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# According to some economists, the July decrease in

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According to some economists, the July decrease in [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2010, 06:59
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According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so that it was the lowest in two years suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.

(A) so that it was the lowest in two years
(B) so that it was the lowest two-year rate
(C) to what would be the lowest in two years
(D) to a two-year low level
(E) to the lowest level in two years

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Can someone explain why (D) is incorrect. I have come across sentences that said inflation hit to a two-year low level and so confused as to why (D) is incorrect.

OA:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
E
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in [#permalink]

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10 Mar 2010, 13:08
i can't really gasp why (D) is wrong, besides the unidiomatic way of saying this sentence.

I would choose (E) over (D) and this is simply because (D) just sounds wrong and ambiguous.
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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2010, 23:20
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Hey All,

Bakfed pretty much nailed this one on the head. It's just not idiomatic. To be more specific:

(D) to a two-year low level

There are two ways we could read this.

#1: "low level" is meant to be read as one thing, and two-year is modifying it (as in "It was a lovely barn dance", in which "lovely" is modifying the compound noun "barn dance). This doesn't make any sense, however, because there's no such thing as a "low level".

#2: "Two-year" is an adverb modifying the main adjective "low", which is describing "level" (as in "It was a dark green sweater", in which dark is modifying green, which is modifying sweater). This doesn't make any sense either, however, because there's no such thing as a level that is "two-year low".

Hope that helps a bit!

-t
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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in [#permalink]

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01 May 2010, 23:27
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TommyWallach wrote:
(D) to a two-year low level

There are two ways we could read this.

#1: "low level" is meant to be read as one thing, and two-year is modifying it (as in "It was a lovely barn dance", in which "lovely" is modifying the compound noun "barn dance). This doesn't make any sense, however, because there's no such thing as a "low level".

#2: "Two-year" is an adverb modifying the main adjective "low", which is describing "level" (as in "It was a dark green sweater", in which dark is modifying green, which is modifying sweater). This doesn't make any sense either, however, because there's no such thing as a level that is "two-year low".

Tommy, is the following construction correct? I've removed the word 'level' from choice D.

According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment to a two-year low suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.
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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in [#permalink]

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02 May 2010, 09:26
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Hey Sidhu,

Yes, as far as I can see, your suggest construction would be correct.

-tommy
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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in [#permalink]

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03 May 2010, 10:06
Thanks for the explanation Tommy.

Yes IMO also its E.

two year low level, is not as clear as "the lowest level in two years"

-SS

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According to some economists, the July decrease in [#permalink]

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29 May 2012, 15:17
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50. According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so that it was the lowest in two years suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.

(A) so that it was the lowest in two years
(B) so that it was the lowest two-year rate
(C) to what would be the lowest in two years
(D) to a two-year low level
(E) to the lowest level in two years

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Re: OG Verbal SC 29 [#permalink]

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29 May 2012, 15:19
In the explanation of the OG,
"decrease" is used as a noun and cannot gramatically be modified by the adverbial "so that".

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Re: OG Verbal SC 29 [#permalink]

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30 May 2012, 04:22
eybrj2 wrote:
In the explanation of the OG,
"decrease" is used as a noun and cannot gramatically be modified by the adverbial "so that".

'so that' is wrong here - not the apt usage

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According to some economists, the July decrease in [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2013, 20:11
According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so that it was the lowest in two years suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.

(A) so that it was the lowest in two years
(B) so that it was the lowest two-year rate
(C) to what would be the lowest in two years
(D) to a two-year low level
(E) to the lowest level in two years

Hi! I would like to clarify pronoun antecedent. It seems that as sentences become more difficult, pronoun antecedent eligbility becomes less clear-cut. I have read in some places that an antecedent cannot be an object of a preposition but elsewhere it says this is possible. Would anyone be able to help clarify please?

Thanks!

For example, for above, the OG says "it" is ambiguous because it can refer to either decrease or unemployment. I can see that if "it" refers to decrease, the sentence won't make sense. However, the OA does not say it's a wrong antecedent but an ambiguous one. Unemployment is part of a prep phrase. In OG13, the OA says that objects of prepositions can't be antecedents for pronouns?

Q: Fossils of the arm of a sloth found in Puerto Rico in 1991, and dated at 34 million years old, made it the earliest known mammal of the Greater Antilles islands.
OA: "Because sloth is the object of a preposition and not the subject of the sentence, there is no reasonable antecedent for "it"
Edit: by carcass

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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemploy [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2013, 20:33
Hi,

An object of a preposition can be a pronoun antecedent if the prepositional phrase is post-modifying the head noun.

Consider the following example of a noun phrase in which a prepositional phrase is used to post-modify the head noun: "the coat of many colors". The prepositional phrase is "of many colors." The head noun is coat. This head noun is pre-modified by the identifier the. In addition, it is post-modified by the prepositional phrase of many colors. It is a simple matter to determine if this complex structure is functioning as a complete noun phrase, as it is always possible to substitute a pronoun for a whole noun phrase. So, in the utterance the coat of many colors was beautiful a pronoun may be substituted for the noun phrase to produce the modified utterance it was beautiful.

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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemploy [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 07:07
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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemploy [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 09:45
According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so that it was the lowest in two years suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.

(A) so that it was the lowest in two years
(B) so that it was the lowest two-year rate
(C) to what would be the lowest in two years
(D) to a two-year low level
(E) to the lowest level in two years CORRECT

Using SO is wrong and (E) is clear and logical.
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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in unemploy [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2013, 11:11
Quote:
According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so that it was the lowest in two years suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.

The problem here is, that the pronoun "it" refers to "the July decrease in unemployment" which makes no sense. The unemployment should be the lowest in two years. Only D and E solve this problem, but D is unclear. Hence it has to be "E".
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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2013, 07:30
The OA is E..

I was pretty convinced that it is C.. Can someone please enlighten me with the nuances of the rules?

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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2013, 18:53
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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2013, 15:59
eybrj2 wrote:
50. According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so that it was the lowest in two years suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.

(A) so that it was the lowest in two years
(B) so that it was the lowest two-year rate
(C) to what would be the lowest in two years
(D) to a two-year low level
(E) to the lowest level in two years

Why D is wrong?

I Hope someone can help

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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in [#permalink]

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19 Dec 2013, 18:57
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kassim wrote:
Why D is wrong?
I Hope someone can help

decrease ... to a two year low would have sufficed.

"level" is additionally/wrongly used in option 'D'
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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2014, 23:42
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eybrj2 wrote:
50. According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so that it was the lowest in two years suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.

(A) so that it was the lowest in two years
(B) so that it was the lowest two-year rate
(C) to what would be the lowest in two years
(D) to a two-year low level
(E) to the lowest level in two years

nice question.

"so that +clause" is a adverb clause of purpose. of course this clause need a main clause. There is no main clause. A and B are gone.

in c, "would be " show the certainty, not a fact. This is wrong. we need to show a fact. C is gone

in D, "two year low" is not idiomatic. This phrase is meaningless.
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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in [#permalink]

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02 Oct 2014, 06:47
hi guys.

i chose B for it which was wrong , but as per my thought process B is the least ambiguous among all of them. Let me know if am wrong.

Quote:
According to some economists, the July decrease in unemployment so that it was the lowest in two years suggests that the gradual improvement in the job market is continuing.

(A) so that it was the lowest in two years
(B) so that it was the lowest two-year rate
(C) to what would be the lowest in two years
(D) to a two-year low level
(E) to the lowest level in two years

If we analyse all the options A to E, we can see all the options are talking about "decrease in unemployment".

If i go for the meaning of the sentence , its trying to say that because rate of unemployment was lowest in july that's why economists think job market is gradually improving.

(A) so that it was the lowest in two years - incorrect : it refers to decrease not rate of decrease and if it was lowest in 2 years that actually means there has been no change in job market, thus it is wrong
(B) so that it was the lowest two-year rate-correct - only this option talks about rate instead of just decrease, which is in sync with the meaning of the sentence
(C) to what would be the lowest in two years -incorrect - like option A its also talking about decrease
(D) to a two-year low level-incorrect - like option A its also talking about decrease
(E) to the lowest level in two years-incorrect - like option A its also talking about decrease

Any thoughts ??

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Re: According to some economists, the July decrease in   [#permalink] 02 Oct 2014, 06:47

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