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# According to criminologists, the cause of riots among many

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Manager
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According to criminologists, the cause of riots among many [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2010, 13:55
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75% (hard)

Question Stats:

53% (02:49) correct 48% (01:59) wrong based on 160 sessions

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According to criminologists, the cause of riots among many segments of the population is not so much that rioters are being primed for violent behavior by their parents or to rebel against oppressive regimes by the media as that the rioters are spontaneously spurred to action by a specific incident.

(A) the cause of riots among many segments of the population is not so much that rioters are being primed for violent behavior by their parents or to rebel against oppressive regimes by the media
(B) the cause of riots among many segments of the population is not as much their being primed for violent behavior by their parents or rebelling against oppressive regimes by the media as much
(C) it is not so much the cause of riots among many segments of the population that they are being primed for violent behavior by their parents or rebelling against oppressive regimes by the media as much
(D) it is not so much that the cause of riots among many segments of the population is their being primed for violent behavior by their parents or rebelling against oppressive regimes by the media so much
(E) it is not so much the cause of riots among many segments of the population to be primed for violent behavior by their parents or to rebel against oppressive regimes by the media

Source: Knewton

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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24 Nov 2010, 15:38
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martie11 wrote:
According to criminologists, the cause of riots among many segments of the population is not so much that rioters are being primed for violent behavior by their parents or to rebel against oppressive regimes by the media as that the rioters are spontaneously spurred to action by a specific incident.

(A) the cause of riots among many segments of the population is not so much that rioters are being primed for violent behavior by their parents or to rebel against oppressive regimes by the media
(B) the cause of riots among many segments of the population is not as much their being primed for violent behavior by their parents or rebelling against oppressive regimes by the media as much
(C) it is not so much the cause of riots among many segments of the population that they are being primed for violent behavior by their parents or rebelling against oppressive regimes by the media as much
(D) it is not so much that the cause of riots among many segments of the population is their being primed for violent behavior by their parents or rebelling against oppressive regimes by the media so much
(E) it is not so much the cause of riots among many segments of the population to be primed for violent behavior by their parents or to rebel against oppressive regimes by the media

Source: Knewton

Can I choose none of the above?

If I had to pick one of the listed choices, (A) is the clear winner. However, the original sentence has parallelism issues that would make it an unlikely choice on the actual GMAT.

Reading the original sentence, we see "as that ..." in the non-underlined section following the underlined section. Based on that clue (remember, the non-underlined portions must be correct!), we know that the underlined portion has to be set up in a similar fashion.

In the original, we have:

"the cause... is not so much that... as that...", preserving parallelism.

(B) has "the cause... is not as much their... as much as that.." which isn't parallel - eliminate.

(C), (D) and (E) all start with "it is not so much...", which isn't parallel to what comes after the underlined portion - eliminate.

So, by default, (A) is the correct choice.

Another quick way to choose (A) is to note that (B), (C), (D) and (E) all introduce ambiguous pronouns ("they" and "their" don't have a clear referent, whereas "rioters" in (A) makes the reference clear).

However, (A) also isn't perfectly parallel.

The bolded parts of "is not so much that rioters are being primed for violent behaviour by their parents or to rebel against oppressive regimes by the media" are different forms of language.

Rioters are being primed for two things: "for violent behaviour" and "to rebel". To be truly parallel, the sentence should read "to behave violently" and "to rebel" or "for violent behaviour" and "for rebellion".
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24 Nov 2010, 16:00
Thank you very much for your input...here is the explanation as provided by Knewton:

Cheers.
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25 Nov 2010, 10:27
One more issue with this question is that invariably from A to E, there seems to be a fatal error in word order and modification. “For violent behavior by their parents or to rebel against oppressive regimes by the media” may wrongly lead us to mean that the violent behavior is carried out by parents and the oppressive regimes are run by the media.

Can somebody throw more light?
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Re: According to criminologists, the cause of riots among many [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2016, 01:40
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: According to criminologists, the cause of riots among many   [#permalink] 10 Sep 2016, 01:40
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