GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

It is currently 19 Jan 2020, 15:44

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
CEO
CEO
User avatar
V
Joined: 15 Jul 2015
Posts: 3064
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V169
Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Apr 2019, 00:13
KaranB1 wrote:
Lets look at the last word split. Option B,C and D can be eliminated as "come"( a verb) is preceded by "to"(a preposition). What should follow preposition is a noun/pronoun.

E.g. Sam is going to(Preposition) home(noun).
To can also be an infinitive marker, in which case it is normal for us to see the basic form of a verb after it. For example:

Sam is going to come home soon.
_________________
Manager
Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 17 Aug 2018
Posts: 103
Location: India
Schools: IIMA
GMAT 1: 640 Q46 V32
Premium Member CAT Tests
According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Apr 2019, 00:19
AjiteshArun wrote:
KaranB1 wrote:
Lets look at the last word split. Option B,C and D can be eliminated as "come"( a verb) is preceded by "to"(a preposition). What should follow preposition is a noun/pronoun.

E.g. Sam is going to(Preposition) home(noun).
To can also be an infinitive marker, in which case it is normal for us to see the basic form of a verb after it. For example:

Sam is going to come home soon.


Agreed. However, "to" is not a preposition in this context.

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/preposition
CEO
CEO
User avatar
V
Joined: 15 Jul 2015
Posts: 3064
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V169
Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Apr 2019, 00:34
KaranB1 wrote:
Agreed. However, "to" is not a preposition in this context.

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/preposition
Then we're on the same page. :) To is not always a preposition.
_________________
Manager
Manager
avatar
G
Joined: 17 Aug 2018
Posts: 103
Location: India
Schools: IIMA
GMAT 1: 640 Q46 V32
Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 27 Apr 2019, 00:40
1
AjiteshArun wrote:
KaranB1 wrote:
Agreed. However, "to" is not a preposition in this context.

https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/preposition
Then we're on the same page. :) To is not always a preposition.


Yes we are indeed. :)
Manager
Manager
avatar
P
Joined: 20 Jun 2018
Posts: 95
Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 02 Jun 2019, 22:59
instead come in for a 'soft landing'
This might be a very silly question what is the subject of -instead come in for a 'soft landing'- in the above sentence.
AjiteshArun
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 19 Apr 2019
Posts: 34
Location: Indonesia
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V34
GPA: 3.8
WE: Project Management (Commercial Banking)
According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Jul 2019, 20:15
EMPOWERgmatVerbal wrote:
guhancr7 wrote:
EMPOWERgmatVerbal

Could you please provide an explanation for this question?


Hi guhancr7! I'd be glad to give an explanation for this question! To begin, here is the original with any major differences between the options highlighted in orange:

According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come in for a 'soft landing', followed by a gradual increase in the business activity.

(A) that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come
(B) in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come
(C) in the economy's ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared , and instead to come
(D) in the economy to avoid the recession many were fearing earlier in the year, and rather to come
(E) that the economy will avoid the recession that was feared earlier this year by many, with it instead coming

After a quick glance over the options, we see a few areas we can focus our attention on:

1. will avoid vs. to avoid (Verb Tense & Meaning)
2. feared / had feared / fearing (Verb Tense)
3. and instead come / rather to come / and instead to come / and rather to come / with it instead to come (Parallelism)


The quickest way to answer this question is to actually focus on #3 on our list: parallelism. There are two actions the economy will take in this sentence, and they must be parallel. Let's take a look at the original sentence for clues:

According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come in for a 'soft landing', followed by a gradual increase in the business activity.

We need to make sure that the options all use parallel wording with "avoid." Let's see how they stack up:

(A) that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come = PARALLEL
(B) in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come = NOT PARALLEL
(C) in the economy's ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared , and instead to come = NOT PARALLEL
(D) in the economy to avoid the recession many were fearing earlier in the year, and rather to come = NOT PARALLEL
(E) that the economy will avoid the recession that was feared earlier this year by many, with it instead coming = NOT PARALLEL

There you have it - option A is the correct choice! It's the only option that uses parallel structure throughout the sentence.

So why didn't I start with #1 or #2 on my list?

#1 on my list (to avoid vs. will avoid) is incredibly confusing to try to explain. It has more to do with how to handle modifiers and intended meaning, which will take you more time to work out while taking the GMAT. Parallelism typically is a quicker thing to check for, so it makes more sense to start there.

#2 on my list (how each option ends) relies on your understanding of idioms that use words like "rather" and "instead." As I understand it, the word "rather" deals with degrees of something (it's rather cold outside) and "instead" is used to offer up an alternative (let's go to the mall instead). However, trying to focus on this option will also take a lot more time than necessary.

I hope this helps! By focusing on the grammar concepts that are easier to handle, you might find that they help you answer the question much faster than just picking the first thing you notice! :) :thumbup:


Don't study for the GMAT. Train for it.


Hi, could you kindly explain how is (B), (C) and (D) not parallel?

(B) in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come = NOT PARALLEL
(C) in the economy's ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared , and instead to come = NOT PARALLEL
(D) in the economy to avoid the recession many were fearing earlier in the year, and rather to come = NOT PARALLEL

Isn't "to avoid" supposed to be parallel with "to come"? Both are in present tense.
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 03 Sep 2018
Posts: 24
Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 12 Oct 2019, 11:09
egmat,
If the sentence is in reported / indirect speech, shouldn't we use 'would' instead of 'will'?
Thanks!
Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 20 Oct 2018
Posts: 216
GMAT 1: 690 Q49 V34
GMAT 2: 740 Q50 V40
CAT Tests
Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Oct 2019, 10:07
Dear experts,
egmat mikemcgarry GMATNinja GMATNinjatwo AjiteshArun @empowergmat
Please help me clarify whether the reasons behind eliminating the different options are correct:

Option b. A connector behind "rather" is missing. "Rather" signifies preferrence over the other. However in this sentence the "soft lamding" is replacing the other effects of recession. Hence use of "rather is incorrect.

Option c. In one of the post, it is mentioned that "earlier in the year modifies recession", while it should modify "fear". Can you please clarify this statement and the reason to eliminate option C.

In addition to that, number of posts mention parallelism to eliminate all the incorrect options. I would like to understand what is wrong in the use of "to avoid" and "to come" in option B.

Appreciate your help!
Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Joined: 07 Sep 2019
Posts: 116
Location: Viet Nam
Concentration: Marketing, Strategy
WE: Brand Management (Consumer Products)
GMAT ToolKit User
According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 07 Dec 2019, 04:01
jatinrai wrote:
bdumpala wrote:
According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect growing confidence that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come in for a 'soft landing', followed by a gradual increase in the business activity.

(A) that the economy will avoid the recession that many had feared earlier in the year and instead come
(B) in the economy to avoid the recession, what many feared earlier in the year, rather to come
(C) in the economy's ability to avoid the recession, something earlier in the year many had feared , and instead to come
(D) in the economy to avoid the recession many were fearing earlier in the year, and rather to come
(E) that the economy will avoid the recession that was feared eariler this year by many, with it instead coming

please post your answers with explanations


A is the correct answer. Usage of 'that' makes all the difference. "Gains reflect the confidence that economy will avoid..." is correct. "Gains refect the confidence (in the economy) to avoid..." is flawed.

'in the economy' modifies 'confidence' in options B,C & D. You must try to make sense without reading the modifier in between. Try reading "gains reflect the confidence to avoid...". Does that make any sense?

Ofcourse E is too wordier & flawed that you'll be able to pick between A & E.

Hey guys, surprisingly, this is one exceptio to the use of idiom: 'instead of'. Can someone explain why is this exception?


That's a good approach to eliminate B,C and D. I want to share how I eliminate B, C and D, too:
The gains in stock market reflect confidence that an event will happen (the economy will avoid recession). It doesn’t make sense to say that the gains reflect confidence in either the economy or the economy's ability. So only A and E left because they have the right structure "reflect confidence that" to convey such intended meaning.
_________________
--- One day you will thank yourself for not giving up ---
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 18 Jan 2018
Posts: 59
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, International Business
GPA: 3.27
WE: Operations (Other)
CAT Tests
Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 14 Dec 2019, 04:59
Modifier, main clause, additional info.
A) Correct as it is
B) Removing what many feared earlier in the year: makes the sentence awkward. Essential modifier with relative pronoun that is necessary
C) Economy’s ability is wrong- meaning change
D) Were fearing- use of past continuous tense to refer to event that happened in the past is incorrect. Sentence is set in past. Correct tense is feared.
E) Replace it with economy and recession, both look strong contenders for the pronoun it. pronoun ambiguity.
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 01 Jul 2019
Posts: 18
CAT Tests
Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 16 Dec 2019, 22:16
A is correct.
B Wrong. Modifier. “confidence in the economy…” is OK. But “Confidence in the economy to avoid…” is bad modifier, changes meaning. Having confidence in “economy” to do something sounds like the economy is a person.
C Wrong. Harder to eliminate. Believe structure is wrong “and instead to come”
D Wrong. Modifier. “the economy to avoid” sounds like a noun of its own. The gains “avoid”?
E. Wrong. Not sure category but sounds like “economy is avoiding recessing that was feared” specifically but may experience a different recession.
GMAT Club Bot
Re: According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow   [#permalink] 16 Dec 2019, 22:16

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   [ 51 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

According to some analysts, the gains in the stock market reflect grow

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne