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According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not

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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2017, 00:27
sayantanc2k wrote:
vroldao wrote:
Question - doesn't "more than likely" change the original meaning?
Originally we have something that can possibly be explained by the second. By using "more than likely" aren't we introducing certainty in the statement?


It has not been mentioned in any official guideline that the correct answer must retain the meaning of the original sentence. If there is only one grammatically correct choice, it must be selected even when it deviates in meaning from the original. However if there are two grammatically correct sentences, select the one that agrees with the intended meaning of the original sentence (that too if the original sentence makes sense).





Please explain why there should not be "it was" after comma "but"
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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2017, 10:39
varundixitmro2512 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
vroldao wrote:
Question - doesn't "more than likely" change the original meaning?
Originally we have something that can possibly be explained by the second. By using "more than likely" aren't we introducing certainty in the statement?


It has not been mentioned in any official guideline that the correct answer must retain the meaning of the original sentence. If there is only one grammatically correct choice, it must be selected even when it deviates in meaning from the original. However if there are two grammatically correct sentences, select the one that agrees with the intended meaning of the original sentence (that too if the original sentence makes sense).





Please explain why there should not be "it was" after comma "but"


There are two options containing "it was": D and E.
D: wrong meaning- implies that the earliest writing and separate and distinct symbolic system of communication are different things (The former began from the latter). But the intended meaning is that both are the same ("began as").
E: wrong meaning - similar issue as above - moreover this option implies that earliest writing began separate and distinct symbolic system of communication.
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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 13:55
Hi experts, I answered B correctly and understand why it is correct.

What I want to explore here is the structure of the sentence. What is independent and what is dependent clause? The idiom NOT ... BUT confuses me here.

Is ', and only later merged with spoken language' an independent clause nested under but (is such thing possible, I wouldn't be surprised if it isn't), or should we look at the sentence as a combination of two parallel independent clauses?

According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not a direct rendering of speech, but more than likely began as a separate and distinct symbolic system of communication (1st one), and only later merged with spoken language. (2nd)

Thanks.
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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not a direct rendering of speech, but was more likely to begin as a separate and distinct symbolic system of communication, and only later merged with spoken language.

Let's try to understand the sentence, as we glance through we come to know that the sentence tense is most probably past tense because of the words - was & merged. In the underlined portion as well we should be looking for an option that is in past tense.

Also, in comparison questions, the word "more" is always followed by the word "than".

(A) was more likely to begin as

- more likely to begin is non-idiomatic, also the word begin does not go with the words - was and merged, begin should be in the past tense. We are also missing the word THAN after the word MORE.

(B) more than likely began as

- CORRECT - BEGAN is parallel with the words - was and merged (past tense), THAN is used after MORE
- IDIOM - Not X but more than likely Y


(C) more than likely beginning from

- missing verb here, beginning is not a verb, also does not go along with was and merged.

(D) it was more than likely begun from

- Begun - is not the correct tense here. Does not go along with was and merged.

(E) it was more likely that it began

In this awkward, unclear, and wordy construction, the first it must be followed by is, not was, because the theory is current; the second it acts as the subject of the subordinate clause, and this usage requires the omission of the comma after communication.

Hence, Answer is B

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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2017, 11:14
'B' is the correct choice - In this sentence, more than likely is the correct comparative construction.

Eliminated: 'C' and 'D' for using from .... should have to ('to' not present in the question stem)
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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2017, 11:34
According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not a direct rendering of speech, but was more likely to begin as a separate and distinct symbolic system of communication, and only later merged with spoken language.

(A) was more likely to begin as
- "begin" NOT // with "merged". also, "more" should be accompanied with "than"

(B) more than likely began as
- correct as is

(C) more than likely beginning from
- "beginning from" NOT // to "merged"

(D) it was more than likely begun from
- "begun from" NOT // to "merged". also, "it" not needed

(E) it was more likely that it began
- way too many "it" pronouns. not needed.

KEY: Know the proper idiom when comparing/contrasting with "more". Should be "more THAN". also, parallelism here: "began" must be // to "merged", since they're the two main verbs here

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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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New post 15 Nov 2017, 15:30
cool_jonny009 wrote:
According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not a direct rendering of speech, but was more likely to begin as a separate and distinct symbolic system of communication, and only later merged with spoken language.

(A) was more likely to begin as
(B) more than likely began as
(C) more than likely beginning from
(D) it was more than likely begun from
(E) it was more likely that it began

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Approach:
5-second scan, reveals split between more and it. Pronouns and Parallelism could be in play.

The earliest X was, but was appears redundant and non-idiomatic for a two-part parallel construction.

A - Eliminate based on the above.
B - The earlest X was, but more than likely began as - two part idiom X more than Y is correct and the verb tense is correct. Keep
C - eliminate - verb tense is incorrect. The writing already took place if the scholars are in a position to pass judgement on it.
D - it? what is IT refering to? The Speech or the earliest writing? eliminate for ambiguity.
E - eliminate for same reason as D.


Anyone have any comments on my logic applied, feel free to give feedback.
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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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New post 14 Jan 2018, 23:21
According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not a direct rendering of speech, but was more likely to begin as a separate and distinct symbolic system of communication, and only later merged with spoken language.

(A) was more likely to begin as -- the writing was already present --> use of was to begin is non-sensical
(B) more than likely began as -- Correct
(C) more than likely beginning from -- beginning is not a verb--> incorrect ; began as vs began from -- different meanings --> A began from X --> source of A was X
A began as X --> X was the first form of A
(D) it was more than likely begun from -- was begun is in passive -- distorts meaning; began as vs began from -- same as C ; use of comma before and is incorrect
(E) it was more likely that it began -- it was is incorrect ; different meaning

Answer B
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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2018, 09:16
Can you please explain is comma before but necessary, because but is seperated by comma, we should use two independent clauses and that now we require ‘it’ after but. Where I went wrong?

sayantanc2k wrote:
vroldao wrote:
Question - doesn't "more than likely" change the original meaning?
Originally we have something that can possibly be explained by the second. By using "more than likely" aren't we introducing certainty in the statement?


It has not been mentioned in any official guideline that the correct answer must retain the meaning of the original sentence. If there is only one grammatically correct choice, it must be selected even when it deviates in meaning from the original. However if there are two grammatically correct sentences, select the one that agrees with the intended meaning of the original sentence (that too if the original sentence makes sense).
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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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New post 15 Jan 2018, 10:59
cool_jonny009 wrote:
According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not a direct rendering of speech, but was more likely to begin as a separate and distinct symbolic system of communication, and only later merged with spoken language.

(A) was more likely to begin as
(B) more than likely began as
(C) but more than likely beginning from
(D) it was more than likely begun from
(E) it was more likely that it began

Official Guide 12 Question

GMAT Official Guide 12

Question: 39
Page: 41
Difficulty: 600

Find All Official Guide Questions

Video Explanations:



Greetings! :)

I have a couple of questions:

What does this question test ? for example when I read each SC, and in case my answer is not correct than I learn from mistake :) like ok I did mistakes in verb agreement, sequence of tence, parallelism, pronouns etc... now when it comes to this question I dont understand what should I learn from my mistake :) I chose C, because it seemed correct in terms of parallelism (nouns)..

"According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not a direct rendering of speech...but more than likely beginning from

thank you for your kind explanation :)
Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not   [#permalink] 15 Jan 2018, 10:59

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