GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 21 Nov 2019, 20:09

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Q

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2924
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Q  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Nov 2017, 19:40
spatel2 wrote:
Can you explain why B is wrong? why is "exception to a general principle outlined" wrong here? I feel like "can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems. As Drucker notes," notes is a key word that identifies principal.

Quote:
2. Which of the following best describes the relationship of the second paragraph to the first paragraph?

A. It presents contrasting explanations for a phenomenon presented in the first paragraph.
B. It discusses an exception to a general principle outlined in the first paragraph.
C. It provides information that qualifies a claim presented in the first paragraph.
D. It presents an example that strengthens a claim presented in the first paragraph.
E. It presents an alternative approach to solving a problem discussed in the first paragraph.

If the "general principle" is that TQM "can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems", then an exception would be an example where TQM CANNOT work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems. The second paragraph does not describe such an exception. Rather, the second paragraph elaborates on that principle. In other words, yes, TQM can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems, but to do so, you can't just graft it on. The second paragraph qualifies the claim by giving us information that limits/modifies the claim.

C is the best answer.
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: all videos by topic

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 22 Sep 2017
Posts: 32
Re: According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Q  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Feb 2018, 21:07
question #2 of the RC.

I can't wrap head around this OA, must have missed something subtle.

Can someone please explain as to what does "qualifying a claim" actually mean.

Also, what is the claim that is being qualified in this RC.

Thanks in advance :)
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
User avatar
D
Status: GMAT and GRE tutor
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 2924
Location: United States
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170
Re: According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Q  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 May 2018, 13:27
Drshwetagupta wrote:
For Question 3, Why not D?

Quote:
3.According to the passage, the rationalist and human relations schools of management are alike in that they

A. are primarily interested in increasing profits

B. place little emphasis on issues of organizational structure

C. use statistical sampling techniques to increase profitability

D. are unlikely to lower prices in order to increase profitability

E. focus chiefly on setting and attaining long-term objectives

The only mention of lower prices is in this portion:

Quote:
TQM envisions the interests of employees, shareholders, and customers as convergent. For example, lower prices not only benefit consumers but also enhance an organization's competitive edge and ensure its continuance, thus benefiting employees and owners.

So we can infer that lowering prices IS probably consistent with TQM.

And we are also told that "the other management systems referred to (rationalist and human relations) use upper management decision-making and employee specialization to maximize shareholder profits over the short term." So this might at first glance lead you to think that those other systems are not interested in lowering prices.

But the point is that the other systems are more concerned with shareholder profits in the short term while TQM is more concerned with the shared interests of employees, shareholders, and customers. So a company adhering to TQM might lower prices because it's in the best interests of employees, shareholders, and customers.

A company adhering to the rationalist or human relations school of management also might lower prices but only in an effort to maximize short term profits. This company is still definitely interested in increasing profitability, and, if lowering prices will increase profitability, then the company would certainly want to do so. This company might have different MOTIVES than a company following TQM, but that does not mean that the company would be UNLIKELY to lower prices.

So (D) can be eliminated.
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutor @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: all videos by topic

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for $29.99 | Time management on verbal

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.
Director
Director
User avatar
P
Joined: 20 Sep 2016
Posts: 640
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
GPA: 3.92
WE: Operations (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User CAT Tests
Re: According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Q  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 22 Oct 2018, 21:57
Time : 3 mins 54 seconds (including reading) all correct

2. Which of the following best describes the relationship of the second paragraph to the first paragraph?
para 1: claim : according to drucker " TQM can work successfully in conjunction with two older management systems. " ... support is provided for the claim.... why is it a CLAIM? because it is someone's POV (someone being drucker) .. we cannot call it a fact or a GENERAL PRINCIPLE.
para 2: Though TQM can work in conjunctions with older systems , there ae still some LIMITATION ... limitations or better yet detailed differences between TQM and other systems.So this para MODIFIES OR GIVES US FURTHER INFO TO VIEW THE CLAIM IN TOTALITY with a much deeper undertstanding.

A. It presents contrasting explanations for a phenomenon presented in the first paragraph.
errors : Contrasting explanations : there are no contrasting explanations mentioned anywhere... the AUTHOR in second para merely gives us a more detailed picture in totality for the reader to evaluate the claim.
Phenomenon: phenomenons are usually events or facts which are substantiated with other factual premises. here druckers makes HIS CLAIM. THAT DOES NOT MEAN HE IS STATING A PHENOMENON. Well you could call the support given to the claim " operational features bla bla bla " in para 1 as a phenomenon because it is a fact and hence is substantiated .

B. It discusses an exception to a general principle outlined in the first paragraph.
errors: AN EXCEPTION : There is no exception . See the author is providing us more info to evaluate (view/judge) drucker's claim. He points out no exception ( that in this case , the claim does not work ). If there had been an exception , the author would have explicitly cited the exception (a scenario in which the claim does not hold true). But nowhere has h/she mentioned such an exception.
Even if we ignore being literal , there is still a problem ... AN exceptions. author points out more than 1 differences in the systems. so AN exception is inappropriate. BOTTOM LINE : THERE IS NO EXCEPTION
General principle: There is no GENERAL PRINCIPLE. Nowhere is it mentioned that the claim made by drucker is widely accepted . author JUST MENTIONS A CLAIM ...THAT'S IT.

C. It provides information that qualifies a claim presented in the first paragraph. CORRECT
Why right? -
provides info : yes the author provides us info wherein he mentions certain key differences and some common objectives.
qualifies: qualifies means modifying or giving more info on something through which we can evaluate something.
Note : a potential MISCONCEPTION among readers who think " to qualify : to limit" ... qualifying something means provide more info on which we can narrow in and get more info on something to make a sound judgement
for eg : I like ice cream ( this is my claim ... you are the reader) .... I like butterscotch icecream ( My qualification (modification of icecream )) .. Now you can make an even sound judgement about which icecream i like. THIS IS QUALIFICATION.
... SO in para 2 author provides us more info from which we can make a sound judgement on drucker's claim.

D. It presents an example that strengthens a claim presented in the first paragraph.
errors: example - no example is given....raw info is provided.
strengthens a claim : nowhere is author even trying to substantiate the claim : TQM can successfully work with other sys.... he is providing info

E. It presents an alternative approach to solving a problem discussed in the first paragraph.
errors: alternative approach - first of all there isnt any approach to which author is author is providing an alternative.
a problem - a claim is mentioned. author never says that the claim is problematic


GMATNinja please judge my reasoing .. thankyou...
VP
VP
User avatar
D
Joined: 14 Feb 2017
Posts: 1291
Location: Australia
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 560 Q41 V26
GMAT 2: 550 Q43 V23
GMAT 3: 650 Q47 V33
GMAT 4: 650 Q44 V36
GMAT 5: 650 Q48 V31
GPA: 3
WE: Management Consulting (Consulting)
Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Q  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Nov 2019, 14:37
Passage Map:
p1: To state that TQM can be used with 2 other systems: human relations and rationalist
p2: To state that TQM cannot be simply grafted onto these 2 other systems as it views the interests of multiple stakeholders as convergent

Q1 - Main Idea
A - no contradictions. Incorrect.
B - objectives aren't compared or contrasted. Incorrect
C - no shared organisational features are discussed. Incorrect.
D - This is quite clearly the case. P1 introduces TQM and states how it can be used with other systems; P2 explains certain caveats of using TQM with other systems.
E - one system isn't discussed in terms of its advantages over another. Incorrect

Q2 - Function
Can refer to passage map above for this.
C is correct. The claim is that TQM can be used with other systems. P2 qualifies this claim by stating that TQM can't simply be "grafted onto these systems"...

A is incorrect - no contrasting explanations are given whatsoever.
B is incorrect because this isn't an exception. This qualification applies to all non-TQM systems as per "TQM cannot simply be grafted onto these systems or onto certain other non-TQM management systems"
D is incorrect - no strengthening at all...
E is incorrect - this is not an alternative approach. This is the same methodology, but the author is just caveating his claim 'hey... it can't simply be grafted on because... X'

Q3 - Detail
Explained in P2 - "other management systems referred to (Rationalist and Human relations) use upper management decision-making and employee specialization to maximize shareholder profits over the short term"
A - correct as stated in the quoted.
B - incorrect as we cannot support this. We actually know that "human relations" has some sort of emphasis on organisational structure as per the last sentence of p1.
C - incorrect as we are told TQM is "consistent with the statistical sampling techniques..."
D - we cannot support this. We are told of the impact of lowering prices on TQM, but we aren't told that this is how the theories are alike
E - no. We are actually told the rationalist and human relations focus more on the short term.
_________________
Goal: Q49, V41

+1 Kudos if I have helped you
GMAT Club Bot
Re: According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Q   [#permalink] 06 Nov 2019, 14:37

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 25 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

According to P. F. Drucker, the management philosophy known as Total Q

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne