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# According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging

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According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 24 Sep 2017, 12:52
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6
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Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

52% (01:23) correct 48% (01:27) wrong based on 259 sessions

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According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a depression that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain a society that regards lifetime employment as a virtual right of citizenship.

(A) that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain
(B) that, because of double-digit unemployment, could be a severe strain for
(C) with double-digit unemployment, and it could severely strain
(D) with double-digit unemployment and could be a severe strain
(E) with double-digit unemployment and could severely strain

Originally posted by goalsnr on 22 Jun 2008, 16:42.
Last edited by ydmuley on 24 Sep 2017, 12:52, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging  [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2014, 23:31
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According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a depression that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain a society that regards lifetime employment as a virtual right of citizenship.

(A) that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain -- acceptable construction, mission critical data is placed appropriately.

(B) that, because of double-digit unemployment, could be a severe strain for -- original sentence says that depression with unemployment could severely strain the society, but here only unemployment is projected as cause of sever strain.

(C) with double-digit unemployment, and it could severely strain -- ambiguous use of pronoun it - possible antecedent Japan or depression with double digit unemployment.
(D) with double-digit unemployment and could be a severe strain -- Japan is the possible subject of could be a sever strain. that's nonsensical.
(E) with double-digit unemployment and could severely strain -- Same as D.
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##### General Discussion
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging  [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2008, 17:36
goalsnr wrote:
According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a depression that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain a society that regards lifetime employment as a virtual right of citizenship.
(A) that, with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain
(B) that, because of double-digit unemployment, could be a severe strain for
(C) with double-digit unemployment, and it could severely strain
(D) with double-digit unemployment and could be a severe strain
(E) with double-digit unemployment and could severely strain

Answer should be A. Only competition comes from choice B but its usag of noun (could be a severe strain for) is less attractive than A is...
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging  [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2010, 21:43
why is B wrong here? could someone explain please?
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2010, 02:26
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IMO A.

C has a pronoun issue. "It" has no proper antecedent.
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging  [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2010, 06:54
I think E is meaning change, as "depression with double digit" "depression that, with double digit" are different in meaning.
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 24 Nov 2010, 19:08
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hirendhanak wrote:
why E is wrong

E) As i understand, Japan can't strain a society, depression can. But in E the sentence says: "Japan is in danger ...and could... strain "

B in my opinion is correct but too wordy. Between A and B, I choose A

Therefore, the winer is A
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Originally posted by kt00381n on 24 Nov 2010, 18:50.
Last edited by kt00381n on 24 Nov 2010, 19:08, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging  [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2010, 19:03
A for here ladies & gents

if you avoid the stuff between the coma's (with double-digit unemployment), it still makes sense =D
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging  [#permalink]

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24 Nov 2010, 19:13
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"because of" and "for" in B is redundant. Being clear and concise is critical. And also in B, I felt that "because" is odd.
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging  [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2014, 20:21
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Why not C with the 'it' having its antecedent as unemployment ? It makes logical coherence with the subsequent clause
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging  [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2015, 02:23
In this question that refers to depression. That (depression) along with double-digit unemployment, could severely strain a society ......
so option A
all others are not making sense
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging  [#permalink]

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19 Jun 2015, 05:55
B is wrong because, strain is the verb and you need a an adverb modifying it. So severely trumps severe.
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging  [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2017, 01:20
could you tell me why we use 'that' instead of 'with' ?
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging  [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2017, 12:17
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Quote:
could you tell me why we use 'that' instead of 'with' ?

Mkumar26, there's no super-clear rule that will tell us when to use "that" instead of "with." They're very different words ("with" is a preposition, "that" is usually some sort of pronoun on the GMAT), and the correct usage of each will generally going to depend on the context of the rest of the sentence.

In this question, the parallelism in (C), (D), and (E) is the big reason why "with" is wrong. Let's look at (D) as an example:

Quote:
(D) According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging into a depression with double-digit unemployment and could be a severe strain a society that regards lifetime employment as a virtual right of citizenship.

Sure, it's probably acceptable to say "a depression with double-digit unemployment" if we don't worry about anything that follows. But in this case, the phrase after the word "and" doesn't make any sense in (D): the verb phrase "could be a severe strain" is parallel to what, exactly? And since it follows the word "and", the phrase HAS to be parallel to something -- and "with double-digit unemployment" isn't a verb phrase, so that doesn't work. And that's the biggest problem with using "with" in (C), (D), and (E).

In (A) and (B), "that" is acceptable because the phrase that follows modifies "depression."

I hope this helps!
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging  [#permalink]

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04 Sep 2018, 07:38
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Re: According to some economists, Japan is in danger of plunging &nbs [#permalink] 04 Sep 2018, 07:38
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