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According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not

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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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New post 08 Apr 2017, 00:27
sayantanc2k wrote:
vroldao wrote:
Question - doesn't "more than likely" change the original meaning?
Originally we have something that can possibly be explained by the second. By using "more than likely" aren't we introducing certainty in the statement?


It has not been mentioned in any official guideline that the correct answer must retain the meaning of the original sentence. If there is only one grammatically correct choice, it must be selected even when it deviates in meaning from the original. However if there are two grammatically correct sentences, select the one that agrees with the intended meaning of the original sentence (that too if the original sentence makes sense).





Please explain why there should not be "it was" after comma "but"

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According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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New post 09 Apr 2017, 10:39
varundixitmro2512 wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
vroldao wrote:
Question - doesn't "more than likely" change the original meaning?
Originally we have something that can possibly be explained by the second. By using "more than likely" aren't we introducing certainty in the statement?


It has not been mentioned in any official guideline that the correct answer must retain the meaning of the original sentence. If there is only one grammatically correct choice, it must be selected even when it deviates in meaning from the original. However if there are two grammatically correct sentences, select the one that agrees with the intended meaning of the original sentence (that too if the original sentence makes sense).





Please explain why there should not be "it was" after comma "but"


There are two options containing "it was": D and E.
D: wrong meaning- implies that the earliest writing and separate and distinct symbolic system of communication are different things (The former began from the latter). But the intended meaning is that both are the same ("began as").
E: wrong meaning - similar issue as above - moreover this option implies that earliest writing began separate and distinct symbolic system of communication.

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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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New post 18 Apr 2017, 13:55
Hi experts, I answered B correctly and understand why it is correct.

What I want to explore here is the structure of the sentence. What is independent and what is dependent clause? The idiom NOT ... BUT confuses me here.

Is ', and only later merged with spoken language' an independent clause nested under but (is such thing possible, I wouldn't be surprised if it isn't), or should we look at the sentence as a combination of two parallel independent clauses?

According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not a direct rendering of speech, but more than likely began as a separate and distinct symbolic system of communication (1st one), and only later merged with spoken language. (2nd)

Thanks.

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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jul 2017, 08:37
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According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not a direct rendering of speech, but was more likely to begin as a separate and distinct symbolic system of communication, and only later merged with spoken language.

Let's try to understand the sentence, as we glance through we come to know that the sentence tense is most probably past tense because of the words - was & merged. In the underlined portion as well we should be looking for an option that is in past tense.

Also, in comparison questions, the word "more" is always followed by the word "than".

(A) was more likely to begin as

- more likely to begin is non-idiomatic, also the word begin does not go with the words - was and merged, begin should be in the past tense. We are also missing the word THAN after the word MORE.

(B) more than likely began as

- CORRECT - BEGAN is parallel with the words - was and merged (past tense), THAN is used after MORE
- IDIOM - Not X but more than likely Y


(C) more than likely beginning from

- missing verb here, beginning is not a verb, also does not go along with was and merged.

(D) it was more than likely begun from

- Begun - is not the correct tense here. Does not go along with was and merged.

(E) it was more likely that it began

In this awkward, unclear, and wordy construction, the first it must be followed by is, not was, because the theory is current; the second it acts as the subject of the subordinate clause, and this usage requires the omission of the comma after communication.

Hence, Answer is B

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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2017, 11:14
'B' is the correct choice - In this sentence, more than likely is the correct comparative construction.

Eliminated: 'C' and 'D' for using from .... should have to ('to' not present in the question stem)
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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not [#permalink]

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New post 14 Sep 2017, 11:34
According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not a direct rendering of speech, but was more likely to begin as a separate and distinct symbolic system of communication, and only later merged with spoken language.

(A) was more likely to begin as
- "begin" NOT // with "merged". also, "more" should be accompanied with "than"

(B) more than likely began as
- correct as is

(C) more than likely beginning from
- "beginning from" NOT // to "merged"

(D) it was more than likely begun from
- "begun from" NOT // to "merged". also, "it" not needed

(E) it was more likely that it began
- way too many "it" pronouns. not needed.

KEY: Know the proper idiom when comparing/contrasting with "more". Should be "more THAN". also, parallelism here: "began" must be // to "merged", since they're the two main verbs here

Kudos please if you find helpful :)

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Re: According to scholars, the earliest writing was probably not   [#permalink] 14 Sep 2017, 11:34

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