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# According to a recent study of consumer spending on

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According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2005, 12:27
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67% (01:25) correct 33% (01:41) wrong based on 2991 sessions

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According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

(A) heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came

(B) heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming

(C) heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming

(D) heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came

(E) heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic  [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2013, 21:20
18
8
Hi Sachin9,

The phrase “the remainder of the increase coming..” appears to be a run-on, but it is not. It’s a Nominative absolute or absolute phrase.

It modifies the main subject and verb of the sentence.

To identify a nominative absolute is to add a verb; you can always make a sentence out of a nominative absolute by adding a verb (usually a to be form of a verb) see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nominative_absolute

The given sentence could be modified as --

the remainder of the increase came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

In option C the sentence is not in its best form but other answer choices contain easily detectable errors.

In a lot of GMAT SC questions it becomes difficult to determine why an answer choice is correct because there could always be better versions of the correct sentence; It is much easier to POE.

Hope it helps,

Vercules
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic  [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2010, 11:08
5
3
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

A. heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming - CORRECT
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
##### General Discussion
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2005, 21:38
1
1
nakib77 wrote:
Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming

A is wrong with the tense "accounts".
The use of semicolon in B is wrong because it seperates the two related clauses.
D is wrong with the incorrect usage of comma and changing the main verb " account" into "accounting for"
E is wrong coz it makes the sentence lack of main verb.
I'm left with C.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic  [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2005, 04:09
1
2
By POE it must be C.

A. accounts- wrong verb tense
B. use of the semicolon distorts the overall meaning
D. comma after heavily makes the sentence illogical.
E. with the remainder of it coming is grammatically incorrect
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12 May 2012, 16:10
I thought that C was grammatically incorrect because of the part "the remainder of the increase coming".

But some people say that the part mentioned above has any grammatical problems.
According to them, the structure of that part is "Norminative absolute", which I've never heard of.

I googled it and found this definition and examples.

a nominative absolute is a free-standing (absolute) part of a sentence that describes or modifies the main subject and verb. It is usually at the beginning or end of the sentence, although it can also appear in the middle. Its parallel is the ablative absolute in Latin, or the genitive absolute in Greek.

Ex) Their manes flowing, the horses ran from the burning barn.

What's the purpose of using this structure? seems really weird....
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12 May 2012, 22:01
1
This one's a tricky one; we need daagh and gyanone in on this...

I was stuck between C and E since I knew accounted had to be in the past tense.

E has a which followed by a clause so I was leaning towards C...
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12 May 2012, 23:07
eybrj2 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming

Read the above stem this way:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications,[highlight]increases in the sales ...............heavily accounts for almost half ........ the remainder of which came[/highlight] from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised
very little.
Now go through options:
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came---> [highlight]wrong.This sentence uses present tense as well as past.[/highlight]
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming----> [highlight]'......increase in the sales.....heavily were what.....' makes no sense.So this one is incorrect.[/highlight]
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming-->[highlight]'...increases in the sales.......heavily accounted.....'.this one is correct.[/highlight]
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came--->[highlight]wrong[/highlight]
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming---> [highlight]wrong.[/highlight]

So C is the correct answer.
+1 for C

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12 May 2012, 23:37
2
piyushksharma wrote:
eybrj2 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming

E is wrong.Read the full sentence now with option E.
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
The use of the word 'which' is not correct. which is redundant here . The presence of that makes it redundant.
Instead of '.....most heavily, which accounted for....', we could have used '.....most heavily that accounts for.........'.
Hope this helps.

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14 May 2012, 06:04
15
7
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

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24 Sep 2012, 09:42
Hi folks,
This question has two sentences:
1- Increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised more heavily…"
2- The remainder of which came from the sales of…
Shouldn´t they be connected to each other in some way? In choice D they are correctly linked by WHILE, meanwhile in option C they aren´t linked anyway. Is it reason enough to choose answer D?

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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic  [#permalink]

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17 Jan 2013, 04:34
1
in C , what type of modifier is the following modifer : 'the remainder of the increase coming...'

kindly help..
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2013, 01:25
C is structure with absolute phrase.

main clause, +absolute phrase (1)

if we have 2 sentence

sentence 1; sentence 2 (2)

we can make (1) into (2) by cut off the main verb. This way make (1) have some spcific points which we need to know

absolute phrase has no semantic/meaning relation with the main clause. forget the meaing relation, any meaning relation is good. some person said that absolute phrase provides context for main clause. this is not neccessary.

I learn gmat, the result that will be good.

is correct and "the result...." is not context of learning

when you see absolute phrase, even if absolute phrase has "with", forget the meaning relation between it and main clause. "with" in the absolute phrase can or can not refer to a specific noun in the main clause

with my good spirit rising, my learning gmat is good.

is my thinking correct? pls comment.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic  [#permalink]

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19 Jan 2013, 01:28
sorry
we can make (2) into (1)

I edit the previous posting. sorry for typing problem
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic  [#permalink]

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15 Apr 2013, 16:44
IMO :C
issues with the other options has already been described.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic  [#permalink]

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08 May 2013, 03:16
Can anyone please help how to rule out D, and in C its stated the remainder of the increase coming, but instead of coming shouldn't it be came.
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18 Nov 2013, 20:26
egmat wrote:
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

If we used came in place of coming in option (C), would it be incorrect?
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2013, 06:20
anonimo wrote:
Hi folks,
This question has two sentences:
1- Increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised more heavily…"
2- The remainder of which came from the sales of…
Shouldn´t they be connected to each other in some way? In choice D they are correctly linked by WHILE, meanwhile in option C they aren´t linked anyway. Is it reason enough to choose answer D?

2 is not a "sentence".

It is a modifier. It modifies "half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year". Hope that makes it clear for you.
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

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09 Mar 2015, 22:11
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised
very little.

According to a recent study ..., increases in the sales of ... drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of ... prescription medicines....

A. heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came

B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming

C. heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming

D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
fragment sentence

E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
fragment sentence
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Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on  [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2015, 22:52
egmat wrote:
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

I have a query here. In the correct option C, the remainder of the increase coming from.... -now coming here is verb-ing modifier modifying the remainder so what is the verb of this part of the sentence. Doesn't this sentence lacks verb. Please clarify.

Thanks
SNeha
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on &nbs [#permalink] 04 Jul 2015, 22:52

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