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# According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine

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Manager
Joined: 12 Mar 2019
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 12:09
1
Premise: Manager evaluate based on performance
Lower is performance, lower is raise,
Managers give similar raise to low performers and higher raise to outperformers.

Option A: Is completely opp of what we are given in premise: Out
Option B : Out of context , we are not talking about small firms : Out

option C : Correct: If average worker works hard, he will get more appraisal , thus more salary .
option D : incorrect : We are not talking about salaries, but higher raise which is important
option E : out of context, as we are nowhere talking about managers raise
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 12:19
Here is my reasoning.... I could be wrong....

Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

ANALYSIS:
Managers produce similar evaluations for all employees. So Employees cannot be segregated based on evaluations to determine raises. So raises depend on targets. Outperform target = high raise. Dont outperform target = minimal raise. But both get similar evaluations.

Options prefixed with X are discareded...

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
>>CORRECT This seems contradictory to the reasearch at first. However The research only talks about employees WHO DO NOT OUT PERFORM TARGETS. Their raises are similar and minimal. But Eployees who outperform their targets will receive higher raises. So, manager ranks everyone similarly, but still some get higher raises and some get minimal raises based on target outperformance.... Lets evaluate other options.

XB) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
>>The passage does not speak about small firms

XC) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
>>This seems to make sense at first. I was confused between this and A. But we dont know if average ranked employees will work hard.Passage only speaks about evaluation and raises. There is no research about hardwork/motivations of employees etc.

XD) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
>>Passage does not speak about employees with already high salaries. They may or maynot outperform targets. And they may or maynot get hogher raises. Their ranking will be similar to all employees and raise will not depend on past salary.

XE) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
>>Research does not speak about managers evaluating themselves and giving themselves higher raises. It just speaks about evaluation and raises of employees.

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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 12:44
1
Managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees,
thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises.

Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.
A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
The premise actually says the opposite, employees ranked quite similar will receive the same amount.

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
Research about small firms is not discussed, we cannot make assumptions

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
We cannot conclude this from the given question stem, as question stem does not talk about employees with higher salaries

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
Managers own evaluations are not discussed in the question stem,

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 12:54
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

Managers divide employees in two groups while doing evaluation :
1.) Who outperform targets
2.) Who don't outperform targets => They get identical & minimal annual raise

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
Perhaps RANKING & EVALUATION are different. And even if not, salaries can't be substantially different for similarly ranked people as per the argument logic.

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
any discussion on small firms is OUT OF SCOPE

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
No co-relation between salary and raise

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.

No easy elimination between (C) & (E)
If we go back and read the argument again and try to complete it by placing each (C) & (E), one after the other, (E) seems more plausible.

My pick would be (E)
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 13:58
1
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.

It is clear from the passage, that equally ranked employees receive identical minimal annual raises. So the option A is irrelevant for the given passage.

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.

We have no information about small firms, so any statement on this topic is speculative. Irrelevant

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.

This statement fits fine in the passage, because it is said that one should outperform to receive above-minimal annual raises.

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.

There is no correlation given between decisions of managers and salaries. Managers evaluate performance, not salaries. Irrelevant.

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.

The passage is not about evaluation of managers' performance, but about the evaluation of employees' performance. Furthermore, this idea is illogical, because high self-evaluation is useless in cross-evaluation system, where several evaluators involved. Irrelevant

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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 14:35
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who
do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

This is an inference question, so based on what's given in the argument, we should pick an answer choice that MUST BE TRUE.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises. Incorrect. Opposite of what's stated in the argument.
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm. Incorrect. Small firms are out of scope to this argument.
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise. Incorrect. Argument says that employees who don't outperform will only get minimal raises, but that does not imply that average-ranked employees WILL work hard to earn more raise.
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. Incorrect. Argument doesn't talk about the higher salaried employees.
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises. Correct. Since managers know how the evaluations and salary raises work, they will be motivated to raise their own evaluations to get higher salary raises.
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 14:49
1
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises..(sub-conclusion)
Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________. (Main conclusion)

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises. (Not justifiable from info in the stimulus)
B) in small firms,the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm. (Info is about large firms)
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise. (justifiable from the stimulus )
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. (Not true per stimulus )
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.(about employees evaluations not managers)

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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 16:13
The stimulus says that the annual raises are linked to one clear condition which is "to outperform the target", and that the evaluation by the manager is not a deciding factor.
For example, if an employee achieved 50% of the target will the same annual raise of a colleague who achieved 10%.
As a consequence, an employee who achieved 101% of the target will have a remarkable annual raise, while an employee who achieved 99% of the target will have a minimal annual raise. In other words, Although they are quite similar in performance by the manager, the annual raise for each will be greatly different.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
This conclusion is precisely describing the logical conclusion we anticipated

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
Out of scope: The scope of the study is the large companies, and we can't assume an analogy between small and large firms without being told so.

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
Illogical: Because an average employee (who achieved about 50%) know that no matter how he work hard, the outcome will be the same unless he achieve 100%.
On the contrary, when average employees (of 50%) are equally treated as low employees (of 10%), they may become more demotivated to work at all.

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
Irrelevant: there is no relation mentioned between the higher salary and the higher raise. Also the word "significantly" is a strong language, not supported by any information from the stimulus.

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
Out of scope Conspiracy scenario : This conclusion is taking us too far. Are we supposed to assume that the managers intentionally lower the annual raises of their employees, then take the rest of the money for themselves by manipulating their evaluation??
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 17:29
A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.-- not related to similar ranks.
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm. ---not talking about small firms.
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.--correct.
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.---- can't deduce that.
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.---out of scope.
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According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 17:45
1
(1) Managers in large firms --> similar evaluations of their employees,
(2) Employees who do not outperform their targets (or in other word, are average ranked) --> receive identical and minimal annual raises.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
This choice is in contrast to statement (2). Employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, won't receive substantially different annual raises.

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
This choice is out of scope. The argument only concerns with employees in large firms, not small firms.

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
CORRECT ANSWER. Employees in large firms who are average-ranked will receive minimal raise, and thus will need to work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
This choice is out of scope. The argument does not relate higher employees' salary to higher raise the employees will get.

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
This choice is out of scope. The argument does not relate raising managers' own evaluation to higher salary raise the managers will get.

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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 19:17
1
The passage talks about large firms, where managers tend to produce similar evaluations of their employees. Therefore, employees have to outperform their targets so that they receive more than minimal annual raise.
We are looking for an answer that considers all the information provided in the paragraph.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
This goes against the sated information in the paragraph. We are said that employees, who do not outperform, will receive identical and minimal raises. So, similar performing employees are expected to receive similar raises. Eliminate

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
We have no information about small firms. Eliminate

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
It is stated that employees have to outperform their targets to get more than minimal raise. To outperform, they have to work harder. Hold.

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
An employee either can have a higher salary because she/he joined the company with a high salary or got a higher raise the previous year because she/he outperformed the targets. This does not mean the employee will outperform targets even in the current year. Eliminate.

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
This talks about self-evaluation. The passage talks about being evaluated by a superior. Eliminate.

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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 20:31
1
Question type: Complete the argument.

Deconstructing argument-
Managers in large firms perform similar evaluations of all employees which they classify into groups. Therefore average performers gets low raises.
Now based on this can we assume that high performers must be getting higher raises?

Let go through the options-

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
This is completely opposite to what the research suggests. Not our answer.

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
This sounds reasonable but it talks about small firms. This was a trap option. Let's cross it off from our possible answer.

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
This one seems resonable. When average performers get low raises they'll try to improve their performance. Let's keep this option.

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
Higher raise to employees with higher salaries? Why would they do it if the criteria is performance of an employee. Not our answer.

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
Hmm..motivated. yes everyone wants a good raise but can they actually do it for themselves? Whether that's true or not, it is not something that can be derived from the reasearch which emphasize on performance and reward system. This option is an example of a loophole in the system. We can reject this option.

Hence option C
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 20:35
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.
Thus even though all employees may be ranked same people will get different bonuses.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.Matches as expecte
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.No mention of small firms. Out of scope
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.We can not conclude if working harder will give you better ranking. Hence it is also out of scope
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.Salaries are not mentioned when considering rating.
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.No mention of self evaluation for managers. We simply cannot conclude that mangers give their own evaluations
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According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 20:43
This is an inference based question. Hence the option must be true on the basis of given information.

A) If the employees were ranked quite similar by their manager, they would have gotten identical raise. Opposite
B. The information is given about the evaluation in the large firms, while option is talking about small firms. Irrelevant
C. It is given that employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence we can inferred from this line that if average rank employees will work hard, they will get more than minimal raises. Correct
D. Raise given to the employees is based on the their performance. It's not based on their current salaries. Incorrect
E. Can't be inferred from the given information.Incorrect

IMO C
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 21:51
1
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

The passage is talking about employees who do not outperform do not get good raise. And we have to write conclusie statement as Hence is used in the start of the sentence.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
This is talking opposite of what passage is trying to convey.
Incorrect

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
We have not spoken anything about small firms in this passage. Irrelevant.
Incorrect.

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
This makes sense. Employees will work hard to get good raise.
Correct

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
We are not talking about the employees who have higher salaries. Irrelevant.
Incorrect.

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
We are talking about how managers evaluate employees and not how managers get evaluated.
Incorrect.

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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 22:10
A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
This option is going against the original passage itself..........................................................eliminated.

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
Passage starts with large firms, it can be extrapolated for small farms based on the topic .............. correct.

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
It is opposite of what will happen. Average employee may not work hard enough because he is anyway going to get same raise.............eliminated.

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
Doesn't make any sense when put into the passage............................eliminated.

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
Not related to the topic.............................eliminated.

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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 22:14
Premise: Managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees
Sub conclusion: Employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises
Conclusion(Pre-thinking): In large firms employees tend to receive identical and minimal annual raises.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.- Incorrect. Opposite
B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm. - Hold, although this talks about small firms, which aren't discussed in the argument, it could be an inference drawn about smaller firms based on the conclusion we can draw about large firms.
C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise. - Incorrect, we cant draw this conclusion
D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries. Incorrect, raises are based on performance as mentioned in the passage.
E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises. -Incorrect, irrelevant. This conclusion cant be drawn.

IMO, B is the best answers among given lot.
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According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 16 Jul 2019, 05:30
Originally I was more in favor of option C as the answer. But upon further reflections I rather feel the answer rather should be D. This is because by categorization, it means that employees are tagged and therefore a high performer will continue to perform highly. As a result high performers generally will have higher base salaries. Hence it can be expected Managers will give higher raises to employees with higher salaries.

Hence the answer in my opinion is D.

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Originally posted by eakabuah on 15 Jul 2019, 22:39.
Last edited by eakabuah on 16 Jul 2019, 05:30, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 22:58
1
A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.
this answer choice is wrong ---employees ranked similar will get identical annual raises not different so (OUT)

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
From the stimulus we don't know anything about small firms ---stimulus is talking about managers in large firms
so this answer choice is (irrelevant)

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
yes this is the correct answer choice......in order to get more than minimal raise average ranked employees will outperform their work
that means they will work hard (CORRECT)

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
no, this cant be true ---suppose these employees do not outperform their work then they will get identical and minimal annual raises so (OUT)

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
No, we can't prove this from stimulus ........Research doesn't say anything what manager should do in order to get high salaries...it only says how managers evaluate their employees on the basis of their work and what annual raises they are expected to receive
so we can't expect this to be true (OUT)
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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2019, 23:49
Which of the following best completes the passage below?
According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine, managers in large firms tend to produce quite similar evaluations of their employees, thus employees who do not outperform their targets are expected to receive virtually identical and minimal annual raises. Hence, according to this research, it can be expected that ______________.

Understanding of Argument:
- According to research- Managers in large firm do similar evaluation/rating of their emp.
- Emp who do not perform will hence get similar min annual raise.

A) employees in large firms, who were ranked quite similar by their manager, will receive substantially different annual raises.

Correct

B) in small firms, the raises given to higher-ranked employees will be significantly higher than those of their colleagues in the firm.
- Argument talks about large firms. So eliminate B

C) average-ranked employees in large firms will work harder in order to get more than the minimal raise.
- Cannot expect that avg ranked employee will work harder or not . So eliminate C

D) managers will give the higher raises to employees with significantly higher salaries.
- Research says based on evaluation of achievement of target, raise is given. Here it talks reverse. So eliminate D

E) Managers in large firms will be motivated to raise their own evaluations, in order to get higher salary raises.
- Argument does not talk about managers motivation and evaluation. It talks about their employees . So eliminate E

ANS- Choice A

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Re: According to research published in Organizational Behavior magazine   [#permalink] 15 Jul 2019, 23:49

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