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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 04 Jul 2015, 23:52
egmat wrote:
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

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Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha


Hi Shraddha,

I have a query here. In the correct option C, the remainder of the increase coming from.... -now coming here is verb-ing modifier modifying the remainder so what is the verb of this part of the sentence. Doesn't this sentence lacks verb. Please clarify.

Thanks
SNeha

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jul 2015, 23:53
in the question the subject is "increases in the sales " not "Increases", so the verb accounts must be correct as the phrase "increases in the sales " is singular. Increases wont account for something whereas increases in the sales accounts should be correct. please clarify this point.

According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came


B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming - Run on sentence. There is no working verb for the subject remainder after the semi colon.

C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came - Run on sentence. no working verb for the main subject. Commas were introduced but no conjunctions here.
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming. No working verb for the main sentence.

Hence left with option A and C.
In A there is no clear referent for Which.

Hence C is the winner.

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2015, 10:50
We will quickly dismiss B, D and E for being fragments, as there are no working verbs in some parts of these clauses. Incidentally, they are called fragments and not run-on sentences.

A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came ---- The singular ‘accounts for’ is wrong; the subject 'increases' is certainly plural; secondly the use of 'accounts for' is wrong tense; it should be in past tense to avoid the shift of tense

C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming - the correct choice.

It may please be noted that if a modifier is a phrase, it will not have a working verb; hence it is not called a clause. All the adverbial modifiers, adjectival –ed- modifiers or appositives that are nouns or noun phrases will not each have a verb of their own; of course, if a modifier is a relative clause, it will have verb, but you see, it is a clause while others are phrases.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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New post 18 Nov 2015, 14:18
Vercules wrote:
Hi Sachin9,


The phrase “the remainder of the increase coming..” appears to be a run-on, but it is not. It’s a Nominative absolute or absolute phrase.

It modifies the main subject and verb of the sentence.

To identify a nominative absolute is to add a verb; you can always make a sentence out of a nominative absolute by adding a verb (usually a to be form of a verb) see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nominative_absolute

The given sentence could be modified as --

the remainder of the increase came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

In option C the sentence is not in its best form but other answer choices contain easily detectable errors.

In a lot of GMAT SC questions it becomes difficult to determine why an answer choice is correct because there could always be better versions of the correct sentence; It is much easier to POE.

Hope it helps,

Vercules


In answer choice B this expression "the remainder of the increase coming" is stated after a semicolon, and we need a clause after a semi colon, BUT it's not
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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New post 21 Feb 2016, 07:31
nakib77 wrote:
Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.


A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came -Remove the fluff and read the sentence. its a fragment. Increases in sales accounted for X, Remainder came from other drugs Fragment. Hence ignore.
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming - Increase in sales were what accounted for - Doesn't make sense. Sentence split using a semi-colon. The remainder of the increase coming - No Verb
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came - Increase in sales of X that were advertised most heavily, while the remainder - Doesn't convey any meaning
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming - Same problem like D. change the meaing "Heavily,bla bla, With". Also Usage of which is wrong.

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2016, 02:09
I still think that c not correct grammatically. Though it does seem to be the best choice. Also, normative absolute does seem to do the trick but normative absolute is suited more to rhetorical writing and therefore looks ill suited for the academic writing in the question.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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nakib77 wrote:
Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming



A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came - Incorrect - Subject Verb error
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming - Incorrect - Wrong usage of ';'
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming - Correct
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came - Incorrect - Missing Verb error
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming - Incorrect - Missing Verb error

Answer: C

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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New post 12 May 2016, 10:03
nakib77 wrote:
Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming


Hi E-gmat,

I have couple of questions:

1. Is the usage of 'the remainder of which correct in option 1. If yes. what does which refers to? And what kind of structure this is.
2. Is the usage of what accounted for correct in option 2 and does this modify the increases in sale
3. Is while an appropriate connector for the clause 'while the remainder... came in option d

Also, It would be helpful if you can throw some light on the right usage of What and It in the sentence. I have often noticed that majority of the times the usage of it without an antecedent and what in a sentence are incorrect. But, I am also coming across options where it is correct. Please help.

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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nishatfarhat87 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming

Hi E-gmat,

I have couple of questions:

1. Is the usage of 'the remainder of which correct in option 1. If yes. what does which refers to? And what kind of structure this is.
2. Is the usage of what accounted for correct in option 2 and does this modify the increases in sale
3. Is while an appropriate connector for the clause 'while the remainder... came in option d

Also, It would be helpful if you can throw some light on the right usage of What and It in the sentence. I have often noticed that majority of the times the usage of it without an antecedent and what in a sentence are incorrect. But, I am also coming across options where it is correct. Please help.



Hi Nishat,

Thanks for posting your query here. :-)

1. Yes, there is no issue with the usage of remainder of which = half of the $20.8 billion. What we see after comma is a DC that connects with the preceding IC with a comma.
2. Grammatically, the usage of what accounted for is not incorrect. It surely is very wordy and indirect in conveying the intended meaning. What is not a modifier that it will modify anything. But yes, it does associate with increase in sales of the 50 drugs as this is the factor that accounts for whatever is mentioned in teh sentence.
3. Yes, usage of while as the connector in Choice D is correct as it has been used to show the the factor that contributed to the increase in sales of the 50 drugs. So while has been used to present simultaneous action.

The word what is an interrogative pronoun that must be used in questions.
Apart from referring to a particular noun or a pronoun, pronoun it is also used as a placeholder in a sentence. As a placeholder, it does not refer to any entity in the sentence. For example:

a. It was very windy last night.
b. It is impossible to finish the project in two days.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2016, 21:17
Hi guys,
Why B wrong?
I disagree with the explanation that the semicolon separate two independent clause thus make (B) wrong.
I'm pretty sure the usage of semicolon is "seperate two independent BUT RELATED clauses", which are appear in (B). I doubt that there is other error making (B) wrong.

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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New post 25 Oct 2016, 19:08
ThangLe wrote:
Hi guys,
Why B wrong?
I disagree with the explanation that the semicolon separate two independent clause thus make (B) wrong.
I'm pretty sure the usage of semicolon is "seperate two independent BUT RELATED clauses", which are appear in (B). I doubt that there is other error making (B) wrong.


"The remainder of the increase coming from sales of the 9850 prescription medicines" requires a verb

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2016, 22:34
If you break this into clauses here is what you get

"According to ....medications " subordinate clause.
"Increases in the sales. drugs" subject of the main clause
"that were ...most heavily ..?" sub ordinate clause
"accounts ....last year" predicate (verb +phrases) of the main clause
"the remainder of which.... medicines ...very little " ( ignoring the the subordinate clauses 'that companies did" this can be a modifier).

Meaning: the intended meaning here is that the according to a survery the almost of half of the increase in consumer spending on medication is due to the 50 most advertised druges and rest 50% is made by 9,850 drugs.

Analysis of the orignal sentence.
What must strike you first in the orignal sentense is that the noun phrase - increases in sales is plural, and therefore the verb 'account' should be plural i.e. account not accounts. Also accounts is the main verb of the sentence and its not part of the subordinate clause that were advertised most heavily .



Lets look at the answer choices one by one.

A) As explained above - it uses incorrect form of the verb
B) Did you notice the semi-colon in the second part of the underlined sentence. "year; the remainder of the increase coming". Now semi-colon could have been fine but it has to be a standalone of clause although "the remainder" is the subject there is not verb.
C) so we have a proper verb here - accounted and the second part -"the remainder...." becomes a modifier and therefore does not require a full bonafide verb.
D) 'accounting' incorrect verb.
E) No verb at all

Therefore 'C' is by far the best choice.

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2017, 00:39
daagh can you please explain this question in detail

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2017, 02:23
Top Contributor
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According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
Lexicology:
increases in the sales -- increases is a plural noun
accounts for -- singular verb
$20.8 billion increase -- the increase is a singular noun.

A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came ---- increases, plural noun doesn't tally with the singular 'accounts for'
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming ---1 'were accounted for' is an avoidable passive voice 2. The second part after the semi-colon is fragment.
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming--- correct choice with no fragmentation and SV error.
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came --- This choice is a blatant fragment with no verb for the noun 'increases'
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming -- This is also a blatant fragment.
A small hint; if you are thorough with the principles of fragmentation, you could easily remove B, D, and E and make it easy for you. Next, if you are aware of the basic SV number agreement, then A will be easily gone, leaving only C as the plausibly correct choice.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2017, 02:59
Imo C
The original sentence contain multiple errors .
Accounts is wrong the sentence is in past tense .
the remainder of which came is wordy and awkward and which is ambiguous .
C corrects all these mistakes .
Lets analyze rest of the options.

B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
This option is very awkward and wordy .Also note the semicolon these sentence should be an independent sentence but here what we have is a fragment.
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
Here the modifiers are not placed correctly and is a fragment we need proper verb here .
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
The sentence is wordy and which is ambiguous .
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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New post 25 Jul 2017, 07:55
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

Are in bold mentioned above are SV pair?
Correct Idiom will be account for ?

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2017, 16:38
C is the OA but i am curious why the OA has the following invalid structure : preposition + Noun + ING' construction...

Per my understanding this structure is wrong .

referring attaching MGMAT link :https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/forums/topic-t31623.html

please assist why is this construction okay in C

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jul 2017, 22:15
jabhatta@umail.iu.edu wrote:
C is the OA but i am curious why the OA has the following invalid structure : preposition + Noun + ING' construction...

Per my understanding this structure is wrong .

referring attaching MGMAT link :https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/forums/topic-t31623.html

please assist why is this construction okay in C
I'm not sure why you're uncomfortable with this structure, but all I can say is that it's okay in this case. For example, let's say that we're trying to say that because the season is coming to an end, ticket sales are likely to be suspended.

With the season coming to an end, ticket sales are likely to be suspended.

The usage seen here [with + (the season) + coming] is fine.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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New post 02 Aug 2017, 04:09
Was stuck between C and D!

D does not have verb for the first clause, Hence C

A. heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming - Missing Verb
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming - CORRECT
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came - - Missing Verb
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming - - Missing Verb for the fitst clause
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Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 205

Concentration: Social Entrepreneurship, Nonprofit
GPA: 3.65
WE: Sales (Consumer Products)
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

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New post 01 Sep 2017, 16:45
Hi expert, just curious why option C is the answer. Construction of "The remainder of the increase coming..." especially with V-Ing here seems suspicious for me.
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Kudos [?]: 47 [0], given: 205

Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic   [#permalink] 01 Sep 2017, 16:45

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