GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 15 Nov 2018, 06:52

# Join Chat Room for Live Updates

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in November
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
28293031123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
2526272829301
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### Free GMAT Strategy Webinar

November 17, 2018

November 17, 2018

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Nov. 17, 7 AM PST. Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.
• ### GMATbuster's Weekly GMAT Quant Quiz # 9

November 17, 2018

November 17, 2018

09:00 AM PST

11:00 AM PST

Join the Quiz Saturday November 17th, 9 AM PST. The Quiz will last approximately 2 hours. Make sure you are on time or you will be at a disadvantage.

# According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Senior Manager
Joined: 16 Dec 2011
Posts: 326
Re: According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Apr 2013, 17:59
Option A has two mistakes:
1. Modifier issue: "which" is referring to "united States" here whereas "which" should modify "per-capita consumption (of pasta)".
2. Incorrect use of "achieve". Consumption cannot achieve but reach.

IMHO, obvious correct answer is option E and the OA is not debatable. I second with what nishtil wrote.
Retired Moderator
Joined: 15 Jun 2012
Posts: 1028
Location: United States
Re: According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2013, 14:59
2
E is correct. Here my 2 cents.

(A) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.
Wrong. Modifier problem.

(B) Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.
Wrong. Modifier problem.

(C) The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.
Wrong. Modifier problem.

(D) By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.
Wrong. Change meaning.

(E) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.
Correct.
_________________

Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

Chris Bangle - Former BMW Chief of Design.

Intern
Joined: 20 Jun 2013
Posts: 29
Re: According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Dec 2013, 04:19
WinIT wrote:
53. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.
(A) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.
(B) Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-fi(E) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

rst century.
(C) The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.
(D) By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.

I thought for E but saw incorrect parallelism and selected A cause in "United States" seems as irreplaceable in clause.Please help!
Manager
Joined: 16 Jan 2013
Posts: 146
Re: According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

29 Dec 2013, 04:42
3
According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.
(A) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. - How can consumption "achieve" something?
(B) Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. -The national pasta association is approaching 19 pounds? Not the consumption?
Notes : "Approaching 19 pounds a year" is a participle phrase which must modify the next closest noun.

(C) The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year. - Why will the pasta association predict something by 21st century? Prediction is happening right now.
(D) By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year. Reach would be an appropriate word instead of approach.
(E) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. Proper structure. Present continuous complemented well by future tense. Something is approaching something and as a result of this, something will happen.
_________________

What are modifiers ??

Manager
Joined: 24 Mar 2010
Posts: 87
According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

11 Aug 2014, 23:49
1
According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

A. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

B. Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

C. The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.

D. By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.

E. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

I chose E. However, I can't figure out whether the modifier "which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year" refers to "consumption" or "the U.S.". Normally, noun modifier can modify slightly far away noun as in this link " http://gmatclub.com/forum/noun-modifier ... 35868.html " if using that modifier will not create ambiguous. In this sentence, "19 pounds a year" cannot be used to describe "the U.S"; thus, I think that this modifier refersto "consumption". However, as I read, many folks mention that using this modifier can modify "the U.S", leaving me a huge confusion.

_________________

Start to fall in love with GMAT <3

Intern
Joined: 29 May 2013
Posts: 22
Concentration: Marketing, Entrepreneurship
Schools: Molson '17 (M)
GMAT Date: 08-20-2014
GPA: 3.34
Re: According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Aug 2014, 00:12
LucyDang wrote:
According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

A. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

B. Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

C. The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.

D. By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.

E. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

I chose E. However, I can't figure out whether the modifier "which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year" refers to "consumption" or "the U.S.". Normally, noun modifier can modify slightly far away noun as in this link " noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html " if using that modifier will not create ambiguous. In this sentence, "19 pounds a year" cannot be used to describe "the U.S"; thus, I think that this modifier refersto "consumption". However, as I read, many folks mention that using this modifier can modify "the U.S", leaving me a huge confusion.

Hey Maybe i can help here.
IMO E
"which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year"refers to "consumption"..Lets see meaning of each choice

A. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. - In this option, "which" incorrectly modifies United states.United states cannot approach 19 pounds/yr. It has to be some quantity which must reach the value of 19p/yr.[/color]

B. Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. -- Incorrectly worded sentence..Here the " National Pasta Association " seems to modify "approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States"

C. The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year. ---Meaning changes here "National Pasta association predicts" by the" twenty-first century" is not the intended meaning.

D. By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year. ---Same error as above

E. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. -- Perfectly worded
Manager
Joined: 24 Mar 2010
Posts: 87
Re: According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Aug 2014, 00:22
sachinwar wrote:

Hey Maybe i can help here.
IMO E
"which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year"refers to "consumption"..Lets see meaning of each choice

A. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. --- In this option, "which" incorrectly modifies United states[color=#ff0000].United states cannot approach 19 pounds/yr. It has to be some quantity which must reach the value of 19p/yr.
[/color]

B. Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. -- Incorrectly worded sentence..Here the " National Pasta Association " seems to modify "approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States"

C. The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year. ---Meaning changes here "National Pasta association predicts" by the" twenty-first century" is not the intended meaning.

D. By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year. ---Same error as above

E. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. -- Perfectly worded

Hey sachinwar,

Many thanks for your prompt response! Your explanation for choice A is exactly what I want to understand. My point is that since "19 pounds" cannot modify "the U.S", placing the modifier "which..." in this position will not create ambiguous and clearly refer to "consumption". Please read the similar situation and related theory in this link: noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html

Lucy
_________________

Start to fall in love with GMAT <3

Board of Directors
Status: Stepping into my 10 years long dream
Joined: 18 Jul 2015
Posts: 3615
Re: According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

09 Mar 2017, 02:42
(A) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. --> WHICH is referring to US. Hence, incorrect
(B) Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. --> Illogically modifying NPA.
(C) The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year. --> Same as A.
(D) By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year. --> They will predict by 21st century. LOL.
(E) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.--> CORRECT
_________________

My GMAT Story: From V21 to V40
My MBA Journey: My 10 years long MBA Dream
My Secret Hacks: Best way to use GMATClub | Importance of an Error Log!
Verbal Resources: All SC Resources at one place | All CR Resources at one place

GMAT Club Inbuilt Error Log Functionality - View More.
New Visa Forum - Ask all your Visa Related Questions - here.
New! Best Reply Functionality on GMAT Club!
Find a bug in the new email templates and get rewarded with 2 weeks of GMATClub Tests for free
Check our new About Us Page here.

Intern
Joined: 15 Dec 2016
Posts: 12
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
WE: Supply Chain Management (Energy and Utilities)
Re: According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Mar 2017, 00:22
53. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.

(A) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.
WHICH is modifying United States and not the per capita comsumption. - Wrong.

(B) Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.
The National Pasta Asso is not approaching 19 pounds but the per capita comsumption. - Misplaced modifier issues.

(C) The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.
It says The National Pasta Asso predicts by the 21st Century, but the asso is predicting now about the future. Misplaced Modifier issues.

(D) By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.
Similar to D.

(E) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.
Correct Choice.
Manager
Joined: 08 Jan 2018
Posts: 237
Location: United States (ID)
GPA: 3.33
WE: Accounting (Accounting)
Re: According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Mar 2018, 12:31
53. According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. -> passive and run-on
(A) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which has already been approaching 19 pounds a year, will achieve 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. -> passive and wrong structure
(B) Already approaching 19 pounds a year in the United States, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century.
(C) The National Pasta association predicts by the twenty-first century that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, which is already approaching 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year.
(D) By the twenty-first century, the National Pasta Association predicts that per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States, having already approached 19 pounds a year, will reach 30 pounds a year. -> meaning changed
(E) According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita consumption of pasta in the United States is already approaching 19 pounds a year and will reach 30 pounds a year by the twenty-first century. -> correct
Senior Manager
Joined: 17 Mar 2014
Posts: 380
Re: According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 Jun 2018, 21:12
E is not parallel then still why E is correct.
Senior Manager
Joined: 29 Jun 2017
Posts: 430
Re: According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Jun 2018, 06:53
in choice A, "which has been approaching..." is wrong tense. approaching can not begin in the past and continue until present.
"is approaching..." is logic tense.
Re: According to the National Pasta Association, per-capita &nbs [#permalink] 25 Jun 2018, 06:53

Go to page   Previous    1   2   3   [ 52 posts ]

Display posts from previous: Sort by