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# According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu

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13 Jul 2010, 20:28
HI. I'm new to GMAT club. Could someone please explain what is OA & what is OE? Thanks
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13 Jul 2010, 20:56
venkataraman88 wrote:
HI. I'm new to GMAT club. Could someone please explain what is OA & what is OE? Thanks

Hey,
OE = official explanation

that is all. also see official-list-of-gmat-club-acronyms-and-abbreviations-14126.html?hilit=acronyms
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15 Jul 2011, 07:01

To attain...to enter is parallel.
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16 Jul 2011, 08:48
i am also confused.'To attain,is not parallel with l'eaving'. why are we not taking that into consideration???.I think the answer is A.'attaining 'is parallel with 'leaving'
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16 Jul 2011, 09:00
gauthamdinakaran wrote:
i am also confused.'To attain,is not parallel with l'eaving'. why are we not taking that into consideration???.I think the answer is A.'attaining 'is parallel with 'leaving'

Try to visualize ||ism like listing. To form a list for any parallel structure, there has to be a main clause preceding the parallel structure. In this case, "According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu religions.." is really a subordinate clause which can not stand by itself as a main clause. || structure typically start after sub+verb, or ...+To, but never starts with a subordinate clause. I hope it helps!
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16 Jul 2011, 22:48
D for me

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19 Jul 2011, 02:58
D it is. Preserves the parallelism perfectly. In that way B can be confusing since it nearly sounds right!
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19 Jul 2011, 03:51
good question. generated quite a bit of debate
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19 Jul 2011, 04:23
I choose A, but after all debate realised it is D..
Thanks everyone!!
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19 Jul 2011, 04:34
vinayrsm wrote:
good question. generated quite a bit of debate

True. As with most questions on the GMAT Club.
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11 Aug 2011, 03:38
"to X is to Y" on its own is an idiomatic expression;
X and Y are equally parallel.
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05 Oct 2011, 16:42
In OG for one of the questions they had mentioned infinitive can't come after comma.

', to attain'. Are there any exceptions to that?
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06 Oct 2011, 08:31
Went with D... infinitive, infinitive
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Re: According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2012, 09:27
sudeep wrote:
According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu religions, attaining nirvana is to enter a state of supreme liberation, leaving behind the desires that perpetuate the cycle of death and rebirth.

(A) attaining nirvana is to enter
(B) to attain nirvana is entering
(C) to attain nirvana is
(D) to attain nirvana is to enter
(E) attaining nirvana is to be entering

OE:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
“Attaining” and “to enter”must be parallel. (D) gives
this to you, with “to attain” and “to enter.”

Not sold on "D" here. What is the source of this question?

My instinct certainly told me to pick that answer choice since it is idiomatic, but I picked A and here is why:

"according to the teachings of.." needs a subject to work with. It is modifying the upcoming noun. "Attaining nirvana" is a noun and therefore it makes sense. Also, it seems that the parallelism is forced in the explanation. The modifier "leaving behind the desires..." is just that--a modifier! It is a consequence of attaining nirvana.

Let me give an example to illustrate this better:

"According to the latest research, eating a whole foods plant based diet leads to a better body, eradicating heart disease."

Now, in the sentence above "Eating a whole foods plant based diet" is the subject and it is being appropriately modified by both "according to the..." and "eradicating heart disease." Also, it is perfectly clear that there is no parallelism going on here. Another way to write the sentence would be:

"Eating a whole foods plant based diet, according to the latest research, leads to a better body, eradicating heart disease."

Admittedly the sentence is more confusing to parse than the original, however one can see that there is no parallelism happening in the sentence.

I just really want to draw attention to the fact that parallelism seems forced in the original explanation, and I would seriously consider the source of the question before accepting the answer choice.

edit: hahaahahaha. Never mind. I misread the explanation. The parallelism is between "attaining" and "entering"! The answer makes sense with that context.
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Re: According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2012, 11:54
Attaining and leaving need to be in parallel. (A) is the answer
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Re: According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2012, 21:05
don't want to add much more to what's been said, but here's some info on infinitive usage or gerund usage in a sentence.

http://grammar.ccc.commnet.edu/grammar/gerunds.htm
http://www.myenglishteacher.net/infinitives.html
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Re: According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2012, 02:22
sudeep wrote:
According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu religions, attaining nirvana is to enter a state of supreme liberation, leaving behind the desires that perpetuate the cycle of death and rebirth.

(A) attaining nirvana is to enter
(B) to attain nirvana is entering
(C) to attain nirvana is
(D) to attain nirvana is to enter
(E) attaining nirvana is to be entering

OE:
[Reveal] Spoiler:
“Attaining” and “to enter”must be parallel. (D) gives
this to you, with “to attain” and “to enter.”

D .. proper parallelism in noun form
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Re: According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2012, 03:26
X is Y.

Besides since it is ,leaving => ,-ing modifier need not be parallel to the Attain or enter

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Re: According to the teachings of the Buddhist and Hindu [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2012, 05:06
here, teachings of bhudha n hindu is a noun phrase and actually we can rewrite the sentence as according to bhudha and hindu teachings, attaining nirvachana.....
the question is on noun modifiers and here''of bhudha n hindu'' is a prepoistion which modifies teachings,even though here attaining(modifier) is not closer to teaching(noun),it is modifying teachings.
so i think right answer is "A"
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19 Jul 2013, 18:50
how it can be B ? the to " attain" means the process completed which contradicts the "entering " - which says the process is going on ?
This is parallelism Q which signifies that the either A or D may be correct. I guess looking toward the structure of third clause; the answer should have been A, as the third clause indicate that the process of Nirvana is continues through a period of time. Since we don't about the tense status; we need to compromise to the participle forms of present.

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Re: Attaining Nirvana   [#permalink] 19 Jul 2013, 18:50

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