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To clarify, "that" does not always function as a pronoun and even when functioning as a pronoun it's not always acting in this "new copy" fashion. This particular sentence, however, does have "that" acting as a pronoun where it would be a new copy. Here is another GMATPrep sentence that uses "that" in the same way: "The Neanderthal had a vocal tract like THAT of the apes" (I'm pulling from memory so that may not be word-for-word).

Using the pronoun "that" to represent a new copy doesn't work particularly well here. It makes sense when you are talking about things that obviously cannot be shared: "Their house looks just like that of my parents" or "Her dancing was superior to that of her rival". [Notice that the "new-copy" that construction is a bit awkward and can be easily stated in other ways, such as using the possessive.] In this sentence the goals are shared and not exclusive, so it doesn't really call for "that" as a pronoun.

The real kicker against "that" in this problem (as cited by the OA) is the lack of parallelism between the main clause and this subordinate clause. "That" would stand in the place of the very long idea "owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land", which is followed by the verb "is". To be parallel, we would need to include the verb "was" after "that" to be parallel in structure. ....owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is a goal..., as that was... [again, I would prefer using the pronoun "it" to indicate the goals are the same]

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Dear Friends,

Here is a detailed explanation to this question-
chuckle wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.


(A) like that of earlier generations

(B) as that for earlier generations

(C) just as earlier generations did

(D) as have earlier generations

(E) as it was of earlier generations



Concepts tested here: Meaning + Idioms

• “like” is used for comparing nouns, “as” is used for comparing actions/clauses, and “such as” is used for giving examples.
• Comparison must always be made between similar elements.

A: Trap. This answer choice incorrectly compares the clause “owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults” to the phrase “that of earlier generations”; please remember, a comparison must always be made between similar elements. Further, Option A incorrectly uses “like” to compare a clause; remember, “like” is used for comparing nouns, “as” is used for comparing actions/clauses, and “such as” is used for giving examples.

B: This answer choice incorrectly compares the clause “owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults” to the phrase “that for earlier generations”; please remember, a comparison must always be made between similar elements.

C: This answer choice incorrectly compares “owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults” to “earlier generations did”; please remember, a comparison must always be made between similar elements.

D: This answer choice incorrectly compares the clause “owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults” to the phrase “have earlier generations”; please remember, a comparison must always be made between similar elements.

E: Correct. This answer choice correctly compares the clauses “owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults” and “it was of earlier generations”. Further, Option D correctly uses “as” to compare two clauses.

Hence, E is the best answer choice.

To understand the concept of "Like" vs "As" on GMAT, you may want to watch the following video (~1 minute):



All the best!
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'E' it is.

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, as it was of earlier generations.
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ssandeepan wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


Clearly E for parallelsim and "as" for comparing two clauses
X is goal of you youg adults, as it was of earlier generation
--> X is goal of you youg adults, as X was [goal]of earlier generation.
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According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
A. like that of earlier generations
B. as that of for earlier generations
C. just as earlier generations did
D. as have earlier generations
E. as it was of earlier generations

Could you please help me explain the following points?
1. Does the possessive pronoun 'its' stand for freestanding house?
2. Within my limit knowledge, the underlined part = like a goal of earlier generations. Is it right? If not, could you explain for me?
3. I am confused between A and E. Are their meaning different from each other?

Thank you very much.

Originally posted by misanguyen2010 on 05 Dec 2013, 21:45.
Last edited by Gnpth on 29 Sep 2014, 04:09, edited 3 times in total.
edited the Title and added OA
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misanguyen2010 wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
A. like that of earlier generations
B. as that of for earlier generations
C. just as earlier generations did
D. as have earlier generations
E. as it was of earlier generations

Could you please help me explain the following points?
1. Does the possessive pronoun 'its' stand for freestanding house?
2. Within my limit knowledge, the underlined part = like a goal of earlier generations. Is it right? If not, could you explain for me?
3. I am confused between A and E. Are their meaning different from each other?

Thank you very much.

The meaning of answer A and E is not the same. "Like" should always be placed very close to the noun that it refers to. Here it is placed just after the noun "a majority of young adults" and we may have the impression that it is "a majority of young adults" and not their goals that are being compared with the goals of earlier generations.
Answer E solves this problem by using the comparison with "as."
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E

U can cut down the options - B, C and D.

Confusion comes between A and E. Right?

LIKE is used for comparison where SUCH AS is used for providing example.

Again another point is LIKE can be used two between two nouns or pronouns where AS is used to compare between two clauses.
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akbism wrote:
jullysabat wrote:
According to a recent poll, owing and living in a free standing house on its own land is still a goal of majority of young adults,like that of earlier generations.

A) like that of earlier generations.
B) as that of earlier generations.
C) just as earlier generations did
D) as have earlier generations
E) as it was of earlier generations

Its an OG 12 Q..I got this wrong..Not able to even get the explanations mentioned.
Can anyone pls explain.


Hello friends, I am facing some problem with the use of pronoun "it" and "its" here.
How "it" in E is referring to "owning and living" phrase and why not to a free house?
And "its" is referring what?


The entire phrase is the subject:
"owning and living in a free standing house on its own land" and phrases are considered singular.
Thus,
the verb "is"(Singular)
AND
"it" refers to the entire phrase.

"house" can't be the main subject AS it is the object of the prepositional phrase "in a free standing house".

E is ||el as well:

"OWNING" is still a goal OF young
AS
"IT" was OF earlier generations

Meaning wise:
house is the goal.
Owning something is a goal.

Which one sounds more logical.
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ssandeepan wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 85
Page: 744

According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


First Glance

The underline is very short; compare the answer choices before reading the original sentence. The first answer uses like while others use as; a comparison is being tested.

Issues

(1) Comparison: like that; as that; did; have

The like versus as split in the answers indicates that the sentence contains a comparison. What is the comparison? Also check the comparison for parallelism.

The sentence compares two groups: young adults today and those of earlier generations. The heart of the comparison is the fact that owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is a goal of both groups. In other words, the full comparison itself is a clause, so as should be used to make the comparison (like is used to compare nouns). Further, as is used to compare two clauses but the second half of the comparison in answer (B) does not include a verb. Eliminate answers (A) and (B).

Answers (C), (D), and (E) all correctly use as and include a verb in the second half of the comparison. Which is correct? Parallelism still rules the day. Owning and living is a goal today as owning and living was a goal in the past.

Answer (C) uses the verb did; the earlier generations did a goal?
Answer (D) uses the verb have; owning and living have earlier generations?

Neither makes sense. Eliminate answers (C) and (D).

Note that was and is are different tenses, but the clauses are still parallel. The simple past tense was is appropriate for something that was a goal of young adults in past generations, just as the simple present is reflects something that is a goal of young adults now.

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (E) offers a parallel structure for the comparison. The pronoun it refers to the noun phrase owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land, the verb was is parallel to the verb is.
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fluke wrote:
The entire phrase is the subject:
"owning and living in a free standing house on its own land" and phrases are considered singular.


Actually phrases can be plural as well. For example:

Sleeping and reading are his hobbies.

However, the sentence here is unique in that sense because owning and living in a free standing house on its own land is just one goal, and hence singular.

Perhaps what you might be getting slightly confused with the fact that Noun clauses are always singular.
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jullysabat wrote:
According to a recent poll, owing and living in a free standing house on its own land is still a goal of majority of young adults,like that of earlier generations.

A) like that of earlier generations.
B) as that of earlier generations.
C) just as earlier generations did
D) as have earlier generations
E) as it was of earlier generations

Its an OG 12 Q..I got this wrong..Not able to even get the explanations mentioned.
Can anyone pls explain.



We know for sure that we are comparing two sets of people young adults and earlier generation with same goal-owing and living in a free standing house on its own land.

A is incorrect- Whenever Like is used with comma after a clause it ALWAYS refers back-modifies- the subject of the previous clause.
A WRONGLY means the following-
According to a recent poll, owing and living in a free standing house on its own land like that of earlier generations. is still a goal of majority of young adults.
Does the above makes sense? Absolutely not. :) :)

B is incorrect- WHat is the antecedent of THAT? goal or the house .Moreover, the clause lacks a clear subject and verb.

C --In the AS Clause-the subject earlier generations and the verb did are not parallel to that of main clause.C compares earlier generations with owing and living in a free standing house on its own land. Verb is , is not parallel with did.

D- the verb is and have are not parallel.
The original sentence use IS to state a FACT.

E- CORRECT
E corrects all errors. It maintains parallelism and compares the correct entities- Young Adults and the Earlier Generations.As introduces a subordinate clause and the verb of the As clause is parallel to the verb of the main clause.

TAKE AWAY-
1. use of like
2. use of as
3. use of As to introduce a dependent clause- complete with its own subject and verb.
4.Identification of comparable entities
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KarishmaParmar

You may find the following simplified structure helpful.

A comparison is introduced by as. The word as compares the following 2 elements:

1. Owning and living is a goal of majority of young adults.
2. Owning and living was a goal of majority of young adults of earlier generations.

By virtue of parallelism and in order to avoid repetition, we are allowed to omit / replace certain words /phrases from the second element as is shown below:

2. it (owning and living replaced by pronoun) was (a goal of majority of young adults omitted) of earlier generations.

Therefore option E is correct.
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nuttyxtreme wrote:
Hi expert,
can pronoun it refer to the action "owning and living" ?
I boiled down to A and E,and chose A instead.


The noun phrase "owning and living in a free standing house" is one entity (a goal), not two actions. Since this is an official question, it can be seen that GMAT allows a complete noun phrase as antecedent.
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E it is.

Apples Vs Apples.

x is still a goal of y (youth) as it was of z (earlier generations)

it refers to goal

Bulls eye.
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According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.

a) like that of earlier generations - we need "as" to compare clauses
b) as that for earlier generations
c) just as earlier generations did
d) as have earlier generations
e) as it [goal] was of earlier generations - parallel.

According to a recent poll, owning and living.............is a goal of a majority of young adults, as goal was of earlier generations.
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tiwabhaskar wrote:
I chose B.

....Goal of majority of young adults, as goal (that) of earlier generation.

please point out the error here.


In B, the parallelism is not maintained.

X is still a goal of present generation, as goal of past generation... a clause (blue font) is wrongly compared to a noun phrase ( pink font).

In E, parallelism is maintained properly between two clauses.
X is still a goal of present generation, as it was of past generation.
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ssandeepan wrote:
According to a recent poll, owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land is still a goal of a majority of young adults, like that of earlier generations.
(A) like that of earlier generations
(B) as that for earlier generations
(C) just as earlier generations did
(D) as have earlier generations
(E) as it was of earlier generations


E.
"owning and living in a freestanding house on its own land" is a clause and demands "as"; "was" is parallel with "is"
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