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According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that

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According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

(A) they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be

(B) compared to only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year

(C) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be

(D) it estimates 73 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent

(E) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by ydmuley on 24 Sep 2017, 07:13, edited 1 time in total.
Formatted Question and Added OA

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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noboru wrote:
46. According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

(A) they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be
(B) compared to only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year
(C) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be
(D) it estimates 73 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent
(E) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent


it is between C and D. In D,I think, 'it' doesn't sound right as a subject. and 'that' after semi colon refers to what? 'profit' or 'Interstudy'?

I pick C..

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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I'd go with C. A pronoun is not needed at all immediately following the introductory prepositional phrase followed by the appositive. Try taking out the appositive, "a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s)," and read it that way. Since the pronoun is not needed, that means that neither A nor D is the answer. That leaves B, C, and E. Since both B and E use a plural pronoun to refer to a singular antecedent, that leaves C as the answer.

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

(A) they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be
(B) compared to only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year
(C) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be
(D) it estimates 73 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent
(E) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

(A) they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be

(B) compared to only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year

(C) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be

(D) it estimates 73 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent

(E) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent
A- they is plural reference
B-they plural
C-ambiguas reference
D-corrrect
E-they is plural reference

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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noboru wrote:
Whats wrong in D with "it"?
Thanks.


the problem is with the structure.
According to Interstudy, an organization, it estimates

the following construction is not only correct but also sounds right.
According to Interstudy, an organization, only 607 HMO’s were profitable last year
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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Remove the modifiers then the options look like

(A) According to Interstudy.....they estimate that, (wrong)

(B) According to Interstudy...compared to only 36 percent of the nation’s (wrong)

(C) According to Interstudy...only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s were (sounds correct)

(D) According to Interstudy....it estimates 73 percent of the nation’s 607 (wrong)

(E) According to Interstudyonly.... 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s (wrong)

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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C for me at the first instant..

According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s), only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be.

The correct part of the sentence needs to be followed by the clause itself.. Hence, leaves choice C and E. E is incorrect cos the choice uses "they".
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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sgupta0827 wrote:
Was stuck between C and D. Chose D because C had a construction "estimate...will be". I know "will" is only used for certainty. How can estimation be so certain? Can someone please explain? But, D has a bigger problem of "year" getting "modified" by "that" clause. Both of them are faulty. In these cases, does anyone know which one to choose?


According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

(A) they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be

(B) compared to only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year

(C) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be

(D) it estimates 73 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent

(E) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent


ok - I go by the meaning.....and then to the Logic....and then the grammar,etc
A - Wrong grammatically (beginning with THEY - no referrent)
B - Grammar - 1 - Comapared To [X}, [Y] - Parallelism issue,
2 - (they estimate 73 percent) should be (they estimate THAT 73 percent)
C - Meaning fine, Logic fine, Grammar (yes, some ppl noticed - estimates that.....will be) is wrong construction - But kept it aside because did not feel this to be a make/break issue
D - Wrong grammatically (beginning with IT - no referrent)
E - Grammar - 1 - (607 HMO’s last year were profitable) should be (607 HMO’s last year being profitable)
2 - [X], WHEREAS [Y] - Parallelism error

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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2 points:

The performer of the estimation is a single institude, so any choice mentioning 'they' which is referring to the institude is false.

so A , B , E are out

In D, 'last year that was only 36 percent' is ambiguous, since the word 'that' has no reference.
according to the context, 'that' should refer to 'the percentage of HWO's that are profitable'; but this is not explicitly mentioned in the sentence. So D is out.
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Last edited by egoistwlv on 24 Oct 2011, 00:32, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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AnotherGmater wrote:
In the OA, C, isn't the "36 percent of nation" singular? Can someone explain why it is being considered plural?


It is not "36 percent of nation", but "36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s". HMO's are countable (607 to be precise) and hence 36% of them are also countable (plural).

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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New post 03 Apr 2009, 06:46
Raison wrote:
I'd go with C. A pronoun is not needed at all immediately following the introductory prepositional phrase followed by the appositive. Try taking out the appositive, "a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s)," and read it that way. Since the pronoun is not needed, that means that neither A nor D is the answer. That leaves B, C, and E. Since both B and E use a plural pronoun to refer to a singular antecedent, that leaves C as the answer.


Raison, thanks for the explanation! Btw, OA is C.

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2009, 11:39
[quote="ugimba
it is between C and D. In D,I think, 'it' doesn't sound right as a subject. and 'that' after semi colon refers to what? 'profit' or 'Interstudy'?

I pick C..[/quote]


1+ for C...the two clauses are seperated by a semi-colan

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2009, 22:48
noboru wrote:
46. According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations (HMO’s), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

(A) they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be
(B) compared to only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year
(C) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be
(D) it estimates 73 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s would be profitable this year; last year that was only 36 percent
(E) only 36 percent of the nation’s 607 HMO’s last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent


a pronoun is not necessary after HMO's, therefore A and D are out. B and D also changes the meaning of the original sentence.
E changes the meaning and also uses the wrong pronoun "they"
C is concise and uses the proper pronoun referring to Interstudy.

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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New post 17 Aug 2009, 23:53
The sentence tests modifier
A and D are out as they unnecessarily use pronouns. B & E have pronoun error. B also uses being wrongly.

C is the clear winner.

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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thanks raison for the lovely exp

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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New post 22 Jul 2010, 10:48
This was an easy one .. between C and D.. C sounds better too !
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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that [#permalink]

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New post 30 Jul 2010, 07:13
C seems right to me, but I didnt choose to go with that as the sentence after the semicolon seems incomplete. Any comments on that?

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Re: According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that   [#permalink] 30 Jul 2010, 07:13

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