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# According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market

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According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2010, 02:52
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According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come in for a “soft landing,” followed by a gradual increase in business activity.

(A) that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come
(B) in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come
(C) in the economy’s ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared, and instead to come
(D) in the economy to avoid the recession many were fearing earlier in the year, and rather to come
(E) that the economy will avoid the recession that was feared earlier this year by many, with it instead coming

Can anyone explain to me why
[Reveal] Spoiler:
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2010, 09:16
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All other options except A are plain wrong.

According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come in for a “soft landing,” followed by a gradual increase in business activity.

(A) that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come - CORRECT
(B) in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come
(C) in the economy’s ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared, and instead to come
(D) in the economy to avoid the recession many were fearing earlier in the year, and rather to come
(E) that the economy will avoid the recession that was feared earlier this year by many, with it instead coming
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2010, 09:53
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Option A is correct in this case. The split is between "That" and "in" + "Will avoid" and "to avoid"
Now not considering the portion" growing confidence" we get ..... "the gains in the stock market reflect ..... that the economy will avoid...."
Therefore its either A or E.

The past perfect form had feared is used to keep the logical flow of events. The sequence is jumbled up in the original sentence but can be read like following:
" many had feared earlier in the year" (Past perfect - had feared economy will slow down in past) ....... ( implicit past - economy recovered ) "the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence" (present - reflect confidence now) ...... "the economy will avoid the recession" (future)

The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past. - people feared that economy will slow down but stopped fearing after it recovered.

I hope I am correct. Please let me know your views on this.
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2010, 11:30
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More precisely, the use of "past perfect" is used in this sentence to show the temination of the trend in the past by some other event in the past.
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2010, 11:37
rlevochkin wrote:
More precisely, the use of "past perfect" is used in this sentence to show the temination of the trend in the past by some other event in the past.

is this one of the properties of the past perfect tense?
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2010, 11:47
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Yes it is. It is used to indicate that one action happened (and ended) before another and make the sequence clear.
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2010, 18:47
Hmn, but then, shouldn't the Simple Past tense suffice here? To acknowledged that it happened in the past should be enough right?

I usually see the past perfect when there is the past simple also in the same sentence to indicate what action happens first. This is not the case here.
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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20 May 2011, 21:46
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Metallicafan wrote

Quote:

a) According to the OE in the OG 12th: "The original sentence successfully avoids the problems that may occur in a long sentence with multiple modifiers. Two subordinate clauses begin with "that", and one of them is contained within another".

Could someone please explain: why does, in this case, the sentence successfully avoid this usual problem?, and Why, in other cases, other sentences can't?

b) How can one be sure that "come" is parallel with "avoid", and not with "reflect" of the main clause?,

c) In B, why does "rather to come" is wrong?

The problem with this question is that it is a recent OG question and that we have to take the OA and OE per se, however cryptic or abnormal they are. Let me give my own interpretation of the GMAC’s thinking.

a) According to the OE in the OG 12th: "The original sentence successfully avoids the problems that may occur in a long sentence with multiple modifiers. Two subordinate clauses begin with "that", and one of them is contained within another

(A) that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come

The question here is what is going to avoid the recession? Is it the economy or the confidence? If we realize that it is the economy that will avoid the recession, then the expression ‘in the economy’ becomes irrelevant. Thus A avoids the pitfall of multiple modifier sentences in which it will be difficult to fix which noun will be modified by which modifier. A seems to be better than B, C and D

b) How can one be sure that "come" is parallel with "avoid", and not with "reflect" of the main clause?,

The confidence does two things and those two things must be parallel. One is that the economy will avoid something and instead (will) come in for something. Reflect is a present tense plural verb and (will) come is a singular future tense verb as in ‘will avoid’. Please do not lose sight of the auxiliary verb ‘will’. So 'reflect' and 'come' are
not parallel.

C In B, why does "rather to come" is wrong

Pl lread in full - “According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come in for a 'soft landing', followed by a gradual increase in the business activity.”

First part: The gains reflect confidence (in the economy) to avoid the recession
Second part: The gains reflect confidence (in the economy) to come in for soft landing

When OG says that ‘to come’ is not idiomatic, it may be meaning that ‘to come’, though grammatically parallel ‘to avoid’, is not the normal usage. Common usage is to describe it as ‘to avoid’ ‘but / instead come’, dropping the infinitive marker ‘to” in the second part.
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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23 Sep 2012, 04:15
daagh wrote:
Metallicafan wrote

Quote:

a) According to the OE in the OG 12th: "The original sentence successfully avoids the problems that may occur in a long sentence with multiple modifiers. Two subordinate clauses begin with "that", and one of them is contained within another".

Could someone please explain: why does, in this case, the sentence successfully avoid this usual problem?, and Why, in other cases, other sentences can't?

b) How can one be sure that "come" is parallel with "avoid", and not with "reflect" of the main clause?,

c) In B, why does "rather to come" is wrong?

The problem with this question is that it is a recent OG question and that we have to take the OA and OE per se, however cryptic or abnormal they are. Let me give my own interpretation of the GMAC’s thinking.

a) According to the OE in the OG 12th: "The original sentence successfully avoids the problems that may occur in a long sentence with multiple modifiers. Two subordinate clauses begin with "that", and one of them is contained within another

(A) that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come

The question here is what is going to avoid the recession? Is it the economy or the confidence? If we realize that it is the economy that will avoid the recession, then the expression ‘in the economy’ becomes irrelevant. Thus A avoids the pitfall of multiple modifier sentences in which it will be difficult to fix which noun will be modified by which modifier. A seems to be better than B, C and D

b) How can one be sure that "come" is parallel with "avoid", and not with "reflect" of the main clause?,

The confidence does two things and those two things must be parallel. One is that the economy will avoid something and instead (will) come in for something. Reflect is a present tense plural verb and (will) come is a singular future tense verb as in ‘will avoid’. Please do not lose sight of the auxiliary verb ‘will’. So 'reflect' and 'come' are
not parallel.

C In B, why does "rather to come" is wrong

Pl lread in full - “According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come in for a 'soft landing', followed by a gradual increase in the business activity.”

First part: The gains reflect confidence (in the economy) to avoid the recession
Second part: The gains reflect confidence (in the economy) to come in for soft landing

When OG says that ‘to come’ is not idiomatic, it may be meaning that ‘to come’, though grammatically parallel ‘to avoid’, is not the normal usage. Common usage is to describe it as ‘to avoid’ ‘but / instead come’, dropping the infinitive marker ‘to” in the second part.

Thanks for your explanation but I'm still unclear.

What is common amongst all the options is that economy is in action i.e. economy is avoiding recession
For example in (A): ".. economy will avoid recession.." - how can economy avoid something; it is not a living being
WHY IS IT A GOOD OPTION to have economy avoiding something in a sentence??? Please help here.

(B): "..recession, what many feared .." - awkward; it could have been "..recession that many feared .."
(C): "economy's ability" - awkward; ".. instead to come ..." - not parallel
(D): many were fearing - wrong; rather to come - not parallel
(E): with it instead coming - non-sensical
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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27 Mar 2013, 11:42
Yes, the construction of all the sentences in the ans choices b,c,d,e is wrong. A is Correct.
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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06 Sep 2013, 14:32
I used the split between AE and BCD because of the starting phrase "in the economy". Like another member mentioned above, BCD implies that the economy is actually doing something when truthfully, it can't because it's not a living thing.

Was I wrong in using that split?
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2014, 21:44
Can anyone justify the use of 'past perfect tense' without the use of 'simple past' in this case?
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2014, 02:40
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gautrang wrote:
Hmn, but then, shouldn't the Simple Past tense suffice here? To acknowledged that it happened in the past should be enough right?

I usually see the past perfect when there is the past simple also in the same sentence to indicate what action happens first. This is not the case here.

The past perfect refers to a time earlier than before now.It is used to make it clear that one action happened before another action in the past and the effect of the earlier action on the later one is felt in the pesent. For example:

When I reached the station, the train had already left. So the earlier action is the train leaving while the later action is reached. The effect of these 2 actions ,no doubt in the recent past, is that I missed the train now.

So past perfect tense is needed to establish the connect between the past and the present. The simple past in this sentence would not be able to bring the connect. Is this helpful?
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2014, 23:56
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TGC wrote:
Can anyone justify the use of 'past perfect tense' without the use of 'simple past' in this case?

Hi TGC,
A very good question indeed.

according-to-some-analysts-the-gains-in-the-stock-market-70645-20.html#p1371036

Hope this helps!

Regards,
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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21 Jun 2014, 04:11
on most sc problems, "had done" need a part time/action as a mark. for some problems, "had done " dose not. luckily, in this problems, there is another error clear for us to solve
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2014, 05:42
vietmoi999 wrote:
on most sc problems, "had done" need a part time/action as a mark. for some problems, "had done " dose not. luckily, in this problems, there is another error clear for us to solve

Here is what i got --

for something that happened in the past but is important at the time of reporting:
I couldn’t get into the house. I had lost my keys.
Teresa wasn’t at home. She had gone shopping.

Please let me know, if this can be considered as a rule.
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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25 Oct 2014, 16:54
tomlui2010 wrote:
vietmoi999 wrote:
on most sc problems, "had done" need a part time/action as a mark. for some problems, "had done " dose not. luckily, in this problems, there is another error clear for us to solve

Here is what i got --

for something that happened in the past but is important at the time of reporting:
I couldn’t get into the house. I had lost my keys.
Teresa wasn’t at home. She had gone shopping.

Please let me know, if this can be considered as a rule.

Your examples (which you can turn into a single sentence by connecting with 'because') follow the standard rules of past perfect - two actions in the past with one happening before the other.

You don't need to look at a different rule to justify the past perfect.

KW

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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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04 Aug 2016, 06:14
egmat wrote:
TGC wrote:
Can anyone justify the use of 'past perfect tense' without the use of 'simple past' in this case?

Hi TGC,
A very good question indeed.

according-to-some-analysts-the-gains-in-the-stock-market-70645-20.html#p1371036

Hope this helps!

Regards,
Deepak

My only problem with questions is why "will" is used here, in my opinion will is used for something that is certain, but here it is used for expectation of analyst
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Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market [#permalink]

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14 Aug 2016, 22:06
According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come in for a “soft landing,” followed by a gradual increase in business activity.

(A) that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come
(B) in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come
(C) in the economy’s ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared, and instead to come
(D) in the economy to avoid the recession many were fearing earlier in the year, and rather to come
(E) that the economy will avoid the recession that was feared earlier this year by many, with it instead coming

If I keep "tense" issue aside -

Meaning is Economy will avoid the recession and come in for a soft landing,

the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence in the economy to avoid the recession and rather to come in
"To" doesn't make sense here. Also in B"and" before "rather" is missing.
Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market   [#permalink] 14 Aug 2016, 22:06

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