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# According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who

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According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 19:41
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79% (01:37) correct 21% (02:13) wrong based on 1096 sessions

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According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who have an enclosed office may smoke at their desks. Virtually all employees with enclosed offices are at the professional level, and virtually all secretarial employees lack enclosed offices. Therefore, secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices.

Which of the following is an assumption that enables the conclusion above to be properly drawn?

(A) Employees at the professional level who do not smoke should keep their enclosed offices.

(B) Employees with enclosed offices should not smoke at their desks, even though the new regulations permit them to do so.

(C) Employees at the secretarial level should be allowed to smoke at their desks, even if they do not have enclosed offices.

(D) The smoking regulations should allow all employees who smoke an equal opportunity to do so, regardless of an employee’s job level.

(E) The smoking regulations should provide equal protection from any hazards associated with smoking to all employees who do not smoke.

The regulations allow some employees – those with enclosed offices – but not others the opportunity to smoke at their desks. If it is assumed that the regulations should allow all employees equal opportunity to smoke, those who are currently denied this opportunity should be given it, and so secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices. Therefore, choice D is the best answer.

None of the other choices enables the conclusion to be properly drawn. Choice A tends to conflict with the conclusion, unless some enclosed offices are vacant. Choice B supports no conclusion about how secretaries should be treated, and choice C undermines the conclusion. Finally, nonsmokers already have equal protection from hazards, so choice E cannot be used to justify making any changes.
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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2013, 23:19
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1
ANALYZE THE STIMULUS:

Fact: ONLY employees who have enclosed offices may smoke at their desks.
Fact: Virtually all employees with enclosed offices are at the professional level,
Fact: Virtually all secretarial employees lack enclosed offices.

Conclusion: secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices.

This is a very classical and good example of “supporter assumption” (for more detail, you can read Power Score CR – Bible). Because the conclusion has a GAP, the supporter assumption will close the gap so that the conclusion is correct.

The gap is the different job level which creates a different opportunity to smoke between professional vs non-professional. Thus, the assumption should fill this gap.

Which of the following is an assumption that enables the conclusion above to be properly drawn?

A) Employees at the professional level who do not smoke should keep their enclosed offices.
Wrong. A just tells the opportunity of having enclosed offices between professional employees who smoke and professional employees who do not smoke is equal. A does NOT LINK anything to opportunities of secretaries, thus A does not help to hold a conclusion.

B) Employees with enclosed offices should not smoke at their desks, even though the new regulations permit them to do so.
Wrong. If Employees with enclosed offices do not smoke at their desks, why secretaries should smoke and have own enclosed offices?. B indirectly destroys the conclusion.

C) Employees at the secretarial level should be allowed to smoke at their desks, even if they do not have enclosed offices.
Wrong. If they are allowed to smoke without enclosed offices, why they still need enclosed offices? C is clearly wrong.

D) The smoking regulations should allow all employees who smoke an equal opportunity to do so, regardless of an employee’s job level.
Correct. D shows that all employees will have equal opportunity to smoke. In addition, ONLY employees who have enclosed offices can smoke. Clearly, they should have enclosed offices if they smoke.

E) The smoking regulations should provide equal protection from any hazards associated with smoking to all employees who do not smoke.
Wrong. Out of scope. Nothing about “any hazards”.

Hope it helps.
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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2012, 19:48
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Hi

Here is my reasoning for choosing D

(A) Employees at the professional level who do not smoke should keep their enclosed offices. - Irrelevant
(B) Employees with enclosed offices should not smoke at their desks, even though the new regulations permit
them to do so. - Irrelevant & Not mentioned in the question stem
(C) Employees at the secretarial level should be allowed to smoke at their desks, even if they do not have
enclosed offices. - Opposite of the Question Stem -> Smoking allowed only in enclosed cabins
(D) The smoking regulations should allow all employees who smoke an equal opportunity to do so, regardless
of an employee’s job level. - This would be the correct assumption
(E) The smoking regulations should provide equal protection from any hazards associated with smoking to all
employees who do not smoke. - Irrelevant

Hope this helps
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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2019, 21:28
1
The argument is that secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices.

This is based on the fact new regulation mandates that only employees who have enclosed offices be allowed to smoke, but virtually all secretaries lack these types of offices.

A - This may be true, but its not required for the argument to be true. It has no impact on the argument. Incorrect
B - This goes against the premise. The conclusion is derived on the basis that secretaries who smoke currently don't have an office. Thus, incorrect.
C - This also goes against the facts. Incorrect
D - This must be true for the conclusion to be true. All staff need equal opportunity in order for the office to comply with the legislation. Correct
E - This goes beyond the argument. Incorrect
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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2012, 04:24
1
abhishekrajverma wrote:
OG 10. CR Question

According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who have enclosed office may smoke at
their desks. Virtually all employees with enclosed offices are at the professional level, and virtually all secretarial
employees lack enclosed offices. Therefore, secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices.
Which of the following is an assumption that enables the conclusion above to be properly drawn?
(A) Employees at the professional level who do not smoke should keep their enclosed offices.
-- author does not assumes this. on negation does not affect the conclusion
(B) Employees with enclosed offices should not smoke at their desks, even though the new regulations permit
them to do so.
-- does not support conclusion
(C) Employees at the secretarial level should be allowed to smoke at their desks, even if they do not have
enclosed offices.
-- attacking on premise 1. therefore incorrect
(D) The smoking regulations should allow all employees who smoke an equal opportunity to do so, regardless
of an employee’s job level.
-- if this is put as premise 3 then clearly it will support the conclusion.
(E) The smoking regulations should provide equal protection from any hazards associated with smoking to all
employees who do not smoke.
-- irrelevant

premise1: only employees who have enclosed office may smoke at their desk professional level employees who have enclosed office may smoke at their desk.
premise2: all secretarial employees lack enclosed offices
conclusion: Therefore, secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices
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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2012, 09:11
Its simple D........

What is criteria to allot table?..... as per argument its smoking.....
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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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26 Mar 2012, 11:54
+1 D

The argument assumes that everybody has the right to smoke in the office.
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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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02 Apr 2012, 03:47
D clearly stands... if the smoking secretary gets a enclosed office.. then its not the role that determines whether a person gets an enclosed office but the smoking habit does...
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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2012, 23:38
According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who have enclosed office may smoke at
their desks
+ virtually all secretarial employees lack enclosed offices. The smoking regulations should allow all employees who smoke an equal opportunity to do so, regardless of an employee’s job level --> Therefore, secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices.
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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2013, 17:29
According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who have enclosed offices may smoke at their desks. Virtually all employees with enclosed offices are at the professional level, and virtually all secretarial employees lack enclosed offices. Therefore, secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices.

Which of the following is an assumption that enables the conclusion above to be properly drawn?

A) Employees at the professional level who do not smoke should keep their enclosed offices.
B) Employees with enclosed offices should not smoke at their desks, even though the new regulations permit them to do so.
C) Employees at the secretarial level should be allowed to smoke at their desks, even if they do not have enclosed offices.
D) The smoking regulations should allow all employees who smoke an equal opportunity to do so, regardless of an employeeâs job level.
E) The smoking regulations should provide equal protection from any hazards associated with smoking to all employees who do not smoke.
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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2013, 21:34
According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who have enclosed offices may smoke at their desks. Virtually all employees with enclosed offices are at the professional level, and virtually all secretarial employees lack enclosed offices. Therefore, secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices.

Which of the following is an assumption that enables the conclusion above to be properly drawn?

A) Employees at the professional level who do not smoke should keep their enclosed offices.
B) Employees with enclosed offices should not smoke at their desks, even though the new regulations permit them to do so.
C) Employees at the secretarial level should be allowed to smoke at their desks, even if they do not have enclosed offices.
D) The smoking regulations should allow all employees who smoke an equal opportunity to do so, regardless of an employeeâs job level.
E) The smoking regulations should provide equal protection from any hazards associated with smoking to all employees who do not smoke.

OA should be D, since if the company does not believe in providing equal opportunities,regardless of position, then the argument falls apart.
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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2017, 11:03
According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who have enclosed office may smoke at
their desks. Virtually all employees with enclosed offices are at the professional level, and virtually all secretarial
employees lack enclosed offices. Therefore, secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices.
Which of the following is an assumption that enables the conclusion above to be properly drawn?
(A) Employees at the professional level who do not smoke should keep their enclosed offices.
does nothing to reach to the conclusion.
(B) Employees with enclosed offices should not smoke at their desks, even though the new regulations permit
them to do so.no such point in argument,and no such assumption as well
(C) Employees at the secretarial level should be allowed to smoke at their desks, even if they do not have
enclosed offices.this is clearly not the assumption
(D) The smoking regulations should allow all employees who smoke an equal opportunity to do so, regardless
of an employee’s job level.
Correct assumption since this expalins why secretaries shall also be allowed to smoke.
(E) The smoking regulations should provide equal protection from any hazards associated with smoking to all
employees who do not smoke.
The point of protection is out of scope.
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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2017, 10:19
According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who have enclosed office may smoke at
their desks. Virtually all employees with enclosed offices are at the professional level, and virtually all secretarial
employees lack enclosed offices. Therefore, secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices.
Which of the following is an assumption that enables the conclusion above to be properly drawn?

The point -
author assumes that smoking is right for all irrespective of job level. therefore, secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices as at secretary job level enclosed offices are not provided.

Clearly D.

(A) Employees at the professional level who do not smoke should keep their enclosed offices.
(B) Employees with enclosed offices should not smoke at their desks, even though the new regulations permit
them to do so.
(C) Employees at the secretarial level should be allowed to smoke at their desks, even if they do not have
enclosed offices.
(D) The smoking regulations should allow all employees who smoke an equal opportunity to do so, regardless
of an employee’s job level.
(E) The smoking regulations should provide equal protection from any hazards associated with smoking to all
employees who do not smoke.
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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2019, 19:21
Hi Expert

Please explain how the conclusion that secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices relates to any premises in the question.

In D, I still don't understand how it bridge the gap between the conclusion and premises given.

Thank you
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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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08 Feb 2019, 23:48
abhishekrajverma wrote:
According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who have enclosed office may smoke at their desks. Virtually all employees with enclosed offices are at the professional level, and virtually all secretarial employees lack enclosed offices. Therefore, secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices.

Which of the following is an assumption that enables the conclusion above to be properly drawn?

(A) Employees at the professional level who do not smoke should keep their enclosed offices.

(B) Employees with enclosed offices should not smoke at their desks, even though the new regulations permit them to do so.

(C) Employees at the secretarial level should be allowed to smoke at their desks, even if they do not have enclosed offices.

(D) The smoking regulations should allow all employees who smoke an equal opportunity to do so, regardless of an employee’s job level.

(E) The smoking regulations should provide equal protection from any hazards associated with smoking to all employees who do not smoke.

Conclusion : secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices

So basically there is no partiality between secretary and boss.

We we take that into consideration, only D resonates with that
(D) The smoking regulations should allow all employees who smoke an equal opportunity to do so, regardless of an employee’s job level.

If we negate this
The smoking regulations should allow some employees who smoke an equal opportunity to do so, regardless of an employee’s job level.
So they do show partiality in giving enclosed offices.
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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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09 Feb 2019, 01:53
ballest127 wrote:
Hi Expert

Please explain how the conclusion that secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices relates to any premises in the question.

In D, I still don't understand how it bridge the gap between the conclusion and premises given.

Thank you

Conclusion of the Argument:

Secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices.

Premises of the Argument:

According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who have enclosed office may smoke at their desks.

Virtually all employees with enclosed offices are at the professional level, and virtually all secretarial employees lack enclosed offices.

There is a big gap between the premises and the conclusion.

The premises merely indicate that secretaries don't have offices and, therefore, will not be in a position to smoke at work.

One could easily respond to that information by saying that it's unfortunate that secretaries who want to smoke at work will not be able to, but this author instead concludes that secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices.

So, in going from that information to the conclusion, the author must be relying on some unstated assumption necessary for connecting the premises to the conclusion.

By adding (D) to the argument we can fill the gap between the premises and the conclusion.

With (D) we have:

Secretaries would not be in a position to smoke under the new regulations because they don't have offices -->

(D) The smoking regulations should allow all employees who smoke an equal opportunity to do so, regardless
of an employee’s job level. -->

Secretaries who smoke should be offered enclosed offices.

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Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who  [#permalink]

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18 Dec 2019, 09:48
a - eliminated because it does not talk anything about secretaries. Hence is not related to the conclusion.
B - conclusion doesn't talk about what employees should do and should not do. Hence irrelevant
C - if secretaries should be allowed to smoke without enclosed offices, then what is the need of enclosed offices. it still does not fill the gap. let's negate this statement. secretaries should not be allowed to smoke at their desks, even if they do not have enclosed offices. does nothing to the conclusion as already the regulation says so that employees will not be allowed to smoke without enclosed offices. eliminated.
E - the argument does not talk hazards. even if employees are prevented from hazards, it does not lead to the conclusion that secretaries who smoke must be given enclosed offices. eliminated

D - eliminated all the others,
the argument says that regulations allow people to smoke only with enclosed offices. And secretaries do not have enclosed offices. Now, the argument concludes that enclosed offices should be given to secretaries who smoke, then the argument is assuming that every employee should be given an equal opportunity. if equal opportunity is not given then secretaries who smoke will not be given enclosed offices.
Re: According to the new office smoking regulations, only employees who   [#permalink] 18 Dec 2019, 09:48