It is currently 19 Nov 2017, 19:23

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

7 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 04 Jun 2007
Posts: 364

Kudos [?]: 110 [7], given: 0

According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2007, 18:35
7
This post received
KUDOS
45
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  25% (medium)

Question Stats:

63% (00:24) correct 37% (00:30) wrong based on 1269 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than under it.

A. than
B. than born
C. that they were
D. than there had been
E. than had been born
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by PiyushK on 27 Sep 2014, 11:13, edited 1 time in total.
Added OA.

Kudos [?]: 110 [7], given: 0

9 KUDOS received
Current Student
User avatar
Joined: 03 Feb 2013
Posts: 941

Kudos [?]: 1077 [9], given: 548

Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Strategy
GMAT 1: 760 Q49 V44
GPA: 3.88
WE: Engineering (Computer Software)
Reviews Badge
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Dec 2014, 02:17
9
This post received
KUDOS
7
This post was
BOOKMARKED
According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than under it.

Basically
more babies were born to women over the age of thirty
than
babies were born to women under the age of thirty

age of thirty -> it
"babies were born to women" is ellipsed.


A. than -> Hence correct
B. than born
C. than they were
D. than there had been
E. than had been born
_________________

Thanks,
Kinjal
My Debrief : http://gmatclub.com/forum/hardwork-never-gets-unrewarded-for-ever-189267.html#p1449379
My Application Experience : http://gmatclub.com/forum/hardwork-never-gets-unrewarded-for-ever-189267-40.html#p1516961
Linkedin : https://www.linkedin.com/in/kinjal-das/

Please click on Kudos, if you think the post is helpful

Kudos [?]: 1077 [9], given: 548

6 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 30 Jun 2007
Posts: 780

Kudos [?]: 189 [6], given: 0

Re: sc - 30 -comparisons - set 13 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Feb 2008, 21:12
6
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
A. than
B. than born
C. than they were
D. than there had been
E. than had been born


This is tough one – twister. So, one way to resolve is to flip the sentence and check which one makes sense.

A: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than under age of thirty.[Hold it]

B: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than born under age of thirty.[This makes invalid – eliminate it]

C: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than they were under age of thirty.[Same women delivered over age thirty and under thirty – changes the meaning of the sentence – eliminate it]

D: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than there had been under age of thirty.[Implies women were delivering babies – eliminate it]

E: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more women over the age of thirty delivered babies than had been under age of thirty.[Does not make sense – eliminate it]

Answer: A

Kudos [?]: 189 [6], given: 0

Expert Post
5 KUDOS received
e-GMAT Representative
User avatar
S
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 2352

Kudos [?]: 9278 [5], given: 340

Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Mar 2013, 08:08
5
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Hi there,

According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than under it.

It is important to understand the intended meaning of the sentence.
• This sentence presents comparison. We need to find out what are the entities that are compared here.
• In 1998, Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to woman who were over the age of 30 than to those woman who were under the age of 30.
• The entities compared here the woman over 30 and woman under 30.

Now let’s see what the Errors are in this sentence:
Now there is just one word underlined in this sentence. The idiom used in this sentence is “…more babies are born to X than Y”. Here X and Y should be parallel.
X = woman over the age of thirty (noun phrase)
Y = (woman) under it (it = the age of thirty)
Since bot the entities are parallel here, there is no error in this sentence.

PoE:

A. than: Correct for the reason stated above.

B. than born: Incorrect. This choice leads to illogical comparison. Per this choice, entity Y = (babies) born under it (it = the age of thirty). This means the babies were under the age of 30. This is absolutely non-sensical.

C. than they were: Incorrect. Firstly, pronoun “they” is ambiguous here. If “they” refers to “babies”, then also it leads to illogical meaning and if “they” refers to “women”, then also lead to illogical meaning.

D. than there had been: Incorrect. This choice uses the incorrect verb tense as well as presents illogical comparison.

E. than had been born: Inocrrect. This choice repeats the verb tense error of choice D and illogical comparison error of choice B.

Hope this helps. :-)
Thanks.
Shraddha
_________________












| '4 out of Top 5' Instructors on gmatclub | 70 point improvement guarantee | www.e-gmat.com

Kudos [?]: 9278 [5], given: 340

5 KUDOS received
Verbal Forum Moderator
User avatar
Joined: 16 Jun 2012
Posts: 1126

Kudos [?]: 3551 [5], given: 123

Location: United States
Premium Member
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Aug 2013, 15:18
5
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Note:
- see the word "it" at the end of the sentence. "it" refers to what? Clearly, "it" refers to "thirty" ==> The comparison should be "women over thirty" vs "women under thirty".
- When see a comparison, be aware of "middle man" - a noun/noun phrase between two people/things being compared.


According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than [to women] under it.

1. than
Correct. Comparison "women over thirty" vs "women under thirty" (under "it"); "over" vs "under.

2. than born
Wrong. ambiguous. Because of the "middle man" - women ==> the meaning may be changed to "more babies were born to women over thirty than (women) born under it

3. than they were
Wrong. "they" refers to who? babies or women?

4. than they had been
Wrong. Same problem as in (3). "they" is not clear.

5. than had been born
Wrong. Same as in (2). Because of the middle man - women, the intended meaning may be distorted.

Hope it's clear
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Kudos [?]: 3551 [5], given: 123

4 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 06 Sep 2006
Posts: 734

Kudos [?]: 49 [4], given: 0

Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2007, 19:30
4
This post received
KUDOS
4
This post was
BOOKMARKED
According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than (to women) under it.

A.

Kudos [?]: 49 [4], given: 0

4 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 29 Jul 2009
Posts: 314

Kudos [?]: 395 [4], given: 9

Re: sc - 30 -comparisons - set 13 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Sep 2009, 23:31
4
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
Option E reads

According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than [babies] had been born under it

By introducing the verb, the meaning of the sentence changes, saying that more babies were born under the age of thirty. This doesn't make any sense.

Option A, relies on the ellipsis to make the right comparison


According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than [babies were born to women] under it [age of thirty]

Kudos [?]: 395 [4], given: 9

3 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 26 Apr 2007
Posts: 53

Kudos [?]: 100 [3], given: 0

Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Jul 2007, 18:51
3
This post received
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
r019h wrote:
According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than under it.

A. than
B. than born
C. that they were
D. than there had been
E. than had been born

Please give explanations to support your choices. OA will be posted soon.


A should be the answer.
more women over X than under it.

the sentence is comparing the age of women and not the age of babies born, so rule out B and E.
C and D - ruled out because of lack of parallelism. - more women over X than "they were"/"than there had been" is incorrect..

Kudos [?]: 100 [3], given: 0

Expert Post
2 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 27 Jan 2013
Posts: 230

Kudos [?]: 257 [2], given: 32

GMAT 1: 780 Q49 V51
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 05 Mar 2013, 14:28
2
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Hi,

This is a tricky one. I think what helps differentiate the answers is to think about what the comparison is: Women under the age of thirty VS. Women over the age of thirty

And the structure is: More X than Y

or with the story filled in: More Women over the age thirty than under the age of thirty


The other thing that helps is to fill in the noun/noun phrase that the pronoun "it" is replacing. Replacing pronouns is often helpful in SC. It's good to make this a habit.

Answer B is wrong because you have were born on one side of the comparison and only born on the other side. You need to have were born on both sides or nothing at all (in this case the were born is distributed to the second half of the comparison). It's a bit like a list in which you can have the bar, the plane, and the floor or the bar, plane, and floor but not the plane, bar, and the floor. Either you need to have every element or just let the first element distribute. In general, you cannot mix and match.

Another strategy here is to re-arrange the sentence: More babies were born to woman over the age of thirty than (were born to) woman under the age of thirty in the state of Mass. in 1998.

Let me know if you need more advice on this one.

Happy Studies,

HG.
_________________

"It is a curious property of research activity that after the problem has been solved the solution seems obvious. This is true not only for those who have not previously been acquainted with the problem, but also for those who have worked over it for years." -Dr. Edwin Land

GMAT vs GRE Comparison

If you found my post useful KUDOS are much appreciated.

IMPROVE YOUR READING COMPREHENSION with the ECONOMIST READING COMPREHENSION CHALLENGE:

Here is the first set along with some strategies for approaching this work: http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-economist-reading-comprehension-challenge-151479.html

Kudos [?]: 257 [2], given: 32

Top Contributor
2 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
S
Affiliations: CrackVerbal
Joined: 03 Oct 2013
Posts: 512

Kudos [?]: 595 [2], given: 6

Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Jan 2017, 01:05
2
This post received
KUDOS
Top Contributor
this question tests you on parallelism and meaning.

"than" requires parallelism. Also, note that "it" refers to "age of thirty".

"more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than under it." - Note that for parallelism, we start from right to left. See what is parallel to "under it" on the Left hand side of "than".

A maintains parallelism and hence is the correct answer. Since the sentence maintains parallelism what is implied here -
More babies were born to women over the age of thirty than [babies were born to women] under it.

B - Incorrect answer.
Answer option does not maintain parallelism. let us look at parallelism -
"more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than born under it."

Not perfectly parallel. "to women" is missing in RHS.
This answer option nonsensically implies that "[babies were] born under age of thirty".

C - Incorrect answer.

"more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than they were under it.". - two clauses are in parallel; however, "to women" is omitted. this changes the meaning of the sentence.

this sentence implies that babies were born under age of 30. - Illogical.

D - Incorrect.
Usage of past perfect is incorrect. We are referring to a specific time period - 1998.
Also, this option changes the meaning of the sentence.

E - Incorrect.
Usage of past perfect is incorrect. We are referring to a specific time period - 1998.
Changes the meaning of the sentence (like option B) -
"more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than had been born under it."

Not perfectly parallel. "to women" is missing in RHS.
This answer option nonsensically implies that "babies had been born under age of thirty".
_________________

Enroll for our GMAT Trial Course here -
http://gmatonline.crackverbal.com/

Learn all PS and DS strategies here-
http://gmatonline.crackverbal.com/p/mastering-quant-on-gmat

For more info on GMAT and MBA, follow us on @AskCrackVerbal

Kudos [?]: 595 [2], given: 6

Expert Post
2 KUDOS received
Verbal Expert
User avatar
S
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 3197

Kudos [?]: 3506 [2], given: 22

Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 04 Mar 2017, 02:32
2
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
AR15J wrote:
I have read all the explanation, but I still have one query

choice B-more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than born under it

My question: Can't we have more than one eclipses in one sentences?

more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than[ babies were] born [ to women] under it


Choice C : more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than they were under it.

My question: Why even one eclipse is not right in this case?

more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than they(referring to babies--correct) were [born to women ] under it.


How to identify which uses of the eclipse are correct?


Omission of items (even more than two items) is definitely acceptable in the second element of a parallel structure, if those items have already been used in the first element and the meaning is not obscured.

On the other hand, not omitting will be considered a poor practice, if items are not omitted when they can be without ambiguity. This is because of concision issue.

Moreover when a verb is to be omitted, omit the complete verb, not a part of it. In option B a part of the verb "were born" is omitted. Either use "were born" or omit it altogether. But using a part i.e. "born" is wrong. If option B were "than were born", it would be alright.

In option C, the pronoun "they" is wrong. "They" wrongly refers to "babies", the SAME babies who were born to women over the age of thirty. Here a new copy of the noun "babies" is required (who were born to women under the age of thirty), hence using "they" is wrong. the correct pronoun is "that" (to create a new copy).

Kudos [?]: 3506 [2], given: 22

1 KUDOS received
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
Joined: 29 Jan 2011
Posts: 339

Kudos [?]: 246 [1], given: 87

Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 25 Jul 2011, 23:23
1
This post received
KUDOS
asaf wrote:
According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than (to women) under it.

A.



Can someone please tell me if my reasoning is correct???

After 'than' you see 'under': look back in the sentence whats the opposite of 'under' its 'over'…. So what comes after over in the original sentence …it is ' to women' ….so read sentence by putting (to women ) in brackets after than and before under…. You will see option A is correct…

Kudos [?]: 246 [1], given: 87

1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
avatar
Joined: 03 Aug 2012
Posts: 899

Kudos [?]: 911 [1], given: 322

Concentration: General Management, General Management
GMAT 1: 630 Q47 V29
GMAT 2: 680 Q50 V32
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Investment Banking)
Premium Member
According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Dec 2012, 09:56
1
This post received
KUDOS
5
This post was
BOOKMARKED
37. According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than under it.

A. than
B. than born
C. than they were
D. than there had been
E. than had been born

Source: Brutal SC
_________________

Rgds,
TGC!
_____________________________________________________________________
I Assisted You => KUDOS Please
_____________________________________________________________________________

Kudos [?]: 911 [1], given: 322

1 KUDOS received
Current Student
User avatar
Joined: 28 Apr 2012
Posts: 306

Kudos [?]: 480 [1], given: 142

Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Technology
GMAT 1: 650 Q48 V31
GMAT 2: 770 Q50 V47
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Dec 2012, 09:51
1
This post received
KUDOS
Fill the omitted section:

According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than to women under it.

As in : In the party, more candies were given to X than to Y.

None of the options other than A fit in. We don't need to repeat babes/candies or born/given. We are comparing Women Above age 30 and Women Under Age 30.
_________________

"Appreciation is a wonderful thing. It makes what is excellent in others belong to us as well."
― Voltaire


Press Kudos, if I have helped.
Thanks!

Kudos [?]: 480 [1], given: 142

Expert Post
1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 27 Jan 2013
Posts: 230

Kudos [?]: 257 [1], given: 32

GMAT 1: 780 Q49 V51
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 06 Mar 2013, 08:13
1
This post received
KUDOS
Expert's post
Well, the events did not happen one before the other but at the same time so the past perfect is incorrect. You should always question the use of the perfect tense and make sure that the order of the events is important to the meaning of the sentence. You can have a bunch of different events happening in the past and all of them can be in the past simple.

Even excusing the tense the meaning is obscured because it would seem that babies were born under 30 and not that the babies were born to women under thirty.

HG.
_________________

"It is a curious property of research activity that after the problem has been solved the solution seems obvious. This is true not only for those who have not previously been acquainted with the problem, but also for those who have worked over it for years." -Dr. Edwin Land

GMAT vs GRE Comparison

If you found my post useful KUDOS are much appreciated.

IMPROVE YOUR READING COMPREHENSION with the ECONOMIST READING COMPREHENSION CHALLENGE:

Here is the first set along with some strategies for approaching this work: http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-economist-reading-comprehension-challenge-151479.html

Kudos [?]: 257 [1], given: 32

1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 04 Apr 2012
Posts: 10

Kudos [?]: 8 [1], given: 2

Schools: Katz '18 (S)
GMAT 1: 640 Q49 V28
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jun 2013, 23:30
1
This post received
KUDOS
It will go for A

Here we are comparing ages --- over 30 and below 30 --- Also IT refers to 30

A. than ---- correct comparision --- more babies were born to women (over 30 than under 30) --- meaning is clear
B. than born ---- to maintain parallesism --- than were born to women under 30----- would be correct.
C. than they were --- not parallel --- than they were under it (is wrong)
D. than there had been --- not parallel ---- wrong use of past perfect
E. than had been born -- incorrect comparison --- had been is wrong --- we are not refering to one event in past that has ocured before another past event ----- both events in the past

Kudos [?]: 8 [1], given: 2

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 09 Apr 2013
Posts: 208

Kudos [?]: 81 [1], given: 40

Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, Economics
GMAT 1: 710 Q44 V44
GMAT 2: 740 Q48 V44
GPA: 3.1
WE: Sales (Mutual Funds and Brokerage)
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 24 Jun 2013, 23:51
1
This post received
KUDOS
ASHISHBAHL wrote:
It will go for A

Here we are comparing ages --- over 30 and below 30 --- Also IT refers to 30

A. than ---- correct comparision --- more babies were born to women (over 30 than under 30) --- meaning is clear
B. than born ---- to maintain parallesism --- than were born to women under 30----- would be correct.
C. than they were --- not parallel --- than they were under it (is wrong)
D. than there had been --- not parallel ---- wrong use of past perfect
E. than had been born -- incorrect comparison --- had been is wrong --- we are not refering to one event in past that has ocured before another past event ----- both events in the past


The OA for the question you're answering is (I believe) E.

More modifies babies, not women, but under 30 modifies women, so you need more info.

The other question in this thread has "women" I the subject, in which case A is the OA.

Kudos [?]: 81 [1], given: 40

1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Joined: 03 Jul 2013
Posts: 31

Kudos [?]: 127 [1], given: 19

Location: United States
Concentration: Finance, General Management
Schools: Mannheim '15
GPA: 3
WE: Human Resources (Consulting)
According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Aug 2013, 13:26
1
This post received
KUDOS
9
This post was
BOOKMARKED
According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than under it.

1. than
2. than born
3. than they were
4. than they had been
5. than had been born

Explanation please !!

Kudos [?]: 127 [1], given: 19

1 KUDOS received
Intern
Intern
avatar
Status: K... M. G...
Joined: 22 Oct 2012
Posts: 48

Kudos [?]: 9 [1], given: 118

Concentration: General Management, Leadership
GMAT Date: 08-27-2013
GPA: 3.8
Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Nov 2013, 13:36
1
This post received
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
r019h wrote:
According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts became the first state in which more babies were born to women over the age of thirty than under it.

A. than
B. than born
C. that they were
D. than there had been
E. than had been born

Please give explanations to support your choices. OA will be posted soon.


+1 for A :-D ... Sheer Parallelism

B. than born --> wrong comparison (babies)
C. that they were --> wrong comparison (Babies)
D. than there had been --> Had been ???
E. than had been born --> wrong comparison (Babies)

Kudos [?]: 9 [1], given: 118

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
avatar
Joined: 07 Feb 2015
Posts: 78

Kudos [?]: 20 [1], given: 28

Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 Jan 2016, 19:27
1
This post received
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
A good video on this question is here:

Kudos [?]: 20 [1], given: 28

Re: According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts   [#permalink] 08 Jan 2016, 19:27

Go to page    1   2   3   4    Next  [ 73 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

According to public health officials, in 1998 Massachusetts

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.