It is currently 17 Oct 2017, 17:45

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# According to a recent study of consumer spending on

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

SVP
Joined: 28 May 2005
Posts: 1701

Kudos [?]: 472 [6], given: 0

Location: Dhaka
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Oct 2005, 13:27
6
KUDOS
51
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

66% (01:33) correct 34% (01:48) wrong based on 795 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

(A) heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came

(B) heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming

(C) heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming

(D) heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came

(E) heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

_________________

hey ya......

Kudos [?]: 472 [6], given: 0

SVP
Joined: 24 Sep 2005
Posts: 1884

Kudos [?]: 377 [0], given: 0

Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Oct 2005, 22:38
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
nakib77 wrote:
Q18:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming

A is wrong with the tense "accounts".
The use of semicolon in B is wrong because it seperates the two related clauses.
D is wrong with the incorrect usage of comma and changing the main verb " account" into "accounting for"
E is wrong coz it makes the sentence lack of main verb.
I'm left with C.

Kudos [?]: 377 [0], given: 0

Current Student
Joined: 29 Jan 2005
Posts: 5207

Kudos [?]: 434 [0], given: 0

Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Oct 2005, 05:09
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
By POE it must be C.

A. accounts- wrong verb tense
B. use of the semicolon distorts the overall meaning
D. comma after heavily makes the sentence illogical.
E. with the remainder of it coming is grammatically incorrect

Kudos [?]: 434 [0], given: 0

VP
Joined: 17 Feb 2010
Posts: 1478

Kudos [?]: 756 [3], given: 6

Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

14 Aug 2010, 12:08
3
KUDOS
2
This post was
BOOKMARKED
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

A. heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming - CORRECT
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming

Kudos [?]: 756 [3], given: 6

Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Oct 2011
Posts: 337

Kudos [?]: 1223 [0], given: 18

### Show Tags

12 May 2012, 17:10
I thought that C was grammatically incorrect because of the part "the remainder of the increase coming".

But some people say that the part mentioned above has any grammatical problems.
According to them, the structure of that part is "Norminative absolute", which I've never heard of.

I googled it and found this definition and examples.

a nominative absolute is a free-standing (absolute) part of a sentence that describes or modifies the main subject and verb. It is usually at the beginning or end of the sentence, although it can also appear in the middle. Its parallel is the ablative absolute in Latin, or the genitive absolute in Greek.

Ex) Their manes flowing, the horses ran from the burning barn.

What's the purpose of using this structure? seems really weird....

Kudos [?]: 1223 [0], given: 18

Senior Manager
Affiliations: UWC
Joined: 09 May 2012
Posts: 393

Kudos [?]: 1612 [0], given: 100

GMAT 1: 620 Q42 V33
GMAT 2: 680 Q44 V38
GPA: 3.43
WE: Engineering (Entertainment and Sports)

### Show Tags

12 May 2012, 23:01
This one's a tricky one; we need daagh and gyanone in on this...

I was stuck between C and E since I knew accounted had to be in the past tense.

E has a which followed by a clause so I was leaning towards C...

Kudos [?]: 1612 [0], given: 100

Manager
Joined: 21 Feb 2012
Posts: 116

Kudos [?]: 148 [0], given: 15

Location: India
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 600 Q49 V23
GPA: 3.8
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)

### Show Tags

13 May 2012, 00:07
eybrj2 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming

Read the above stem this way:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications,[highlight]increases in the sales ...............heavily accounts for almost half ........ the remainder of which came[/highlight] from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised
very little.
Now go through options:
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came---> [highlight]wrong.This sentence uses present tense as well as past.[/highlight]
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming----> [highlight]'......increase in the sales.....heavily were what.....' makes no sense.So this one is incorrect.[/highlight]
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming-->[highlight]'...increases in the sales.......heavily accounted.....'.this one is correct.[/highlight]
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came--->[highlight]wrong[/highlight]
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming---> [highlight]wrong.[/highlight]

So C is the correct answer.
+1 for C

Plz give me kudos, if u like it !!

Kudos [?]: 148 [0], given: 15

Manager
Joined: 21 Feb 2012
Posts: 116

Kudos [?]: 148 [2], given: 15

Location: India
Concentration: Finance, General Management
GMAT 1: 600 Q49 V23
GPA: 3.8
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)

### Show Tags

13 May 2012, 00:37
2
KUDOS
piyushksharma wrote:
eybrj2 wrote:
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
A. heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came
B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming
C. heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming
D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming

E is wrong.Read the full sentence now with option E.
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.
The use of the word 'which' is not correct. which is redundant here . The presence of that makes it redundant.
Instead of '.....most heavily, which accounted for....', we could have used '.....most heavily that accounts for.........'.
Hope this helps.

Plz give me kudos, if u like it !!

Kudos [?]: 148 [2], given: 15

e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2311

Kudos [?]: 9026 [4], given: 335

### Show Tags

14 May 2012, 07:04
4
KUDOS
Expert's post
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
_________________

| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Kudos [?]: 9026 [4], given: 335

Intern
Joined: 06 Apr 2012
Posts: 34

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 11

Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Sep 2012, 10:42
Hi folks,
This question has two sentences:
1- Increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised more heavily…"
2- The remainder of which came from the sales of…
Shouldn´t they be connected to each other in some way? In choice D they are correctly linked by WHILE, meanwhile in option C they aren´t linked anyway. Is it reason enough to choose answer D?

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 11

Director
Status: Gonna rock this time!!!
Joined: 22 Jul 2012
Posts: 509

Kudos [?]: 72 [1], given: 562

Location: India
GMAT 1: 640 Q43 V34
GMAT 2: 630 Q47 V29
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jan 2013, 05:34
1
KUDOS
in C , what type of modifier is the following modifer : 'the remainder of the increase coming...'

kindly help..
_________________

hope is a good thing, maybe the best of things. And no good thing ever dies.

Who says you need a 700 ?Check this out : http://gmatclub.com/forum/who-says-you-need-a-149706.html#p1201595

My GMAT Journey : http://gmatclub.com/forum/end-of-my-gmat-journey-149328.html#p1197992

Kudos [?]: 72 [1], given: 562

Senior Manager
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 485

Kudos [?]: 2269 [12], given: 82

Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Jan 2013, 22:20
12
KUDOS
Expert's post
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi Sachin9,

The phrase “the remainder of the increase coming..” appears to be a run-on, but it is not. It’s a Nominative absolute or absolute phrase.

It modifies the main subject and verb of the sentence.

To identify a nominative absolute is to add a verb; you can always make a sentence out of a nominative absolute by adding a verb (usually a to be form of a verb) see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nominative_absolute

The given sentence could be modified as --

the remainder of the increase came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised very little.

In option C the sentence is not in its best form but other answer choices contain easily detectable errors.

In a lot of GMAT SC questions it becomes difficult to determine why an answer choice is correct because there could always be better versions of the correct sentence; It is much easier to POE.

Hope it helps,

Vercules
_________________

Kudos [?]: 2269 [12], given: 82

VP
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1403

Kudos [?]: 158 [0], given: 916

Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jan 2013, 02:25
C is structure with absolute phrase.

main clause, +absolute phrase (1)

if we have 2 sentence

sentence 1; sentence 2 (2)

we can make (1) into (2) by cut off the main verb. This way make (1) have some spcific points which we need to know

absolute phrase has no semantic/meaning relation with the main clause. forget the meaing relation, any meaning relation is good. some person said that absolute phrase provides context for main clause. this is not neccessary.

I learn gmat, the result that will be good.

is correct and "the result...." is not context of learning

when you see absolute phrase, even if absolute phrase has "with", forget the meaning relation between it and main clause. "with" in the absolute phrase can or can not refer to a specific noun in the main clause

with my good spirit rising, my learning gmat is good.

is my thinking correct? pls comment.
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Kudos [?]: 158 [0], given: 916

VP
Joined: 09 Jun 2010
Posts: 1403

Kudos [?]: 158 [0], given: 916

Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Jan 2013, 02:28
sorry
we can make (2) into (1)

I edit the previous posting. sorry for typing problem
_________________

visit my facebook to help me.
on facebook, my name is: thang thang thang

Kudos [?]: 158 [0], given: 916

Intern
Joined: 14 Feb 2011
Posts: 6

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 6

Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Apr 2013, 17:44
IMO :C
issues with the other options has already been described.

Kudos [?]: [0], given: 6

Manager
Joined: 31 Mar 2013
Posts: 66

Kudos [?]: 69 [0], given: 14

Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 May 2013, 04:16
Can anyone please help how to rule out D, and in C its stated the remainder of the increase coming, but instead of coming shouldn't it be came.

Kudos [?]: 69 [0], given: 14

Senior Manager
Joined: 03 Dec 2012
Posts: 331

Kudos [?]: 180 [0], given: 291

### Show Tags

18 Nov 2013, 21:26
egmat wrote:
Hi all,
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised.

Error Analysis

1. The singular verb “accounts” does not agree in number with plural subject “increases”.
2. There is inconsistency in the use of verb tenses as well.
3. Relative pronoun “which” does not have clear referent here.

POE

Choice A: heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came: Incorrect for the reasons stated above.

Choice B: heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming: Incorrect. 1. “were what” is not required in the sentence. They make this choice wordy. 2. After semicolon, we do not have an independent clause.

Choice C: heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming: Correct. 1. By turning “accounts” into “accounted”, not only the SV number agreement has been corrected but also the verb tenses have also been made consistent. 2. The verb-ing modifier “coming” correctly modifies the preceding noun.

Choice D: heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here.

Choice E: heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming: Incorrect. 1. This choice does not have a main verb. Hence, we have a fragment here. 2.Singular pronoun “it” does not agree in number with plural “increases”.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.

If we used came in place of coming in option (C), would it be incorrect?

Kudos [?]: 180 [0], given: 291

Manager
Joined: 18 Aug 2006
Posts: 113

Kudos [?]: 55 [0], given: 44

Location: United States
WE: Consulting (Telecommunications)
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Nov 2013, 07:20
anonimo wrote:
Hi folks,
This question has two sentences:
1- Increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised more heavily…"
2- The remainder of which came from the sales of…
Shouldn´t they be connected to each other in some way? In choice D they are correctly linked by WHILE, meanwhile in option C they aren´t linked anyway. Is it reason enough to choose answer D?

2 is not a "sentence".

It is a modifier. It modifies "half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year". Hope that makes it clear for you.

Kudos [?]: 55 [0], given: 44

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10131

Kudos [?]: 261 [0], given: 0

Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medic [#permalink]

### Show Tags

24 Oct 2014, 11:49
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.

Kudos [?]: 261 [0], given: 0

Manager
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 93

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 13

Schools: Haas '16, AGSM '16
Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Mar 2015, 23:11
According to a recent study of consumer spending on prescription medications, increases in the sales of the 50 drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of the 9,850 prescription medicines that companies did not advertise or advertised
very little.

According to a recent study ..., increases in the sales of ... drugs that were advertised most heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came from sales of ... prescription medicines....

A. heavily accounts for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of which came

B. heavily were what accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year; the remainder of the increase coming

C. heavily accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, the remainder of the increase coming

D. heavily, accounting for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, while the remainder of the increase came
fragment sentence

E. heavily, which accounted for almost half of the \$20.8 billion increase in drug spending last year, with the remainder of it coming
fragment sentence

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 13

Re: According to a recent study of consumer spending on   [#permalink] 09 Mar 2015, 23:11

Go to page    1   2   3    Next  [ 45 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by