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According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house

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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]

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New post 05 May 2017, 23:43
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ssandeepan wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 85
Page: 744

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


First Glance

The underline is very short; compare the answer choices before reading the original sentence. The first answer uses like while others use as; a comparison is being tested.

Issues

(1) Comparison: like that; as that; did; have

The like versus as split in the answers indicates that the sentence contains a comparison. What is the comparison? Also check the comparison for parallelism.

The sentence compares two groups: young adults today and those of earlier generations. The heart of the comparison is the fact that owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is a goal of both groups. In other words, the full comparison itself is a clause, so as should be used to make the comparison (like is used to compare nouns). Further, as is used to compare two clauses but the second half of the comparison in answer (B) does not include a verb. Eliminate answers (A) and (B).

Answers (C), (D), and (E) all correctly use as and include a verb in the second half of the comparison. Which is correct? Parallelism still rules the day. Owning and living is a goal today as owning and living was a goal in the past.

Answer (C) uses the verb did; the earlier generations did a goal?
Answer (D) uses the verb have; owning and living have earlier generations?

Neither makes sense. Eliminate answers (C) and (D).

Note that was and is are different tenses, but the clauses are still parallel. The simple past tense was is appropriate for something that was a goal of young adults in past generations, just as the simple present is reflects something that is a goal of young adults now.

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (E) offers a parallel structure for the comparison. The pronoun it refers to the noun phrase owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land, the verb was is parallel to the verb is.
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2017, 17:55
ssandeepan wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 85
Page: 744

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


A "Like" cannot be used to compare clauses. So in this case, "owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal" is shared by both groups, so "like" is wrong.
B "As" is correct, but "for" is incorrect. It's not a goal "for" the "earlier generations"; instead, it's a goal "of" earlier generations.
C "Did" is incorrect here--the original verb is "is."
D "Have" is incorrect here--the original verb is "is."
E Correct.

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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]

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New post 26 May 2017, 21:18
The only valid 2 points here are " As " and " of" earlier generation.
As is used for 2 clauses and " Of earlier generation " is parallel to " Of young adults ". So only valid combination here is option D.

Kudos if it helps any1...

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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]

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New post 10 Sep 2017, 00:27
chuckle wrote:
36. According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations



Why cant "it" in E refer to house and land?

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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]

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New post 17 Sep 2017, 12:25
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

(A) like that of earlier generations ==> Missing verb (Making this sentence as phrase)

(B) as that for earlier generations ==> Missing verb (Making this sentence as phrase)

(C) just as earlier generations did ==> Earlier generations did not do "goals"

(D) as have earlier generations ==> Not parallel to "is"

(E) as it was of earlier generations ==> CORRECT
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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]

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New post 26 Oct 2017, 03:13
hazelnut wrote:
ssandeepan wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 85
Page: 744

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


First Glance

The underline is very short; compare the answer choices before reading the original sentence. The first answer uses like while others use as; a comparison is being tested.

Issues

(1) Comparison: like that; as that; did; have

The like versus as split in the answers indicates that the sentence contains a comparison. What is the comparison? Also check the comparison for parallelism.

The sentence compares two groups: young adults today and those of earlier generations. The heart of the comparison is the fact that owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is a goal of both groups. In other words, the full comparison itself is a clause, so as should be used to make the comparison (like is used to compare nouns). Further, as is used to compare two clauses but the second half of the comparison in answer (B) does not include a verb. Eliminate answers (A) and (B).

Answers (C), (D), and (E) all correctly use as and include a verb in the second half of the comparison. Which is correct? Parallelism still rules the day. Owning and living is a goal today as owning and living was a goal in the past.

Answer (C) uses the verb did; the earlier generations did a goal?
Answer (D) uses the verb have; owning and living have earlier generations?

Neither makes sense. Eliminate answers (C) and (D).

Note that was and is are different tenses, but the clauses are still parallel. The simple past tense was is appropriate for something that was a goal of young adults in past generations, just as the simple present is reflects something that is a goal of young adults now.

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (E) offers a parallel structure for the comparison. The pronoun it refers to the noun phrase owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land, the verb was is parallel to the verb is.


Hi hazelnut,

Can you please help me clarifying my doubt?
Although I got the right answer 'E' by using POE, I'm somewhat confused with the usage of 'like'.
Like is also used to compare noun phrases (not prepositional phrases & clauses).
What will be sentence structure using like for comparison?

Thanks in advance.
Regards,

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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2017, 03:06
izaidi wrote:
mrik wrote:
IMO E, but i couldn't find any problem with C.

just as earlier generations did : is it not comparing the act of owning and living in a freestanding house? Please explaing


IMO:

c) just as earlier generations did

This compares the goal of the young adults to something the earlier generations "did"

e) as it was of earlier generations

This compares the goal of the young adults to the goal of the earlier generations


Good explanation ,,,thanks...

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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]

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New post 27 Oct 2017, 17:50
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a
majority of young adults, (like that of earlier generations. )

(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations

OA=E

I understand why E is correct but I can't see why the other choices are wrong, especially according to the OG explanations.
1.
My understanding is that A is wrong because the goal is shared ( the same), so you can't use like to compare the same goal, which means like can only be used to compare 2 DIFFERENT things, so A is incorrect? HOWEVER, OG said A is wrong because it lacks subject and verb and is not parallel to the main clause. And it seems that this explanation has nothing to do with my understanding. So am I wrong about the usage of LIKE VS AS, with respect to the compared things? But the OG explanation is too vague and what is the exact reason why A is wrong, more specifically?

2.
Also, for B choice, OG provides the same explanation " without subject and verb, is not parallel to the main clause". However, why can we not see THAT FOR EARLIER GENERATIONS as a subject, so this choice just need a verb, not like what the OG says.

3.
C-og thinks its not parallel because of the subject and verb.WHY?
The subjects are not parallel because they are not the compared things? Does that mean for the parallelism, you should make sure the subjects are the same type, e.g. people to people, AND the compared things to be the subjects.
What about the verb? You should only use" to be "in the second clause to match" to be" in the first, like "was" to "is", BUT NOT "did" to "is". So the" to V" is not parallel to "to be"? I don't know what they should be called by terminology, but i refer to verbs like do, have, dance as "to V" and "am, is, are, were, as" as "to be".

4.
OG=the verb have is not parallel to is in the main clause and also does not make sense without a past participle. WHY? Because "have" cannot match "to be", like am/is/are/were? So whenver you see the answer choice contains such a non-to be verb, but in the meantime, the main clause has a "to be" verb, and the answer choice is wrong because the verb forms are not parallel? Also, why it does not make sense without a past participle? Does it mean you should say " have had"? But why? Because the earlier generations started to have this goal in the past? But it also makes sense to say that they have the goal always.

5.
For the correct answer choice E, does it omit "the goal"? So you can omit whatever(subject/verb/object,etc) as long as the meaning is clear, not vague? Can you omit a complete clause? Could you please give me any specific examples?

Can anyone help to clarify my questions? Any input will be greatly appreciated! I found a lot of og explanations really confusing and TOO concise. THANKS A LOT!

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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2017, 06:17
this is how I eliminated the options. So here the options introduce comparison with the use f like and as . So like is always followed by a noun So option A is incorrect. Now option B is not parallel to the first part if the comparison which is majority of the young adults . Now C has SV agreement error since did is singular. D As has to be followed by a clause and also the second part of the comparison is not parallel to the first part . Option E is both parallel and as is followed by a clause.
Correct me if my analysis is wrong. Than you

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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2017, 06:48
chuckle wrote:
36. According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


Testing parallelism.
comparison between goal as is correct marker. A & C (just as is for example) is out
comparison between goal of this gen to earlier so B & D out.

E is the answer goal of a majority----it was (goal) of earlier

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Re: According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house   [#permalink] 14 Nov 2017, 06:48

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