It is currently 13 Dec 2017, 11:05

# Decision(s) Day!:

CHAT Rooms | Ross R1 | Kellogg R1 | Darden R1 | Tepper R1

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Status: GMAT Instructor
Joined: 23 Jun 2013
Posts: 178

Kudos [?]: 83 [1], given: 4

Location: India
GRE 1: 2280 Q790 V710
GPA: 3.3
WE: Editorial and Writing (Education)
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Dec 2014, 21:00
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
A survey compares entities/actions within a specific time frame. Here, the intent is to compare how much certain institutions (currently) charge versus how much some other institutions (currently) charge. In other words, the survey is comparing two "dynamic" entities -- based on how much they charge today:
1. X institutions (currently) charge over \$16K.
2. More than 3X institutions (currently) charge under \$8K. (Set C of institutions)

Choice E converts St. 1 about institutions that currently charge over \$16K (a dynamic set) into a statement about institutions that have charged over \$16K over the course of history ("institutions charging over \$16K"). These institutions (Set A) may or may not be charging over \$16K today. Additionally, other institutions that traditionally did not charge over \$16K (Set B) may have hiked their fees and could be charging over \$16K today.

The survey compares Set C to "Set A + Set B" but the wording of Choice E makes it compare Set C (a dynamic set) to only Set A (a static set).

By including the verb, "charge" (versus the adjective, "charging"), Choice D makes it clear that the survey correctly compares institutions that currently charge under \$8K to those that currently charge over \$16K.
_________________

EnterMBA

Kudos [?]: 83 [1], given: 4

Non-Human User
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10197

Kudos [?]: 277 [0], given: 0

Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Feb 2015, 15:39
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 277 [0], given: 0

Retired Moderator
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 4321

Kudos [?]: 8327 [0], given: 366

Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Aug 2015, 08:09
Here the institutions that charge under \$8000 are in comparison with those institutions that charge over \$1000. The phrase more than three times is a diversion from the core of the topic. The idiom should be ‘as much as’ .Let us dump A B and C, for missing the 'as much as' structure.
Between D and E: The elements that are being compared should be clearly stated rather than leaving to imagination. 'As charge' may be mistaken to modify the noun phrase 'tuition and fees of under \$8000 a year'. In order to avoid these pit falls, the word 'those' should be necessarily mentioned to make it clear that it is these two types of institutions that are under comparison. That is the reason that D is a doubtful contender.

So E is better; here ‘charging’ is a present participle modifier that describes those institutions.
_________________

Can you solve at least some SC questions without delving into the initial statement?

Narendran 98845 44509

Kudos [?]: 8327 [0], given: 366

Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2014
Posts: 163

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 79

WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

01 Aug 2015, 22:14
daagh wrote:
Here the institutions that charge under \$8000 are in comparison with those institutions that charge over \$1000. The phrase more than three times is a diversion from the core of the topic. The idiom should be ‘as much as’ .Let us dump A B and C, for missing the 'as much as' structure.
Between D and E: The elements that are being compared should be clearly stated rather than leaving to imagination. 'As charge' may be mistaken to modify the noun phrase 'tuition and fees of under \$8000 a year'. In order to avoid these pit falls, the word 'those' should be necessarily mentioned to make it clear that it is these two types of institutions that are under comparison. That is the reason that D is a doubtful contender.

So E is better; here ‘charging’ is a present participle modifier that describes those institutions.

Even i chose E when i attempted this question and thats why i posted it here. My reasoning was same as yours.
But as the other person here said that "charging" is not parallel to "institutions charge" it may be correct but "as those that charge" should be the correct parallel form in D i think. Please correct me if im wrong.

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 79

Intern
Joined: 13 May 2014
Posts: 28

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 43

GMAT Date: 11-01-2014
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Aug 2015, 08:31
Request explanation for the correct answer

Kudos [?]: 20 [0], given: 43

Manager
Joined: 25 Nov 2014
Posts: 163

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 79

WE: Engineering (Manufacturing)
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College and [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Aug 2015, 08:42
even i selected E as the correct answer but the official answer is D. I posted this question because i want a discussion on this question because i feel that instead of "as charge" in D it should "as those that charge".

Also now as i've read explanations of this question in different threads, i feel E is incorrect since it uses -ING modifier which is not parallel to "charge" in first clause.

Kudos [?]: 34 [0], given: 79

Board of Directors
Status: Aiming MBA
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 2861

Kudos [?]: 967 [0], given: 69

Location: India
Concentration: Healthcare, Technology
GPA: 3.65
WE: Information Technology (Health Care)
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Aug 2015, 02:37
Experts,

I also marked E as per standard logic but GMAT Prep Says its D.

Kindly provide the reason behind it.

Thanks!!
Abhishek
_________________

How I improved from V21 to V40! ?

Kudos [?]: 967 [0], given: 69

Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Jun 2015
Posts: 259

Kudos [?]: 41 [0], given: 165

GMAT 1: 540 Q39 V26
GMAT 2: 680 Q46 V37
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Aug 2015, 05:01
1. As many as is the correct usage

2. Had option E been as many as those who charge, it would have been wordier but grammatically correct, unlike the current situation where E in grammatically incorrect for using "charging"
_________________

Fais de ta vie un rêve et d'un rêve une réalité

Kudos [?]: 41 [0], given: 165

Retired Moderator
Joined: 29 Apr 2015
Posts: 888

Kudos [?]: 1916 [0], given: 302

Location: Switzerland
Concentration: Economics, Finance
Schools: LBS MIF '19
WE: Asset Management (Investment Banking)
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Oct 2015, 12:00
arorag wrote:
According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College and University Business Officers, more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under \$8,000 a year than those that charge over \$16,000.

A) than those that charge
B) than are charging
C) than to charge
D) as charge
E) as those charging

Hi daagh

Could you enlight us with your comments on this question regarding AC D and E?
_________________

Saving was yesterday, heat up the gmatclub.forum's sentiment by spending KUDOS!

PS Please send me PM if I do not respond to your question within 24 hours.

Kudos [?]: 1916 [0], given: 302

Manager
Joined: 02 Nov 2014
Posts: 215

Kudos [?]: 136 [0], given: 75

GMAT Date: 08-04-2015
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Oct 2015, 09:41
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
D has to be the right answer.

Simplest point to notice is parallelism. For brevity let's make it simpler, E says: 3X as many colleges charge under 8k as [colleges] charging 16k. - as many X as Y construction where X = Subject+Verb and Y = Noun+Noun Modifier. Certainly not parallel.

D says: 3X as many colleges charge under 8k as [colleges] charge 16k - correct, maintains ||ism properly.

The main confusion that prevails in many previous discussions is: whether number of colleges are compared or the way they charge? This is certainly a confusion in this lengthy sentence but think about a similarly constructed straightforward sentence:

Along the jogging track, 3 times as many people walk swiftly as walk slowly.

- makes perfect sense without any confusion, I guess. Note that the object of comparison is the way they walk and not the number of people.
In fact, look closely in the matter, relative number of people does not matter at all. How? remove the phrase 3 times and see: Along the jogging track, as many people walk swiftly as walk slowly - still makes perfect sense.
The way the original sentence is written, it is clear that the action of charging is compared and thus, D is the correct answer.

Binit.

Kudos [?]: 136 [0], given: 75

Intern
Joined: 06 Jul 2015
Posts: 15

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 10

Concentration: Entrepreneurship, Technology
GMAT 1: 690 Q50 V34
GMAT 2: 720 Q50 V38
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Dec 2015, 15:50
I got this question on an official GMAT Prep Exam and chose E too.
The official answer is D though.

On this port, more than three times as many boats are sailing boats as are motor yachts.

I think that last sentence is better than this one:
On this port, more that three times as many boats are sailing boats as those that are motor yachts.

Therefore the structure would be: More than X times as many [OBJECTS] are [CHARACTERISTIC] as are [OTHER CHARACTERISTIC]

Maybe this could calrify why D is a better option?

Kudos [?]: 5 [0], given: 10

Senior Manager
Status: Always try to face your worst fear because nothing GOOD comes easy. You must be UNCOMFORTABLE to get to your COMFORT ZONE
Joined: 15 Aug 2014
Posts: 353

Kudos [?]: 97 [0], given: 472

Concentration: Marketing, Technology
GMAT 1: 570 Q44 V25
GMAT 2: 600 Q48 V25
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jan 2016, 08:38
arorag wrote:
According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College and University Business Officers, more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under \$8,000 a year than those that charge over \$16,000.

A) than those that charge
B) than are charging
C) than to charge
D) as charge
E) as those charging

Same question in another forum says option E is correct.

according-to-a-1996-survey-by-the-national-association-of-85428.html

Which one should be considered? Either option D/E.
_________________

"When you want to succeed as bad as you want to breathe, then you’ll be successful.” - Eric Thomas

I need to work on timing badly!!

Kudos [?]: 97 [0], given: 472

Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3227

Kudos [?]: 3636 [0], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 May 2016, 03:28
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Nick90 wrote:
skg wrote:
According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College an University Business Officers, more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under \$8,000 a year than those that charge over \$16,000.

A) than those that charge
B) than are charging
C) than to charge
D) as charge
E) as those charging

As X as Y is the correct idiom; hence, only D and E are left.

The comparison says more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition fee of under 8000 as institutions that charge 16000

In option E 'Charging' is not parallel to Charge , and hence is a wrong option.

but as per egmat explanation "charging" meand "that charge" ...... so logically E is also correct .

please correct me , If i am wrong here .

I am copying the my own previous post here in case you missed it. If you are differ with this post, I would be happy to discuss further on arriving at a meaningful explanation.

"A simpler construction might help understand the complex question better:
Three times as many students like football as like basketball.

The correct comparison marker is as.... as. The combination as... than is wrong (than must go with a comparative adjective, not with as)

Therefore A,B and C can be eliminated.

The compared elements are:

3X institutions charge low fees (< \$8000) and X institutions charge high fees (>\$16,000). Two verbs charge and charge are being compared.

In option E,the parallelism is lost because charge and charging are compared.

Therefore D is correct."[/quote]

In option E, one element is a verb (charge) and other a participle (charging).

Kudos [?]: 3636 [0], given: 22

Director
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 747

Kudos [?]: 330 [0], given: 13

Location: Bangalore, India
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Jun 2016, 21:43
rohitbansal1507 wrote:
I'm not convinced with your explanation. As I've studied in eGMAT we can definitely use "ing" form as a verb as well. In option "E" charging has been used as verb and not participle. This is the definition of participle:

a word formed from a verb (e.g. going, gone, being, been ) and used as an adjective (e.g. working woman, burnt toast ) or a noun (e.g. good breeding ). In English participles are also used to make compound verb forms (e.g. is going, has been )

"Charging" in E doesn't satisfy any of the two usages of participle. Its a verb and can be parallel to another verb.

Hi Rohit, as you have rightly mentioned, the -ing form of the verb can pretty much have only the following two usages:
ii) As noun

Since these -ing forms can only be used as adjectives or nouns, how can they be parallel with verbs (for the simple reason that they are different parts of speech!).

Let alone -ing forms not being parallel to verbs; even within the -ing forms, the -ing forms used as adjectives are not parallel to -ing forms used as nouns. This is the reason, our book Sentence Correction Nirvana consistently uses different terminology (participles and gerunds) to refer to the adjective form and noun form of these -ing forms respectively.

Quote:
Also, how do you justify D as correct option? Doesn't it miss the "college" part

In English grammar, this is called ellipsis, wherein certain words are assumed. Just to draw an analogy, following would be correct:

By teenage, ten times as many children study as remain illiterate.

Again, children is implied in the second half.

By the way, in the sentence under consideration, I would go so much to the extent that even charge is not really required (though option D does use it from a clarity perspective). So, following would have been fine as well (though I admit that I have not given it too much thought; would like to invite comments):

....more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under \$8,000 a year as over \$16,000
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish (GMAT Faculty @ EducationAisle)
http://www.EducationAisle.com

Sentence Correction Nirvana available at Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Kudos [?]: 330 [0], given: 13

Manager
Joined: 29 Jun 2015
Posts: 238

Kudos [?]: 49 [0], given: 7

Location: Singapore
Concentration: Operations, General Management
GMAT 1: 740 Q50 V40
GPA: 3.4
WE: Manufacturing and Production (Manufacturing)
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Jun 2016, 22:07
EducationAisle wrote:
rohitbansal1507 wrote:
I'm not convinced with your explanation. As I've studied in eGMAT we can definitely use "ing" form as a verb as well. In option "E" charging has been used as verb and not participle. This is the definition of participle:

a word formed from a verb (e.g. going, gone, being, been ) and used as an adjective (e.g. working woman, burnt toast ) or a noun (e.g. good breeding ). In English participles are also used to make compound verb forms (e.g. is going, has been )

"Charging" in E doesn't satisfy any of the two usages of participle. Its a verb and can be parallel to another verb.

Hi Rohit, as you have rightly mentioned, the -ing form of the verb can pretty much have only the following two usages:
ii) As noun

Since these -ing forms can only be used as adjectives or nouns, how can they be parallel with verbs (for the simple reason that they are different parts of speech!).

Let alone -ing forms not being parallel to verbs; even within the -ing forms, the -ing forms used as adjectives are not parallel to -ing forms used as nouns. This is the reason, our book Sentence Correction Nirvana consistently uses different terminology (participles and gerunds) to refer to the adjective form and noun form of these -ing forms respectively.

Quote:
Also, how do you justify D as correct option? Doesn't it miss the "college" part

In English grammar, this is called ellipsis, wherein certain words are assumed. Just to draw an analogy, following would be correct:

By teenage, ten times as many children study as remain illiterate.

Again, children is implied in the second half.

By the way, in the sentence under consideration, I would go so much to the extent that even charge is not really required (though option D does use it from a clarity perspective). So, following would have been fine as well (though I admit that I have not given it too much thought; would like to invite comments):

....more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under \$8,000 a year as over \$16,000

Alright...I'm clear with the reasoning now..But there is a slight technicality that I wanted to clear.
You're misquoting me when you say "ing" form of verb can only have two usages. I wrote this for participle.
Anyways, this is my understanding: "Verb-ing words can function as 1) a noun that denotes an action, 2) an adjective
or 3) as a verb when preceded by a helping verb."

eg. I am studying too much of SC.
Here "am studying" is a verb with "am" as a helping verb.

In this case I considered "those charging" as a verb in option E and that was my mistake. I thought of "those" as a helping verb which it is not.

So the crux of the discussion is, whenever we see "-ing" form of verb, first check if its working as a noun or as an adjective or as a verb with a helping verb..Than check if it follows with the rest of sentence.

Kudos [?]: 49 [0], given: 7

Director
Joined: 04 Jun 2016
Posts: 645

Kudos [?]: 389 [0], given: 36

GMAT 1: 750 Q49 V43
According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Jun 2016, 22:19
arorag wrote:
According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College and University Business Officers, more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under \$8,000 a year than those that charge over \$16,000.

A) than those that charge
B) than are charging
C) than to charge
D) as charge
E) as those charging

ANSWER IS D (fits like a glove )

A lot of garbage in this question. Lets start cleaning a bit

According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College and University Business Officers, more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under \$8,000 a year than those that charge over \$16,000.

More than three times as many institutions charge under \$8,000 a year as (institutions those) charge over \$16000 (a year)

(institutions those) & (a year) are implied ellipsis.

A) than those that charge
B) than are charging
C) than to charge
D) as charge
E) as those charging
_________________

Posting an answer without an explanation is "GOD COMPLEX". The world doesn't need any more gods. Please explain you answers properly.
FINAL GOODBYE :- 17th SEPTEMBER 2016. .. 16 March 2017 - I am back but for all purposes please consider me semi-retired.

Kudos [?]: 389 [0], given: 36

Manager
Joined: 24 Jun 2016
Posts: 247

Kudos [?]: 44 [1], given: 13

Location: Viet Nam
Schools: Booth '19
GMAT 1: 770 Q60 V60
GPA: 4
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jun 2016, 09:29
1
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Not sure if these examples would help people understand the structure:

1. More people walk than drive.
2. Twice as many people walk as drive.
3. More people own guns than own cars.
4. Twice as many people own guns as own cars.
5. More independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under \$8,000 a year than charge over \$16,000.
5. More than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under \$8,000 a year as charge over \$16,000.
_________________

Offering top quality online and offline GMAT tutoring service in Vietnam, Southeast Asia, and worldwide.

\$60/hour as of November 2017.

HanoiGMATTutor@gmail.com

Kudos [?]: 44 [1], given: 13

Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3227

Kudos [?]: 3636 [3], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2016, 06:49
3
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Tobybun wrote:
mayankbhatnagar wrote:
OA is E....it uses idiom as X as Y

Sent from my MotoG3 using Tapatalk

Yes, I got the idiomatic bit of it. However, what about charge || charging? I think option e is breaking parallelism

It is acceptable to omit repeated parts of the second element of two elements in parallel. Before the omission the sentence (simplified for easy understanding) is as follows:

More than three times as many institutions charge low fees as institutions charge high fees.

The blue font and green font portions are parallel elements.

It is allowed to omit the repeated part (institutions) from the second element ( green font). After omission the sentence becomes:
More than three times as many institutions charge low fees as instituionscharge high fees.

Kudos [?]: 3636 [3], given: 22

SVP
Joined: 11 Sep 2015
Posts: 1906

Kudos [?]: 2743 [2], given: 364

Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jul 2016, 11:10
2
KUDOS
Expert's post
Top Contributor
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Tobybun wrote:
According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College and University
Business Officers, more than three times as many independent institutions of higher
education charge tuition and fees of under \$8,000 a year than those that charge over
\$16,000

A. than those that charge
B. than are charging
C. than to charge
D. as charge
E. as those charging

This sentence has a LOT of fluff that gets in the way of locating the correct answer.

GIVEN: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College and University Business Officers, more than three times as many independent institutions of higher education charge tuition and fees of under \$8,000 a year than those that charge over \$16,000

IGNORE THE FLUFF: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of College and University Business Officers, more than three times as many THINGS DO one thing ______________something else

For parallelism, the blank needs something like "as DO"

We get: Three times as many THINGS DO one thing as DO something else

[Reveal] Spoiler:
D

RELATED VIDEOS

_________________

Brent Hanneson – Founder of gmatprepnow.com

Kudos [?]: 2743 [2], given: 364

Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3227

Kudos [?]: 3636 [0], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2016, 10:20
manhasnoname wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:

A simpler construction might help understand the complex question better:
Three times as many students like football as like basketball.

The correct comparison marker is as.... as. The combination as... than is wrong (than must go with a comparative adjective, not with as)

Therefore A,B and C can be eliminated.

The compared elements are:

3X institutions charge low fees (< \$8000) and X institutions charge high fees (>\$16,000). Two verbs charge and charge are being compared.

In option E,the parallelism is lost because charge and charging are compared.

Therefore D is correct.

Sure, verb parallelism is achieved in (E). But, isn't it comparing institutions with charge as opposed to institutions with institutions?

I am not clear about your query. How verb parallelism is achieved in E? In E, a present participle modifier is made parallel to a verb. Could you clarify your query?

If you meant "D" rather "E" then my post above could help explain, why the parallelism is correct in D. Please note that the repeated "institutions" has been omitted from the second element of parallel structure.

Kudos [?]: 3636 [0], given: 22

Re: According to a 1996 survey by the National Association of   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2016, 10:20

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   4   5    Next  [ 82 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by