GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 15 Oct 2018, 23:50

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

According to a recent study of consumer spending on

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 19 Oct 2015
Posts: 30
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Sep 2017, 11:16
My take on this question:

As this entire argument talks of study of consumer spending. The event of spending on prescription medicines (heavily advertised or very little advertised) is done in past.

Main problem in these argument is incorrect use of verb form.When entire argument talks of past, its is wrong to use present tense.

Hence (Accounts - Verb in 1st Clause) is incorrect.

A - Issue of verb form
B - IC;DC - This is incorrect. It should be IC;IC
C - Correct
D - (Accounting for) Verb error
E - Verb error
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
V
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2091
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Sep 2017, 10:45
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

(A) heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came - Subject verb agreement issue - increases plural and accounts for is singular

(B) heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming - the part of sentence after semi-colon is a fragment

(C) heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming - Correct

(D) heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came - No verb for the subject increases

(E) heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming - fragment - missing verb; usage of which

Answer C
_________________

When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
+1 Kudos if you find this post helpful

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 01 Jun 2016
Posts: 29
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Oct 2017, 01:45
septwibowo wrote:
Hi expert, just curious why option C is the answer. Construction of "The remainder of the increase coming..." especially with V-Ing here seems suspicious for me.


septwibowo

Hey, I am no expert but was thinking on the same lines. I hope my analysis helps you.

Below is the option C with the sentence.

According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

After a closer analysis of option C, I figured out that the sentence in bold actually has no verb in it and hence act as a noun phrase. A noun phrase can modify a previous clause and hence option C is right.
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 20 Jan 2016
Posts: 199
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Oct 2017, 08:32
(A) heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came remainder of what?

(B) heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming

(C) heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming

(D) heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came incomplete sentence

(E) heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 02 Jan 2017
Posts: 77
Location: Pakistan
Concentration: Finance, Technology
GMAT 1: 650 Q47 V34
GPA: 3.41
WE: Business Development (Accounting)
Reviews Badge
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 03 Dec 2017, 15:46
egmat wrote:
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Image

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha



Hi,
Could you explain how does option E not have a verb? Because as you mentioned in option C [ Turning accounts to accounted] settled the SV. But accounted in Option E is not a verb? Clearly i a missing a concept here, it would be helpful if you could explain.

And what is "Coming" modifying exactly in option C?
Manager
Manager
User avatar
G
Joined: 04 Nov 2017
Posts: 213
Location: United States
Premium Member
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Jan 2018, 22:05
I was able to solve the question but still confused
about this part of the answer ", the remainder of the increase coming"
The reason i chose C because the accounts error only.
Can somebody explain ?
_________________

Please +1 Kudos

“Learning is a treasure that will follow its owner everywhere.”

Study Buddy Forum Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 04 Sep 2016
Posts: 1208
Location: India
WE: Engineering (Other)
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Jan 2018, 06:12
Hi GMATNinjaTwo GMATNinja

In (A) is usage of WHICH correct? The same is replaced by
noun - increase - in OA- (C)

What does second THAT refer to in non-underlined portion?
_________________

It's the journey that brings us happiness not the destination.

Retired Moderator
User avatar
G
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3036
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jan 2018, 07:14
1
gmatFalcon wrote:
I was able to solve the question but still confused
about this part of the answer ", the remainder of the increase coming"
The reason i chose C because the accounts error only.
Can somebody explain ?


The part you metioned is an absolute phrase. An absolute phrase consists of a head noun/noun phrase ( "the remainder of the increase" ) and a modifier of the head noun/noun phrase ( "coming from...."). An absolute phrase modifies the main clause as a whole.

[Please read a good GMAT SC guide (e.g. Manhattan) for further details on absolute phrases.]
Study Buddy Forum Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 04 Sep 2016
Posts: 1208
Location: India
WE: Engineering (Other)
Premium Member CAT Tests
According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Jan 2018, 07:56
1
gmatFalcon

See if this post helps.
_________________

It's the journey that brings us happiness not the destination.

Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 24 Mar 2018
Posts: 89
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2018, 03:02
egmat wrote:
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Image

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha



egmat
Can you please brief why D and E are wrong?
There is already the main verb "were advertised"
Study Buddy Forum Moderator
User avatar
D
Joined: 04 Sep 2016
Posts: 1208
Location: India
WE: Engineering (Other)
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 May 2018, 06:12
teaserbae

Here are my two cents:

According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

Quote:
(D) heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came


See below sentence structure:

According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, opening verb-ing modifier modifying noun increases

increases in the sales of the 50 drugs

that were advertised most heavily, subject verb as shown

accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, coma + accounting is a modiifer not a verb

while the remainder of the increase came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines

that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.


Quote:
(E) heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming


Would you like to take a call on this? ;)

which is subject for verb accounted and which modifies noun - increases in the sales of the 50 drugs , which is too far;
also with usually means together or along with, eg. I ate apple with banana, this meaning is illogical in (E)


Hope this helps.
_________________

It's the journey that brings us happiness not the destination.

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 22 Feb 2015
Posts: 10
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Aug 2018, 07:12
Hi Ma'am,

You have stated that the option D can be eliminated due to the non availability of main verb.
Can you please explain why advertised cannot be treated as the main verb for the subject increases ?

Thanks


egmat wrote:
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.


Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha
Director
Director
User avatar
G
Joined: 27 Mar 2010
Posts: 996
Location: Bangalore, India
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 09 Aug 2018, 11:15
1
Hi Hareesh, main verb is the verb of an Independent clause.

advertised is actually used as a Past Participle here (and not as a Verb). were is the verb in the clause that were advertised most heavily.

However, this clause is a Dependent clause and hence, were is not the main verb here.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses types of clauses (Independent/Dependent), their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
_________________

Thanks,
Ashish
EducationAisle, Bangalore

Sentence Correction Nirvana available on Amazon.in and Flipkart

Now! Preview the entire Grammar Section of Sentence Correction Nirvana at pothi.com

Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 22 Feb 2015
Posts: 10
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Aug 2018, 06:48
Thanks a lot for the reply. This certainly has cleared my doubts regarding this concept.



EducationAisle wrote:
Hi Hareesh, main verb is the verb of an Independent clause.

advertised is actually used as a Past Participle here (and not as a Verb). were is the verb in the clause that were advertised most heavily.

However, this clause is a Dependent clause and hence, were is not the main verb here.

p.s. Our book EducationAisle Sentence Correction Nirvana discusses types of clauses (Independent/Dependent), their application and examples in significant detail. If someone is interested, PM me your email-id; I can mail the corresponding section.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on &nbs [#permalink] 10 Aug 2018, 06:48

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   [ 54 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

According to a recent study of consumer spending on

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


Copyright

GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.