelts.
C) Motorcycle accidents are statistically more significant in terms of the money they cost taxpayers in Thoracic County.
D) No significant effect on public health would result if driver safety were prioritized in Thoracic County.
E) On particularly dangerous roads in Thoracic County, vehicular accidents of all kinds are common.

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Originally posted by DensetsuNo on 13 Jun 2016, 09:11.
Last edited by DensetsuNo on 14 Jun 2016, 00:32, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: Accidents involving drivers who do not wear seatbelts...  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2016, 09:51
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Accidents involving drivers who do not wear seatbelts have been shown to cause higher rates of serious injury than accidents involving drivers who do wear seatbelts. Because drivers who do not wear seatbelts can end up costing taxpayers money in medical bills, Thoracic County should make it illegal to drive without a seatbelt.



Which of the following, if true, provides the most support for the argument above? Conclusion is driving without seatbelts shold be made illegal in the thoracic county

A) In Thoracic County, the number of severe injuries and deaths caused by driving without a seatbelt is less than the number caused by drunk driving.- does not support
B) Within Thoracic County, the majority of citizens already wear their seatbelts. - does not support since the driving if made illegal will not produce any additional benefit regards the expenditure of money by the taxpayers on medical bills
C) Motorcycle accidents are statistically more significant in terms of the money they cost taxpayers in Thoracic County.- out of context
D) No significant effect on public health would result if driver safety were prioritized in Thoracic County-out of context
E) On particularly dangerous roads in Thoracic County, vehicular accidents of all kinds are common- correct option. supports the statement that driving without seatbelt should be made illegal since vehicular accidents are common in particularly the dangerous roads of Thoracic County
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Re: Accidents involving drivers who do not wear seatbelts...  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Jun 2016, 10:24
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DensetsuNo wrote:
Quote:
Accidents involving drivers who do not wear seatbelts have been shown to cause higher rates of serious injury than accidents involving drivers who do wear seatbelts. Because drivers who do not wear seatbelts can end up costing taxpayers money in medical bills, Thoracic County should make it illegal to drive without a seatbelt.


Which of the following, if true, provides the most support for the argument above?


A) In Thoracic County, the number of severe injuries and deaths caused by driving without a seatbelt is less than the number caused by drunk driving.
B) Within Thoracic County, the majority of citizens already wear their seatbelts.
C) Motorcycle accidents are statistically more significant in terms of the money they cost taxpayers in Thoracic County.
D) No significant effect on public health would result if driver safety were prioritized in Thoracic County.
E) On particularly dangerous roads in Thoracic County, vehicular accidents of all kinds are common.

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Conclusion- TC should make it illegal to drive without seatbelt.
Reason- Because drivers not wearing seatbelts could be a financial burden on taxpayers.

There is an evidence given to support wearing of seatbelt.

To support the conclusion, we have to show how wearing seatbelt is beneficial for TC.

A) In Thoracic County, the number of severe injuries and deaths caused by driving without a seatbelt is less than the number caused by drunk driving. Causing doubt instead of supporting the new proposal
B) Within Thoracic County, the majority of citizens already wear their seatbelt. Causing doubt- if citizens already wear seatbelt then there would not be any major change by passage of this law.
C) Motorcycle accidents are statistically more significant in terms of the money they cost taxpayers in Thoracic County. We are concerned about car accidents.
D) No significant effect on public health would result if driver safety were prioritized in Thoracic County. We are concerned about the financial burden due to not wearing seatbelt.
E) On particularly dangerous roads in Thoracic County, vehicular accidents of all kinds are common. This supports the conclusion. If all kinds of accidents are common then wearing seatbelt reduces the chances of serious injuries and hence could save money.

IMO E is the answer
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New post 13 Jun 2016, 11:03
Conclusion : Thoracic County should make it illegal to drive without a seatbelt. Our goal is to strengthen this conclusion by offering additional insights/premises.

A) In Thoracic County, the number of severe injuries and deaths caused by driving without a seatbelt is less than the number caused by drunk driving. - Not relevant to argument as argument is about with/without seatbelt
B) Within Thoracic County, the majority of citizens already wear their seatbelts. - That is good. Then it is kind of weakening the conclusion by telling that there is no need to make driving without seatbelt illegal.
C) Motorcycle accidents are statistically more significant in terms of the money they cost taxpayers in Thoracic County. - This is irrelevant to the argument.
D) No significant effect on public health would result if driver safety were prioritized in Thoracic County. - This is weakening the conclusion, as driver safety will have no significant effect.
E) On particularly dangerous roads in Thoracic County, vehicular accidents of all kinds are common. - Correct answer
Looks like an assumption to me and hence a correct support. If the accidents on dangerous roads are common, then drivers will need seatbelts.
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New post 26 Apr 2017, 23:05
A) In Thoracic County, the number of severe injuries and deaths caused by driving without a seatbelt is less than the number caused by drunk driving. .. drunk driving out of scope
B) Within Thoracic County, the majority of citizens already wear their seatbelts. it weakens the argument
C) Motorcycle accidents are statistically more significant in terms of the money they cost taxpayers in Thoracic County. no seat belt required for motorcycle .no corelation
D) No significant effect on public health would result if driver safety were prioritized in Thoracic County. weakens the assumption
E) On particularly dangerous roads in Thoracic County, vehicular accidents of all kinds are common.
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Re: Accidents involving drivers who do not wear seatbelts...  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2017, 10:01
D is quite general, so D shows little connection with the seatbelt and the accidents
In E, the key word is "accidents of all kind are common"
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Re: Accidents involving drivers who do not wear seatbelts...  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jun 2017, 10:30
Imo E
If all types of accidents are equally likely then wearing a seatbelt will decrease the likelihood of an accident or prevent injury thus saving in medical bills
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Re: Accidents involving drivers who do not wear seatbelts...  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2018, 06:15
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Official Explanation
Answer = (E).

Driving without a seatbelt is expensive for taxpayers, as these drivers often get seriously injured. We can strengthen the evidence for this argument by making the “often” or “serious” parts of the evidence more explicit. In this case, (E) works as a strengthener, as the frequency (“often”) of accidents on such roads (“particularly dangerous”) is notable.

Providing information about another problem with drivers on the road doesn’t do anything to highlight the frequency or seriousness of injuries caused by drivers not wearing seatbelts (A). We want to strengthen the seatbelt argument, not create an entirely new one.

If most citizens already wear seatbelts (B), it would not be necessary to implement a law to get them to do so. It is not necessary to address a non-existent problem.

Similar to (A), (C) addresses a different problem from the issue of drivers failing to wear seatbelts. Even if these motorcycle accidents are more serious, they are not linked to this argument in a direct way.

Finally, if public health did not improve with this measure (D), that would provide evidence against, not in favor of, this argument; the passage is arguing that public health is affected enough by this issue that it should be addressed by law. If public health isn’t affected, there would be less need for the law.
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Re: Accidents involving drivers who do not wear seatbelts...  [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2018, 10:40
Is this really an 85% difficulty question? At what level would this question be asked?

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Re: Accidents involving drivers who do not wear seatbelts...   [#permalink] 13 Aug 2018, 10:40
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