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# According to findings derived from...

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Senior Manager
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According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2013, 04:43
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According to findings derived from functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the area of the brain in which a second or third language is stored depends on the age of the language learner; whereas each language occupies a distinct area of the brain in an adult learner, language areas overlap in a young child.

(A) whereas each language occupies a distinct area of the brain in an adult learner,
(B) whereas for adults each language occupies a distinct area of the brain and
(C) each language occupies a distinct area of the brain when they are learned by an adult, while
(D) each language in adults occupied a distinct area of the brain, while
(E) each language occupying a distinct area of the brain for an adult learner, and

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by gmatter0913 on 22 Sep 2013, 05:07, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2013, 04:57
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According to findings derived from functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the area of the brain in which a second or third language is stored depends on the age of the language learner; whereas each language occupies a distinct area of the brain in an adult learner, language areas overlap in a young child.

(A) whereas each language occupies a distinct area of the brain in an adult learner, - CORRECT

(B) whereas for adults each language occupies a distinct area of the brain and - Use of WHEREAS & AND together is incorrect. Both words mean different things. Thus Incorrect.

(C) each language occupies a distinct area of the brain when they are learned by an adult, while - Singular antecedent "Each Language" require singular pronoun and not plural. Moreover, WHEN is incorrectly used. Thus Incorrect

(D) each language in adults occupied a distinct area of the brain, while - This option means that in the past language occupied a certain area of the brain, but not it doesn't. Changes the meaning. Thus Incorrect

(E) each language occupying a distinct area of the brain for an adult learner, and - This sentence is a big run-on and fragment as OCCUPYING is acting as a modifier. Thus Incorrect.

Hope this will help many to come
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Senior Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2010
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GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V34
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Kudos [?]: 180 [0], given: 87

Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2013, 05:03
Yeah!! For some reason my mind told me "whereas" is not a proper construction.

Can the sub-ordinate clause be separated by a semi-colon?

Is the sentence after the semi-colon in option A a complete sentence? Can it stand on its own?
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2013, 05:15
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gmatter0913 wrote:
Can the sub-ordinate clause be separated by a semi-colon?

gmatter0913 wrote:
Is the sentence after the semi-colon in option A a complete sentence? Can it stand on its own?

The structure of option A is
Clause 1 + ; + Clause 2

The structure of Clause 2 is
Dependent Clause A + , + Independent Clause B

We can also write The structure of Clause 2 as
Independent Clause B Dependent Clause A
Observe there is no COMMA before Dependent clause

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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2013, 05:00
Hello fameatop,

Can you please detail the correct usage of "When". Its been increasingly used in incorrect answer choices, so just want to make sure how "When" works.

Thanks
Himanshu
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2013, 08:34
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imhimanshu wrote:
Hello fameatop,

Can you please detail the correct usage of "When". Its been increasingly used in incorrect answer choices, so just want to make sure how "When" works.

Thanks
Himanshu

If you are asking about option C then apart from "when", there is another error --> use of plural pronoun "they" to refer to singular noun "each language".

You can find a very good explanation of the usage of "when" by e-gmat in their blog:
http://e-gmat.com/blogs/?p=169

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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2014, 11:42
In option (A) shouldn't there be a comma after 'whereas'?
Thanks.
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2014, 11:53
qwerty12321 wrote:
In option (A) shouldn't there be a comma after 'whereas'?
Thanks.

No, whereas wouldn't require a comma. The nice thing is that the GMAT wouldn't test you on comma placement like that.

KW
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2014, 12:21
Hi Kyle,

In MGMAT SC guide Page 198 commas are used after whereas, when it is used after a semicolon.

Thanks.
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2014, 12:44
qwerty12321 wrote:
Hi Kyle,

In MGMAT SC guide Page 198 commas are used after whereas, when it is used after a semicolon.

Thanks.

Sounds interesting...can you post an example sentence?

KW
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2014, 22:17
fameatop wrote:
According to findings derived from functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the area of the brain in which a second or third language is stored depends on the age of the language learner; whereas each language occupies a distinct area of the brain in an adult learner, language areas overlap in a young child.

(A) whereas each language occupies a distinct area of the brain in an adult learner, - CORRECT

(B) whereas for adults each language occupies a distinct area of the brain and - Use of WHEREAS & AND together is incorrect. Both words mean different things. Thus Incorrect.

(C) each language occupies a distinct area of the brain when they are learned by an adult, while - Singular antecedent "Each Language" require singular pronoun and not plural. Moreover, WHEN is incorrectly used. Thus Incorrect

(D) each language in adults occupied a distinct area of the brain, while - This option means that in the past language occupied a certain area of the brain, but not it doesn't. Changes the meaning. Thus Incorrect

(E) each language occupying a distinct area of the brain for an adult learner, and - This sentence is a big run-on and fragment as OCCUPYING is acting as a modifier. Thus Incorrect.

Hope this will help many to come

+1 A
I completely agree with your exp. A is the only answer that is correct because of the meaning of the sentence.
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2014, 11:25
KyleWiddison wrote:
qwerty12321 wrote:
Hi Kyle,

In MGMAT SC guide Page 198 commas are used after whereas, when it is used after a semicolon.

Thanks.

Sounds interesting...can you post an example sentence?

KW

Hi Kyle,

Andrew and Lisa are inseparable; therefore, we never see them apart.
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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28 Aug 2014, 14:53
qwerty12321 wrote:
KyleWiddison wrote:
qwerty12321 wrote:
Hi Kyle,

In MGMAT SC guide Page 198 commas are used after whereas, when it is used after a semicolon.

Thanks.

Sounds interesting...can you post an example sentence?

KW

Hi Kyle,

Andrew and Lisa are inseparable; therefore, we never see them apart.

Is that the example you were citing from the Strategy Guide? "Therefore" in that usage does use a comma after the semicolon (as would however, moreover, therefore, consequently, otherwise, nevertheless, thus). I'm interested to see an example with whereas. I just have the digital edition of the strategy guide with me but maybe the pages don't line up because there isn't anything with "whereas" around page 198 for me...

KW
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2014, 11:58
Hi Kyle

You are right. There is no example with 'whereas'.

Why is this so?
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2014, 14:41
qwerty12321 wrote:
Hi Kyle

You are right. There is no example with 'whereas'.

Why is this so?

Are you asking why whereas doesn't use a comma here or why there aren't examples of whereas in the strategy guide?
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2014, 06:37
I do believe that A is the best option overall. My only concern would be the lack of parallelism:

...of the language learner; whereas EACH LANGUAGE occupies a distinct area of the brain in an adult learner, LANGUAGE AREAS overlap in a young child.

Does someone have feedback regarding the use of whereas and parallelism?
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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13 Oct 2014, 10:23
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jorgearredondoc wrote:
I do believe that A is the best option overall. My only concern would be the lack of parallelism:

...of the language learner; whereas EACH LANGUAGE occupies a distinct area of the brain in an adult learner, LANGUAGE AREAS overlap in a young child.

Does someone have feedback regarding the use of whereas and parallelism?

I would term this a comparison problem (the close relative to parallelism) because you are comparing two different things: whereas X, Y. It seems like the comparison elements would be just as you outlined: whereas each language..., language areas. Those two things don't seem to be logically comparable, but whereas is used to compare clauses (it's a variation of "as", which compares clauses). So we are really comparing both ENTIRE clauses: whereas X) each language occupies a distinct area of the brain in adults, Y) language areas overlap in children. This is grammatically correct. We might prefer more similarities in the subjects of these clauses, but the GMAT doesn't give us that option so we eliminate our way to this choice as our correct answer.

KW
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2016, 19:17
gmatter0913 wrote:
According to findings derived from functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), the area of the brain in which a second or third language is stored depends on the age of the language learner; whereas each language occupies a distinct area of the brain in an adult learner, language areas overlap in a young child.

(A) whereas each language occupies a distinct area of the brain in an adult learner,
(B) whereas for adults each language occupies a distinct area of the brain and
(C) each language occupies a distinct area of the brain when they are learned by an adult, while
(D) each language in adults occupied a distinct area of the brain, while
(E) each language occupying a distinct area of the brain for an adult learner, and

Things you can eliminate the options on-
1) A general fact should always have present tense. Eliminate D and so also E for inconsistency - occupying and overlap
2) Incorrect usage of 'when' and Subject verb agreement 'They'. Eliminate C
3) Usage of 'for' <- not sure about this one. Also, whereas ... and incorrect construction - Eliminate B
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Re: According to findings derived from... [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2016, 00:47
Hi experts,

I understand how BCDE are incorrect. However i can not understand why A correct. Besides, i am confusing with this question: is there any parallelism in A? or we just need contrast in A? Thanks.
Re: According to findings derived from...   [#permalink] 19 Oct 2016, 00:47

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