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# According to a recent study linking high social standing to

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Manager
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According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2010, 07:25
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According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

(C) 2008 GMAT Club - v04#9

models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: According to a recent..... [#permalink]

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09 Aug 2010, 10:20
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adequately --> adverb --> modifier to a verb, an adverb, a clause, a phrase, a sentence, an adjective

C it is.

According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

(A) models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression -
(B) models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
(C) models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression - CORRECT
(D) it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
(E) in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression

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According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
A models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
B models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
C models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
D it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
E in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression

What does "adequate" refer to??
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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2010, 12:37
BellTheGmat wrote:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.
A models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
B models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
C models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
D it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
E in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression

What does "adequate" refer to??

Is (C) really the correct answer? There are two major problems with it that made me immediately eliminate it from consideration. (E) is the only choice that fixes both issues.

"adequately" is an adverb, so it must modify a verb, adjective or other adverb. In this sentence, "adequately" is modifying "smile"; in other words, the sentence is saying "models who don't smile enough..."

Since "adequately" is modifying "smile", it should be placed as closely to smile as possible. In (C) the placement of "adequately isn't ideal".

Further, the pronoun "they" could refer to either the models or the advertisements. In (C), "they" is closer to "advertisements", changing the meaning of the sentence (and making it non-sensical). In (E) the plural noun immediately preceding "they" is "models", which makes sense.

What's the source of the question?

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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2010, 12:59
Hi stuart what is wrong with A?

Posted from my mobile device

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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2010, 13:09
gmat1011 wrote:
Hi stuart what is wrong with A?

Posted from my mobile device

(A) has the same pronoun ambiguity problem as (C) - "they" is closer to "advertisements" than "models".

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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2010, 13:16
IMO,

The answer is C as adequately modifies the verb "give".

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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2010, 13:27
vertigo777 wrote:
IMO,

The answer is C as adequately modifies the verb "give".

A fundamental principle of sentence correction is that we must choose an answer that doesn't change the author's intended meaning. Unless the original sentence is nonsensical, we should preserve its meaning.

You're correct that in (C), the placement of "adequately" means that it modifies "give". However, since that completely changes the meaning of the sentence, (C) cannot be right.

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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2010, 13:48
You are right, thanks for reminding that.

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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]

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20 Nov 2010, 20:22
skovinsky wrote:
vertigo777 wrote:
IMO,

The answer is C as adequately modifies the verb "give".

A fundamental principle of sentence correction is that we must choose an answer that doesn't change the author's intended meaning. Unless the original sentence is nonsensical, we should preserve its meaning.

You're correct that in (C), the placement of "adequately" means that it modifies "give". However, since that completely changes the meaning of the sentence, (C) cannot be right.

Thanks for the clarification... Since I was skeptical about the reference of "adequate", hence posted it. As per the explanation given for this ques (in v05 test given in free access of GmatClub), it says - author wants to use "adequate" to modify give and not smile, hence OA is C.

I suppose such ambiguous questions wont come in actual GMAT... !!

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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2010, 04:38
Doh!! I picked A.

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Re: Models facial expression [#permalink]

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21 Dec 2010, 22:14
However much the adverb ‘adequately’ may be justified as modifying the verb ‘give’, still the author of the passage can not convince that the pronoun ‘they’ stands for the distant 'models' rather than the nearby ‘advertisements’. I feel C clearly suffers from pronoun ambiguity. E is the right on
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Re: According to a recent..... [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2011, 06:04
What is wrong with A?

The way i read it is the adequately describes the smiling.

According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

Smile is a verb, and adequately will remain an adverb. In general how do you interpret a sentence which can be confusing like this one?

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Re: According to a recent..... [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2011, 09:07
adequately is an adverb , and it is modifying smile , for adverbs it is not a rule that they should be placed closest to the verb or the adjective or the phrase they are modifying.

that makes c error free but what is the error in a ?
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Re: According to a recent..... [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2011, 10:01
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This looks messy. If an SC is worth 2 mins in exam, it not worth at all. The cost is high. Just my 2 cents - although I am big fan of daagh.

The meaning here is the models who do not smile in the advertisements adequately - not just "smile" adequately.

models who do not smile (in magazine advertisements) adequately give an impression of status and exclusivity.

"advertisements" is adverb and modifies an adjective or verb or adverb - not a noun.

bibha wrote:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

(C) 2008 GMAT Club - v04#9

models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression

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Re: According to a recent..... [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2011, 11:54
I can see A and C as possible answers.

A- adverb adequately modifies smile: The models smile but not adequately

C) Same logic but model in magazine advertisements and no other models

Garima, In C, you could read it as the adverb adequately modifying "give an impression"

Hence the two will convey different meanings. I think there is a lot of ambiguity here.

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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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05 Nov 2014, 10:50
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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2014, 05:25
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
- who incorrectly refers to the magazine advertisement.
models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
- it is the models. Also the complete sentemce doesn't make sense.
in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression .
- Misplaced modifier

Can we please discuss options A and C ? Still not sure why A is wrong

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According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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23 Nov 2015, 07:03
bibha wrote:
According to a recent study linking high social standing to a habitually stern facial expression, models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression of status and exclusivity, even if they are not wealthy or influential themselves.

(C) 2008 GMAT Club - v04#9

models who do not smile adequately in magazine advertisements give an impression
models in magazine advertisements who do not smile give an impression adequately
models who do not smile in magazine advertisements adequately give an impression
it is the models, in magazine advertisements, who do not smile and adequately give an impression
in magazine advertisements, the models who do not smile adequately give an impression

My two cents on this even though i went for option A as well. A habitually stern facial expression cannot possibly be a smile, adequate or not. An inadequate smile is still a smile nonetheless. So "adequate" here is being used to describe the impression given by facially stern models who don't smile in advertisements.

IMO what would have been even better than option C here would go something like this "models who do not smile in magazine advertisements give an adequate impression"

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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2015, 03:20
Hi daagh

could you please provide your comments on this. What is the issue with A?

Thanks

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Re: According to a recent study linking high social standing to   [#permalink] 14 Dec 2015, 03:20

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