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According to a recent study of consumer spending on

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Sep 2017, 11:16
My take on this question:

As this entire argument talks of study of consumer spending. The event of spending on prescription medicines (heavily advertised or very little advertised) is done in past.

Main problem in these argument is incorrect use of verb form.When entire argument talks of past, its is wrong to use present tense.

Hence (Accounts - Verb in 1st Clause) is incorrect.

A - Issue of verb form
B - IC;DC - This is incorrect. It should be IC;IC
C - Correct
D - (Accounting for) Verb error
E - Verb error
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Oct 2017, 01:45
septwibowo wrote:
Hi expert, just curious why option C is the answer. Construction of "The remainder of the increase coming..." especially with V-Ing here seems suspicious for me.


septwibowo

Hey, I am no expert but was thinking on the same lines. I hope my analysis helps you.

Below is the option C with the sentence.

According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

After a closer analysis of option C, I figured out that the sentence in bold actually has no verb in it and hence act as a noun phrase. A noun phrase can modify a previous clause and hence option C is right.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Oct 2017, 08:32
(A) heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came remainder of what?

(B) heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming

(C) heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming

(D) heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came incomplete sentence

(E) heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

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New post 03 Dec 2017, 15:46
egmat wrote:
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Image

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha



Hi,
Could you explain how does option E not have a verb? Because as you mentioned in option C [ Turning accounts to accounted] settled the SV. But accounted in Option E is not a verb? Clearly i a missing a concept here, it would be helpful if you could explain.

And what is "Coming" modifying exactly in option C?
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Jan 2018, 22:05
I was able to solve the question but still confused
about this part of the answer ", the remainder of the increase coming"
The reason i chose C because the accounts error only.
Can somebody explain ?
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jan 2018, 06:12
Hi GMATNinjaTwo GMATNinja

In (A) is usage of WHICH correct? The same is replaced by
noun - increase - in OA- (C)

What does second THAT refer to in non-underlined portion?
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2018, 07:14
1
gmatFalcon wrote:
I was able to solve the question but still confused
about this part of the answer ", the remainder of the increase coming"
The reason i chose C because the accounts error only.
Can somebody explain ?


The part you metioned is an absolute phrase. An absolute phrase consists of a head noun/noun phrase ( "the remainder of the increase" ) and a modifier of the head noun/noun phrase ( "coming from...."). An absolute phrase modifies the main clause as a whole.

[Please read a good GMAT SC guide (e.g. Manhattan) for further details on absolute phrases.]
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According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jan 2018, 07:56
1
gmatFalcon

See if this post helps.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2018, 03:02
egmat wrote:
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Image

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
Shraddha



egmat
Can you please brief why D and E are wrong?
There is already the main verb "were advertised"
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2018, 06:12
teaserbae

Here are my two cents:

According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

Quote:
(D) heavily, accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came


See below sentence structure:

According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, opening verb-ing modifier modifying noun increases

increases in the sales of the 50 drugs

that were advertised most heavily, subject verb as shown

accounting for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, coma + accounting is a modiifer not a verb

while the remainder of the increase came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines

that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.


Quote:
(E) heavily, which accounted for almost half of the $20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming


Would you like to take a call on this? ;)

which is subject for verb accounted and which modifies noun - increases in the sales of the 50 drugs , which is too far;
also with usually means together or along with, eg. I ate apple with banana, this meaning is illogical in (E)


Hope this helps.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on &nbs [#permalink] 28 May 2018, 06:12

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