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# According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the

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Director
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11 Jan 2017, 05:41
Hello experts

What is the subject for 'are' in this sentence?

Thanks
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24 Jan 2017, 17:56
sayantanc2k wrote:
Shiv2016 wrote:
Hello experts

What is the subject for 'are' in this sentence?

Thanks

Consider the following structure:

I own as many shirts as you own.
I own as many shirts as are owned by you.
I own 4 shirts, as many as are owned by you.

The latter clause in the second and the third sentences are written in passive (the object of the first clause is the subject of the second clause) - the subject (shirts) is omitted from the second clause in the third sentence.

Similarly, in option E the subject "people" has been omitted. The following sentences are written in an analogous way:

Companies are providing training to as many people as colleges enroll.
Companies are providing training to as many people as are enrolled in colleges.
Companies are providing training to 8 million people, as many as are enrolled in colleges.

but generally IMO after comma for noun modifier no verb must be present. If this is a independent clause, then what about the IC and IC connection ? there should be either semi colon or ,FANBOYS. I dont see anything here. Please elaborate.
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21 Mar 2017, 01:42
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According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of
(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in
(C) equal to those who are enrolled in
(D) as many as the enrollment of
(E) as many as are enrolled in

There is a special significance to the term 'equal' or 'equivalent' in English. We cannot call something as equal or equivalent to some other thing just basing on one parameter such as the number of people enrolled. 'Equal' denotes a stature based on qualitatively comparable metrics such as charisma, charm, caliber, and class. We cannot call anyone equal to Mahatma or Lincoln or Mandela because they were beyond comparison. That is the reason A, B, & C lose steam. In D, the comparison is between 8M people with enrollment. E is the best.
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21 Mar 2017, 03:48
According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about as many as are enrolled in the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.

isn't it a fragment sentence
should n't it be:

According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, and about as many as are enrolled in the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.
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14 May 2017, 20:11
The Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review 2016

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 90
Page: 264

According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of
(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in
(C) equal to those who are enrolled in
(D) as many as the enrollment of
(E) as many as are enrolled in

GMATNinjaTwo Where is the subject in answer (E)? Does "as many as people who are enrolled in" sound correct?

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Attachment:

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23 May 2017, 07:39
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hazelnut wrote:
According to a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about equivalent to the enrollment of the nation’s four-year colleges and universities.

(A) equivalent to the enrollment of
(B) the equivalent of those enrolled in
(C) equal to those who are enrolled in
(D) as many as the enrollment of
(E) as many as are enrolled in

GMATNinjaTwo Where is the subject in answer (E)? Does "as many as people who are enrolled in" sound correct?

Here is the sentence using choice (E):

"...companies in the United States are providing job training and general education for nearly eight million people, about as many as are enrolled in the nation’s four-year colleges and universities."

In that sentence, people is the implied subject of "are enrolled". How many people are provided with job training and general education? Nearly eight million (say, for example, 7.9 million). How many people are enrolled in the nation's four-year colleges and universities? Approximately the same number of people (not necessarily less than 8 million but close to 7.9 million). The "as many as" construction correctly compares these two countable quantities (people provided with job training and general education and people enrolled in four-year colleges and universities).
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Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2018, 07:13
enrolment
ɪnˈrəʊlm(ə)nt/Submit
noun
noun: enrollment
the action of enrolling or being enrolled.
"the amount due must be paid on enrolment in October"
NORTH AMERICAN
the number of people enrolled at a school or college.

This above part is google's definition.

So, enrollment can refer to the number of people enrolled - So why A is wrong. Though I agree E is right. I thought even A is a good contender.
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Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the  [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2018, 19:55
Nightmare007 wrote:
enrolment
ɪnˈrəʊlm(ə)nt/Submit
noun
noun: enrollment
the action of enrolling or being enrolled.
"the amount due must be paid on enrolment in October"
NORTH AMERICAN
the number of people enrolled at a school or college.

This above part is google's definition.

So, enrollment can refer to the number of people enrolled - So why A is wrong. Though I agree E is right. I thought even A is a good contender.

The issue isn't necessarily with the word "enrollment." Thing is, we're trying to compare the NUMBER of people in job training programs with the NUMBER of people enrolled in colleges and universities. And (E) captures that meaning pretty thoroughly.

So what's the problem with (A)? I'd argue that the biggest issue is the word "equivalent," which can also just be used to indicate something that's approximately similar in function or in quality. For example, if I say "Dazbog Coffee is the local equivalent to Starbucks", I'm not saying that they're exactly equal -- I'm suggesting that they're roughly similar or comparable in quality or function. (And if anybody reading this has actually been to Dazbog, feel free to weigh in on the quality of their coffee and snacks! I have totally useless and irrelevant opinions about this.)

Anyway, I don't think that's quite right in (A), which is saying that "eight million people" in job-training programs are somehow "equivalent" to the "enrollment of the nation's four-year colleges and universities." We're not trying to say that these people are "equivalent" (roughly equal in quality or function) to those other people; we're trying to say that the numbers are equal. (E) states that much more clearly.

I hope this helps!
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Re: According to the a study by the Carnegie Foundation for the &nbs [#permalink] 28 Jan 2018, 19:55

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